Regional Administration in Japan

Author: Shunsuke Kimura
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317265947
Format: PDF, ePub
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In Japan, the main local administrative affairs are traditionally allotted to prefectures and municipalities, while communal disposal systems, fire-fighting and regional development takes secondary importance. However, two new changes to the frame of local governments have altered the main frameworks of national and provincial governance. With decentralization reforms taking effect, more local bodies are gaining autonomy and departing from uniformity. This has allowed methods of cooperation between governing bodies to diversify– trends which augur a dissolution of uniformity in Japanese local administration. If left alone, it may eventually lead to disparities between principal and peripheral bodies, and thus complicate the administrative systems further. How will these changes affect future community development? This book aims to address the dynamism of concepts of wide area public service in Japan. It advocates the use of flexible strategies to ensure service standards are best suited to each regional demand. This concept can be called “departure from uniformity”. This book also examines the advantages and disadvantages of these shifts for the future of Japanese public policy, and suggests various strategies to prevent further complications; e.g. autonomous settlement zone. Regional Administration in Japan: Departure from uniformity will interest researchers of Japanese public policy and public administration. This book will also engage researchers of Japanese politics and Japanese studies in general.

Gender and the Koseki In Contemporary Japan

Author: Linda White
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131720106X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The Japanese koseki system is the legal and social structure keeping record of all Japanese citizens. Determined by the Civil Code and the Koseki Law, for activists challenging it, the koseki is also an ideological structure, which has produced patriarchal control through single surname households. Based on ethnographic fieldwork in Tokyo, this book engages with issues of gender hierarchy and structural inequality in Japanese society. Studying several decades of feminist activism and critique of the koseki system, it analyses the strategies of activists who have creatively circumvented koseki rules in order to maintain their natal names in marriage. It examines the case studies of members of the fūfubessei (separate surname movement) and the movement to end discrimination against children born out of wedlock, and in so doing this book illuminates the contradictions in current family law and koseki practice that have animated a generation of feminists in Japan. Demonstrating the effect of the koeski on family, gender and national identity, this book will be useful for students and scholars of Cultural Anthropology, Gender Studies and Japanese Studies in general.

Trauma Dissociation and Re enactment in Japanese Literature and Film

Author: David C. Stahl
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 135174089X
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Japanese literature and film have frequently been approached using lenses such as language, genre and ideology. Yet, despite a succession of major social traumas that have marked, and in many ways shaped and defined much of modern Japan, Japanese fiction and cinema have not often been examined psychoanalytically. In this book, David Stahl conducts in-depth readings and interpretations of a set of Japanese novels and film. By introducing the methodology of trauma/PTSD studies, Stahl seeks to provide a better understanding of the insights of Japanese writers and directors into their societies, cultures and histories. In particular, by building on the work of practitioner-theoreticians, such as Pierre Janet and Judith Herman, Stahl analyses a number of key texts, including Kawabata Yasunari’s Sleeping Beauties (1961), Enchi Fumiko’s Female Masks (1958) and Imamura Sho- hei’s Vengeance is Mine (1979). Consequently, through using concepts of social trauma, dissociation, failed mourning, revenge and narrative memory, this book sheds new light on the psychological aftereffects and transgenerational legacies of trauma depicted in Japanese works. Trauma, Dissociation and Re-enactment in Japanese Literature and Film will be of interest to students and scholars of Japanese Literature and Cinema, as well as those interested in Japanese History and Trauma Studies.

Japanese Media at the Beginning of the 21st Century

Author: Katsuyuki Hidaka
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113498877X
Format: PDF, ePub
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Hailed by Japanese critics as a milestone in the study of contemporary Japanese media, this book explores the contemporary ‘boom’ in Japanese media representations of the recent past. Recent years have seen the production of an unprecedented number of films, animation, manga, and television programmes representing a deeply nostalgic longing for the Japanese heyday of high economic growth in the 1960s and occasionally the 1970s known in Japan as the Shōwa ‘30s and ‘40s. Hidaka provides a comprehensive account of an under researched contemporary Japanese media phenomenon by exploring why this nostalgia has been sparked at this particular historical juncture and how that period is represented in the Japanese media today. The book accomplishes this through a detailed textual and narrative analysis of representative films and television programmes, in relation to their social and cultural context. While these nostalgic media renderings are seen by many critics as innocuous, this study demonstrates that they do not show a simple yearning for the period, but reflects a growing discontent with Japanese post-war society. In this regard, this book concludes that the current nostalgia wave is a critical reaction to the recent past as it seeks to revise historiography through a processes of introspection within popular conceptions of the meta narrative of ‘nostalgia’. Winner of the Japan Communication Association 2015 Outstanding Book Award.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari
Publisher: DVA
ISBN: 364110498X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Die magischen Kan le

Author: Marshall McLuhan
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783430164047
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Museum und Medien - Museumskommunikation - Kommunikationstheorie - Medientheorie - Museum und Öffentlichkeit.

Der lange Arm Roms

Author: Markus Friedrich
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 3593393905
Format: PDF
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Das 16. Jahrhundert erlebte eine enorme Zunahme von Verwaltungstätigkeiten mit neuen, teilweise bis heute vertrauten Formen und Verfahren. Markus Friedrich analysiert die europäische Bürokratisierung am Beispiel des weltweit agierenden Jesuitenordens. Dabei zeigt er, welche gewaltige kulturelle Anstrengung hinter dieser Veränderung stand und welche Schwierigkeiten immer wieder auftraten.

Vernunft und Imperium

Author: Tobias Winnerling
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
ISBN: 3647300659
Format: PDF, ePub
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1542 begann der Jesuitenorden mit der Mission im asiatischen Raum, zunächst in Indien, dann in Indonesien und Japan. In diesen ersten drei Jahrzehnten der Jesuitenmission wurden Strukturen geschaffen und Praktiken institutionalisiert, die für die weitere Entwicklung im 17. und 18. Jahrhundert prägend blieben. Was aber ließ die ersten Jesuitenmissionare in Indien und Japan glauben, ihr Vorhaben sei überhaupt menschenmöglich? Worauf gründeten sie ihr Handeln? Bislang hat die Forschung immer die Fähigkeit des Ordens zur Anpassung, zum Verständnis des kulturell Anderen, zu Akkulturation oder Akkommodation hervorgehoben. Eine praxeologische und biografische Analyse des Missionspersonals und seiner tatsächlichen Handlungen führt aber zu anderen Schlüssen. Geleitet wurden die Jesuiten in Asien in diesen ersten dreißig Jahren weit weniger von tatsächlicher Auseinandersetzung mit den dortigen Kulturen als von einem zutiefst aristotelisch-thomistisch geprägten Logik- und Menschenbild, das ihnen ein Verständnis des Fremden schwer, wenn nicht gar unmöglich machte. Die Organisation ihrer Präsenz und die hierarchische Strukturierung ihrer Glaubensverbreitung verweisen dabei auf die europäischen Kolonialreiche ihrer Zeit. Sie dienten als Modelle der Ordensexpansion, wenn auch das Ziel ein anderes war: Gewonnen werden sollten nicht Land oder Reichtümer, sondern Seelen. Über diese aber versuchte die Societas Jesu ebenso imperial zu herrschen wie die Könige über ihre Kolonien.