Robust Nonparametric Statistical Methods Second Edition

Author: Thomas P. Hettmansperger
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439809097
Format: PDF, Docs
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Presenting an extensive set of tools and methods for data analysis, Robust Nonparametric Statistical Methods, Second Edition covers univariate tests and estimates with extensions to linear models, multivariate models, times series models, experimental designs, and mixed models. It follows the approach of the first edition by developing rank-based methods from the unifying theme of geometry. This edition, however, includes more models and methods and significantly extends the possible analyses based on ranks. New to the Second Edition A new section on rank procedures for nonlinear models A new chapter on models with dependent error structure, covering rank methods for mixed models, general estimating equations, and time series New material on the development of computationally efficient affine invariant/equivariant sign methods based on transform-retransform techniques in multivariate models Taking a comprehensive, unified approach to statistical analysis, the book continues to describe one- and two-sample problems, the basic development of rank methods in the linear model, and fixed effects experimental designs. It also explores models with dependent error structure and multivariate models. The authors illustrate the implementation of the methods using many real-world examples and R. More information about the data sets and R packages can be found at www.crcpress.com

Robust Cluster Analysis and Variable Selection

Author: Gunter Ritter
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439857962
Format: PDF
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Clustering remains a vibrant area of research in statistics. Although there are many books on this topic, there are relatively few that are well founded in the theoretical aspects. In Robust Cluster Analysis and Variable Selection, Gunter Ritter presents an overview of the theory and applications of probabilistic clustering and variable selection, synthesizing the key research results of the last 50 years. The author focuses on the robust clustering methods he found to be the most useful on simulated data and real-time applications. The book provides clear guidance for the varying needs of both applications, describing scenarios in which accuracy and speed are the primary goals. Robust Cluster Analysis and Variable Selection includes all of the important theoretical details, and covers the key probabilistic models, robustness issues, optimization algorithms, validation techniques, and variable selection methods. The book illustrates the different methods with simulated data and applies them to real-world data sets that can be easily downloaded from the web. This provides you with guidance in how to use clustering methods as well as applicable procedures and algorithms without having to understand their probabilistic fundamentals.

Transformation and Weighting in Regression

Author: Raymond J. Carroll
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780412014215
Format: PDF, ePub
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This monograph provides a careful review of the major statistical techniques used to analyze regression data with nonconstant variability and skewness. The authors have developed statistical techniques--such as formal fitting methods and less formal graphical techniques-- that can be applied to many problems across a range of disciplines, including pharmacokinetics, econometrics, biochemical assays, and fisheries research. While the main focus of the book in on data transformation and weighting, it also draws upon ideas from diverse fields such as influence diagnostics, robustness, bootstrapping, nonparametric data smoothing, quasi-likelihood methods, errors-in-variables, and random coefficients. The authors discuss the computation of estimates and give numerous examples using real data. The book also includes an extensive treatment of estimating variance functions in regression.

Mixed Effects Models for Complex Data

Author: Lang Wu
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420074086
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Although standard mixed effects models are useful in a range of studies, other approaches must often be used in correlation with them when studying complex or incomplete data. Mixed Effects Models for Complex Data discusses commonly used mixed effects models and presents appropriate approaches to address dropouts, missing data, measurement errors, censoring, and outliers. For each class of mixed effects model, the author reviews the corresponding class of regression model for cross-sectional data. An overview of general models and methods, along with motivating examples After presenting real data examples and outlining general approaches to the analysis of longitudinal/clustered data and incomplete data, the book introduces linear mixed effects (LME) models, generalized linear mixed models (GLMMs), nonlinear mixed effects (NLME) models, and semiparametric and nonparametric mixed effects models. It also includes general approaches for the analysis of complex data with missing values, measurement errors, censoring, and outliers. Self-contained coverage of specific topics Subsequent chapters delve more deeply into missing data problems, covariate measurement errors, and censored responses in mixed effects models. Focusing on incomplete data, the book also covers survival and frailty models, joint models of survival and longitudinal data, robust methods for mixed effects models, marginal generalized estimating equation (GEE) models for longitudinal or clustered data, and Bayesian methods for mixed effects models. Background material In the appendix, the author provides background information, such as likelihood theory, the Gibbs sampler, rejection and importance sampling methods, numerical integration methods, optimization methods, bootstrap, and matrix algebra. Failure to properly address missing data, measurement errors, and other issues in statistical analyses can lead to severely biased or misleading results. This book explores the biases that arise when naïve methods are used and shows which approaches should be used to achieve accurate results in longitudinal data analysis.

Nonparametric Statistical Methods Using R

Author: John Kloke
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498787274
Format: PDF, Docs
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A Practical Guide to Implementing Nonparametric and Rank-Based Procedures Nonparametric Statistical Methods Using R covers traditional nonparametric methods and rank-based analyses, including estimation and inference for models ranging from simple location models to general linear and nonlinear models for uncorrelated and correlated responses. The authors emphasize applications and statistical computation. They illustrate the methods with many real and simulated data examples using R, including the packages Rfit and npsm. The book first gives an overview of the R language and basic statistical concepts before discussing nonparametrics. It presents rank-based methods for one- and two-sample problems, procedures for regression models, computation for general fixed-effects ANOVA and ANCOVA models, and time-to-event analyses. The last two chapters cover more advanced material, including high breakdown fits for general regression models and rank-based inference for cluster correlated data. The book can be used as a primary text or supplement in a course on applied nonparametric or robust procedures and as a reference for researchers who need to implement nonparametric and rank-based methods in practice. Through numerous examples, it shows readers how to apply these methods using R.

Design and Analysis of Cross Over Trials Third Edition

Author: Byron Jones
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439861420
Format: PDF, ePub
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Design and Analysis of Cross-Over Trials is concerned with a specific kind of comparative trial known as the cross-over trial, in which subjects receive different sequences of treatments. Such trials are widely used in clinical and medical research, and in other diverse areas such as veterinary science, psychology, sports science, and agriculture. The first edition of this book was the first to be wholly devoted to the subject. The second edition was revised to mirror growth and development in areas where the design remained in widespread use and new areas where it had grown in importance. This new Third Edition: Contains seven new chapters written in the form of short case studies that address re-estimating sample size when testing for average bioequivalence, fitting a nonlinear dose response function, estimating a dose to take forward from phase two to phase three, establishing proof of concept, and recalculating the sample size using conditional power Employs the R package Crossover, specially created to accompany the book and provide a graphical user interface for locating designs in a large catalog and for searching for new designs Includes updates regarding the use of period baselines and the analysis of data from very small trials Reflects the availability of new procedures in SAS, particularly proc glimmix Presents the SAS procedure proc mcmc as an alternative to WinBUGS for Bayesian analysis Complete with real data and downloadable SAS code, Design and Analysis of Cross-Over Trials, Third Edition provides a practical understanding of the latest methods along with the necessary tools for implementation.

Practical Nonparametric Statistics

Author: W. J. Conover
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780471168515
Format: PDF
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Probability theory; Statistical inference; Some tests based on the binomial distribution; Contingency tables; The use of ranks; Statistics of the kolmogorov-smirnov type; Some miscellaneous tests.

Data Analysis and Approximate Models

Author: Patrick Laurie Davies
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482215861
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The First Detailed Account of Statistical Analysis That Treats Models as Approximations The idea of truth plays a role in both Bayesian and frequentist statistics. The Bayesian concept of coherence is based on the fact that two different models or parameter values cannot both be true. Frequentist statistics is formulated as the problem of estimating the "true but unknown" parameter value that generated the data. Forgoing any concept of truth, Data Analysis and Approximate Models: Model Choice, Location-Scale, Analysis of Variance, Nonparametric Regression and Image Analysis presents statistical analysis/inference based on approximate models. Developed by the author, this approach consistently treats models as approximations to data, not to some underlying truth. The author develops a concept of approximation for probability models with applications to: Discrete data Location scale Analysis of variance (ANOVA) Nonparametric regression, image analysis, and densities Time series Model choice The book first highlights problems with concepts such as likelihood and efficiency and covers the definition of approximation and its consequences. A chapter on discrete data then presents the total variation metric as well as the Kullback–Leibler and chi-squared discrepancies as measures of fit. After focusing on outliers, the book discusses the location-scale problem, including approximation intervals, and gives a new treatment of higher-way ANOVA. The next several chapters describe novel procedures of nonparametric regression based on approximation. The final chapter assesses a range of statistical topics, from the likelihood principle to asymptotics and model choice.

Robust Statistical Methods with R

Author: Jana Jurečková
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420035131
Format: PDF, Docs
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Robust statistical methods were developed to supplement the classical procedures when the data violate classical assumptions. They are ideally suited to applied research across a broad spectrum of study, yet most books on the subject are narrowly focused, overly theoretical, or simply outdated. Robust Statistical Methods with R provides a systematic treatment of robust procedures with an emphasis on practical application. The authors work from underlying mathematical tools to implementation, paying special attention to the computational aspects. They cover the whole range of robust methods, including differentiable statistical functions, distance of measures, influence functions, and asymptotic distributions, in a rigorous yet approachable manner. Highlighting hands-on problem solving, many examples and computational algorithms using the R software supplement the discussion. The book examines the characteristics of robustness, estimators of real parameter, large sample properties, and goodness-of-fit tests. It also includes a brief overview of R in an appendix for those with little experience using the software. Based on more than a decade of teaching and research experience, Robust Statistical Methods with R offers a thorough, detailed overview of robust procedures. It is an ideal introduction for those new to the field and a convenient reference for those who apply robust methods in their daily work.

Analysis of Variance for Functional Data

Author: Jin-Ting Zhang
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439862745
Format: PDF, Docs
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Despite research interest in functional data analysis in the last three decades, few books are available on the subject. Filling this gap, Analysis of Variance for Functional Data presents up-to-date hypothesis testing methods for functional data analysis. The book covers the reconstruction of functional observations, functional ANOVA, functional linear models with functional responses, ill-conditioned functional linear models, diagnostics of functional observations, heteroscedastic ANOVA for functional data, and testing equality of covariance functions. Although the methodologies presented are designed for curve data, they can be extended to surface data. Useful for statistical researchers and practitioners analyzing functional data, this self-contained book gives both a theoretical and applied treatment of functional data analysis supported by easy-to-use MATLAB® code. The author provides a number of simple methods for functional hypothesis testing. He discusses pointwise, L2-norm-based, F-type, and bootstrap tests. Assuming only basic knowledge of statistics, calculus, and matrix algebra, the book explains the key ideas at a relatively low technical level using real data examples. Each chapter also includes bibliographical notes and exercises. Real functional data sets from the text and MATLAB codes for analyzing the data examples are available for download from the author’s website.