Routes To Reading Success and Failure

Author: Nancy E. Jackson
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1134948573
Format: PDF
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Fundamental to this book is an attempt to understand the nature of individual differences in word and nonword reading by connecting three literatures that have developed largely in isolation from one another: the literatures on acquired dyslexia, difficulties in learning to read, and precocious reading.

Reading Circles Novels and Adult Reading Development

Author: Sam Duncan
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1441172335
Format: PDF, Docs
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Adult literacy teachers are constantly searching for effective, engaging and distinctly 'adult' ways to develop adult emergent reading and, for at least the past two hundred years, adults have formed themselves into reading circles to read and discuss novels on a weekly or monthly basis. Why then are reading circles rarely used, or studied, in formal adult literacy provision? This book explores adult reading development, novel reading and reading circles in the context of a wider examination of reading pedagogies and practices in the English-speaking world. It discusses reading as both an individual and a communal act and investigates the relationship between literature and literacy development, practice and pedagogy (including a reassessment of the controversial approaches of reading aloud and phonics for adults). Sam Duncan reviews a case study of an adult reading circle in a large London further education college and identifies the wider implications for the teaching and learning of adult emergent reading, for the use and understanding of reading circles and for how we understand the novel reading experience more broadly.

Speech Production

Author: Jonathan Harrington
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1134953542
Format: PDF, ePub
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Speech Production: Models, Phonetic Processes and Techniques brings together researchers from many different disciplines - computer science, dentistry, engineering, linguistics, phonetics, physiology, psychology - all with a special interest in how speech is produced. From the initial neural program to the end acoustic signal, it provides an overview of several dominant models in the speech production literature, as well as up-to-date accounts of persistent theoretical issues in the area. A particular focus is on the evaluation of information gleaned from instrumental investigations of the speech production process, including MRI, PET, ultra-sound, video-imaging, EMA, EPG, X-ray, computer simulation - and many others. The research presented in this volume considers questions such as: the feed-back vs. feed-forward control of speech; the acoustic/auditory vs. articulatory/somato-sensory domains of speech planning; the innateness of human speech; the possible architecture of a speech production model; and the realization of prosodic structure in speech. Leaders in speech research from around the world have contributed their most recent work to this volume.

From Mating to Mentality

Author: Kim Sterelny
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1135432120
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Covering a range of topics, from the evolution of language, theory of mind, and the mentality of apes, through to psychological disorders, human mating strategies and relationship processes, this volume makes a timely and significant contribution to what is fast becoming one of the most prominent and fruitful approaches to understanding the nature and psychology of the human mind.

The Oxford Handbook of Reading

Author: Alexander Pollatsek
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199324573
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Writing is one of humankind's greatest inventions, and modern societies could not function if their citizens could not read and write. How do skilled readers pick up meaning from markings on a page so quickly, and how do children learn to do so? The chapters in the Oxford Handbook of Reading synthesize research on these topics from fields ranging from vision science to cognitive psychology and education, focusing on how studies using a cognitive approach can shed light on how the reading process works. To set the stage, the opening chapters present information about writing systems and methods of studying reading, including those that examine speeded responses to individual words as well as those that use eye movement technology to determine how sentences and short passages of text are processed. The following section discusses the identification of single words by skilled readers, as well as insights from studies of adults with reading disabilities due to brain damage. Another section considers how skilled readers read a text silently, addressing such issues as the role of sound in silent reading and how readers' eyes move through texts. Detailed quantitative models of the reading process are proposed throughout. The final sections deal with how children learn to read and spell, and how they should be taught to do so. These chapters review research with learners of different languages and those who speak different dialects of a language; discuss children who develop typically as well as those who exhibit specific disabilities in reading; and address questions about how reading should be taught with populations ranging from preschoolers to adolescents, and how research findings have influenced education. The Oxford Handbook of Reading will benefit researchers and graduate students in the fields of cognitive psychology, developmental psychology, education, and related fields (e.g., speech and language pathology) who are interested in reading, reading instruction, or reading disorders.

Tutorials in Visual Cognition

Author: Veronika Coltheart
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136940359
Format: PDF
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This volume provides up-to-date tutorial reviews of these many new and exciting developments in the study of visual cognition written by the leaders in the discipline, providing an incisive and comprehensive survey of research in this dynamic field.

Stevens Handbook of Experimental Psychology Methodology in Experimental Psychology

Author: John Wixted
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0471178861
Format: PDF, Docs
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Now available in paperback. This revised and updated edition of the definitive resource for experimental psychology offers comprehensive coverage of the latest findings in the field, as well as the explosion of research in neuroscience. Volume Four: Methodology in Experimental Psychology, organized by topic, focuses on the comparative research methods used to measure psychological, social, behavioral, and cognitive processes in human development.

Reading and Its Difficulties

Author: M. D. Vernon
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521144414
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Originally published in 1971, this book constitutes a scientific enquiry into the basis of reading, and dyslexia. Professor Vernon considers visual perception, reasoning, motivation, and outlines work in psycholinguistics in order to define the basic psychological processes involved in learning to read. She also discusses the problem of specific developmental dyslexia, and concludes that the basic deficiency may lie in the processes of conceptual reasoning between the sequence of printed and 'sounded' letters. A fundamental disfunction of the brain is also seen as a possibility. She stresses the importance of early recognition and remedial treatment of reading difficulties, since these may be alleviated, if not entirely overcome, by suitable treatment.

The Handbook of Solitude

Author: Robert J. Coplan
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118427386
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This reference work offers a comprehensive compilation of current psychological research related to the construct of solitude Explores numerous psychological perspectives on solitude, including those from developmental, neuropsychological, social, personality, and clinical psychology Examines different developmental periods across the lifespan, and across a broad range of contexts, including natural environments, college campuses, relationships, meditation, and cyberspace Includes contributions from the leading international experts in the field Covers concepts and theoretical approaches, empirical research, as well as clinical applications