Rights Laws and Infallibility in Medieval Thought

Author: Brian Tierney
Publisher: Variorum Publishing
ISBN:
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The papers collected in this volume fall into three main groups. Those in the first group are concerned with the origin and early development of the idea of natural rights. The author argues here that the idea first grew into existence in the writings of the 12th-century canonists. The articles in the second group discuss miscellaneous aspects of medieval law and political thought. They include an overview of modern work on late medieval canon law. The final group of articles is concerned with the history of papal infallibility, with especial reference to the tradition of Franciscan ecclesiology and the contributions of John Peter Olivi and William of Ockham.

Politiktheorie im Mittelalter

Author: Jürgen Miethke
Publisher: UTB
ISBN: 3838530594
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Die politische Theorie des Mittelalters vor Machiavelli kennt große Namen - der Zusammenhang der zugrundeliegenden Debatten wird jedoch selten sichtbar. Jürgen Miethke untersucht die Rahmenbedingungen der Entstehung und Wirkung politischer Theorie, die die Entwicklung des Verhältnisses von Staat und Kirche wesentlich beeinflusste.

De potestate papae

Author: Jürgen Miethke
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 9783161474804
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English summary: The discussions regarding political theory and the crisis of late medieval relations between church and state, which lasted from the stormy days of Pope Boniface VIII and his fight against King Philip the Fair of France, pointed the way for practical politics not only in the 14th century but also in the centuries to come. In this study, Jurgen Miethke examines the conditions under which these theories originated as well as the framework of their imprint on the realities of power in late medieval Europe. He analyzes the main authors of political treatises from Thomas Aquinas to William of Ockham and examines the debate which took place at that time. German description: Jurgen Miethke untersucht Rahmenbedingungen der Entstehung und Wirkung politischer Theorie in der formativen Phase der lebhaften Debatte um die Amtskompetenz des Papstes in der ersten Halfte des 14. Jahrhunderts. Scholastische Universitat und Herrscherhof erweisen sich als die Foren, auf denen die Diskussionen gefuhrt wurden. Die Rolle der verschiedenen Fakultaten war die von 'Leitwissenschaften', die Sprache und Form der Debatte, Belege und Bedeutungshorizont der Texte bestimmten. Die praktischen Erfahrungen mit dem papstlichen Anspruch auf weltbeherrschende Leitung der Christenheit auch in weltlichen Belangen, wie er von einem Bonifaz VIII. drohnend verkundet und praktiziert worden war und wie er kunftig bei jedem Konflikt neu erhoben werden konnte, die konkreten Massnahmen, die beide Seiten im Streit ergriffen, erweisen sich fur die Fragestellung der Theoretiker als bestimmend. Die wichtigsten papalistischen Autoren (Aegidius Romanus, Jakob von Viterbo, Augustinus von Ancona oder Alvarus Pelagius) kommen in dem Buch ebenso zur Sprache wie deren Kritiker, die Verteidiger eines Eigenrechts des Staats (Johannes Quidort, Dante, Marsilius von Padua, Wilhelm von Ockham).Die damals gefuhrten Erorterungen haben jeweils in besonderer Weise zur Entscheidungsfindung der praktischen Politik beigetragen, indem sie allen Beteiligten mit den Mitteln der damaligen Wissenschaft einen vernunftigen Horizont der Weltorientierung vermitteln wollten. Damit konnten sie den konkreten Uberlegungen im einzelnen einen sicheren Halt geben und gaben auch den Handelnden ein gutes Gewissen. Daruber hinaus wurde in diesen Debatten fur die spatere politische Theorie Grundlagenarbeit geleistet. In der Tat wurde bis in die Zeit der Reformation des 16. Jahrhunderts das Verstandnis des Verhaltnisses von Staat und Kirche hier zutiefst vorgepragt. Ein guter Teil der Probleme der Moderne ist daher in der Debatte, die in dieser Studie untersucht wird, bereits gegenwartig.

Political Thought in the Age of Scholasticism

Author: Jèurgen Miethke
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004139907
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This volume brings together principal reflections on the phenomenon of political theory in the age of scholasticism with focussed case studies of prominent authors and their work. It thus presents a vivid profile of the current discussion about political theory in the later Middle Ages.

Was als wissenschaftlich gelten darf

Author: Martin Mulsow
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 3593500787
Format: PDF
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Lange Zeit hat man den Kulturen der Vormoderne die Befähigung zu Wissenschaftlichkeit abgesprochen. Dies geschah zu Unrecht, denn auch in den Jahrhunderten vor 1800 gab es institutionelle Ausprägungen, Lebenssituationen und Trägermilieus, soziale Vernetzungen und Regulierungsmechanismen von Wissenschaft. Öffnungsversuche gegenüber neuen Wissensfeldern, dezidierte Absonderungen von vermeintlich dilettantischem und unorthodoxem Wissen sowie der Umgang mit »geheimem« Wissen sind daher wichtige neue Phänomene, die dieser Band in Beiträgen von Vertretern unterschiedlicher kultur- und sozialwissenschaftlicher Disziplinen eingehend untersucht.

Canon Law the Expansion of Europe and World Order

Author: James Muldoon
Publisher: Variorum
ISBN:
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The articles in this volume trace the development of the theory that humanity forms a single world community and that there exists a body of law governing the relations among the members of that community. These ideas first appeared in the writings of the medieval canon lawyers and received their fullest development in the writings of early modern Spanish intellectuals. Conflict and contact with 'the infidel' provided a stimulus for the elaboration of these ideas in the later Middle Ages, but major impetus was given by the English subjugation of Ireland, and by the discovery of the Americas. This body of work paved the way for the modern notions of an international legal order and universal norms of behavior usually associated with the publication of Hugo Grotius's work in the seventeenth century.

The Profession and Practice of Medieval Canon Law

Author: James A. Brundage
Publisher: Variorum
ISBN: 9780860789277
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This latest collection of studies by James Brundage deals with the emergence of the profession of canon law and with aspects of its practice in the period from the 12th to the 14th centuries. Substantial numbers of lawyers systematically trained in canon law first appeared in Western Europe during the second half of the 12th century and in the 13th they began to dominate the hierarchy of the Western church. By 1250 canon law had grown into something more than a profitable occupation: it had become a recognizable profession in the strict meaning of the term as it is still used today. Particular topics are the canonists' system of legal ethics, the education and training of canon lawyers in university law faculties, and some fundamental features of the professional practice of canon law, both in medieval Europe and in the crusading states of the Levant.

Medieval Manuscripts in Post medieval England

Author: Andrew G. Watson
Publisher: Variorum
ISBN:
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Two themes uniting the essays in this collection are the provenance and history of medieval manuscripts during the Middle Ages, and the fates that befell them in England in the period after the invention of printing and the 16th-century dissolution of the religious houses and visitations of the universities. The section 'Libraries and collectors' includes papers on seven major English collectors of the 16th and 17th centuries, and the section 'Manuscripts' concerns the fates of five manuscripts or groups of manuscripts from England, Belgium and Italy. Of the other chapters one is concerned with the post-medieval history of the library of All Souls College, Oxford, and another with the provenance of hundreds of manuscripts in the Harleian collection in the British Library. For this volume Andrew Watson has provided extensive additional notes and indexes.

The Fathers and Beyond

Author: Marcia L. Colish
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing Company
ISBN: 9780754659440
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The papers in this second selection of articles by Professor Colish focus on thinkers of the patristic age but at the same time look beyond that period, both backward to these authors' appropriation of the classical and Christian traditions, and forward to their function as authorities in later periods of medieval intellectual history, from the Carolingian Renaissance to Anselm of Canterbury, the scholastics, and Dante. Themes which these papers address include the transmission and use of Platonism and Stoicism, logic and linguistic theory, and the ethics of lying, moral indifference, and the salvation of the virtuous pagan.