Resilience in Ecology and Urban Design

Author: S.T.A. Pickett
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400753411
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The contributors to this volume propose strategies of urgent and vital importance that aim to make today’s urban environments more resilient. Resilience, the ability of complex systems to adapt to changing conditions, is a key frontier in ecological research and is especially relevant in creative urban design, as urban areas exemplify complex systems. With something approaching half of the world’s population now residing in coastal urban zones, many of which are vulnerable both to floods originating inland and rising sea levels, making urban areas more robust in the face of environmental threats must be a policy ambition of the highest priority. The complexity of urban areas results from their spatial heterogeneity, their intertwined material and energy fluxes, and the integration of social and natural processes. All of these features can be altered by intentional planning and design. The complex, integrated suite of urban structures and processes together affect the adaptive resilience of urban systems, but also presupposes that planners can intervene in positive ways. As examples accumulate of linkage between sustainability and building/landscape design, such as the Shanghai Chemical Industrial Park and Toronto’s Lower Don River area, this book unites the ideas, data, and insights of ecologists and related scientists with those of urban designers. It aims to integrate a formerly atomized dialog to help both disciplines promote urban resilience.

Out of Water Design Solutions for Arid Regions

Author: Liat Margolis
Publisher: Birkhäuser
ISBN: 3038210064
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Water scarcity is becoming increasingly familiar to us. Although access to water resources is an issue of global concern, arid climates are where necessity begets inventions that may serve as examples for action or prevention across a multitude of climate zones and geographies. In facing the prevalence of water scarcity across the globe, due to a mix of climatological and man-made factors, the question we must ask ourselves today is Water for What? Which approaches can landscape, urban and architectural designers take in order to apply their specific professional skills and means? What potential do available technologies and materials offer, and what methods and tools can be derived from social engagement? Based on five years of research, the preparation of and feedback on a traveling exhibition, as well as a major conference, the results of the Out of Water project are laid out here in a series of case studies and essays by international experts, including analytical drawings of both projected and implemented solutions.

Urban Ecology

Author: Ian Douglas
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136266968
Format: PDF, ePub
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Urban Ecology: An Introduction seeks to open the reader’s mind and eyes to the way in which nature permeates everyday urban living, and how it has to be understood, cared for, and managed in order to make our towns and cities healthier places to visit and in which to live and work. The authors examine how nature can improve our physical and mental health, the air we breathe and the waters we use, as well as boosting our enjoyment of parks and gardens. Urban Ecology sets out the science that underlies the changing natural scene and the tools used to ensure that cities become both capable of adapting to climate change and more beautiful and resilient. The book begins with a discussion of the nature of urban places and the role of nature in towns and cities. Part 1 looks at the context and content of urban ecology, its relationship to other foci of interest within ecology and other environmental sciences, and the character of city landscapes and ecosystems. In Part 2 the authors set out the physical and chemical components of urban ecosystems and ecological processes, including urban weather and climate, urban geomorphology and soils, urban hydrology and urban biogeochemical cycles. In Part 3 urban habitats, urban flora and fauna, and the effects of, deliberate and inadvertent human action on urban biota are examined. Part 4 contains an exploration of the identification and assessment of ecosystem services in urban areas, emphasising economic evaluation, the importance of urban nature for human health and well-being, and restoration ecology and creative conservation. Finally, in Part 5 the tasks for urban ecologists in optimising and sustaining urban ecosystems, providing for nature in cities, adapting to climate change and in developing the urban future in a more sustainable manner are set out. Within the 16 chapters of the book – in which examples from around the world are drawn upon - the authors explore current practice and future alternatives, set out procedures for ecological assessment and evaluation, suggest student activities and discussion topics, provide recommended reading and an extensive bibliography. The book contains more than 150 tables and over 150 photographs and diagrams.

Scientific Approach Principle for New Resilient Coastal Landscape Design

Author: Anahita Kianous
Publisher: Dissertation.com
ISBN: 1612334628
Format: PDF
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Due to recent climate change, the character of environmental regional planning has shifted to address the anticipated extreme increases in sea level rise. As such, this project, based on existing scientific research/data, proposes a spatial, habitable landscape architectural solution as a model for flood mitigation for the East coastal edge. This proposal tests the potential for resilient coastal landscapes through a particular site located on Revere Beach, along with the New England coast in Massachusetts. The study demonstrates how through new public spaces designed to renew and protect the beach and the broader offshores, residents and visitors will be able to engage with this 21st Century, resilient beachfront. Also, residents and visitors will experience sophisticated efficient flood alleviation strategies during natural successive storm events. The inherent goal of this proposal is to create an innovative design intervention, which applies new principles of resiliency to the coastal landscape through a technical and cultural solution, and which can be a replicable model for global coastal edges elsewhere. Revitalizing Revere Beach, Ma is a case study to mitigate floods based on Bernoulli 's principle. This proposal projects an idea of connecting puddles with fissures a set of "Flute Channels", which is my innovation design approach to transfer water from coast to wetland behind it. It helps to lower down the sea level in high tides and sudden tides. Retrofitting Revere Beach as a case study for flood Mitigate with a New Resilient Coastal Landscape approach started to study the watershed of the East Coast that includes three parts of North, Mid-Atlantic, and South Atlantic. Each has a flow that moves up and then inward to the east, in a concave pattern precipitated scale toward the north caused by the velocity of currents. In compare to the Pacific coast, this figuration came to appears as the convex pattern as the currents also are affected differently based on the climate and the land used materials. The project focused on how to manipulate waves and the currents to preserve the land figuration and creates the natural coastal landscape. Geo Technical research and scientific data is the fundamental study that I got the benefit of understanding the exact waves motion, density, velocity of water and how the different type of currents affect the land shape. My project is translating the science into landscape architecture. Earth and ocean are not sustainable- they’re dynamic, they’re shifting, they’re changing the landscape and coast components; land-used material as such salty sand beaches and ripple effects of waves affect the land in different ways. My hypothesis idea of retrofitting coastal landscape backs to its natural creation, which will be a combination of four components of barrier islands, bay or lagoon, thumb-lands or forelands and wetlands. These four figurations are shaped based on different wave motions and currents. I discovered two scales of the solution. Short and long term phasing. For the long term, I suggested floating island, which I examined it by the different objects adding to the coral reef at the Revere Beach. Objective, found a missing part of coastal components, the floating islands. And, Flute Channel was innovative design approached by science data of Bernoulli’s principle. In this term, water transferred from coast to the wetlands behind it. The connected containers science data was a combination solution to this creation. Due to recent climate change, the character of environmental regional planning has shifted to address the anticipated extreme increases in sea level rise. As such, this project, based on existing scientific research/data, proposes a spatial, habitable landscape architectural solution as a model for flood mitigation for the East coastal edge. This proposal tests the potential for resilient coastal landscapes through a particular site located on Revere Beach, along with the New England coast in Massachusetts. The study demonstrates how through new public spaces designed to renew and protect the beach and the broader offshores, residents and visitors will be able to engage with this 21st Century, resilient beachfront. Also, residents and visitors will experience sophisticated efficient flood alleviation strategies during natural successive storm events. The inherent goal of this proposal is to create an innovative design intervention, which applies new principles of resiliency to the coastal landscape through a technical and cultural solution, and which can be a replicable model for global coastal edges elsewhere. Revitalizing Revere Beach, Ma is a case study to mitigate floods based on Bernoulli 's principle. This proposal projects an idea of connecting puddles with fissures a set of "Flute Channels", which is my innovation design approach to transfer water from coast to wetland behind it. It helps to lower down the sea level in high tides and sudden tides. Retrofitting Revere Beach as a case study for flood Mitigate with a New Resilient Coastal Landscape approach started to study the watershed of the East Coast that includes three parts of North, Mid-Atlantic, and South Atlantic. Each has a flow that moves up and then inward to the east, in a concave pattern precipitated scale toward the north caused by the velocity of currents. In compare to the Pacific coast, this figuration came to appears as the convex pattern as the currents also are affected differently based on the climate and the land used materials. The project focused on how to manipulate waves and the currents to preserve the land figuration and creates the natural coastal landscape. Geo Technical research and scientific data is the fundamental study that I got the benefit of understanding the exact waves motion, density, velocity of water and how the different type of currents affect the land shape. My project is translating the science into landscape architecture. Earth and ocean are not sustainable- they’re dynamic, they’re shifting, they’re changing the landscape and coast components; land-used material as such salty sand beaches and ripple effects of waves affect the land in different ways. My hypothesis idea of retrofitting coastal landscape backs to its natural creation, which will be a combination of four components of barrier islands, bay or lagoon, thumb-lands or forelands and wetlands. These four figurations are shaped based on different wave motions and currents. I discovered two scales of the solution. Short and long term phasing. For the long term, I suggested floating island, which I examined it by the different objects adding to the coral reef at the Revere Beach. Objective, found a missing part of coastal components, the floating islands. And, Flute Channel was innovative design approached by science data of Bernoulli’s principle. In this term, water transferred from coast to the wetlands behind it. The connected containers science data was a combination solution to this creation. Due to recent climate change, the character of environmental regional planning has shifted to address the anticipated extreme increases in sea level rise. As such, this project, based on existing scientific research/data, proposes a spatial, habitable landscape architectural solution as a model for flood mitigation for the East coastal edge. This proposal tests the potential for resilient coastal landscapes through a particular site located on Revere Beach, along with the New England coast in Massachusetts. The study demonstrates how through new public spaces designed to renew and protect the beach and the broader offshores, residents and visitors will be able to engage with this 21st Century, resilient beachfront. Also, residents and visitors will experience sophisticated efficient flood alleviation strategies during natural successive storm events. The inherent goal of this proposal is to create an innovative design intervention, which applies new principles of resiliency to the coastal landscape through a technical and cultural solution, and which can be a replicable model for global coastal edges elsewhere. Revitalizing Revere Beach, Ma is a case study to mitigate floods based on Bernoulli 's principle. This proposal projects an idea of connecting puddles with fissures a set of "Flute Channels", which is my innovation design approach to transfer water from coast to wetland behind it. It helps to lower down the sea level in high tides and sudden tides. Retrofitting Revere Beach as a case study for flood Mitigate with a New Resilient Coastal Landscape approach started to study the watershed of the East Coast that includes three parts of North, Mid-Atlantic, and South Atlantic. Each has a flow that moves up and then inward to the east, in a concave pattern precipitated scale toward the north caused by the velocity of currents. In compare to the Pacific coast, this figuration came to appears as the convex pattern as the currents also are affected differently based on the climate and the land used materials. The project focused on how to manipulate waves and the currents to preserve the land figuration and creates the natural coastal landscape. Geo Technical research and scientific data is the fundamental study that I got the benefit of understanding the exact waves motion, density, velocity of water and how the different type of currents affect the land shape. My project is translating the science into landscape architecture. Earth and ocean are not sustainable- they’re dynamic, they’re shifting, they’re changing the landscape and coast components; land-used material as such salty sand beaches and ripple effects of waves affect the land in different ways. My hypothesis idea of retrofitting coastal landscape backs to its natural creation, which will be a combination of four components of barrier islands, bay or lagoon, thumb-lands or forelands and wetlands. These four figurations are shaped based on different wave motions and currents. I discovered two scales of the solution. Short and long term phasing. For the long term, I suggested floating island, which I examined it by the different objects adding to the coral reef at the Revere Beach. Objective, found a missing part of coastal components, the floating islands. And, Flute Channel was innovative design approached by science data of Bernoulli’s principle. In this term, water transferred from coast to the wetlands behind it. The connected containers science data was a combination solution to this creation.Due to recent climate change, the character of environmental regional planning has shifted to address the anticipated extreme increases in sea level rise. As such, this project, based on existing scientific research/data, proposes a spatial, habitable landscape architectural solution as a model for flood mitigation for the East coastal edge. This proposal tests the potential for resilient coastal landscapes through a particular site located on Revere Beach, along with the New England coast in Massachusetts. The study demonstrates how through new public spaces designed to renew and protect the beach and the broader offshores, residents and visitors will be able to engage with this 21st Century, resilient beachfront. Also, residents and visitors will experience sophisticated efficient flood alleviation strategies during natural successive storm events. The inherent goal of this proposal is to create an innovative design intervention, which applies new principles of resiliency to the coastal landscape through a technical and cultural solution, and which can be a replicable model for global coastal edges elsewhere. Revitalizing Revere Beach, Ma is a case study to mitigate floods based on Bernoulli 's principle. This proposal projects an idea of connecting puddles with fissures a set of "Flute Channels", which is my innovation design approach to transfer water from coast to wetland behind it. It helps to lower down the sea level in high tides and sudden tides. Retrofitting Revere Beach as a case study for flood Mitigate with a New Resilient Coastal Landscape approach started to study the watershed of the East Coast that includes three parts of North, Mid-Atlantic, and South Atlantic. Each has a flow that moves up and then inward to the east, in a concave pattern precipitated scale toward the north caused by the velocity of currents. In compare to the Pacific coast, this figuration came to appears as the convex pattern as the currents also are affected differently based on the climate and the land used materials. The project focused on how to manipulate waves and the currents to preserve the land figuration and creates the natural coastal landscape. Geo Technical research and scientific data is the fundamental study that I got the benefit of understanding the exact waves motion, density, velocity of water and how the different type of currents affect the land shape. My project is translating the science into landscape architecture. Earth and ocean are not sustainable- they’re dynamic, they’re shifting, they’re changing the landscape and coast components; land-used material as such salty sand beaches and ripple effects of waves affect the land in different ways. My hypothesis idea of retrofitting coastal landscape backs to its natural creation, which will be a combination of four components of barrier islands, bay or lagoon, thumb-lands or forelands and wetlands. These four figurations are shaped based on different wave motions and currents. I discovered two scales of the solution. Short and long term phasing. For the long term, I suggested floating island, which I examined it by the different objects adding to the coral reef at the Revere Beach. Objective, found a missing part of coastal components, the floating islands. And, Flute Channel was innovative design approached by science data of Bernoulli’s principle. In this term, water transferred from coast to the wetlands behind it. The connected containers science data was a combination solution to this creation.

Urban Environmental Stewardship and Civic Engagement

Author: Dana R. Fisher
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317934156
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Once considered the antithesis of a verdant and vibrant ecosystem, cities are now being hailed as highly efficient and complex social ecological systems. Emerging from the streets of the post-industrial city are well-tended community gardens, rooftop farms and other viable habitats capable of supporting native flora and fauna. At the forefront of this transformation are the citizens living in the cities themselves. As people around the world increasingly relocate to urban areas, this book discusses how they engage in urban stewardship and what civic participation in the environment means for democracy. Drawing on data collected through a two-year study of volunteer stewards who planted trees as part of the MillionTreesNYC initiative in the United States, this book examines how projects like this can make a difference to the social fabric of a city. It analyses quantitative survey data along with qualitative interview data that enables the volunteers to share their personal stories and motivations for participating, revealing the strong link between environmental stewardship and civic engagement. As city governments in developed countries are investing more and more in green infrastructure campaigns to change the urban landscape, this book sheds light on the social importance of these initiatives and shows how individuals’ efforts to reshape their cities serve to strengthen democracy. It draws out lessons that are highly applicable to global cities and policies on sustainability and civic engagement.

Green Wedge Urbanism

Author: Fabiano Lemes de Oliveira
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1474229190
Format: PDF
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As towns and cities worldwide deal with fast-increasing land pressures, while also trying to promote more sustainable, connected communities, the creation of green spaces within urban areas is receiving greater attention than ever before. At the same time, the value of the 'green belt' as the most prominent model of green space planning is being widely questioned, and an array of alternative models are being proposed. This book explores one of those alternative models – the 'green wedge', showing how this offers a successful model for integrating urban development and nature in existing and new towns and cities around the world. Green wedges, considered here as ducts of green space running from the countryside into the centre of a city or town, are not only making a comeback in urban planning, but they have a deeper history in the twentieth century than many expect – a history that provides valuable insight and lessons in the employment of networked green spaces in city design and regional planning today. Part history, and part contemporary argument, this book first examines the emergence and global diffusion of the green wedge in town planning in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, placing it in the broader historic context of debates and ideas for urban planning with nature, before going on to explore its use in contemporary urban practice. Examining their relation to green infrastructures, landscape ecology and landscape urbanism and their potential for sustainable cities, it highlights the continued relevance of a historic idea in an era of rapid climate change.

Urban Transformations

Author: Sigrun Kabisch
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319593242
Format: PDF, Docs
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The book addresses urban transformations towards sustainability in light of challenges of global urbanization processes and the consequences of global environmental change. The aim is to show that urban transformations only succeed if both innovative scientific solutions and practice-oriented governance approaches are developed. This assumption is addressed by providing theoretical insights and empirical evidence pointing particularly at 3 concepts or qualities which are determined here as being central for achieving urban sustainability: resource efficiency, quality of life and resilience. Urban case studies from several international research projects illustrate our conceptual approach of urban transformations towards sustainable development. Thus, the book reaches far beyond a mere additive description of single case studies. It incorporates the results of condensed synthesis, resulting from comparisons and evaluations. It provides, based on cross-cutting reflection of single cases and different scales and methods of analysis, general and transferable findings. They do not only consider the scientific sphere but deliberately go beyond it discussing transferability of knowledge into practice, governance options and the feasibility of policy strategies in order to pave the way for sustainable urban transformations to happen today and in the future.

Ecological Urbanism

Author: Mohsen Mostafavi
Publisher: Lars Müller Publishers
ISBN: 9783037784679
Format: PDF, Kindle
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A standard work which is still as up-to-date as the first edition five years ago.

Cities as Sustainable Ecosystems

Author: Peter Newman
Publisher: Island Press
ISBN: 9781597267472
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Modern city dwellers are largely detached from the environmental effects of their daily lives. The sources of the water they drink, the food they eat, and the energy they consume are all but invisible, often coming from other continents, and their waste ends up in places beyond their city boundaries. Cities as Sustainable Ecosystems shows how cities and their residents can begin to reintegrate into their bioregional environment, and how cities themselves can be planned with nature’s organizing principles in mind. Taking cues from living systems for sustainability strategies, Newman and Jennings reassess urban design by exploring flows of energy, materials, and information, along with the interactions between human and non-human parts of the system. Drawing on examples from all corners of the world, the authors explore natural patterns and processes that cities can emulate in order to move toward sustainability. Some cities have adopted simple strategies such as harvesting rainwater, greening roofs, and producing renewable energy. Others have created biodiversity parks for endangered species, community gardens that support a connection to their foodshed, and pedestrian-friendly spaces that encourage walking and cycling. A powerful model for urban redevelopment, Cities as Sustainable Ecosystems describes aspects of urban ecosystems from the visioning process to achieving economic security to fostering a sense of place.

Biophilic Cities

Author: Timothy Beatley
Publisher: Island Press
ISBN: 1597267155
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Tim Beatley has long been a leader in advocating for the "greening" of cities. But too often, he notes, urban greening efforts focus on everything except nature, emphasizing such elements as public transit, renewable energy production, and energy efficient building systems. While these are important aspects of reimagining urban living, they are not enough, says Beatley. We must remember that human beings have an innate need to connect with the natural world (the biophilia hypothesis). And any vision of a sustainable urban future must place its focus squarely on nature, on the presence, conservation, and celebration of the actual green features and natural life forms. A biophilic city is more than simply a biodiverse city, says Beatley. It is a place that learns from nature and emulates natural systems, incorporates natural forms and images into its buildings and cityscapes, and designs and plans in conjunction with nature. A biophilic city cherishes the natural features that already exist but also works to restore and repair what has been lost or degraded. In Biophilic Cities Beatley not only outlines the essential elements of a biophilic city, but provides examples and stories about cities that have successfully integrated biophilic elements--from the building to the regional level--around the world. From urban ecological networks and connected systems of urban greenspace, to green rooftops and green walls and sidewalk gardens, Beatley reviews the emerging practice of biophilic urban design and planning, and tells many compelling stories of individuals and groups working hard to transform cities from grey and lifeless to green and biodiverse.