Ritual in Early Modern Europe

Author: Edward Muir
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521841535
Format: PDF, Docs
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The comprehensive 2005 study of rituals in early modern Europe argues that between about 1400 and 1700 a revolution in ritual theory took place that utterly transformed concepts about time, the body, and the presence of spiritual forces in the world. Edward Muir draws on extensive historical research to emphasize the persistence of traditional Christian ritual practices even as educated elites attempted to privilege reason over passion, textual interpretation over ritual action, and moral rectitude over gaining access to supernatural powers. Edward Muir discusses wide ranging themes such as rites of passage, carnivalesque festivity, the rise of manners, Protestant and Catholic Reformations, the alleged anti-Christian rituals of Jews and witches. This edition examines the impact on the European understanding of ritual from the discoveries of new civilizations in the Americas and missionary efforts in China and adds more material about rituals peculiar to women.

The King s Body

Author: Sergio Bertelli
Publisher: Penn State Press
ISBN: 0271041390
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The King's Body offers a unique and up-to-date overview of a central theme in European history: the nature and meaning of the sacred rituals of kingship. Informed by the work of recent cultural anthropologists, Sergio Bertelli explores the cult of kingship, which pervaded the lives of hundreds of thousands of subjects, poor and rich, noble and cleric. His analysis takes in a wide spectrum, from the Vandal kings of Spain and the long-haired kings of France, to the beheaded kings of England and France, Charles I and Louis XVI. Bertelli explores the multiple meanings of the rites related to the king's body, from his birth (with the exhibition of his masculinity) to the crowning (a rebirth) to his death (a triumph and an apotheosis). We see how particular occasions such as entrances, processions, and banquets make sense only as they related directly to the king's body. Bertelli also singles out crowd-participatory aspects of sacred kingship, including the rites of violence connected with the interregnum (perceived as a suspension of the law) and the rites of expulsion for a tyrant's body, emphasizing the inversion of crowning rituals. First published in Italy in 1990, The King's Body has been revised and updated for English-speaking readers and expertly translated from the Italian by R. Burr Litchfield. Deftly argued and amply illustrated, this book is a perfect introduction to the cult of kingship in the West; at the same time, it illuminates for modern readers how strangely different the medieval and early modern world was from our own.

Men and Violence

Author: Petrus Cornelis Spierenburg
Publisher: Ohio State University Press
ISBN: 0814207529
Format: PDF
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There is growing interest in the history of masculinity and male culture, including violence, as an integral part of a proper understanding of gender. In almost every historical setting, masculinity and violence are closely linked; certainly violent crime has been overwhelmingly a male enterprise. But violence is not always criminal: in many cultural contexts violence is linked instead to honour and encoded in rituals. We possess only an imperfect understanding of the ways in which aggressive behaviour, or the abstention from aggressive behaviour, contributes to the construction of masculinity and male honour. In this text eight scholars explore the interrelationship of masculinity, honour and the body. The essays focus on the United States and Western Europe from the 17th to the 20th centuries.

Evening s Empire

Author: Craig Koslofsky
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521896436
Format: PDF
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This illuminating guide to the night opens up an entirely new vista on early modern Europe. Using diaries, letters, legal records and representations of the night in early modern religion, literature and art, Craig Koslofsky explores the myriad ways in which early modern people understood, experienced and transformed the night.

Foundation Dedication and Consecration in Early Modern Europe

Author: M. Delbeke
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004217576
Format: PDF, ePub
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Bringing together contributions from art history, architectural history, historiography and history of law, this volume is the first comprehensive exploration of the manifold meanings of foundation, dedication and consecration rituals and narratives in early modern culture.

Images and Objects in Ritual Practices in Medieval and Early Modern Northern and Central Europe

Author: Krista Kodres
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443864285
Format: PDF, ePub
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This multidisciplinary collection of essays explores the functions, meanings and use of images and objects in various late Medieval and Early Modern social practices, which were linked by their ritual character. The book approaches ‘ritual’ as an action which is discussed under the general umbrella term “performative practice”, and is characterised by a synthesis between the repetitive and the extraordinary that carries an intense symbolic meaning and is emotionally charged. Images, spaces and rituals were closely interconnected in both the religious and the secular spheres, and played a relevant role in the symbolic communication of the time. The essays in this volume are devoted to a complex study of these phenomena in Northern and Central Europe, including regions which, due to linguistic or cultural barriers, have thus far received comparatively little attention in Anglo-American scholarship, including Scandinavia, Poland and the Baltic states.

The Magical Universe

Author: Stephen Wilson
Publisher: Hambledon Press
ISBN: 9781852854454
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The universality of the magical beliefs which have existed throughout Europe in the Middle Ages has been hidden by a focus on the sensational aspects of magic, and on witch trials in particular. The Magical Universe shows how magical beliefs and practices permeated all aspects of work and of family life through- out Europe in the Middle Ages, and profoundly influenced the approach of men and women to health and healing, birth, marriage, and death. Magic offered the hope of protection in a dangerous and uncertain world. Shared by the powerful as well as the poor, magical beliefs have lasted remarkably late in many rural areas and have still not completely vanished to this day.

Coronations

Author: János M. Bak
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520066779
Format: PDF
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Papers originally presented at a conference held Fabruary 1985 in Toronto.