Rule Systems Theory

Author: Helena Flam
Publisher: Peter Lang
ISBN: 9783631575963
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Explaining the complexity of social life remains the central challenge of the social sciences. This book offers a variety of theoretical-empirical explorations and applications inspired by an important neo-institutional approach to tackling this complexity - the rule systems theory. Its point of departure is the assumption that institutions and cultural formations possess causal powers and relative autonomy, constraining and enabling people’s social actions and interactions. Structural and cultural properties of society are carried by, transmitted, and reformed by human agents whose interactions generate, reproduce, elaborate and transform structures. The contributors are highly accomplished economists, sociologists and political scientists who come from the US and several European countries. The book is meant as a Festschrift for Tom Burns, a central figure in the development of the rule systems theory.

The shaping of social organization

Author: Tom R. Burns
Publisher: Sage Publications Ltd
Format: PDF
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One of the Finalists for the 1987 European Prize for the Best Book in Sociology and Social Science The Shaping of Social Organizations introduces a new theory--social rule system theory--and applies it to the analysis of major institutions of modern social life. The book presents social rule system theory as a framework with which to investigate these institutions. It clarifies the principles behind their formation, maintenance, and transformation. The book draws on a wide range of case studies: from artificial insemination to energy forecasting and administration. It provides insights into wage negotiation systems, the emergence of informal rule systems, and the multiple sources of social and structural incoherence in modern societies. It advances a distinctive approach to the study of actor-structure dynamics, placing itself in a scholarly tradition developed by major thinkers such as Weber, Giddens, and Harrq. "A book of extraordinary scope. It provides a unified theory of human activities, including not only politics and economics, but also 'science, art or everyday life'. . . . The applications are complex and rich and fit neatly into theory." --American Journal of Sociology "A book of extraordinary scope." --Amitai Etzoni, George Washington University "Changes our concepts and ways of thinking about social action." --Organizational Studies "An original contribution to the theory of social organization." --International Review of Sociology "Valuable reading for theorists, empirical researchers, and all interested in the working of contemporary societies . . . rich empirical foundations, and diverse applications." --Piotr Sztompka "Every topic . . . in this book turns into sociological gold." --Hans Zetterberg "Burns and Flam have written an important innovative work. The volume was among the finalists for the Amalfi European prize in Sociology and Social Science." --The American Sociological Association Organizations and Occupations Newsletter

Golden Rule

Author: Thomas Ferguson
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022616201X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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"To discover who rules, follow the gold." This is the argument of Golden Rule, a provocative, pungent history of modern American politics. Although the role big money plays in defining political outcomes has long been obvious to ordinary Americans, most pundits and scholars have virtually dismissed this assumption. Even in light of skyrocketing campaign costs, the belief that major financial interests primarily determine who parties nominate and where they stand on the issues—that, in effect, Democrats and Republicans are merely the left and right wings of the "Property Party"—has been ignored by most political scientists. Offering evidence ranging from the nineteenth century to the 1994 mid-term elections, Golden Rule shows that voters are "right on the money." Thomas Ferguson breaks completely with traditional voter centered accounts of party politics. In its place he outlines an "investment approach," in which powerful investors, not unorganized voters, dominate campaigns and elections. Because businesses "invest" in political parties and their candidates, changes in industrial structures—between large firms and sectors—can alter the agenda of party politics and the shape of public policy. Golden Rule presents revised versions of widely read essays in which Ferguson advanced and tested his theory, including his seminal study of the role played by capital intensive multinationals and international financiers in the New Deal. The chapter "Studies in Money Driven Politics" brings this aspect of American politics into better focus, along with other studies of Federal Reserve policy making and campaign finance in the 1936 election. Ferguson analyzes how a changing world economy and other social developments broke up the New Deal system in our own time, through careful studies of the 1988 and 1992 elections. The essay on 1992 contains an extended analysis of the emergence of the Clinton coalition and Ross Perot's dramatic independent insurgency. A postscript on the 1994 elections demonstrates the controlling impact of money on several key campaigns. This controversial work by a theorist of money and politics in the U.S. relates to issues in campaign finance reform, PACs, policymaking, public financing, and how today's elections work.

In Tension Between Organization and Profession

Author: Carola Aili
Publisher: Nordic Academic Press
ISBN: 9185509027
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book describes everyday problems experienced by individuals in official positions. The authors' analyses are set against a background of rising rates of sick leave, more cases of mental burnout, decreasing resources and constant demand for professional improvement. Rapid changes in organisations, such as new forms of leadership, new technology and management by documents and the call for client-oriented practices are part of the professional's working life. The individual professional is the prime focus of this book. Tensions that arise between the individual and the organisation/profession are illustrated by a range of examples of problems that public officials, such as teachers, policemen and nurses, are confronted with on a daily basis. The authors discuss subjects such as increased individualisation, complexity in relationships, intensified pace and fragmentation of work. This title intends to signal an invitation to further the research about a dynamic field where today's professionals meet the requirements of their professions and organisations.

Systems Theory and Family Therapy

Author: Dorothy Stroh Becvar
Publisher: University Press of America
ISBN: 9780761812951
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Systems Theory and Family Therapy describes the basic concepts of systems theory and its application in family therapy in a clear, understandable manner with many illustrations drawn from clinical practice. This edition provides a revised and updated version of the original, that simplifies a complex area of study, enabling students to learn the subject more easily without being overwhelmed by the language normally employed in presenting these subjects. The authors discuss the distinctions between modernism and postmodernism as well as first-order and second-order cybernetics. They also include discussions of constructivism and social constructionism, as well as the ramifications of these perspectives for the theory and practice of family therapy.

Career Development and Systems Theory

Author: Wendy Patton
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 946209635X
Format: PDF, ePub
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Career Development and Systems Theory: Connecting Theory and Practice offers practitioners, researchers and students a comprehensive introduction to, and overview of, career theory; introduces the Systems Theory Framework of career development; and demonstrates its considerable contemporary and innovative application to practice. A number of authors have identified the framework as one of a small number of significant innovations in the career development literature. The Systems Theory Framework of career development was developed to provide coherence to the career development field by providing a comprehensive conceptualisation of the many existing theories and concepts relevant to understanding career development. It is not designed to be a theory of career development; rather systems theory is introduced as the basis for an overarching, or metatheoretical, framework within which all concepts of career development, described in the plethora of career theories, can be usefully positioned and utilised in both theory and practice. It has been applied to the career development of children, adolescents and women. Since its first publication, the Systems Theory Framework has been the basis of numerous publications focusing on theoretical application and integration, practice and research, with a growing number of these by authors other than the framework developers. Its application across cultures also has been emphasised. The theoretical and practical unity of the Systems Theory Framework makes this book a worthy addition to the professional libraries of practitioners, researchers and students, new to, or experienced in, the field of career development.

Computer Aided Systems Theory EUROCAST 2011

Author: Roberto Moreno-Díaz
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642275486
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The two-volume proceedings, LNCS 6927 and LNCS 6928, constitute the papers presented at the 13th International Conference on Computer Aided Systems Theory, EUROCAST 2011, held in February 2011 in Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain. The total of 160 papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected for inclusion in the books. The contributions are organized in topical sections on concepts and formal tools; software applications; computation and simulation in modelling biological systems; intelligent information processing; heurist problem solving; computer aided systems optimization; model-based system design, simulation, and verification; computer vision and image processing; modelling and control of mechatronic systems; biomimetic software systems; computer-based methods for clinical and academic medicine; modeling and design of complex digital systems; mobile and autonomous transportation systems; traffic behaviour, modelling and optimization; mobile computing platforms and technologies; and engineering systems applications.

Traditions of Systems Theory

Author: Darrell Arnold
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135013691
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The term ‘systems theory’ is used to characterize a set of disparate yet related approaches to fields as varied as information theory, cybernetics, biology, sociology, history, literature, and philosophy. What unites each of these traditions of systems theory is a shared focus on general features of systems and their fundamental importance for diverse areas of life. Yet there are considerable differences among these traditions, and each tradition has developed its own methodologies, journals, and forms of anaylsis. This book explores this terrain and provides an overview of and guide to the traditions of systems theory in their considerable variety. The book draws attention to the traditions of systems theory in their historical development, especially as related to the humanities and social sciences, and shows how from these traditions various contemporary developments have ensued. It provides a guide for strains of thought that are key to understanding 20th century intellectual life in many areas.

Web Reasoning and Rule Systems

Author: Axel Polleres
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642050824
Format: PDF, Mobi
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ThepromiseoftheSemanticWeb,atits most expansive, is to allow knowledge to be freely accessed and exchanged by software. It is now recognized that if the SemanticWebis to containdeepknowledge,theneedfornewrepresentationand reasoning techniques is going to be critical. These techniques need to ?nd the righttrade-o?betweenexpressiveness,scalabilityandrobustnesstodealwiththe inherently incomplete, contradictory and uncertain nature of knowledge on the Web. The International Conference on Web Reasoning and Rule Systems (RR) was founded to address these needs and has grown into a major international forum in this area. The third RR conference was held during October 25–26, 2009 in Chantilly, Virginia, co-located with the International Semantic Web Conference (ISWC 2009). This year 41 papers were submitted from authors in 21 countries. The P- gram Committee performed outstandingly to ensure that each paper submitted to RR 2009 was thoroughly reviewed by at least three referees in a short - riod of time. The resulting conference presented papers of high quality on many of the key issues for reasoning on the Semantic Web. RR 2009 was fortunate to have two distinguished invited speakers. Robert Kowalski, in his talk “- tegrating Logic Programming and Production Systems with Abductive Logic Programming Agents” addressed some of the fundamental considerations - hind reasoning about evolving systems. Benjamin Grossof’s talk “SILK: Higher Level Rules with Defaults and Semantic Scalability” described the design of a major next-generation rule system. The invited tutorial “Uncertainty Reas- ing for the Semantic Web” by Thomas Lukasiewicz provided perspectives on a central issue in this area.

Observing Law through Systems Theory

Author: Richard Nobles
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1782250123
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book uses Niklas Luhmann's systems theory to explore how the legal system operates as one of modern society's subsystems. The authors demonstrate how this theory alters our understanding of some of the most important and controversial issues within law: the nature of judicial communication and legal argument; the claim that it can be right to disobey law; the character of legal pluralism and globalisation; time and its construction within law; the significance of the rule of law and human rights and the role of appeals to, and within, law. Systems theory enables the authors to demonstrate how the legal system observes its own operations through its own communications, and how this contrasts with the manner in which law is observed by other systems such as the media and politics. In this context the authors explore the constraints imposed by systems, in particular the legal system, upon the individuals who participate in them.