Respiratory Physiology

Author: Henry Prange
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461311675
Format: PDF, ePub
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Why write another small book on respiratory physiology? I have a dozen or so texts on my bookshelf that could already be used interchangeably to teach the subject. For profit, I might as well buy lottery tickets. Not that my publisher is ungenerous, you understand, it's just that the market is not that big and there are many contenders for a share. No, I write from the idealistic standpoint that I think I have something different to say, some thing that is importantly different about how gas exchange works and with an approach that is different from other authors. With few changes, basically the same text or chapters on respiratory physiology have been written, by different authors, for decades. One could almost interchange the tables of contents of most of them. Most seem to have copied the figures and concepts used by the others. Few have done more than accept and perpetu ate the conventional wisdom. In this text, I have attempted to start from fundamental principles of biology, chemistry, and physics and ask at each step, "Does it make sense?" The mechanisms and structures of gas exchange exist because, scientifically and logically, they "can't not be" as they are. The nature of our environment and the capabilities ofliving tissue are such that only certain opportunities have been available to the evolution of gas exchange.

Physiology of Respiration

Author: Michael P. Hlastala
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0195138473
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This text explains how the respiratory system functions and provides a framework for understanding many respiratory diseases. It was developed as a working text with problem-solving exercises for students. The book covers pulmonary anatomy and microstructure, mechanics, gas exchange, acid-base balance, and control mechanisms. Unlike other texts, it strikes a good balance between the principles of pulmonary gas exchange, neural control, and integrative aspects of respiration.

Respiratory Physiology

Author: John Burnard West
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISBN: 1609136403
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Widely considered the "gold standard" for the teaching and learning of respiratory physiology, this fully updated Ninth Edition includes key points for each chapter and multiple-choice review questions and answers with full explanations. Available online via thePoint, animations help to clarify particularly difficult concepts and provide a visual component for use during instruction or review. --NEW Presents rationales for all questions, as well as explanations for each answer choice --Provides 82 essential-to-know, multiple-choice review questions which appear at the end of each chapter --Features an Appendix of important equations --Supports learning through chapter-opening learning objectives and introductory material, as well as Key Concepts summaries at the end of each chapter --Includes online resources such as question bank, animations, and full text for students --Includes animations online--8 in total--via thePoint to illustrate particularly challenging concepts

Back to Basics in Physiology

Author: Juan Pablo Arroyo
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128018046
Format: PDF, Docs
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Back to Basics in Physiology: O2 and CO2 in the Respiratory and Cardiovascular Systems exploits the gap that exists in current physiology books, tackling specific problems and evaluating their repercussions on systemic physiology. It is part of a group of books that seek to provide a bridge for the basic understanding of science and its direct translation to the clinical setting, with a final aim of helping readers further comprehend the basic science behind clinical observations. The book is interspersed with clinical correlates and key facts, as the authors believe that highlighting direct patient care issues leads to improved understanding and retention. Physiology students, including graduate and undergraduate students, nursing students, physician associate students, and medical students will find this to be a great reference tool as part of an introductory course, or as review material. Exploits the gap that exists in current physiology books, tackling specific problems and evaluating their repercussions on systemic physiology Provides a bridge for the basic understanding of science and its direct translation to the clinical setting Interspersed with clinical correlates and key facts, highlighting direct patient care issues to help improve understanding and retention Ideal physiology reference for physiology students, including graduate and undergraduate students, nursing students, physician associate students, and medical students

The Respiratory System E Book

Author: Andrew Davies
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 0702050725
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This is an integrated textbook on the respiratory system, covering the anatomy, physiology and biochemistry of the system, all presented in a clinically relevant context appropriate for the first two years of the medical student course. One of the seven volumes in the Systems of the Body series. Concise text covers the core anatomy, physiology and biochemistry in an integrated manner as required by system- and problem-based medical courses. The basic science is presented in the clinical context in a way appropriate for the early part of the medical course. There is a linked website providing self-assessment material ideal for examination preparation.

Nunn s Applied Respiratory Physiology

Author: Andrew B. Lumb
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 070205416X
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Nunn's Applied Respiratory Physiology, Seventh Edition covers all aspects of respiratory physiology in health, disease, and altered conditions and environments, from basic science to clinical applications. Includes functional anatomy, mechanics, control of breathing, ventilation, circulation, ventilation-perfusion matching, diffusion, carbon dioxide and oxygen, and non-respiratory functions of the lung. Discusses the effects of pregnancy, exercise, sleep, altitude, pressure, drowning, smoking, anaesthesia, hypocapnia, hypercarbia, hypoxia, hyperoxia, and anaemia on respiratory physiology. Explores specific clinical disorders such as ventilatory failure, airways disease, pulmonary vascular disease, parenchymal lung disease, and acute lung injury, as well as the physiological basis of current therapies, including artificial ventilation, extrapulmonary gas exchange, and lung transplantation. Chapter on Parenchymal Lung Disease has been specifically expanded to include the physiology and pathology of the pleural space and lung cancer. Contains a new chapter on Pulmonary Surgery, covering a wide range of surgical interventions from bronchoscopy to lung resection. Includes almost 500 new references to the literature. The result is an invaluable source for those preparing for examinations in anaesthesia and intensive care, as well as an essential purchase for practitioners who want quick reference to current knowledge. Describes respiration in health and disease and in normal and abnormal situations, to help readers manage all conditions they see in their practices. Examines the respiratory effects of exercise, sleep, smoking, anaesthesia, drowning, anaemia, pregnancy, and other events as well as environmental factors such as altitude, flying, high pressure, closed environments, and air pollution on respiration. Maintains the clarity of style and single-author approach of previous editions through the close collaboration of Andrew Lumb and John Nunn. Makes difficult concepts easy to understand and apply with nearly 300 illustrations. A new chapter on the History of Respiratory Physiology. More coverage of pathophysiology and even more applications of respiratory physiology to clinical practice. A more consistent organization, a revised page design that aids readability, and an art program featuring new and newly redrawn illustrations.

Applied Respiratory Physiology

Author: John F Nunn
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN: 1483162338
Format: PDF, ePub
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Applied Respiratory Physiology, Third Edition focuses on the applications of respiratory physiology and is designed to bridge the gap between applied respiratory physiology and the treatment of patients. This book is divided into two parts; the first of which is confined to general principles and the second deals with the various applied situations. This text is comprised of 29 chapters. After giving a general introduction to human respiratory physiology, including the functional anatomy of the respiratory tract, this book turns to the topic of the elastic resistance afforded by lungs and chest wall, along with its effect on the resting end-expiratory lung volume or functional residual capacity. The role of anesthesia in the control of breathing and the relative distribution of ventilation and perfusion are then examined. The section on artificial ventilation covers the techniques of ventilation and extracorporeal gas exchange. The reader is also introduced to special forms of lung pathology that have a major effect on lung function, including the adult respiratory distress syndrome, pulmonary oedema, embolus, and collapse. Sleep, smoking, diving, and drowning are also examined in this book. In addition, this text provides substantial coverage of exercise, high altitude, children, and neonates. This book will be of interest to clinicians and practitioners of applied respiratory physiology.

Regulation of Tissue Oxygenation Second Edition

Author: Roland N. Pittman
Publisher: Biota Publishing
ISBN: 1615047212
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This presentation describes various aspects of the regulation of tissue oxygenation, including the roles of the circulatory system, respiratory system, and blood, the carrier of oxygen within these components of the cardiorespiratory system. The respiratory system takes oxygen from the atmosphere and transports it by diffusion from the air in the alveoli to the blood flowing through the pulmonary capillaries. The cardiovascular system then moves the oxygenated blood from the heart to the microcirculation of the various organs by convection, where oxygen is released from hemoglobin in the red blood cells and moves to the parenchymal cells of each tissue by diffusion. Oxygen that has diffused into cells is then utilized in the mitochondria to produce adenosine triphosphate (ATP), the energy currency of all cells. The mitochondria are able to produce ATP until the oxygen tension or PO2 on the cell surface falls to a critical level of about 4–5 mm Hg. Thus, in order to meet the energetic needs of cells, it is important to maintain a continuous supply of oxygen to the mitochondria at or above the critical PO2 . In order to accomplish this desired outcome, the cardiorespiratory system, including the blood, must be capable of regulation to ensure survival of all tissues under a wide range of circumstances. The purpose of this presentation is to provide basic information about the operation and regulation of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems, as well as the properties of the blood and parenchymal cells, so that a fundamental understanding of the regulation of tissue oxygenation is achieved.

Physiological Strategies for Gas Exchange and Metabolism

Author: A. J. Woakes
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521366021
Format: PDF
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This 1991 book reviews the various metabolic and functional mechanisms that animals possess in order to live successfully in their own particular, often unique, environments. It demonstrates both the diversity of responses that are shown and the underlying principles of gas exchange and transport for a wide range of organisms.