Rules and Processes

Author: John L. Comaroff
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226114255
Format: PDF, ePub
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Rules and Processes is at once a compelling essay in social theory and a pathbreaking ethnography of dispute in an African society. On the basis of a sensitive study of the Tswana of southern Africa, John Comaroff and Simon Roberts challenge most of the orthodoxies of legal anthropology. They argue that the social world, and the dispute processes that occur within it, are given form and meaning by a dialectical relationship between sociocultural structures and individual experience. The authors explore in a novel way the relations between culture and ideology, system and practice, social action and human intention. They develop a model that lays bare the form and content of "legal" and "political" discourse in all its variations—a model that accounts for the outcome of conflict processes and explains why the Tswana, like people in other cultures, conceive of their world in an apparently contradictory manner—as rule-governed yet inherently open to pragmatic individualism; orderly yet inherently fluid and shifting. Rules and Processes offers a fresh and persuasive approach to our understanding of the dialectics of social life. "A work of impressive scholarship in which theoretical sophistication and ethnographic richness are convincingly matched."—Ian Hamnett, Times Higher Education Supplement.

Mediterranean Urbanism

Author: Besim S. Hakim
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9401791406
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book brings together historic urban / building rules and codes for the geographic areas including Greece, Italy and Spain. The author achieved his ambitious goal of finding pertinent rules and codes that were followed in previous societies for the processes that formed the built environment of their towns and cities, including building activities at the neighborhood level and the decision-making process that took place between proximate neighbors. The original languages of the texts that were translated into English are Greek, Latin, Italian, Arabic and Spanish. The sources for the chapter on Greece date from the 2nd century B.C.E. to the 19th century C.E. Those for the chapter on Italy date from the 10th to the 14th centuries C.E. and for the chapter on Spain from the 5th to the 18th centuries C.E. Numerous appendices are included to enhance and elaborate on the material that make up the chapters. This book provides lessons and insights into how compact and sustainable towns and cities that are greatly admired today were achieved in the past and how we and future generations can learn from this rich heritage, including the valuable insight provided by the nature of the rules and codes and their application through centuries of continuous use.

Theory of Knowledge

Author: Mark Burgin
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814522694
Format: PDF
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This book aims to synthesize different directions in knowledge studies into a unified theory of knowledge and knowledge processes. It explicates important relations between knowledge and information. It provides the readers with understanding of the essence and structure of knowledge, explicating operations and process that are based on knowledge and vital for society. The book also highlights how the theory of knowledge paves the way for more advanced design and utilization of computers and networks. Contents:IntroductionKnowledge Characteristics and TypologyKnowledge Evaluation and Validation in the Context of Epistemic StructuresKnowledge Structure and Functioning: Microlevel or Quantum Theory of KnowledgeKnowledge Structure and Functioning: Macrolevel or Theory of Average KnowledgeKnowledge Structure and Functioning: Megalevel or Global Theory of KnowledgeKnowledge Production, Acquisition, Engineering, and ApplicationKnowledge, Data, and InformationConclusion Readership: Graduate students and researchers in artificial intelligence and knowledge management.

Organizational Communication Approaches and Processes

Author: Katherine Miller
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1133418252
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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ORGANIZATIONAL COMMUNICATION: APPROACHES AND PROCESSES presents organizational communication from both a communication and managerial perspective. Professor Miller's clear writing style and consistent use of examples and case studies result in a text that undergraduate students will find easy to understand. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Modeling Design Objects and Processes

Author: Takaaki Yagiu
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642844200
Format: PDF, Mobi
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A little more than a decade ago my colleagues and I faced the necessity for providing a database management system which might commonly serve a number of different types of computer aided design applications at different manufacturing enterprises. We evaluated some wellknown cases of conceptual models and commercially available DBMSs, and found none fuHy meeting the requirements. Yet the analysis of them led us to the development of what we named the Logical Structure Management System (LMS). Syntactically the LMS language is somewhat similar to ALPHA by E. F. Codd. The underly ing conceptual model is entirely different from that of the relational model, however. LMS has been since put into practical use, meanwhile a further ef fort in search of asound theoretical base and a concrete linguistic framework for true product modeling together with comparative studies of various ap proaches has been made. Here, the term product modeling is used to signify the construction of informational models of design objects and design pro cesses in which it must be possible to include not a fixed set of attributes and relations, such as geometry, physical properties, part-of hierarchy, etc. , but whatever aspects of design designers may desire to be included. The purpose of this book is to present the major results of the said effort, which are primarily of a theoretical or conceptual nature. Following the intro duction (Chap.

Provenance and Annotation of Data and Processes

Author: Bertram Ludäscher
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319164627
Format: PDF
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This book constitutes the revised selected papers of the 5th International Provenance and Annotation Workshop, IPAW 2014, held in Cologne, Germany in June 2014. The 14 long papers, 20 short papers and 4 extended abstracts presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 53 submissions. The papers include tools that enable provenance capture from software compilers, from web publications and from scripts, using existing audit logs and employing both static and dynamic instrumentation.