Robinson Crusoe

Author: Daniel Defoe
Publisher: World Classic
ISBN:
Format: PDF
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Robinson Crusoe /ˌrɒbɪnsən ˈkruːsoʊ/ is a novel by Daniel Defoe, first published on 25 April 1719. The first edition credited the work's protagonist Robinson Crusoe as its author, leading many readers to believe he was a real person and the book a travelogue of true incidents.[2] It was published under the full title The Life and Strange Surprizing Adventures of Robinson Crusoe, Of York, Mariner: Who lived Eight and Twenty Years, all alone in an un-inhabited Island on the Coast of America, near the Mouth of the Great River of Oroonoque; Having been cast on Shore by Shipwreck, wherein all the Men perished but himself. With An Account how he was at last as strangely deliver'd by Pyrates. Epistolary, confessional, and didactic in form, the book is presented as an autobiography of the title character (whose birth name is Robinson Kreutznaer)—a castaway who spends thirty years on a remote tropical island near Trinidad, encountering cannibals, captives, and mutineers, before ultimately being rescued. Statue of Robinson Crusoe at Alexander Selkirk's birthplace of Lower Largo by Thomas Stuart Burnett The story has since been perceived to be based on the life of Alexander Selkirk, a Scottish castaway who lived for four years on the Pacific island called "Más a Tierra", now part of Chile, which was renamed Robinson Crusoe Island in 1966,[3] but the time scale does not match. Another likely source for the narrative was Ibn Tufail's Hayy ibn Yaqdhan, a twelfth-century philosophical novel also set on a desert island and translated into Latin and English a number of times in the half-century preceding Defoe's novel.[4][5][6][7] Yet another source for Defoe's novel may have been the Robert Knox account of his abduction by the King of Ceylon in 1659 in "An Historical Account of the Island Ceylon".[8][9] In his 2003 book In Search of Robinson Crusoe, Tim Severin contends that the account of Henry Pitman in a short book chronicling his escape from a Caribbean penal colony and subsequent shipwrecking and desert island misadventures is the inspiration for the story. Arthur Wellesley Secord in his Studies in the narrative method of Defoe (1963: 21–111) painstakingly analyses the composition of Robinson Crusoe and gives a list of possible sources of the story, rejecting the common theory that the story of Selkirk is Defoe's only source. Despite its simple narrative style, Robinson Crusoe was well received in the literary world and is often credited as marking the beginning of realistic fiction as a literary genre. Before the end of 1719, the book had already run through four editions, and it has gone on to become one of the most widely published books in history, spawning numerous sequels and adaptations for stage, film, and television.

Robinson Crusoe UBSPD World Classics

Author: Daniel Defoe
Publisher: UBS Publishers' Distributors
ISBN: 9788174760487
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Robinson Crusoe Examines The Relationship Between Man And Nature That Sprang From The Depths Of The English Middle Class View Of Life In The Early Eighteenth Century. The Novel, Narrated In The First Person As Though It Was An Actual Autobiographical Account, Shows Robinson Crusoe A Ship-Wrecked Trader On A Desert Island Endeavouring To Remould The Pattern Of The Material And Moral Civilisation He Had Left Behind In England.

Robinson Crusoe

Author: Daniel Defoe
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 9780141439822
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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DEFOE/ROBINSON CRUSOE (BC)

Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Defoe Illustrated by N C Wyeth World s Classics

Author: Daniel Defoe
Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
ISBN: 9781536821604
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Robinson Crusoe is a novel by Daniel Defoe, first published on 25 April 1719. The first edition credited the work's protagonist Robinson Crusoe as its author, leading many readers to believe he was a real person and the book a travelogue of true incidents. It was published under the full title The Life and Strange Surprizing Adventures of Robinson Crusoe, Of York, Mariner: Who lived Eight and Twenty Years, all alone in an un-inhabited Island on the Coast of America, near the Mouth of the Great River of Oroonoque; Having been cast on Shore by Shipwreck, wherein all the Men perished but himself. With An Account how he was at last as strangely deliver'd by Pyrates. Plot sumary--Crusoe (the family name corrupted from the German name "Kreutznaer") sets sail from the Queen's Dock in Hull on a sea voyage in August 1651, against the wishes of his parents, who want him to pursue a career, possibly in law. After a tumultuous journey where his ship is wrecked in a storm, his lust for the sea remains so strong that he sets out to sea again. This journey, too, ends in disaster, as the ship is taken over by Sale pirates (the Sale Rovers) and Crusoe is enslaved by a Moor. Two years later, he escapes in a boat with a boy named Xury; a captain of a Portuguese ship off the west coast of Africa rescues him. The ship is en route to Brazil. Crusoe sells Xury to the captain. With the captain's help, Crusoe procures a plantation. Years later, Crusoe joins an expedition to bring slaves from Africa, but he is shipwrecked in a storm about forty miles out to sea on an island (which he calls the Island of Despair) near the mouth of the Orinoco river on 30 September 1659. The details of Crusoe's island were probably based on the Caribbean island of Tobago, since that island lies a short distance north of the Venezuelan coast near the mouth of the Orinoco river, in sight of Trinidad.[4] He observes the latitude as 9 degrees and 22 minutes north. He sees penguins and seals on his island. (However, seals and penguins live together in the Northern Hemisphere only around the Galapagos Islands.) As for his arrival there, only he and three animals, the captain's dog and two cats, survive the shipwreck. Overcoming his despair, he fetches arms, tools and other supplies from the ship before it breaks apart and sinks. He builds a fenced-in habitat near a cave which he excavates. By making marks in a wooden cross, he creates a calendar. By using tools salvaged from the ship, and some he makes himself from "ironwood," he hunts, grows barley and rice, dries grapes to make raisins, learns to make pottery and raises goats. He also adopts a small parrot. He reads the Bible and becomes religious, thanking God for his fate in which nothing is missing but human society. More years pass and Crusoe discovers native cannibals, who occasionally visit the island to kill and eat prisoners. At first he plans to kill them for committing an abomination but later realizes he has no right to do so, as the cannibals do not knowingly commit a crime. He dreams of obtaining one or two servants by freeing some prisoners; when a prisoner escapes, Crusoe helps him, naming his new companion "Friday" after the day of the week he appeared. Crusoe then teaches him English and converts him to Christianity...... Daniel Defoe ( 1660 - 24 April 1731), born Daniel Foe, was an English trader, writer, journalist, pamphleteer, and spy, most famous for his novel Robinson Crusoe. Newell Convers Wyeth (October 22, 1882 - October 19, 1945), known as N. C. Wyeth, was an American artist and illustrator. He was the pupil of artist Howard Pyle and became one of America's greatest illustrators."

Survival Shipwreck

Author: Frieda Wishinsky
Publisher: Scholastic Canada
ISBN: 1443146420
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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From avalanches to shipwrecks, this brand-new fiction series hurtles its characters into dangerous situations, leaving them with only their wits and and courage to survive! At 1:55 AM on the morning of May 29, 1914, two young friends, Sarah and Albert stand on the deck of the Empress of Ireland, a ship sailing from Canada to Liverpool, England. But excitement soon turns to terror, as the friends feel a sharp jolt. The ship begins to tilt. People scream. Stewards order passengers to head for the lifeboats. It is a full-on nautical disaster, and only one question remains. Will they survive?

Robinson Crusoe Om Illustrated Classics

Author: Daniel Defoe
Publisher: Om Books International
ISBN: 9381607745
Format: PDF
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Cast away! When young Robinson Crusoe refuted his father’s wishes, choosing to be an adventurer at sea rather than studying Law, little did he realise that life as he knew it, would change forever. Washed up on a deserted island after a violent storm at sea, Robinson is left all alone with the ship’s dog and a few supplies. Will Robinson Crusoe be able to survive on the Island? Were all these years of toil and caution in vain? Who is the savage, Friday? Will he help Crusoe or finish him? Read it all in the fascinating pages of this eternal classic.

Oroonoko the Rover and Other Works

Author: Aphra Behn
Publisher: Penguin UK
ISBN: 0141958871
Format: PDF, ePub
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When Prince Oroonoko’s passion for the virtuous Imoinda arouses the jealousy of his grandfather, the lovers are cast into slavery and transported from Africa to the colony of Surinam. Oroonoko’s noble bearing soon wins the respect of his English captors, but his struggle for freedom brings about his destruction. Inspired by Aphra Behn’s visit to Surinam, Oroonoko (1688) reflects the author’s romantic view of Native Americans as simple, superior peoples ‘in the first state of innocence, before men knew how to sin’. The novel also reveals Behn’s ambiguous attitude to African slavery – while she favoured it as a means to strengthen England’s power, her powerful and moving work conveys its injustice and brutality.