Respect for Nature

Author: Paul W. Taylor
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400838530
Format: PDF
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What rational justification is there for conceiving of all living things as possessing inherent worth? In Respect for Nature, Paul Taylor draws on biology, moral philosophy, and environmental science to defend a biocentric environmental ethic in which all life has value. Without making claims for the moral rights of plants and animals, he offers a reasoned alternative to the prevailing anthropocentric view--that the natural environment and its wildlife are valued only as objects for human use or enjoyment. Respect for Nature provides both a full account of the biological conditions for life--human or otherwise--and a comprehensive view of the complex relationship between human beings and the whole of nature. This classic book remains a valuable resource for philosophers, biologists, and environmentalists alike--along with all those who care about the future of life on Earth. A new foreword by Dale Jamieson looks at how the original 1986 edition of Respect for Nature has shaped the study of environmental ethics, and shows why the work remains relevant to debates today.

Inherited Land

Author: Whitney A. Bauman
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 1608999890
Format: PDF, Kindle
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"Religion and ecology" has arrived. What was once a niche interest for a few academics concerned with environmental issues and a few environmentalists interested in religion has become an established academic field with classic texts, graduate programs, regular meetings at academic conferences, and growing interest from other academics and the mass media. Theologians, ethicists, sociologists, and other scholars are engaged in a broad dialogue about the ways religious studies can help understand and address environmental problems, including the sorts of methodological, terminological, and substantive debates that characterize any academic discourse.This book recognizes the field that has taken shape, reflects on the ways it is changing, and anticipates its development in the future. The essays offer analyses and reflections from emerging scholars of religion and ecology, each addressing her or his own specialty in light of two questions: (1) What have we inherited from the work that has come before us? and (2) What inquiries, concerns, and conversation partners should be central to the next generation of scholarship?The aim of this volume is not to lay out a single and clear path forward for the field. Rather, the authors critically reflect on the field from within, outline some of the major issues we face in the academy, and offer perspectives that will nurture continued dialogue.

The Lockean Theory of Rights

Author: A. John Simmons
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691037813
Format: PDF, Docs
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John Locke's political theory has been the subject of many detailed treatments by philosophers and political scientists. But The Lockean Theory of Rights is the first systematic, full-length study of Locke's theory of rights and of its potential for making genuine contributions to contemporary debates about rights and their place in political philosophy. Given that the rights of persons are the central moral concept at work in Locke's and Lockean political philosophy, such a study is long overdue.

Authority and Democracy

Author: Christopher McMahon
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400887461
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Should the democratic exercise of authority that we take for granted in the realm of government be extended to the managerial sphere? Exploring this question, Christopher McMahon develops a theory of government and management as two components of an integrated system of social authority that is essentially political in nature. He then considers where in this structure democratic decision making is appropriate. McMahon examines the main varieties of authority: the authority of experts, authority grounded in a promise to obey, and authority justified as facilitating mutually beneficial cooperation. He also discusses the phenomenon of managerial authority, the authority that guides nongovernmental organization, and argues that managerial authority is best regarded not as the authority of a principal over an agent, but rather as authority that facilitates mutually beneficial cooperation among employees with different moral aims. Viewed in this way, there is a presumption that managerial authority should be democratically exercised by employees. Originally published in 1997. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

Speaking of Equality

Author: P. Westen
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400861489
Format: PDF, ePub
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Aristotle noted that "equality" is the plea not of those who are satisfied but of those who seek change, and the word has long been invoked in the name of social reform. It retains its force because arguments for equality put arguments for inequality on the defensive. But why is "equality" laudatory and "inequality" pejorative? In this first book-length analysis of the rhetorical force of equality arguments, Peter Westen argues that they derive their persuasiveness largely from the kind of word that "equality" is, rather than from the values it incorporates. By focusing on ordinary language and using commonplace examples from law and morals, Westen argues that equality is a single concept that lends itself to a multiplicity of conceptions by virtue of its capacity to incorporate diverse standards of comparison by reference. Equality arguments draw rhetorical force in part from their tendency to mask the standards of comparison on which they are based, and in so doing to confound fact with value, premises with conclusions, and uncontested with contested norms. Originally published in 1990. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

The Best in the literature of science technology and medicine

Author: Paul T. Durbin
Publisher: Rr Bowker Llc
ISBN: 9780835221498
Format: PDF
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Includes coverage of General Science; History of Science, Technology, & Medicine; Philosophy of Science & Pseudoscience; Mathematics; Statistics & Probability; Information & Communication Science; Earth & Space Sciences; Physics; Chemistry; Biology; Ecology & Environmental Science; Genetics; Medicine; Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry; Engineering & Technology; Energy; Ethics of Science, Technology, & Medicine. See main listing under Bibliography for more information.

The Reader s Adviser

Author: Barbara Ann Chernow
Publisher: Rr Bowker Llc
ISBN: 9780835221498
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Includes coverage of General Science; History of Science, Technology, & Medicine; Philosophy of Science & Pseudoscience; Mathematics; Statistics & Probability; Information & Communication Science; Earth & Space Sciences; Physics; Chemistry; Biology; Ecology & Environmental Science; Genetics; Medicine; Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry; Engineering & Technology; Energy; Ethics of Science, Technology, & Medicine. See main listing under Bibliography for more information.