Satchmo Blows Up the World

Author: Penny VON ESCHEN
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674044711
Format: PDF, Docs
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At the height of the ideological antagonism of the Cold War, the U.S. State Department unleashed an unexpected tool in its battle against Communism: jazz. From 1956 through the late 1970s, America dispatched its finest jazz musicians to the far corners of the earth, from Iraq to India, from the Congo to the Soviet Union, in order to win the hearts and minds of the Third World and to counter perceptions of American racism. Penny Von Eschen escorts us across the globe, backstage and onstage, as Dizzy Gillespie, Louis Armstrong, Duke Ellington, and other jazz luminaries spread their music and their ideas further than the State Department anticipated. Both in concert and after hours, through political statements and romantic liaisons, these musicians broke through the government's official narrative and gave their audiences an unprecedented vision of the black American experience. In the process, new collaborations developed between Americans and the formerly colonized peoples of Africa, Asia, and the Middle East--collaborations that fostered greater racial pride and solidarity. Though intended as a color-blind promotion of democracy, this unique Cold War strategy unintentionally demonstrated the essential role of African Americans in U.S. national culture. Through the tales of these tours, Von Eschen captures the fascinating interplay between the efforts of the State Department and the progressive agendas of the artists themselves, as all struggled to redefine a more inclusive and integrated American nation on the world stage.

Satchmo Meets Amadeus

Author: Reinhold Wagnleitner
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 3706541505
Format: PDF
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Satchmo Meets Amadeus examines the close encounters between classical music, the soundtrack of the Europeanization of the world, and jazz, the classical music of globalization. This collection of essays by renowned experts in the history of European and American music, African American culture, international cultural encounters, the political, economic, and cultural histories of New Orleans and Salzburg, the political exploitation of music during the eras of National Socialism and the Cold War, the economic utilization of art by music and tourism industries, bypasses the artificial crevice between classical music and jazz, the new world and the old. Satchmo Meets Amadeus analyzes the cultural, economic, social, and political structures shaping or hindering the creation of music as well as the construction of popular images and myths about (and against) these seminal musical figures - in short, the creation of SatchmoTM and AmadeusTM - from the 18th to the beginning of the 21st century.

DC Jazz

Author: Maurice Jackson
Publisher: Georgetown University Press
ISBN: 1626165904
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The familiar history of jazz music in the United States begins with its birth in New Orleans, moves upstream along the Mississippi River to Chicago, then by rail into New York before exploding across the globe. That telling of history, however, overlooks the pivotal role the nation's capital has played for jazz for a century. Some of the most important clubs in the jazz world have opened and closed their doors in Washington, DC, some of its greatest players and promoters were born there and continue to reside in the area, and some of the institutions so critical to national support of this uniquely American form of music, including Congress, the Smithsonian Institution, the Kennedy Center, the Library of Congress and the Historical Society of Washington, D.C., are rooted in the city. Closer to the ground, a network of local schools like the Duke Ellington High School for the Performing Arts, jazz programs at the University of the District of Columbia and Howard University, churches, informal associations, locally focused media, and clubs keeps the music alive to this day. Noted historians Maurice Jackson and Blair Ruble, editors of this book, present a collection of original and fascinating stories about the DC jazz scene throughout its history, including a portrait of the cultural hotbed of Seventh and U Streets, the role of jazz in desegregating the city, a portrait of the great Edward "Duke" Ellington’s time in DC, notable women in DC jazz, and the seminal contributions of the University of District of Columbia and Howard University to the scene. The book also includes three jazz poems by celebrated Washington, DC, poet E. Ethelbert Miller. Collectively, these stories and poems underscore the deep connection between creativity and place. A copublishing initiative with the Historical Society of Washington, DC, the book includes over thirty museum-quality photographs and a guide to resources for learning more about DC jazz.

Dimensionen internationaler Geschichte

Author: Jost Dülffer
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3486717073
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Internationale Geschichte hat sich im Zuge der Globalisierung zu einem lebhaften Feld der Geschichtswissenschaft entwickelt. 20 namhafte Vertreterinnen und Vertreter dieses Forschungsfeldes zeigen, wie sich die Phänomene internationaler Geschichte in den letzten zwei Jahrhunderten gewandelt haben und wie über sie geschrieben werden kann. Sie behandeln Kriege und Instrumente zur Friedenssicherung, staatliche und gesellschaftliche Akteure, globale und transnationale Entwicklungen, schließlich die Versuche, das Gesamtbild der internationalen Staaten- und Gesellschaftswelt ordnend zu erklären. Die Essays bieten eine Bilanz der Forschungen der letzten Jahre und regen mit begrifflichen und methodischen Präzisierungen zu ihrer Weiterentwicklung an. Mit Beiträgen von Eckart Conze, Simone Derix, Anselm Doering-Manteuffel, Jost Dülffer, Jörg Echternkamp, Jörg Fisch, Marc Frey, Jessica Gienow-Hecht, Christine Hatzky, Madeleine Herren, Friedrich Kießling, Ursula Lehmkuhl, Wilfried Loth, Holger Nehring, Jochen Oltmer, Jürgen Osterhammel, Kiran Klaus Patel, Johannes Paulmann, Niels P. Petersson, Wolfram Pyta, Matthias Schulz

Cold War Modernists

Author: Greg Barnhisel
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231538626
Format: PDF, Docs
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European intellectuals of the 1950s dismissed American culture as nothing more than cowboy movies and the A-bomb. In response, American cultural diplomats tried to show that the United States had something to offer beyond military might and commercial exploitation. Through literary magazines, traveling art exhibits, touring musical shows, radio programs, book translations, and conferences, they deployed the revolutionary aesthetics of modernism to prove—particularly to the leftists whose Cold War loyalties they hoped to secure—that American art and literature were aesthetically rich and culturally significant. Yet by repurposing modernism, American diplomats and cultural authorities turned the avant-garde into the establishment. They remade the once revolutionary movement into a content-free collection of artistic techniques and styles suitable for middlebrow consumption. Cold War Modernists documents how the CIA, the State Department, and private cultural diplomats transformed modernist art and literature into pro-Western propaganda during the first decade of the Cold War. Drawing on interviews, previously unknown archival materials, and the stories of such figures and institutions as William Faulkner, Stephen Spender, Irving Kristol, James Laughlin, and Voice of America, Barnhisel reveals how the U.S. government reconfigured modernism as a trans-Atlantic movement, a joint endeavor between American and European artists, with profound implications for the art that followed and for the character of American identity.

Jazz Diplomacy

Author: Lisa E. Davenport
Publisher: Univ. Press of Mississippi
ISBN: 9781604733440
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Jazz as an instrument of global diplomacy transformed superpower relations in the Cold War era and reshaped democracy's image worldwide. Lisa E. Davenport tells the story of America's program of jazz diplomacy practiced in the Soviet Union and other regions of the world from 1954 to 1968. Jazz music and jazz musicians seemed an ideal card to play in diminishing the credibility and appeal of Soviet communism in the Eastern bloc and beyond. Government-funded musical junkets by such jazz masters as Louis Armstrong, Dave Brubeck, Duke Ellington, Dizzy Gillespie, and Benny Goodman dramatically influenced perceptions of the U.S. and its capitalist brand of democracy while easing political tensions in the midst of critical Cold War crises. This book shows how, when coping with foreign questions about desegregation, the dispute over the Berlin Wall, the Cuban missile crisis, Vietnam, and the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia, jazz players and their handlers wrestled with the inequalities of race and the emergence of class conflict while promoting America in a global context. And, as jazz musicians are wont to do, many of these ambassadors riffed off script when the opportunity arose. Jazz Diplomacy argues that this musical method of winning hearts and minds often transcended economic and strategic priorities. Even so, the goal of containing communism remained paramount, and it prevailed over America's policy of redefining relations with emerging new nations in Africa, Asia, and Latin America.

American Studies

Author: Janice A. Radway
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1405113510
Format: PDF, ePub
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American Studies is a vigorous, bold account of the changes in the field of American Studies over the last thirty-five years. Through this set of carefully selected key essays by an editorial board of expert scholars, the book demonstrates how changes in the field have produced new genealogies that tell different histories of both America and the study of America. Charts the evolution of American Studies from the end of World War II to the present day by showcasing the best scholarship in this field An introductory essay by the distinguished editorial board highlights developments in the field and places each essay in its historical and theoretical context Explores topics such as American politics, history, culture, race, gender and working life Shows how changing perspectives have enabled older concepts to emerge in a different context

The Citizen Machine

Author: Anna McCarthy
Publisher: The New Press
ISBN: 1595585966
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The Citizen Machine is the untold political history of television’s formative era. Historian Anna McCarthy goes behind the scenes of early television programming, revealing that long before the age of PBS, leaders from business, philanthropy, and social reform movements as well as public intellectuals were all obsessively concerned with TV’s potential to mold the right kind of citizen. Based on years of path-breaking archival work, The Citizen Machine sheds new light on the place of television in the postwar American political landscape.