Rethinking Bhopal

Author: Kenneth Bloch
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 012803842X
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
Rethinking Bhopal: A Definitive Guide to Investigating, Preventing, and Learning from Industrial Disasters is the go-to source for anyone seeking to learn how to improve process safety management (PSM) through applying fundamental asset reliability and incident investigation concepts. The seeds that unified PSM on a global scale were planted in Bhopal, India on December 3, 1984. Since then, considerable progress has been made to protect both workers and communities from catastrophic industrial failures. Industry acknowledges its responsibility to create value with accrued operating experience and that using information received from previous failures is a direct way to prevent future incidents. With this principle in mind, Bloch evaluates modern references related to the Bhopal Disaster, using recognized industrial asset reliability and incident investigation concepts. The practice of objective incident investigation offers a compelling insight into specific decisions and actions that resulted in history’s worst industrial disaster. Recording a fully transparent sequence of events promotes a personal sense of accountability for anyone involved in the manufacturing industry. Lessons learned can be immediately implemented by those with direct PSM, management, engineering, and operating responsibilities. Case histories demonstrate how patterns observed in the timeline leading up to the Bhopal Disaster can be detected in modern incidents and by recognizing these patterns in present-day processes avoids counterproductive operating decisions and unprecedented destruction. This text is instrumental in helping existing organizations re-evaluate their own exposures and risks, and would be a valuable read for any member of a process safety management team. Rethinking Bhopal: A Definitive Guide to Investigating, Preventing, and Learning from Industrial Disasters provides an expansion of knowledge and understanding for the novice in PSM while also providing depth and application considerations to challenge more experienced industry professionals. Note: All royalties from this book go to the Process Safety Heritage Trust Scholarship at Lamar University in Beaumont, Texas, USA. Learn how to improve Process Safety Management (PSM) performance by applying fundamental asset reliability and incident investigation concepts Understand your personal role in detecting and preventing Loss of Primary Containment (LOPC) incidents before they occur Take immediate action to stabilize processes under your control while promoting a systematic approach to eliminating persistent failure mechanisms Includes case histories to helpfully illustrate how to detect potentially destructive patterns in your own organization

Principles of Forensic Engineering Applied to Industrial Accidents

Author: Luca Fiorentini
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: 1118962818
Format: PDF
Download Now
An introductory text on the investigation of industrial accidents Forensic engineering should be seen as a rigorous approach to the discovery of root causes that lead to an accident or near-miss. The approach should be suitable to identify both the immediate causes as well as the underlying factors that affected, amplified, or modified the events in terms of consequences, evolution, dynamics, etc., as well as the contribution of an eventual "human error". This book is a concise and introductory volume to the forensic engineering discipline which helps the reader to recognize the link among those important, very specialized aspects of the same problem in the global strategy of learning from accidents (or near-misses). The reader will benefit from a single point of access to this very large, technical literature that can be only correctly understood with the right terms, definitions, and links in mind. Keywords: Presents simple (real) cases, as well as giving an overview of more complex ones, each of them investigated within the same framework; Gives the readers the bibliography to access more in-depth specific aspects; Offers an overview of the most commonly used methodologies and techniques to investigate accidents, including the evidence that should be collected to define the cause, dynamics and responsibilities of an industrial accident, as well as the most appropriate methods to collect and preserve the evidence through an appropriate chain of security. Principles of Forensic Engineering Applied to Industrial Accidents is essential reading for researchers and practitioners in forensic engineering, as well as graduate students in forensic engineering departments and other professionals.

Process Safety

Author: James A. Klein
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351645471
Format: PDF, ePub
Download Now
Effective process safety programs consist of three interrelated foundations—safety culture and leadership, process safety systems, and operational discipline—designed to prevent serious injuries and incidents resulting from toxic releases, fires, explosions, and uncontrolled reactions. Each of these foundations is important and one missing element can cause poor process safety performance. Process Safety: Key Concepts and Practical Approaches takes a systemic approach to the traditional process safety elements that have been identified for effective process safety programs. More effective process safety risk reduction efforts are achieved when these process safety systems, based on desired activities and results rather than by specific elements, are integrated and organized in a systems framework. This book provides key concepts, practical approaches, and tools for establishing and maintaining effective process safety programs to successfully identify, evaluate, and manage process hazards. It introduces process safety systems in a way that helps readers understand the purpose, design, and everyday use of overall process safety system requirements. Understanding what the systems are intended to achieve, understanding why they have been designed and implemented in a specific way, and understanding how they should function day-to-day is essential to ensure continued safe and reliable operations.

Recognizing and Responding to Normalization of Deviance

Author: CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119506700
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
An essential guide for recognizing and responding to normalization of deviance to help organizations improve their process safety performance This book provides an introduction and offers approaches for finding and addressing normalization of deviation both in operational and organizational activities. It addresses the initial and long-term effects of normalization of deviations as seen in reduced efficiencies, reduced product quality, extended batch run time, and near miss process safety incidents which can lead to loss of containment of hazardous materials and energies. Recognizing and Responding to Normalization of Deviance addresses how to recognize and respond to the normalization of deviation that can, and almost certainly will, occur in any ongoing operations that involves humans. The book’s primary focus is on reducing the incidence of normalization of deviation and the associated increased risk exposure due to its effects when operating chemical or petrochemical manufacturing facilities. It contains an introduction to the concept and offers approaches for finding and addressing normalization of deviation when it presents itself in both operational and organizational activities. Contains guidance to assist facilities in recognizing and addressing the phenomenon of normalization of deviation Provides techniques for addressing normalized deviations and techniques to eliminate waste in all manufacturing processes Describes methods for identifying normalized deviation as well as where to find deviations Includes techniques to reduce operational normalization of deviance and to reduce organizational normalization of deviance Aimed at process safety professionals and consultants applying process safety risk reduction efforts in manufacturing areas, Recognizing and Responding to Normalization of Deviance is an important book for any organization that has seen its process safety performance deteriorate over time.

Risikoanalyse und politische Entscheidungsprozesse

Author: H. Kunreuther
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783540125501
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
Das vorliegende Buch untersucht die Entscheidungsprozesse fUr die Standortbestimmung von FIUssigenergiegasanlagen in vier Landern: Bun­ desrepublik Deutschland, Niederlande, Vereinigtes Konigreich von GroB­ britannien und Nordirland und Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika. Die ver­ schiedenen Lander haben jeweils bestimmte institutionelle Rahmenbedin­ gungen und Einrichtungen, die die Vorgangsweise bei der Auswahl eines Standortes festlegen. Eines der Hauptanliegen des Buches ist es, der Rolle der Risikoanalytiker bei Standortentscheidungen innerhalb einer gegebenen Kultur und politischen Struktur nachzugehen. AuBerdem werden Moglichkeiten vorgeschlagen, wie der Kuchen (d.h. Kosten und Nutzen) zwischen den Personen und Gruppen, die von einem Standortbestimmungs­ problem betroffen sind, aufgeteilt werden kann. Das Einleitungskapitel bereitet die Szene mit Abrissen der vier Fallstudien und einer Besprechung der typischen Merkmale des LEG-Pro­ blems. Danach entwickeln wir mehrere Leserhilfen, wie z.B. das mehr­ dimensionale Vielgruppenmodell (MAMP-Rahmenmodell) zur Analyse des sequentiellen Entscheidungsprozesses fUr die Standortbestimmung von neuen Technologieanlagen. Diese Hilfen werden in den Kapiteln 3 bis 6 auf die vier Fallstudien angewendet, sodaB die Leser nachvollzie­ hen konnen, wie die Programme fUr das politische Handeln (Agendas) erstellt werden und wie die hauptbeteiligten Parteien im Laufe der Zeit interagieren.

Mathematikunterricht in der Sekundarstufe II

Author: Uwe-Peter Tietze
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3322905683
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
Der Band 1 gliedert sich in zwei Teile. Im Teil I werden fachdidaktische Grundfragen geklärt. Ausgangspunkt ist die Frage nach den Zielen im Mathematikunterricht und deren Begründung. Teil II unterzieht den Analysisunterricht einer umfassenden didaktisch-methodischen Analyse. Problem- und Anwendungsorientierung und Fragen des Rechnereinsatzes spielen in beiden Teilen eine wichtige Rolle. Beide Teile des Buches sind mit zahlreichen Beispielen und Aufgaben versehen.