Religious Liberty in Western and Islamic Law

Author: Kristine Kalanges
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199930597
Format: PDF, Mobi
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In Religious Liberty in Western and Islamic Law: Toward a World Legal Tradition, Kristine Kalanges argues that differences between Western and Islamic legal formulations of religious freedom are attributable, in substantial part, to variations in their respective religious and intellectual histories. Kalanges suggests that while divergence between the two bodies of law challenges the characterization of religious liberty as a universal human right, the "dilemma of religious freedom" - the difficult choice between the universality of religious liberty rights and peaceful co-existence of diverse legal cultures - may yet be transformed through the cultivation of a world legal tradition. This argument is advanced through comparative analysis of human rights instruments from the Western and Muslim worlds, with attention to the legal-political processes by which religious and philosophical ideas have been institutionalized.

Transforming Religious Liberties

Author: S. I. Strong
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107179335
Format: PDF
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Religious liberties are at the centre of many debates on how liberal democratic societies can accommodate diversity. This book brings the issue of religious liberties into the broad context of international, comparative and jurisprudential principles. S. I. Strong proposes a new theoretical approach to religious liberty that both transcends and transforms current approaches to law and religion. Drawing on the historical ideas of legal and political philosophers including John Rawls, Ronald Dworkin and John Finnis, the text also tests the validity of new proposals against actual 'hard cases' generated through international, comparative and interdisciplinary analysis. Overcoming longstanding challenges to existing religious rights regimes and identifying a new analytical paradigm that specifically addresses the types of tensions that arise in religiously pluralist societies, Strong's goal is to create a system that both religious and non-religious people can support and thereby increase civic peace between individuals and groups.

The Ashgate Research Companion to Islamic Law

Author: Peri Bearman
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317043065
Format: PDF, ePub
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This unparalleled Companion provides a comprehensive and authoritative guide to Islamic law to all with an interest in this increasingly relevant and developing field. The volume presents classical Islamic law through a historiographical introduction to and analysis of Western scholarship, while key debates about hot-button issues in modern-day circumstances are also addressed. In twenty-one chapters, distinguished authors offer an overview of their particular specialty, reflect on past and current thinking, and point to directions for future research. The Companion is divided into four parts. The first offers an introduction to the history of Islamic law as well as a discussion of how Western scholarship and historiography have evolved over time. The second part delves into the substance of Islamic law. Legal rules for the areas of legal status, family law, socio-economic justice, penal law, constitutional authority, and the law of war are all discussed in this section. Part three examines the adaptation of Islamic law in light of colonialism and the modern nation state as well as the subsequent re-Islamization of national legal systems. The final section presents contemporary debates on the role of Islamic law in areas such as finance, the diaspora, modern governance, and medical ethics, and the volume concludes by questioning the role of Sharia law as a legal authority in the modern context. By outlining the history of Islamic law through a linear study of research, this collection is unique in its examination of past and present scholarship and the lessons we can draw from this for the future. It introduces scholars and students to the challenges posed in the past, to the magnitude of milestones that were achieved in the reinterpretation and revision of established ideas, and ultimately to a thorough conceptual understanding of Islamic law.

Human Rights and Responsibilities in the World Religions

Author: Joseph Runzo
Publisher: Oneworld Publications Limited
ISBN: 9781851683093
Format: PDF, Docs
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This volume outlines the approaches to human rights and responsibilitiesithin the different world religions. Featuring contributions from over 15cholars, the book covers such key issues as women's rights, the role ofnternational law, and responsibility for the environment. It also includes aUniversal Declaration of Human Rights by the World's Religions", presentedt the third Parliament of the World Religions.

Islamic State Practices International Law and the Threat from Terrorism

Author: Javaid Rehman
Publisher: Hart Publishing
ISBN: 1841135011
Format: PDF, Mobi
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In the post '9/11' legal and political environment, Islam and Muslims have been associated with terrorism. Islamic civilization has increasingly been characterized as backward, insular, stagnant and unable to deal with the demands of the twenty first century and differences and schisms between Islam and the west are being perceived as monumental and insurmountable. '9/11' terrorist attacks have unfortunately provided vital ammunition to the critics of Islam and those who champion a 'clash of civilizations'.In this original and incisive study, the author investigates the relationship between Islamic law, States practices and International terrorism. It presents a detailed analysis of the sources of Islamic law and reviews the concepts of Jihad, religious freedom and minority rights within Sharia and Siyar. In eradicating existing misconceptions, the book provides a thorough commentary of the contributions made by Islamic States in the development of international law, including norms on the prohibition of terrorism. It presents a lucid debate on such key issues within classical and modern Islamic State practices as diplomatic immunities, prohibitions on hostage-taking, aerial and maritime terrorism, and the financing of terrorism.The book surveys the unfairness and injustices within international law - a legal system dominated and operated at the behest of a select band of powerful States. It forewarns that unilateralism and the undermining of human rights values in the name of the 'war on terrorism' is producing powerful reactions within Muslim States: the 'new world order' presents a dangerous prognosis of the self-fulfilling prophecy of an inevitable 'clash of civilizations' between the Islamic world and the west.

Religious Freedom in the World

Author: Paul A. Marshall
Publisher: B & H Publishing Group
Format: PDF, Mobi
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From the Center for Religious Freedom comes this authoritative description of religious freedom and persecution from nearly 80 countries, representative of most world cultures. Each country is profiled following a standard format and set of criteria and ranked for comparison. This volume is the standard reference on the subject of international religious freedom.

Studies in Legal Systems

Author: E. Örücü
ISBN: 9789041109064
Format: PDF, Kindle
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All legal systems are mixed: some more than others. There are covert mixtures and overt mixtures; stable mixtures and mixtures in transition. This book brings together a wide range of legal orders, some well known, some not so often studied. The analysis offered is far beyond a descriptive one, the general aim being to provide a basis for discussion by covering paths, methods and specific techniques, consequences and implications of legal migration. The newly emerging democracies of Eastern Europe, for example, are looking at the pool of models when re-designing their systems. Such systems in transition open up a whole new world of possibilities for research. The two final chapters on spectral jurisprudence and the conceptual search bring into focus and widen the analysis further.