Rights Come to Mind

Author: Joseph J. Fins
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 052188750X
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Joseph J. Fins calls for a reconsideration of severe brain injury treatment, including discussion of public policy and physician advocacy.

A Palliative Ethic of Care Clinical Wisdom at Life s End

Author: Joseph Fins
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning
ISBN: 9780763732929
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Thid book presents a unique, innovative approach to caring for the terminally ill patient. Using vignettes, the text explains how to develop a set of patient/physician goals for improving quality of life, resolving end of life issues, and generally treating dying patients.

Surgically Shaping Children

Author: Erik Parens
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 9780801883057
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This volume explores the ethical and social issues raised by the recent proliferation of surgical techniques aimed at making children appear more normal. Using three cases -- involving surgeries to correct ambiguous genitalia of children who are intersexed, surgeries to lengthen the limbs of children who are dwarfs, and surgeries to eliminate craniofacial abnormalities such as cleft lip and palate -- Eric Parens deepens our understanding of the debate surrounding surgical interventions in children.

Sizing up Consciousness

Author: Marcello Massimini
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0191044113
Format: PDF
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Whilst our knowledge of brain function has improved over the last decades, there remains a gap in our knowledge of consciousness. Why is the brain associated with consciousness, but not the liver or the heart, as previous cultures believed? Why does consciousness fade during deep sleep while the cerebral cortex remains active? Can computers be conscious? Using a framework - the Integrated Information Theory of Consciousness (IIT) - Sizing up Consciousness explains and measures consciousness. IIT clarifies what consciousness is, how it can be generated from a physical system, and how it can be measured. More importantly, this book shows how conscious states can be expressed mathematically and how precise predictions can be made using data from neurophysiological studies. Sizing up Consciousness is a short, accessible book which outlines not only this theory but also its applications, including measuring consciousness in those within a coma or vegetative state. This book will be of interest to anyone interested in consciousness.

Freedom Evolves

Author: Daniel C. Dennett
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 1101572663
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Can there be freedom and free will in a deterministic world? Renowned philosopher Daniel Dennett emphatically answers “yes!” Using an array of provocative formulations, Dennett sets out to show how we alone among the animals have evolved minds that give us free will and morality. Weaving a richly detailed narrative, Dennett explains in a series of strikingly original arguments—drawing upon evolutionary biology, cognitive neuroscience, economics, and philosophy—that far from being an enemy of traditional explorations of freedom, morality, and meaning, the evolutionary perspective can be an indispensable ally. In Freedom Evolves, Dennett seeks to place ethics on the foundation it deserves: a realistic, naturalistic, potentially unified vision of our place in nature.

Human Kindness and the Smell of Warm Croissants

Author: Ruwen Ogien
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 023153924X
Format: PDF, ePub
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A beloved best-seller in France, Human Kindness and the Smell of Warm Croissants makes philosophy fun, tactile, and popular. Moral thinking is simple, Ruwen Ogien argues, and as inherent as the senses. In our daily experiences, in the situations we confront and the scenes we witness, we develop an understanding of right and wrong as sophisticated as the moral outlook of the world’s most gifted philosophers. We can draw on this knowledge to navigate life’s most perplexing problems, and ethics becomes second nature. Ogien poses nineteen real-world conundrums and explores through experimental philosophy and other methods the responses they provoke. Is a short, mediocre life better than no life at all? Is it acceptable to kill a healthy person so his organs can save five others? Would you swap a “natural” life filled with frustration, disappointment, and partial success for a world in which all of your needs are met, but through artificial and mechanical means? Ogien’s goal is not to show how difficult it is to determine right from wrong or how easy it is for humans to become monsters or react like saints. Helping us tap into the registers of wisdom and feeling we already possess in our ethical “toolboxes,” he encourages readers to question moral presuppositions and rules; embrace an intuitive sense of dignity, virtue, and justice; and pursue a pluralist ethics better suited to the principles of human kindness.

Neuroethics

Author: Judy Illes
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198786832
Format: PDF, ePub
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Over the last decade, there have been unparalleled advances in our understanding of brain sciences. But with the development of tools that can manipulate brain function, there are pressing ethical implications to this newfound knowledge of how the brain works. In Neuroethics: Anticipating theFuture, a distinguished group of contributors tackle current and critical ethical questions and offer forward-looking insights. What new balances should be struck between diagnosis and prediction, or invasive and non-invasive interventions, given the rapid advances in neuroscience? Are new criteria needed for the clinical definition of death for those eligible for organ donation? As data from emerging technologies are madeavailable on public databases, what frameworks will maximize benefits while ensuring privacy of health information? These challenging questions, along with numerous other neuroethical concerns, are discussed in depth. Written by eminent scholars from diverse disciplines including neurology and neuroscience, ethics and law, public health and philosophy, this new volume on neuroethics sets out the many necessary considerations for the future. It is essential reading for the field of neuroethics, neurosciences andpsychology, and an invaluable resource for physicians in neurological medicine, academics in humanities and law, and health policy makers.

The Virtue of Selfishness

Author: Ayn Rand
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 9781101137222
Format: PDF, Docs
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A collection of essays that sets forth the moral principles of Objectivism, Ayn Rand's controversial, groundbreaking philosophy. Since their initial publication, Rand's fictional works—Anthem, The Fountainhead, and Atlas Shrugged—have had a major impact on the intellectual scene. The underlying theme of her famous novels is her philosophy, a new morality—the ethics of rational self-interest—that offers a robust challenge to altruist-collectivist thought. Known as Objectivism, her divisive philosophy holds human life—the life proper to a rational being—as the standard of moral values and regards altruism as incompatible with man's nature. In this series of essays, Rand asks why man needs morality in the first place, and arrives at an answer that redefines a new code of ethics based on the virtue of selfishness. More Than 1 Million Copies Sold!