Risk and Sociocultural Theory

Author: Deborah Lupton
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521645546
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
This 1999 book presents a variety of exciting perspectives on the perception of risk and the strategies that people adopt to cope with it. Using the framework of recent social and cultural theory, it reflects the fact that risk has become integral to contemporary understandings of selfhood, the body and social relations, and is central to the work of writers such as Douglas, Beck, Giddens and the Foucauldian theorists. The contributors are all leading scholars in the fields of sociology, cultural and media studies and cultural anthropology. Combining empirical analyses with metatheoretical critiques, they tackle an unusually diverse range of topics including drug use, risk in the workplace, fear of crime and the media, risk and pregnant embodiment, the social construction of danger in childhood, anxieties about national identity, the governmental uses of risk and the relationship between risk phenomena and social order.

Risk

Author: Deborah Lupton
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135090319
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
Risk (second edition) is a fully revised and expanded update of a highly-cited, influential and well-known book. It reviews the three major approaches to risk in social and cultural theory, devoting a chapter to each one. These approaches were first identified and described by Deborah Lupton in the original edition and have since become widely used as a categorisation of risk perspectives. The first draws upon the work of Mary Douglas to articulate the ‘cultural/symbolic’ perspective on risk. The second approach is that of the ‘risk society’ perspective, based on the writings of Ulrich Beck and Anthony Giddens. The third approach explored here is that of the ‘governmentality’ perspective, which builds on Michel Foucault’s work. Other chapters examine in detail the relationship between concepts of risk and concepts of selfhood and the body, the notion of Otherness and how this influences the ways in which people respond to and think about risk, and the pleasures of voluntary risk-taking, including discussion of edgework. This new edition examines these themes in relation to the newly emerging threats of the twenty-first century, such as climate change, extreme weather events, terrorism and global financial crises. It will appeal to students and scholars throughout the social sciences and humanities.

Risk and Everyday Life

Author: John Tulloch
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1446239411
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
Risk and Everyday Life examines how people respond to, experience and think about risk as part of their everyday lives. Bringing together original empirical research and sociocultural theory, the authors examine how people define risk and what risks they see as affecting them, for example in relation to immigration, employment and family life. They emphasise the need to take account of the cultural dimensions of risk and risk-taking to understand how risk is experienced as part of everyday life and consider the influence that gender, social class, ethnicity, sexual orientation, occupation, geographical location and nationality have on our perceptions and experience of risk. Drawing on the work of key theorists - Ulrich Beck, Scott Lash, and Mary Douglas - the authors examine and critique theories of risk in the light of their own research and presents case studies which show how notions of risk interact with day-to-day concerns.

The Routledge Handbook of Sociocultural Theory and Second Language Development

Author: James P. Lantolf
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317229894
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
The Routledge Handbook of Sociocultural Theory and Second Language Development is the first comprehensive overview of the field of sociocultural second language acquisition (SLA). In 35 chapters, each written by an expert in the area, this book offers perspectives on both the theoretical and practical sides of the field. This Handbook covers a broad range of topics, divided into several major sections, including: concepts and principles as related to second language development; concept-based instruction; dynamic assessment and other assessment based on sociocultural theory (SCT); literacy and content-based language teaching; bilingual/multilingual education; SCT and technology; and teacher education. This is the ideal resource for graduate students and researchers working in the areas of SLA and second language development.

Management von Ungewissheit

Author: Fritz Böhle
Publisher: transcript Verlag
ISBN: 3839417236
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
Die Vorstellung, Ungewissheit durch Wissenschaft und Planung in Gewissheit transformieren zu können, wird zunehmend brüchig und zum Hemmnis für Innovation. Doch wie ist es möglich, Handlungsfähigkeit auch unter Bedingungen von Ungewissheit aufrechtzuerhalten oder gar weiterzuentwickeln? In diesem Buch werden neue Ansätze zur Bewältigung und Nutzung von Ungewissheit vorgestellt. Die Beiträge befassen sich mit der Theorie und Praxis von Entscheidungen und Selbstorganisation, Projektmanagement und der Governance technischer Systeme bis hin zur künstlerischen Praxis in Unternehmen. Sie umreißen den Stand der Forschung und entwickeln neue Perspektiven für ein Handeln nicht nur trotz, sondern mit Ungewissheit in Wirtschaft, Wissenschaft und Gesellschaft.

Calculating Political Risk

Author: Catherine Althaus
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131797316X
Format: PDF, ePub
Download Now
Calculating Political Risk is rich and illuminating, and much more than a political science treatise. Althaus draws on diverse literature, extensive interviews and intriguing case studies to offer interdisciplinary, practical and nuanced insight. This book provides new perspectives and more precise language for making sense of a critical dimension of politics, policy-making and public management. Evert Lindquist, Director and Professor, School of Public Administration, University of Victoria, Canada This powerful new book is the first ever examination of the hard edge of how political risk - something faced by all political actors innumerable times every day - is calculated and used in decision-making. It opens with an outline of the historical and linguistic origins of risk, the various disciplinary understandings of risk, the risk society concept, and how risk has come to be so prominent in the context of environmental disaster and terrorism. The book then defines political risk and looks at its manifestations in the public sector, from project to high-level political risk. It also looks at risk identification versus risk management and compares the concept of political risk with the private sector practice of risk management. Unique research findings from interviews with over 100 risk practitioners and politicians provide a detailed look at how political actors calculate political risk. Case study-based chapters look in-depth at neat and discrete examples: risk calculation in state development plans in Australia; political risk identification and management in the UK during the mad cow crisis; and US government risk calculation in the post-September 11 context. The final chapters draw together the experiences and lessons learned from the case studies and practitioner insights to formulate a better understanding of what political risk is and what its calculation means in political practice. The author shows how political risk calculation provides a fresh perspective on policy analysis and identifies how political risk is relevant to a broader understanding of politics and political science, as well as policy formulation and implementation on the ground.

Risk and Misfortune

Author: Judith Green
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9781857285611
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
There has been a growing sociological interest in both risk and its management, and with how we cope with the uncertainties of late 20th century life. This study traces the emergence of the "accident" as a marginal misfortune in modernist thought.

Das Weltbild des Kindes

Author: Jean Piaget
Publisher: Klett-Cotta
ISBN: 3608202293
Format: PDF
Download Now
Dieser Klassiker der Entwicklungspsychologie liefert eine gut verständliche und immer noch spannend zu lesende Übersicht über die typischen Wahrnehmungs- und Interpretationsmuster von Vorschulkindern. Wie interpretieren Kinder den Zusammenhang von Wörtern und Dingen, den Ursprung und die Eigenschaften natürlicher Phänomene und die Ursache von Ereignissen? Jean Piaget analysiert in diesem Buch die typischen Eigenheiten des kindlichen Weltverstehens und widmet sich damit grundlegenden Fragen der Entwicklungspsychologie. Auf der Basis eigener Befragungen zu unterschiedlichen Aspekten der Kinderlogik greift er die Resultate der damaligen Forschung auf und setzt diese zu einem umfassenden Erklärungsmodell zusammen.

Markets Politics and the Environment

Author: Barry Goodchild
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131721756X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
Markets, Politics and the Environment answers three groups of question: What is planning?’ and as part of this ‘What are its key features as a style of social practice and action?’ and ‘How does planning as a style of social practice relate to social and economic change? How, as part of the justification for planning, might claims of valid technical knowledge be constructed? What is meant by ‘rational’? What is the contribution of pragmatism as a supplement or replacement to rationalism? How might rationality and pragmatism be adapted to postmodernism and the requirements of diversity? Finally, how may concepts of planning be reoriented towards sustainable development as a collective duty? How might sustainable development be reworked in relation to planning as a means of managing and stimulating change? Each group of question is discussed in a separate chapter and is associated with different theories, debates and examples of practice. Markets, Politics and the Environment concludes that the full implications of sustainable development and climate change point in the direction of a different type of state- a green state whose future functioning can draw on planning theory but at present can only be conceived as a sketchy outline.