Frieden stiften durch Theater

Author: Hannah Reich
Publisher: transcript Verlag
ISBN: 3839419107
Format: PDF, ePub
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Kann interaktives Theater Frieden stiften? Der Konfessionalismus im Libanon ist geprägt durch die Gewalterfahrung des Bürgerkrieges. Mit einem innovativen Ansatz zur Analyse dieses klientelistischen Konfessionalismus zieht Hannah Reich ein libanesisches Projekt zur Friedensbildung durch interaktives Theater heran. Sie erweitert und konkretisiert hierzu die Theorien des Aktionsforschers Kurt Lewin um die Dimension des Performativen, indem sie das Konzept des »ästhetischen Raums« nach Augusto Boal hinzunimmt. So gelingt eine Mikroperspektive auf den Konfessionalismus, der Transformationspotentiale offenlegt und zeigt, wie der Gruppenprozess des Forumtheaters Einblicke in den alltäglichen Konfessionalismus geben und das sozialgeographische Methodenrepertoire bereichern kann.

The Observation of Human Systems

Author: Joshua W. Clegg
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351478230
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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"Contemporary mainstream psychology has moved toward methodological specificity bounded by instrumental experimentalism. However, this institutional reduction of sanctioned methods has not been fully embraced by all social scientists, nor even by all experimental psychologists. The social sciences are rife with examples of practicing empirical scientists disaffected with the reductionism and atomism of traditional experimentalism.The empirical theory and practice of four of these disaffected social scientists--Lev Vygotsky, James Baldwin, James Gibson, and Kurt Lewin--is explored in this volume. Each of the scientists considered here argued for a rigorously empirical method while still maintaining a clear anti-reductionist stance. They justified their disaffection with the dominant psychological paradigms of their respective eras in terms of a fidelity to their phenomena of study, a fidelity they believed would be compromised by radical reductionism and ontological atomism.The authors in this collection explore the theory and practice of these eminent researchers and from it find inspiration for contemporary social science. The primary argument running through these analyses is that the social sciences should take seriously the notion of holistic empirical investigation. This means, among other things, re-establishing the indissoluble ties between theory, method and procedure and resisting the manualization of research procedures. It also means developing theories of relations and not simply of elemental properties. Such theories would concern particular units, fields, or systems of relations and not be reduced to, or interpreted in the terms of, other systems. Finally, a holistic social science requires integration of the active agent into theory, method, and procedure, an integration that points toward both participatory and emancipatory methods."

Planned Change Theories for Nursing

Author: Constance Rimmer Tiffany
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780761902355
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This ground-breaking book is designed to enable nurses to understand the process of planned change. It presents overviews of three widely accepted change theories as well as a new systems-orientated planned change theory, and shows the implications of the theories for nursing practice.

Understanding Leadership in Complex Systems

Author: Terje Andreas Tonsberg
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319404458
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This work proposes that Carl Menger’s Subjective Theory of Value (STV), and its subsequent elaboration by Ludwig von Mises as Praxeology, provides a useful alternative to more common methods in the study of action and social phenomena, and more specifically, to leadership in complex social systems. Rather than being based on rationality assumptions and algorithmic predictability, the STV emphasizes transient subjectivity shaped by a complex world of lacking information, mistakes, disequilibrium, uncertainty and attempted error correction that defy mathematization and exact prediction. As such, it is a framework to make sense of human action systems in terms of subjective understanding, learning, and uncertainty, rather than quantitative predictability. Accordingly, the aim of this work is to explain the STV as a general theory of action and to demonstrate its capability in developing adequate qualitative theory and to elaborate on some of the major topics that its implications raise with regard to leadership. The power of the method can be seen in that its procedure naturally branches out to facilitate an understanding of a broad selection of processes and may provide the basis for a universal theory of leadership.

Der Begriff der Genese in Physik Biologie und Entwicklungsgeschichte

Author: Kurt Lewin
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3662264579
Format: PDF, ePub
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Dieser Buchtitel ist Teil des Digitalisierungsprojekts Springer Book Archives mit Publikationen, die seit den Anfängen des Verlags von 1842 erschienen sind. Der Verlag stellt mit diesem Archiv Quellen für die historische wie auch die disziplingeschichtliche Forschung zur Verfügung, die jeweils im historischen Kontext betrachtet werden müssen. Dieser Titel erschien in der Zeit vor 1945 und wird daher in seiner zeittypischen politisch-ideologischen Ausrichtung vom Verlag nicht beworben.

Intergroup Cognition and Intergroup Behavior

Author: Constantine Sedikides
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1134797656
Format: PDF
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Social psychology has maintained a keen interest over the years in issues related to intergroup behavior, such as ingroup favoritism and discrimination. The field has also been preoccupied with ways to reduce prejudice and discrimination. Intergroup contact has been offered as the main mechanism for prejudice and discrimination reduction. In the last 15 years, the social cognitive perspective has been applied to the study of intergroup relations. Theoretical advances have been made regarding such issues as the representation of information about ingroup and outgroup members, the structural properties of stereotypes, the relation between cognitive representation and judgment, and the ways in which cognition, effect, and motivation interactively influence the perception, judgment, and memory of ingroup and outgroup members. The first volume in this new series, this book seeks to bring the above two traditions together. Focusing on the interplay between cognition and behavior in intergroup settings, it addresses four general questions: * How does intergroup cognition (perceptions, judgments, and memories) influence intergroup behavior (ingroup favoritism and discrimination)? * How does intergroup behavior subsequently change intergroup cognition? * What is the mediational role of effect, motivational processes, and social context? * How effective can change in intergroup cognition be in altering intergroup behavior? This volume focuses not on a specific theory but rather on an approach. This approach is the interface between intergroup cognition and intergroup behavior. The various contributors are leading investigators in these areas and share the belief that the field has reached a level of maturity where it can start asking the hard questions regarding the complex and multifaceted ways in which intergroup cognition and behavior are related. The investigators do not just summarize their work. Instead, they connect aspects of their work to the theme of the volume and integrate their work with existing approaches in the relevant literature.

A Narrative History of Experimental Social Psychology

Author: Shelley Patnoe
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1475720122
Format: PDF
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A Narrative History of Experimental Social Psychology presents lengthy and intensive interviews with the contemporary scientists that founded and shaped the field of social psychology. The story of social psychology is told through the autobiographical narratives of leading figures, such as Dorwin Cartwright, Harold Kelley, Kurt Back, Robert Krauss, Stanley Schachter, and Leon Festinger. The author traces the beginning of the field from the close-knit group of students around Kurt Lewin to the major research groups responsible for the scientific origins of the discipline. The interviews offer unique insights into the beginnings of the fields and prospects for future trends.

Conflict Resolved

Author: Alan Tidwell
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 9780826458018
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This work raises questions on whether and how to effectively resolve conflict. Taking stock of the ideas, assumptions and practices of this emerging field, the book provides an examination of conflict theory and practice, focusing on politics and international relations, as well as biology, culture, management, psychology and social psychology. Central to its thesis is the interaction between the skills of resolving conflict and societal pressures for conflict's continuation. Conflict resolution is a growth area of study; its methods are applicable in domestic violence as well as in attempts to secure world peace. This text is written in a deliberately provocative way which does not include every side to an argument.>