Resilience in Ecology and Urban Design

Author: S.T.A. Pickett
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400753411
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The contributors to this volume propose strategies of urgent and vital importance that aim to make today’s urban environments more resilient. Resilience, the ability of complex systems to adapt to changing conditions, is a key frontier in ecological research and is especially relevant in creative urban design, as urban areas exemplify complex systems. With something approaching half of the world’s population now residing in coastal urban zones, many of which are vulnerable both to floods originating inland and rising sea levels, making urban areas more robust in the face of environmental threats must be a policy ambition of the highest priority. The complexity of urban areas results from their spatial heterogeneity, their intertwined material and energy fluxes, and the integration of social and natural processes. All of these features can be altered by intentional planning and design. The complex, integrated suite of urban structures and processes together affect the adaptive resilience of urban systems, but also presupposes that planners can intervene in positive ways. As examples accumulate of linkage between sustainability and building/landscape design, such as the Shanghai Chemical Industrial Park and Toronto’s Lower Don River area, this book unites the ideas, data, and insights of ecologists and related scientists with those of urban designers. It aims to integrate a formerly atomized dialog to help both disciplines promote urban resilience.

Stadt kosysteme

Author: Jürgen Breuste
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642554342
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Dieses Lehrbuch zu Stadtökosystemen beantwortet wichtige Fragen, die sich zum ökologischen Aufbau, zu den Funktionen und zur sozial-ökologischen Entwicklung von Städten weltweit stellen. Ausgehend davon, wie sich Städte heute in einer immer stärker urban werdenden Welt entwickeln, werden ökologische Herausforderungen für Städte des 21. Jahrhunderts wie Ressourceneffizienz, Klimawandel, Moderation der Lebensqualität und Resilienz erläutert. Das Buch verbindet Theorien der Stadtentwicklung und Ökologie mit praktischen Anwendungen und Fallbeispielen und spürt auf diese Weise Verbesserungspotenziale sowie und Beispiele guter ökologischer Stadtentwicklung weltweit auf. Es zeigt, dass Städte bei weitem nicht nur Problemräume sind, sondern auch große Potenziale für ein gutes Leben bieten und dass dazu die verschiedenen Stadtökosysteme einen erheblichen Beitrag leisten können. Die „Ökostadt“ ist damit keine Utopie, sondern ein reales Ziel, das schrittweise unter Beachtung des lokalen und regionalen Kontexts gezielt angestrebt werden kann. Vier renommierte Stadtökologen haben ihre spezifischen Erfahrungen in Teilgebieten eingebracht, ohne den Blick für das Ganze dabei außer Acht zu lassen. Jürgen Breuste ist Stadtökologe und arbeitet an der Paris-Lodron-Universität Salzburg, Österreich, zu den Themen Nachhaltige Stadtentwicklung, urbane Biodiversität, Ökosystemdienstleistungen und Ökostädte. Dagmar Haase ist L andschaftsökologin und arbeitet an der Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin zu urbanen Ökosystemdienstleistungen und Themen der Landnutzungsmodellierung. Stephan Pauleit ist Landschaftsplaner und arbeitet an der Technischen Universität München zu Strategien für die nachhaltige Entwicklung von Stadtlandschaften. Martin Sauerwein ist Geograph und arbeitet an der Universität Hildesheim zur Geoökologie in Kulturlandschaften, Geoarchäologie und zum Bodenschutz. Das Lehrbuch spricht ein breites Publikum von Studierenden, Lehrenden und auch Praktikern im Bereich Ökologie, Stadtökologie, Stadtentwicklung, Nachhaltigkeit, Stadtgeographie, Natur- und Landschaftsschutz, Raumplanung, Landschaftsökologie, Sozialwissenschaften und Urbanistik an. Die zahlreichen Fotos und Grafiken, viele davon vierfarbig, sowie übersichtliche Tabellen illustrieren die Sachverhalte. Fallstudien, Beispiele und Erläuterungen erlauben einen vertiefenden Einblick. Fragen am Kapitelende ermöglichen eine Überprüfung des Wissensfortschritts, ein umfassendes Literaturverzeichnis zu jedem Kapitel weitergehende Studien.

Out of Water Design Solutions for Arid Regions

Author: Liat Margolis
Publisher: Birkhäuser
ISBN: 3038210064
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Water scarcity is becoming increasingly familiar to us. Although access to water resources is an issue of global concern, arid climates are where necessity begets inventions that may serve as examples for action or prevention across a multitude of climate zones and geographies. In facing the prevalence of water scarcity across the globe, due to a mix of climatological and man-made factors, the question we must ask ourselves today is Water for What? Which approaches can landscape, urban and architectural designers take in order to apply their specific professional skills and means? What potential do available technologies and materials offer, and what methods and tools can be derived from social engagement? Based on five years of research, the preparation of and feedback on a traveling exhibition, as well as a major conference, the results of the Out of Water project are laid out here in a series of case studies and essays by international experts, including analytical drawings of both projected and implemented solutions.

Urban Ecology

Author: Ian Douglas
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136266968
Format: PDF, ePub
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Urban Ecology: An Introduction seeks to open the reader’s mind and eyes to the way in which nature permeates everyday urban living, and how it has to be understood, cared for, and managed in order to make our towns and cities healthier places to visit and in which to live and work. The authors examine how nature can improve our physical and mental health, the air we breathe and the waters we use, as well as boosting our enjoyment of parks and gardens. Urban Ecology sets out the science that underlies the changing natural scene and the tools used to ensure that cities become both capable of adapting to climate change and more beautiful and resilient. The book begins with a discussion of the nature of urban places and the role of nature in towns and cities. Part 1 looks at the context and content of urban ecology, its relationship to other foci of interest within ecology and other environmental sciences, and the character of city landscapes and ecosystems. In Part 2 the authors set out the physical and chemical components of urban ecosystems and ecological processes, including urban weather and climate, urban geomorphology and soils, urban hydrology and urban biogeochemical cycles. In Part 3 urban habitats, urban flora and fauna, and the effects of, deliberate and inadvertent human action on urban biota are examined. Part 4 contains an exploration of the identification and assessment of ecosystem services in urban areas, emphasising economic evaluation, the importance of urban nature for human health and well-being, and restoration ecology and creative conservation. Finally, in Part 5 the tasks for urban ecologists in optimising and sustaining urban ecosystems, providing for nature in cities, adapting to climate change and in developing the urban future in a more sustainable manner are set out. Within the 16 chapters of the book – in which examples from around the world are drawn upon - the authors explore current practice and future alternatives, set out procedures for ecological assessment and evaluation, suggest student activities and discussion topics, provide recommended reading and an extensive bibliography. The book contains more than 150 tables and over 150 photographs and diagrams.

Urban Visions

Author: Carmen Díez-Medina
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319590472
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book is a useful reference in the field of urbanism. It explains how the contemporary city and landscape have been shaped by certain twentieth century visions that have carried over into the twenty-first century. Aimed at both students and professionals, this collection of essays on diverse subjects and cases does not attempt to establish universal interpretations; it rather highlights some outstanding episodes that help us understand why the planning culture has given way to other forms of urbanism, from urban design to strategic urbanism or landscape urbanism. Compared with global interpretations of urbanism based on socioeconomic history or architectural historiography, Urban Visions. From Planning Culture to Landscape Urbanism, aims to present the discipline couched in international contemporary debate and adopt a historic and comparative perspective. The book’s contents pertain equally to other related disciplines, such as architecture, urban history, urban design, landscape architecture and geography. Foreword by Rafael Moneo.

Green and Ecological Technologies for Urban Planning Creating Smart Cities

Author: Ercoskun, Ozge Yalciner
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1613504543
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Ecological and technological (eco-tech) planning provides a possible response to the essential issues of sustainability and rehabilitation in rapidly growing urban spaces. Green and Ecological Technologies for Urban Planning: Creating Smart Cities addresses the ecological, technological, and social challenges faced in the smart urban planning and design of settlements when using eco-technologies – from sustainable land use to transportation, and from green areas to municipal applications – with a focus on resilience. Containing research from leading international experts, this book provides comprehensive coverage and definitions of the most important issues, concepts, trends, and technologies within the planning field.

Das Bild der Stadt

Author: Kevin Lynch
Publisher: Birkhäuser
ISBN: 3035602166
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Wie orientieren wir uns in einer Stadt? Woher rühren unsere ganz fest umrissenen visuellen Vorstellungen? Um diese Fragen beantworten zu können, studierte Kevin Lynch die Erfahrungen von Menschen und zeigt damit, wie man das Bild der Stadt wieder lebendiger und einprägsamer machen könnte.

Urban Sustainability in Theory and Practice

Author: Paul James
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317658361
Format: PDF, ePub
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Cities are home to the most consequential current attempts at human adaptation and they provide one possible focus for the flourishing of life on this planet. However, for this to be realized in more than an ad hoc way, a substantial rethinking of current approaches and practices needs to occur. Urban Sustainability in Theory and Practice responds to the crises of sustainability in the world today by going back to basics. It makes four major contributions to thinking about and acting upon cities. It provides a means of reflexivity learning about urban sustainability in the process of working practically for positive social development and projected change. It challenges the usually taken-for-granted nature of sustainability practices while providing tools for modifying those practices. It emphasizes the necessity of a holistic and integrated understanding of urban life. Finally it rewrites existing dominant understandings of the social whole such as the triple-bottom line approach that reduce environmental questions to externalities and social questions to background issues. The book is a much-needed practical and conceptual guide for rethinking urban engagement. Covering the full range of sustainability domains and bridging discourses aimed at academics and practitioners, this is an essential read for all those studying, researching and working in urban geography, sustainability assessment, urban planning, urban sociology and politics, sustainable development and environmental studies.

Sustainable City and Creativity

Author: Tüzin Baycan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317047958
Format: PDF, ePub
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The notion of 'creative cities' - where cultural activities and creative and cultural industries play a crucial role in supporting urban creativity and contributing to the new creative economy - has become central to most regional and urban development strategies in recent years. A creative city is supposed to develop imaginative and innovative solutions to a range of social, economic and environmental problems: economic stagnancy, urban shrinkage, social segregation, global competition or more. Cities and regions around the world are trying to develop, facilitate or promote concentrations of creative, innovative and/or knowledge-intensive industries in order to become more competitive. These places are seeking new strategies to combine economic development with quality of place that will increase economic productivity and encourage growth. Against this increasing interest in creative cities, this volume offers a coherent set of articles on sustainable and creative cities, and addresses modern theories and concepts relating to research on sustainability and creativity. It analyses principles and practices of the creative city for the formulation of policies and recommendations towards the sustainable city. It brings together leading academics with different approaches from different disciplines to provide a comprehensive and holistic overview of creativity and sustainability of the city, linking research and practice. In doing so, it puts forward ideas about stimulating the production of an innovative knowledge for a creative and sustainable city, and transforming a specific knowledge into a general common knowledge, which suggests best future policy actions, decision-making processes and choices for the change towards a human sustainable development of the city.

Living Systems

Author: Liat Margolis
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3764382287
Format: PDF, Docs
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Die Revolutionierung der Landschaftsarchitektur durch intelligente Materialien und Technologien Living Systems stellt eine Vielzahl von neuartigen Materialtechnologien für die Landschaftsarchitektur dar. Die Projekte und Materialien sind in enger Zusammenarbeit von Entwerfern, Ingenieuren, Wissenschaftlern und Ökologen entstanden. In einer Verbindung aus praxisorientierter Darstellung und theoretischem Hintergrund rücken Technologien zu Themen wie Wachstum, Fließen, Metabolismus, Klima und Wetterphänomenen in den Mittelpunkt. Die Darstellung vernetzt die Materialien und Technologien entsprechend ihrer Funktionsweisen, Prozesse und Eigenschaften miteinander. Detaillierte Zeichnungen und konstruktionsrelevante Fotos illustrieren die 36 internationalen Projekte und 23 Materialbeispiele. Zu den komplexen Systemen gehören vertikale Wachstumsstrukturen, Prävention vor Überflutungen, Anlagen zur Regenwasserversickerung sowie zur Minimierung von Bodenerosion. Beispielprojekte stammen unter anderem von West8 (Niederlande), GROSS.MAX (Großbritannien), Weiss-Manfredi Architects (USA), Kathryn Gustafson (USA) und Vogt Landschaftsarchitekten (Schweiz).