Road Pricing

Author: Georgina Santos
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080545462
Format: PDF, ePub
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Traffic congestion affects towns and cities everywhere and in some places it is regarded as one of the most urgent and important problems in need of a solution. Road pricing is undoubtedly recognised as an effective traffic demand management tool. The recent London congestion charging scheme seems to be showing that public and political opposition is not insurmountable. Thus, the ghost that prevented the introduction of a policy supported by transport economists for over 80 years seems to have disappeared or at least, weakened. The book contains twelve papers useful to different types of audience, such as researchers and postgraduate students, civil servants, policy makers and consultants. The first part is mainly theoretical and concentrates on second-best congestion pricing including pricing in urban contexts, the impact on the performance of the road network, optimal locations and charge levels, dynamic aspects such as time variation of tolls, potential impacts of road pricing on costs and service quality of public transport buses, and efficiency costs and transport sector effects of different types of pricing when they guarantee a balanced budget per mode. The second part contains chapters that describe the schemes in place around the world such as Singapore, Norway, London, and the US. The volume is an update of the state of the art on the subject and the first one to have been written and appear after the London scheme was implemented and to contain an assessment of its preliminary impacts.

Investment and the use of Tax and Toll Revenues in the Transport Sector

Author: Andre de Palma
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080480626
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Transport infrastructure developments will depend increasingly on the level of user charges. One reason is the ongoing liberalization of the EU transport sector, especially for air and rail. Another is the trend towards implementing tolls and other user charges on roads. It is expected that user charges will progressively replace government subsidies for infrastructure expansion and maintenance. Revenues from user charges may also be used to cross subsidize other transport modes. The surplus anticipated on urban roads could be used to fund infrastructure and operation of public transport and/or non-urban roads. This book brings together both the theory and the current practice of user charges, tolls and revenue use in European countries. It examines public finance aspects such as earmarking, as well as public management aspects of different pricing and revenue use principles. A set of guidelines is developed for a better use of toll and tax revenues. The set of guidelines is tested with a new cost benefit tool in case studies that cover France, Germany, Norway , Switzerland and the UK. Research in Transportation Economics is now available online at ScienceDirect — full-text online of volumes 6 onwards.

Road Pricing the Economy and the Environment

Author: C. Jensen-Butler
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540771500
Format: PDF
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Economic growth and globalisation create traffic growth, leading to congestion, which again increases travel times and costs. Road pricing is an instrument that may efficiently reduce the negative impacts. This volume is a collection of research papers on the use of road pricing. The focus is on passenger transport, and the papers cover a wide range of approaches, including theoretical modelling and empirical studies of road pricing experience from different cities.

A Handbook of Transport Economics

Author: André de Palma
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 0857930877
Format: PDF
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'This Handbook is a stellar compilation of up-to-date knowledge about the important topics in transport economics. Authors include the very best in the field, and they cover the most important topics for today's research and policy applications. Individual chapters contain sound, readable, well referenced explanations of each topic's history and current status. I cannot think of a better place to start for anyone wanting to become current in the field or in any of its parts.' – Kenneth Small, University of California-Irvine, US Bringing together insights and perspectives from close to 70 of the world's leading experts in the field, this timely Handbook provides an up-to-date guide to the most recent and state-of-the-art advances in transport economics. The comprehensive coverage includes topics such as the relationship between transport and the spatial economy, recent advances in travel demand analysis, the external costs of transport, investment appraisal, pricing, equity issues, competition and regulation, the role of public–private partnerships and the development of policy in local bus services, rail, air and maritime transport. This Handbook is designed both for use on postgraduate and advanced undergraduate courses and as a reference for anyone working in the field. It also complements the textbook Principles of Transport Economics.

Transport Economics

Author: K. Button
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1849804869
Format: PDF, Docs
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'In the 3rd edition of Transport Economics Button draws together the burgeoning literature in transportation economics. It is a comprehensive standalone text covering all aspects of the field including new sections on logistics and congestion pricing. It should be required reading for every student of transportation and on the library shelf of all transportation researchers and practitioners, an excellent book.' David Gillen, University of British Columbia, Canada Acclaim for the second edition: 'To the literature in the field of transport economics, this is a most welcome addition. Primarily a textbook on theory, it also contains many references to applied studies. . . The book is written in a lucid style and consequently is easy to read and understand.' J.P. Hanlon, Transport 'It is admirably structured, with an introductory chapter placing transport in its economic context and relating transport and location economics.' Urban Studies 'This book is written in a clear, easy to understand style. It is essential reading for those studying for the Institute's Transport Economics examination as well as for undergraduate and postgraduate students of the subject. . . The book offers good value for money and is strongly recommended to anyone with an interest in transport economics.' M.R. Cairns, Transport ' . . . this book does read very much like a textbook; it explains economic concepts clearly, often in both words and mathematical equations, and identifies their relevance in the transport field. . . Transport Economics does provide a good basis with which to understand most of the issues behind what is one of the fastest moving areas of environmental activity in an area where most books will be out of date almost as soon as they are written anyway.' Marcus Enoch, Environmental Politics Transport Economics is a thoroughly revised edition of a well-established textbook which applies economic analysis to transport issues. Each chapter has been carefully reworked and includes new material dealing with the regulation of transport markets. The theoretical content is supported with considerable empirical evidence drawn from a wide range of international sources. Although aimed primarily at university students, this volume is accessible to non-specialists who have an interest in transport economics. It has no modal bias but rather examines in general terms the many aspects of the demand for, and supply of, transport together with the various methods of government intervention needed to ensure that social and environmental criteria are attained. This successful and widely adopted textbook has been meticulously revised and updated for the third edition. As the best intermediate text currently available, it will be welcomed by students, policymakers and all those concerned with the supply of transport services.

Netz konomie

Author: Günter Knieps
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3834992313
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Die Netzökonomie liefert das mikroökonomische Instrumentarium zur Analyse von Netzsektoren, wie Telekommunikation, Luftfahrt, Schienen- und Straßenverkehr oder Energieversorgung. Dieses Buch zeigt, dass auf der Kosten- und Nutzenseite netzspezifische Besonderheiten existieren, die innovative unternehmerische Wettbewerbsstrategien erforderlich machen. Die theoretischen Analysen werden durch zahlreiche aktuelle Fallbeispiele anschaulich dargestellt. Durch Übungsaufgaben am jeweiligen Kapitelende kann der Leser sein erworbenes Wissen selbstständig überprüfen.

Managing Urban Traffic Congestion

Author: European Conference of Ministers of Transport
Publisher: Organization for Economic
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Docs
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Road congestion is a maddening feature of many large and growing urban areas. National estimates of the cost of congestion often point to losses equivalent to around 1% of GDP in more congested countries. However, congestion is also the result of one of the most beneficial aspects of urban development - agglomeration and its positive contribution to GDP. How can urban regions balance the benefits of agglomeration and the disadvantages of congestion? This report seeks to answer key questions in managing urban traffic congestion. What exactly is congestion, and when is it excessive? What are the costs and other impacts of congestion? What strategic vision should guide congestion management policies? What technology and operational options are available? What should a reasonable and effective congestion management strategy look like? The report was prepared by an international Working Group of the Joint OECD/ECMT Transport Research Centre and provides a thorough overview of the nature, scope and measurement of congestion, necessary for any effective management policy. It offers policy-oriented, research-based recommendations for effectively managing traffic and cutting excess congestion in large urban areas. Also in this series: Young Drivers: The Road to Safety Speed Management

The Journal of Economic Perspectives

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This journal attempts to fill a gap between the general-interest press and other academic economics journals. Its articles relate to active lines of economics research, economic analysis of public policy issues, state-of-the-art economic thinking, and directions for future research. It also aims to provide material for classroom use, and to address issues relating to the economics profession.