Religion and Politics in the Middle East

Author: Robert D. Lee
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429974396
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
This innovative book analyzes the relationship between religion and politics in the Middle East through a comparative study of five countries?Egypt, Israel, Turkey, Iran, and Saudi Arabia. Robert D. Lee examines each country in terms of four domains in which state and religion necessarily interact: national identity, ideology, institutions, and political culture. In each domain he considers contradictory hypotheses, some of them asserting that religion is a positive force for political development and others identifying it as an obstacle. Among the questions the book confronts: Is secularization a necessary prerequisite for democratic development? How is it and why is it that religion and politics are so deeply entangled in these five countries? And, why is it that all five countries differ so markedly in the way they identify themselves and use religion for political purposes? The book argues that the nature of religious organization and practice in the Middle East must be understood in the context of individual nation states. The second edition is updated throughout and includes an entirely new chapter discussing the political and religious climate in Saudi Arabia. Earlier introductory analysis has been condensed to make room for new material, and chronologies at the end of each chapter have been added to help students understand the broader context. The second edition of Religion and Politics in the Middle East is a robust addition to courses on the Middle East.

Religion and Politics in the Middle East

Author: Robert Deemer Lee
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780813344201
Format: PDF, ePub
Download Now
Analyzes the interaction of politics and religion in the Middle East as demonstrated by Egypt, Israel, Turkey, and Iran, focusing on how each addresses key identity, ideological, institutional, and political challenges while considering whether religion is an obstacle or aid to politics in each region. Original.

Mobilizing Religion in Middle East Politics

Author: Yusuf Sarfati
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135098638
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
Contrary to the expectations of the secularization theorists, religious political movements rose to prominence in numerous countries across the globe in the past three decades. By examining the conditions that underlie the electoral fortunes of religious actors in democratic regimes, this book contributes to our understanding of this worldwide religious resurgence. Employing a social movement theory framework, Mobilizing Religion in Middle East Politics explores the macro and micro dynamics of successful political mobilization by Sephardic Torah Guardians (Shas) in Israel and the National Outlook Movement in Turkey in the recent decades. In a comparative framework, the book demonstrates how ripe political opportunities, appropriate frames and dense social networks contribute to building popular support in Israel and Turkey. Yusuf Sarfati also assesses the effects of the increasing political power of religious actors on democratic governance and illustrates similarities and differences between two countries. Drawing on empirical data from a range of interviews conducted in both Israel and Turkey, this book provides a comparative study of religious politics in two countries that are often thought of as ‘exceptional cases,’ and are rarely compared. As such, this book is a welcome contribution for those studying Middle East politics, comparative politics, religious politics, democratization and social movements.

Religion Philosophy and Nationalism across the Middle East

Author: Katie Griffiths
Publisher: Cavendish Square Publishing, LLC
ISBN: 1502623595
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
Religion, philosophy, and nationalism across the Middle East are often in the news, and often are depicted as uniform despite the varied cultures in the region. This book examines the historical role religion and philosophy have played in different countries in the Middle East and their influences on political and cultural relations today. Important historical and contemporary figures in religious and nationalist movements will also be examined on a per-country basis.

The G len Hizmet Movement

Author: Christopher L. Miller
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443845078
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
This volume covers the origins, historical development, and ideas of one of the largest and most influential Islamic movements in the world, the Gülen Hizmet Movement (GHM). Founded during the Cold War under the inspiration of M. Fethullah Gülen, the GHM expanded to over 130 countries by the first decade of the twenty first century. The movement’s circumspect activism sheltered it from illiberal secular practices in Turkey and has guided it through the anxious post-Cold War process of globalization. This edited volume covers various characteristics of the movement from Gülen’s unconventional oratory to his educational philosophy. In addition, the book covers Gülen’s ideas on Islam and democracy and the GHM’s indirect political engagement compared to the direct engagement of the Muslim Brotherhood. Other chapters in the book cover the role of women in the movement, the GHM’s creation of an alternative public sphere for pious Muslims, and the tension this creation instills in light of Secularism Theory, which is analyzed comparatively with American religious pluralism. The last two chapters question the effectiveness of interfaith dialogue activities promoted by the movement’s adherents. A concluding section seeks to synthesize this interdisciplinary scholarship in order to assess the GHM’s overall gestalt as a social movement.

Innovation in Islam

Author: Mehran Kamrava
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520266951
Format: PDF
Download Now
“In a clear and historically incisive argument, Kamrava and the other contributors indicate how the Islamic concept of innovation (Arabic, bid ‘a) is an essentially contested and adaptive concept. Since the time of the Prophet Muhammad, Muslims have vigorously argued about its meaning and how to apply it. This incisive collection of essays range far beyond the confines of theology and jurisprudence, integrating ideological concerns with the exigencies of mundane ones, as well as crossing the sectarian divide of Sunni and Shia.” —Dale Eickelman, author of Muslim Politics "The economic and political underdevelopment of the Islamic world is commonly attributed to conservatism rooted in Islam. This splendid collection of provocative essays addresses the issue from several different perspectives and in various contexts. Collectively, the essays provide a broad introduction to the topic of innovation in Islam, both through what they teach and what they invite the reader to pursue." —Timur Kuran, author of The Long Divergence: How Islamic Law Held Back the Middle East “Muhammad brought new ideas and practices to the monotheistic tradition, but Muslim scholars interpreting the Qur’an and ahadith sought to squelch ideas that smacked of innovation. Such is the conventional wisdom. But Mehran Kamrava leads a stable of distinguished scholars in demonstrating persuasively that innovation has never ceased to mark the Islamic tradition. Indeed, the greatest modern innovators may be those Islamists who denounce innovation! These powerful essays overwhelm the conventional wisdom.” —Robert D. Lee, author of Religion and Politics in the Middle East: Identity, Ideology, Institutions, and Attitudes

Die Vernetzung der Welt

Author: Eric Schmidt
Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH
ISBN: 3644030618
Format: PDF, ePub
Download Now
Welche Konsequenzen wird es haben, wenn in Zukunft die überwiegende Mehrheit der Weltbevölkerung online ist? Wenn Informationstechnologien so allgegenwärtig sind wie Elektrizität? Was bedeutet das für die Politik, die Wirtschaft – und für uns selbst? Diese Fragen beantwortet ein außergewöhnliches Autorenduo: Eric Schmidt, der Mann, der Google zu einem Weltunternehmen gemacht hat, und Jared Cohen, ehemaliger Berater von Hillary Clinton und Condoleezza Rice und jetzt Chef von Googles Denkfabrik. In diesem aufregenden Buch führen sie uns die Chancen und Gefahren jener eng vernetzten Welt vor Augen, die die meisten von uns noch erleben werden. Es ist die sehr konkrete Vision einer Zukunft, die bereits begonnen hat. Und ein engagiertes Plädoyer dafür, sie jetzt zu gestalten – weil Technologie der leitenden Hand des Menschen bedarf, um Positives zu bewirken.

Halbmond und Stern

Author: Stephen Kinzer
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527504931
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
Die Türkei ist ein Land der Gegensätze: sie steht zwischen der Vergangenheit des Osmanischen Reichs, und der Hoffnung auf eine demokratische Zukunft, dem starken Militär und einer bürgerlichen Gesellschaft, der muslimischen Tradition und dem laizistischen Staat. Außerdem ist die Türkei NATO-Mitglied, liegt sowohl in Asien als auch in Europa und spielt eine zentrale Rolle in der Nahost-Politik des Westens. Stephen Kinzer war Korrespondent der New York Times in Istanbul und schildert lyrisch, manchmal sogar romantisch, aber immer mit der nötigen Distanz diesen Staat, der für Deutschland und Europa so wichtig ist. Ein Buch über ein Land in zwei Welten, geschrieben von einem Insider aus dem Westen, der beide Welten kennt.