Romani Writing

Author: Paola Toninato
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317970853
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The Roma (commonly known as "Gypsies") have largely been depicted in writings and in popular culture as an illiterate group. However, as Romani Writing shows, the Roma have a deep understanding of literacy and its implications, and use writing for a range of different purposes. While some Romani writers adopt an "oral" use of the written medium, which aims at opposing and deconstructing anti-Gypsy stereotypes, other Romani authors use writing for purposes of identity-building. Writing is for Romani activists and intellectuals a key factor in establishing a shared identity and introducing a common language that transcends linguistic and geographical boundaries between different Romani groups. Romani authors, acting in-between different cultures and communication systems, regard writing as an act of cultural mediation through which they are able to rewrite Gypsy images and negotiate their identity while retaining their ethnic specificity. Indeed, Romani Writing demonstrates how Romani authors have started to create self-images in which the Roma are no longer portrayed as "objects", but become "subjects" of written representation.

Roma Voices in the German Speaking World

Author: Lorely French
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
ISBN: 1501302817
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The Roma are Europe's largest minority, and yet they remain one of the most misunderstood and underrepresented. Scholarship on the Roma in German-speaking countries has focused mostly on the portrayal of "Zigeuner/Gypsies?? in literature by non-Roma and on persecution during the Nazi period. Rarely have scholars examined the actual voices of Roma to glean their perspectives on their social interactions and customs. Without such studies the Roma appear passive in the face of their long and troubled history. With a basis in theories of intersectionality, subalternity, and cultural hybridity, Roma Voices in the German-Speaking World rectifies this image of passivity by analyzing autobiographies, folktales, and novels by Roma, thereby promoting a better understanding of the multifaceted and multifarious cultures alive today in Germany, Austria, and Switzerland. In documenting their voices, Roma writers unveil the large extent to which their personal lives, their social interactions with other Roma and non-Roma, and the images they project of their values and traditions are highly influenced by gender and ethnicity. Anthropological and historical studies have frequently portrayed Romani groups as displaying a patriarchal social structure with highly demarcated roles for men and women. In contrast, the significant parts that both men and women play in disseminating autobiographical, fictional, and historical narratives challenge this ubiquitous notion of largely patriarchal Romani cultures. The insights that both sexes provide on the relationship between gender and ethnicity in the context of cultural taboos, norms, and expectations unveil the complexities and diversities inherent in any minority group and its relationship to the dominant society.

The Norwegian Mission s Literacy Work in Colonial and Independent Madagascar

Author: Ellen Vea Rosnes
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351730797
Format: PDF, Docs
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Offering an original historical perspective on literacy work in Africa, this book examines the role of the Norwegian Lutheran mission in Madagascar and sheds light on the motivations that drove colonizing powers’ literacy work. Focusing on both colonial and independent Madagascar, Rosnes examines how literacy practices were facilitated through mission schools and the impact on the reading and writing skills to Malagasy children and youth. Analysing how literacy work influenced identity formation and power relations in the Malagasy society, the author offers new insights into the field of language and education in Africa.

Translation Travel Migration

Author: Loredana Polezzi
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134951531
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The connection between travel and translation is often evoked in contemporary critical theory, both practices seen as metaphors of mobility and flux linked to globalized 'post-modern' society. Travel is a multiple activity, encompassing temporary and voluntary displacement, repeated movement, exile, economic migration, diaspora. Places of origin are often plural and unstable, in spite of the enduring appeal of traditional labels such as 'mother country' or 'patrie'. The multiple interfaces between translation, travel and migration are the focus of all contributions in this special issue. Starting from different points of view, and using a variety of methodologies, the authors raise fundamental questions about the way in which we perceive the link between language, national or ethnic identity, and individual voice. Topics range from the interaction between travel, travel narratives and translation in early English representations of China, to the special role played by interpreters in mediating the first contact between a literate and a non-literate culture; from the multiple functions and audiences addressed by contemporary Romani literature and its translation, to the political as well a cultural implications of translating popular music across the Bosporus. A number of the articles focus on detailed textual analysis, covering the intersection between exile, self-translation and translingualism in the work of Manuel Puig; the uses and limitations of translation in the works of migrant authors; or the impact on figurations of Europe of experimental work embracing polylingualism. Collectively, these contributions also underline the importance of a closer examination of our assumptions about who the translators and the interpreters are, and what roles they play in our society.

Rhetorik und Stilistik Rhetoric and Stylistics Halbband 1

Author: Ulla Fix
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110211408
Format: PDF, ePub
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The series Handbooks of Linguistics and Communication Science is designed to illuminate a field which not only includes general linguistics and the study of linguistics as applied to specific languages, but also covers those more recent areas which have developed from the increasing body of research into the manifold forms of communicative action and interaction.

K rper und Repr sentation

Author: Insa Härtel
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3322950298
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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,The Body and Representation. Feminist Research and Theoretical Perspectives' wurde als zweiwöchige Studienphase des Projektbereichs BODY der Internationalen Frauenuniversität vom Zentrum für feministische Studien der Universität Bremen konzipiert und im Sommer 2000 durchgeführt. Die Publikation umfasst neben Ergebnissen aus Vorlesungen und Seminaren auch ergänzende Beiträge, die die thematischen Schwerpunkte abrunden. Diskutiert werden Konzepte, Inszenierungen, Handlungen und Repräsentationen von Körpern in Alltag, politischen Kontexten, Kunst und neuen Medien.

Zigeunerkulturen im Wandel

Author: Tobias Marx
Publisher: transcript Verlag
ISBN: 3839429374
Format: PDF, Kindle
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In seiner ethnologischen Studie zu Roma-/Zigeunereliten bricht Tobias Marx mit der herkömmlichen Perspektive auf Roma und Zigeuner in den Ländern des Balkanraums. Durch die Verschmelzung historischer und kultureller Aspekte, sozialpädagogischer und ethnologischer Perspektiven sowie neuen und reichen Datenmaterials kann er zeigen, wie wichtig historische Fakten sind, um kulturelle Phänomene zu verstehen. Der Roma-Elite in Bulgarien und Mazedonien lässt er viel Raum, um ihre Meinungen über Herkunft und Zukunft, Integration und Diskriminierung, Anpassung und Reflexion darzulegen. Das Buch spiegelt die Engstirnigkeit institutioneller Hoffnungen auf einen »Modellzigeuner« ebenso wider wie die Unsinnigkeit integrationspolitischer Blicke durch eine »Romaschablone«.

Die Bildungssituation von Roma in Europa

Author: Sabine Hornberg
Publisher: Waxmann Verlag
ISBN: 3830978413
Format: PDF, ePub
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Roma leben seit Jahrhunderten auf dem europäischen Kontinent und stellen die größte ethnische Minderheit in Europa dar. Unter den Angehörigen der sie umgebenden Mehrheitsgesellschaften herrschen vielfach Unkenntnis, Stereotype und Vorurteile über Roma vor; ihre Lebens- und Bildungssituationen sind häufig von Diskriminierung und Marginalisierung geprägt. Hier setzt diese Publikation an, für die Expertinnen und Experten aus europäischen Ländern gewonnen werden konnten. Im ersten Teil des Bandes werden zentrale Themen wie die Sprache der Roma, die Romani ?hib, der Roma Education Fund und Roma betreffende Entwicklungen in Südosteuropa im Überblick behandelt. Der zweite Teil umfasst Beiträge zu den Lebens- und Bildungssituationen von Roma in ausgewählten Staaten. Berichtet und erörtert werden historische Hintergrundinformationen, empirisch gewonnene Daten und aktuelle Entwicklungen sowie Ansätze zu einer Bearbeitung der Bildungsbenachteiligung von Roma. Mit den Beiträgen ist das Anliegen verknüpft, Impulse für vertiefende Auseinandersetzungen mit den Lebens- und Bildungssituationen von Roma zu geben und sie stärker in den Fokus der Erziehungswissenschaft zu rücken.