Research Methods in Applied Settings

Author: Jeffrey A. Gliner
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317526902
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This text teaches readers how to plan, conduct, and write a research project and select and interpret data through its integrated approach to quantitative research methods. Although not a statistics book, students learn to master which technique to use when and how to analyze and interpret results, making them better consumers of research. Organized around the steps of conducting a research project, this book is ideal for those who need to analyze journal articles. With teaching experience in various departments, the authors know how to address the research problems faced by behavioral and social sciences students. Independent sections and chapters can be read in any order allowing for flexibility in assigning topics. Adopters applaud the book’s clarity and applied interdependent approach to research. The book emphasizes five research approaches:? randomized experimental, quasi-experimental, comparative, associational, and descriptive. These five approaches lead to three kinds of research designs which lead to three groups of statistics with the same names. This consistent framework increases comprehension while avoiding confusion caused by inconsistent terminology. Numerous examples, diagrams, tables, key terms, key distinctions, summaries, applied problems, interpretation questions, and suggested readings further promote understanding. This extensively revised edition features: More examples from published research articles to help readers better understand the research process. New Research in the Real World boxes that highlight actual research projects from various disciplines. Defined key terms in the margins and interpretation questions that help readers review the material. More detailed explanations of key concepts including reliability, validity, estimation, ethical and bias concerns, data security and assumptions, power analysis , and multiple and logistic regression. New sections on mediation and moderation analysis to address the latest techniques. More coverage of quasi-experimental design and qualitative research to reflect changing practices. A new appendix on how to write about results using APA guidelines to help new researchers. Online resources available at www.routledge.com/9781138852976 that provide instructors with PowerPoints, test questions, critical thinking exercises, a conversion guide, and answers to all of the book’s problems and questions. Students will find learning objectives, annotated links to further readings and key concepts, and key terms with links to definitions. Intended for graduate research methods or design or quantitative/experimental research methods courses in psychology, education, human development, family studies, and other behavioral, social, and health sciences, some exposure to statistics and research methods is recommended.

Research Methods in Applied Settings

Author: Jeffrey A. Gliner
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9780203843109
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Through its integrated approach to quantitative research methods, this text teaches readers how to plan, conduct, and write a research project and select and interpret data so they can become better consumers of research. This is not a statistics book—there are very few formulas. Rather, this book helps students master which statistic to use when and how to interpret the results. Organized around the steps one takes in conducting a research project, this book is ideal for applied programs and for those who want to analyze and evaluate research articles. Having taught in a variety of departments, the authors have a good grasp of the research problems faced by master’s and doctoral students in diverse areas of the behavioral and social sciences. Text adopters applaud the book’s clarity. Students are often confused by other texts’ use of inconsistent terminology. To avoid this confusion, the authors present a semantically consistent picture that emphasizes five research approaches-- randomized experimental, quasi-experimental, comparative, associational, and descriptive. The authors then show how these approaches lead to three kinds of research designs which, in turn, lead to three groups of statistics with the same names. This consistent framework increases comprehension and the ability to apply the material. Numerous applied problems, annotated examples, and diagrams and tables further promote comprehension. Although the book emphasizes quantitative research, the value of qualitative research is introduced. This extensively revised edition features more than 50% new material including: A new chapter on the evidence-based approach that emphasizes the importance of reporting confidence intervals and effect sizes and the increased use of meta-analysis. An increased emphasis on evaluating research including an 8 step plan for evaluating research validity (Chs. 23 & 24) and its application to the 5 sample studies used throughout the book (Ch. 25). Lots of practical advice on planning a research project (Ch. 2), data collection and coding (Ch. 15), writing the research report (Ch. 27), questions to use in evaluating a research article (Appendix E) and creating APA tables and figures (Appendix F). A new chapter on non-experimental approaches/designs (Ch. 7) including qualitative research. Web resources for students including critical thinking problems with answers and a sample outline of a research proposal. An earlier and expanded introduction to measurement reliability and validity to further emphasize their differences and importance. An extensively revised chapter on measurement validity consistent with the latest APA/AERA/NCME standards. Fewer chapters on inferential statistics with an increased focus on how their selection is related to the design of the study and how to interpret the results using significance testing and effect sizes and confidence intervals. Instructor’s Resources with Power Points, test questions, answers to the application questions, and more. Intended for graduate research or quantitative/experimental methods/design courses in psychology, education, human development and family studies, and other behavioral, social, business, and health sciences, independent sections and chapters can be read in many orders allowing for flexibility in assigning topics. Due to its practical approach, this book also appeals to researchers and clinicians. Prior exposure to statistics and research methods is recommended.

The Elements of Inquiry

Author: Peter J. Burke
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351111051
Format: PDF, Docs
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The Elements of Inquiry covers the basic guidelines for graduate students doing an investigation or inquiry project. It distils the rubrics necessary for teaching research methods and completing research projects, and gives the student researcher a list of steps to follow to complete any type of inquiry project – including formal research projects such as doctoral dissertations. It was written to support the work of students in an educational leadership doctoral program, but it will also assist the research efforts of college students at any level in any discipline. The book begins by establishing the underlying philosophical concepts upon which all good research is based, preparing students to get down to the "nuts and bolts" of conducting their own research and evaluating the research of others. Fundamental concepts and rules of research are explained both for producers and consumers of social science and educational research. Numerous practical examples illustrate the steps in the research process presented in the text. There are end-of-chapter exercises for students to apply the concepts discussed in the chapter. Templates for organizing and presenting research provide students with a game plan for success with their research. The book ends with an up-to-date annotated bibliography of beginning and advanced research texts allowing students easy access to books that detail the more specialized research topics. While most research books detail one or more method in depth, this text provides a broad introduction to many techniques and models used in doctoral dissertations, and will be of particular value to those who are consumers of inquiry studies and research reports. Key to the overview provided is the annotated bibliography that leads the reader to the next stage of understanding or doing research.

Interpreting Quantitative Data with SPSS

Author: Rachad Antonius
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 0761973982
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This is a textbook for introductory courses in quantitative research methods across the social sciences. It offers a detailed explanation of introductory statistical techniques and presents an overview of the contexts in which they should be applied.

IBM SPSS for Intermediate Statistics

Author: Nancy L. Leech
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136760288
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Designed to help readers analyze and interpret research data using IBM SPSS, this user-friendly book shows readers how to choose the appropriate statistic based on the design, perform intermediate statistics, including multivariate statistics, interpret output, and write about the results. The book reviews research designs and how to assess the accuracy and reliability of data: whether data meet the assumptions of statistical tests; how to calculate and interpret effect sizes for intermediate statistics, including odds ratios for logistic and discriminant analyses; how to compute and interpret post-hoc power; and an overview of basic statistics for those who need a review. Unique chapters on multilevel linear modeling, multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA), assessing reliability of data, and factor analysis are provided. SPSS syntax, along with the output, is included for those who prefer this format. The new edition features: IBM SPSS version 19; although the book can be used with most older and newer versions expanded discussion of assumptions and effect size measures in several chapters expanded discussion of multilevel modeling expansion of other useful SPSS functions in Appendix A examples that meet the new formatting guidelines in the 6th edition of the APA Publication Manual (2010) flowcharts and tables to help select the appropriate statistic and interpret statistical significance and effect sizes multiple realistic data sets available on the website used to solve the chapter problems password protected Instructor's Resource materials with PowerPoint slides, answers to interpretation questions and extra SPSS problems, and chapter outlines and study guides. IBM SPSS for Intermediate Statistics, Fourth Edition provides helpful teaching tools: all of the key SPSS windows needed to perform the analyses outputs with call-out boxes to highlight key points interpretation sections and questions to help students better understand and interpret the output extra problems using multiple realistic data sets for practice in conducting analyses using intermediate statistics helpful appendices on how to get started with SPSS, writing research questions, and review of basic statistics. An ideal supplement for courses in either intermediate/advanced statistics or research methods taught in departments of psychology, education, and other social and health sciences, this book is also appreciated by researchers in these areas looking for a handy reference for SPSS.

Grounded theory

Author: Anselm L. Strauss
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783621272650
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Studierende und Forscher verschiedener Disziplinen, die am Entwickeln einer Theorie interessiert sind, stellen sich nach der Datenerhebung oft die Frage: Wie komme ich zu einer Theorie, die sich auf die empirische Realität gründet? Die Autoren beantworten diese und andere Fragen, die sich bei der qualitativen Interpretation von Daten ergeben. Auf klare und einfache Art geschrieben vermittelt das Buch Schritt für Schritt die grundlegenden Kenntnisse und Verfahrensweisen der "grounded theory" (datenbasierte Theorie), so daß es besonders für Personen interessant ist, die sich zum ersten Mal mit der Theorienbildung anhand qualitativer Datenanalyse beschäftigen. Das Buch gliedert sich in drei Teile. Teil I bietet einen Überblick über die Denkweise, die der "grounded theory" zugrunde liegt. Teil II stellt die speziellen Techniken und Verfahrensweisen genau dar, wie z.B. verschiedene Kodierungsarten. In Teil III werden zusätzliche Verfahrensweisen erklärt und Evaluationskriterien genannt.

Mental Retardation

Author: Clifford J. Drew
Publisher: Prentice Hall
ISBN: 9780131112162
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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For undergraduate and graduate introductory courses in Mental Retardation and intellectual disabilities in special education, psychology, social work, and social sciences programs. The eighth edition of this classic text again fulfills its goal of providing an introduction to intellectual disabilities that is readable and comprehensive, and which reflects the broad array of stories associated with this disability. The authors combine a developmental approach-discussing their subject as it evolves from birth to the elder years-with a multidisciplinary perspective that acknowledges the need for collaboration in regard to diagnosis and intervention in order to effectively assist people with mental retardation, intellectual disabilities and their families. Coverage pays particular attention to multicultural issues and incorporates the latest research in the field.

Finite Elemente Methoden

Author: Klaus-Jurgen Bathe
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783540156024
Format: PDF, Docs
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Aus den Besprechungen: "Mit der gelungenen Übersetzung wird dem deutschen Studenten, Dozenten und Ingenieur ein schon seit 1982 in den USA verbreitetes und bewährtes Standardwerk zugängig gemacht. Dieses Buch besticht zunächst dadurch, daß die Finite-Element-Methode in großer Breite abgehandelt wird. ... Dabei fehlt es nicht an Tiefe der Durchdringung und mathematischer Strenge. Didaktisch wird geschickt von jeweils einführenden Abschnitten und vielen Berechnungsbeispielen ausgegangen. ... Dieses hervorragende Lehrbuch und Nachschlagewerk dürfte auch den deutschen Fachleuten ein unentbehrlicher Begleiter werden." Schweissen & Schneiden#1 "... Im Anhang werden anhand des abgedruckten Programs STAP alle wesentlichen Aspekte, die die Implementierung der Verfahren betreffen, erörtert. Zahlreiche Zahlenbeispiele sorgen dafür, daß auch Leser mit nur geringen Vorkenntnissen den "roten Faden" nicht verlieren. Das Buch dokumentiert auf eindrucksvolle Weise den hohen Entwicklungsstandard der Methode der Finiten Elemente. Es ist ein sehr gutes Hilfsmittel für die Ausbildung von Studenten der Ingenieurwissenschaften in höheren Semestern. Darüber hinaus kann es aber auch allen interessierten Ingenieuren als Grundlagenwerk sehr empfohlen werden." Bautechnik#2

Algorithmen Eine Einf hrung

Author: Thomas H. Cormen
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110522012
Format: PDF, ePub
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Der "Cormen" bietet eine umfassende und vielseitige Einführung in das moderne Studium von Algorithmen. Es stellt viele Algorithmen Schritt für Schritt vor, behandelt sie detailliert und macht deren Entwurf und deren Analyse allen Leserschichten zugänglich. Sorgfältige Erklärungen zur notwendigen Mathematik helfen, die Analyse der Algorithmen zu verstehen. Den Autoren ist es dabei geglückt, Erklärungen elementar zu halten, ohne auf Tiefe oder mathematische Exaktheit zu verzichten. Jedes der weitgehend eigenständig gestalteten Kapitel stellt einen Algorithmus, eine Entwurfstechnik, ein Anwendungsgebiet oder ein verwandtes Thema vor. Algorithmen werden beschrieben und in Pseudocode entworfen, der für jeden lesbar sein sollte, der schon selbst ein wenig programmiert hat. Zahlreiche Abbildungen verdeutlichen, wie die Algorithmen arbeiten. Ebenfalls angesprochen werden Belange der Implementierung und andere technische Fragen, wobei, da Effizienz als Entwurfskriterium betont wird, die Ausführungen eine sorgfältige Analyse der Laufzeiten der Programme mit ein schließen. Über 1000 Übungen und Problemstellungen und ein umfangreiches Quellen- und Literaturverzeichnis komplettieren das Lehrbuch, dass durch das ganze Studium, aber auch noch danach als mathematisches Nachschlagewerk oder als technisches Handbuch nützlich ist. Für die dritte Auflage wurde das gesamte Buch aktualisiert. Die Änderungen sind vielfältig und umfassen insbesondere neue Kapitel, überarbeiteten Pseudocode, didaktische Verbesserungen und einen lebhafteren Schreibstil. So wurden etwa - neue Kapitel zu van-Emde-Boas-Bäume und mehrfädigen (engl.: multithreaded) Algorithmen aufgenommen, - das Kapitel zu Rekursionsgleichungen überarbeitet, sodass es nunmehr die Teile-und-Beherrsche-Methode besser abdeckt, - die Betrachtungen zu dynamischer Programmierung und Greedy-Algorithmen überarbeitet; Memoisation und der Begriff des Teilproblem-Graphen als eine Möglichkeit, die Laufzeit eines auf dynamischer Programmierung beruhender Algorithmus zu verstehen, werden eingeführt. - 100 neue Übungsaufgaben und 28 neue Problemstellungen ergänzt. Umfangreiches Dozentenmaterial (auf englisch) ist über die Website des US-Verlags verfügbar.

The Design of Everyday Things

Author: Norman Don
Publisher: Vahlen
ISBN: 3800648105
Format: PDF, Docs
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Apple, Audi, Braun oder Samsung machen es vor: Gutes Design ist heute eine kritische Voraussetzung für erfolgreiche Produkte. Dieser Klassiker beschreibt die fundamentalen Prinzipien, um Dinge des täglichen Gebrauchs umzuwandeln in unterhaltsame und zufriedenstellende Produkte. Don Norman fordert ein Zusammenspiel von Mensch und Technologie mit dem Ziel, dass Designer und Produktentwickler die Bedürfnisse, Fähigkeiten und Handlungsweisen der Nutzer in den Vordergrund stellen und Designs an diesen angepasst werden. The Design of Everyday Things ist eine informative und spannende Einführung für Designer, Marketer, Produktentwickler und für alle an gutem Design interessierten Menschen. Zum Autor Don Norman ist emeritierter Professor für Kognitionswissenschaften. Er lehrte an der University of California in San Diego und der Northwest University in Illinois. Mitte der Neunzigerjahre leitete Don Norman die Advanced Technology Group bei Apple. Dort prägte er den Begriff der User Experience, um über die reine Benutzbarkeit hinaus eine ganzheitliche Erfahrung der Anwender im Umgang mit Technik in den Vordergrund zu stellen. Norman ist Mitbegründer der Beratungsfirma Nielsen Norman Group und hat unter anderem Autohersteller von BMW bis Toyota beraten. „Keiner kommt an Don Norman vorbei, wenn es um Fragen zu einem Design geht, das sich am Menschen orientiert.“ Brand Eins 7/2013 „Design ist einer der wichtigsten Wettbewerbsvorteile. Dieses Buch macht Spaß zu lesen und ist von größter Bedeutung.” Tom Peters, Co-Autor von „Auf der Suche nach Spitzenleistungen“