Roots of Revolution

Author: Jerry W. Knudson
Publisher: University Press of America
ISBN: 0761848223
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book focuses on the longstanding social and economic ills that caused society to disintegrate into violence during the social and economic Latin American revolutions. Based upon the author's firsthand knowledge as a journalist focused on Latin America, this book provides the latest information, historical or present, on such revolutions.

The Soviet Attitude to Political and Social Change in Central America 1979 90

Author: D. Paszyn
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230289002
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The study analyses Soviet policy towards Nicaragua during the rule of the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN) and towards the guerrillas fighting for political and social change in El Salvador and Guatemala. It covers the period from the Sandinista victory in July 1979 until the loss of power in February 1990. This work aims to counter the tendency found in the western literature which over-emphasizes the ideological and strategic factors motivating Soviet policy towards Nicaragua and Central America as a whole.

Reinventing Revolution The changing nature of Latin American Social Movements

Author: Nicholas Williams
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3640339665
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Seminar paper from the year 2006 in the subject Politics - Political Theory and the History of Ideas Journal, grade: 1,7, University of Wales, Aberystwyth (International Politics Department), course: Citizenship in Latin America, language: English, abstract: “Our Revolution, which has been heterodox in its forms and manifestations, has nevertheless followed the general lines of all the great historical events of this century characterized by anticolonial struggles and the transition towards socialism.” Che Guevara: Cuba: Exception or Vanguard, 1961 “We are a product of five hundred years of struggle: first, led by insurgents against slavery during the War of Independence with Spain (...) They don’t care that we have nothing, absolutely nothing, not even a roof over our heads. (...) But today we say: ENOUGH IS ENOUGH! General Command of the EZLN: War! First Declaration of the Lacandon Jungle, 1993. FOURTY-TWO YEARS LIE BETWEEN THESE TWO STATEMENTS, the statements of two Latin-American revolutionaries, equal in charisma, and by a mere coincidence both renown for the smoking materials perpetually accompanying their every moves. Yet far more lies between Che Guevara and Marcos than that the former was a cigar-addict whilst the latter goes nowhere without his pipe. This essay is no contrast between the two. It is neither a character-sketch of Che, nor an analysis of Marcos’ poetry and prose, as the first would be ideal for psychologists, whilst the second task would be better performed in a literature department. Instead, I shall undertake to try and describe the changing fibre of revolutionary social movements in Latin America over the last forty years, explaining how Che Guevara’s legacy, paired with the Sandinistas and other influences led to the emergence of the Zapatistas in today’s Mexico. In saying this, I shall state here in the introduction that through the research for this essay my initial sympathies towards the Zapatistas, which I developed while seeing them in action in and talking to them in Chiapas, have strengthened. I maintain that it is better to state openly an opinion than to try and conceal it. However, in keeping with Sir Karl Popper, the objectivity should rest not with the person researching, as such a thing is impossible, but in the methodology employed. The methodology in this essay consists in taking Che Guevara and the Cuban Revolution and the Nicaraguan Sandinistas as preceding case studies, as steps in the history of revolutions towards the Mexican Zapatistas.

Roots of revolution

Author: Sheldon B. Liss
Publisher: Univ of Nebraska Pr
ISBN:
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Concerned with what Cuban radicals have thought about their na-tion's protracted struggle for independence, Sheldon B. Liss looks at each one's mode of analysis, position on the class struggle, ideas on reform or revolution, and search for community. Each writer's beliefs about ethics, morality, religion, social mobility, political control, aesthetics, and quality of life are subjected to scrutiny by Liss. He also considers their views on Cuban-United States relations, their perceptions of the state and power, and their relationships to the means of production and workers' movements.

The Darker Nations

Author: Vijay Prashad
Publisher: The New Press
ISBN: 159558563X
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Here, from a brilliant young writer, is a paradigm-shifting history of both a utopian concept and global movement—the idea of the Third World. The Darker Nations traces the intellectual origins and the political history of the twentieth century attempt to knit together the world’s impoverished countries in opposition to the United States and Soviet spheres of influence in the decades following World War II. Spanning every continent of the global South, Vijay Prashad’s fascinating narrative takes us from the birth of postcolonial nations after World War II to the downfall and corruption of nationalist regimes. A breakthrough book of cutting-edge scholarship, it includes vivid portraits of Third World giants like India’s Nehru, Egypt’s Nasser, and Indonesia’s Sukarno—as well as scores of extraordinary but now-forgotten intellectuals, artists, and freedom fighters. The Darker Nations restores to memory the vibrant though flawed idea of the Third World, whose demise, Prashad ultimately argues, has produced a much impoverished international political arena.

Democratic Organization for Social Change

Author: J. P. A. van Vugt
Publisher: Praeger
ISBN:
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Van Vugt spent five years in Central America researching how local level democratic organizations operate so that previously disenfranchised members are empowered to oppose an oppressive central authority--and participate in a revolutionary reconstruction of society. He creates and then applies a model of democratic organization for social change to his findings regarding the way the literacy campaigns and Christian Based communities were organized in Nicaragua, El Salvador, Guatemala and Brazil. This study is valuable not only as an example of a scientific methodology for cultivating democratic organization for social change, but as an attempt to clarify the controversy over the role of the specific campaigns and organizations studied.

Dilemmas of Democracy in Latin America

Author: Howard J. Wiarda
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Pub Incorporated
ISBN:
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Ultimately it is only with a renewed approach to U.S. policy - one that includes respectfully engaging with the myriad histories and cultures of the region - that we can hope to encourage strong and effective democratic traditions."--Jacket.

Revolution and War

Author: Stephen M. Walt
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 0801470005
Format: PDF, ePub
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Revolution within a state almost invariably leads to intense security competition between states, and often to war. In Revolution and War, Stephen M. Walt explains why this is so, and suggests how the risk of conflicts brought on by domestic upheaval might be reduced in the future. In doing so, he explores one of the basic questions of international relations: What are the connections between domestic politics and foreign policy? Walt begins by exposing the flaws in existing theories about the relationship between revolution and war. Drawing on the theoretical literature about revolution and the realist perspective on international politics, he argues that revolutions cause wars by altering the balance of threats between a revolutionary state and its rivals. Each state sees the other as both a looming danger and a vulnerable adversary, making war seem both necessary and attractive. Walt traces the dynamics of this argument through detailed studies of the French, Russian, and Iranian revolutions, and through briefer treatment of the American, Mexican, Turkish, and Chinese cases. He also considers the experience of the Soviet Union, whose revolutionary transformation led to conflict within the former Soviet empire but not with the outside world. An important refinement of realist approaches to international politics, this book unites the study of revolution with scholarship on the causes of war.

Religion and Political Conflict in Latin America

Author: Daniel H. Levine
Publisher: UNC Press Books
ISBN: 9780807841501
Format: PDF, ePub
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The authors examine popular religion as a vital source of new values and experiences as well as a source of pressure for change in the church, political life, and the social order as a whole and deal with the issues of poverty and the role of the poor wit