Philosophy of Science Key Concepts

Author: Steven French
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1474245269
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Science has made a huge impact on human society over hundred years, but how does it work? How do scientists do the things they do? How do they come up with the theories? How do they test them? How do they use these theories to explain phenomena? How do they draw conclusions from them about how the world might be? Now updated, this second edition of Philosophy of Science: Key Concepts looks at each of these questions and more. Taking in turn the fundamental theories, processes and views lying at the heart of the philosophy of science, this engaging introduction illuminates the scientific practice and provides a better appreciation of how science actually works. It features: - Chapters on discovery, evidence, verification and falsification, realism and objectivity - Accessible overviews of work of key thinkers such as Galileo, Einstein and Mullis - A new chapter on explanation - An extended range of easy-to-follow and contemporary examples to help explain more technical ideas - Study exercises, an annotated bibliography and suggestions of Where to Go Next Succinct and approachable, Philosophy of Science: Key Concepts outlines some of the most central and important scientific questions, problems and arguments without assuming prior knowledge of philosophy. This enjoyable introduction is the perfect starting point for anyone looking to understand how and why science has shaped and changed our view of the world.

Science Key Concepts in Philosophy

Author: Steven French
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 0826486541
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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A great text for students wishing to examine the questions raised in the philosophy of science. An ideal first guide to this challenging subject.

The Knowledge Book

Author: Steve Fuller
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317493281
Format: PDF, Mobi
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"The Knowledge Book" is a unique interdisciplinary reference work for students and researchers concerned with the nature of knowledge. It is the first work of its kind to be organized on the assumption that whatever else knowledge might be, it is intrinsically social. The book consists of 42 alphabetically arranged entries on key concepts at the intersection of philosophy and sociology - what used to be called "sociology of knowledge" but is now increasingly called "social epistemology". The entries include concepts common to disciplines that in recent years have devoted more of their attention to knowledge: cultural studies, communication studies, information science, education, policy studies and business studies. Special attention is given to concepts from the emerging field of science and technology studies. Each entry presents a short, self-contained essay providing an overview of a concept and concludes with suggestions for further reading. All the entries are fully cross-referenced, allowing readers to both make connections and follow their own interests.

Gender Key Concepts in Philosophy

Author: Tina Chanter
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 0826471692
Format: PDF
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Explores and analyses the main philosophical theories, ideas and arguments that inform, and are raised by questions of gender and sexuality.

Politics

Author: Iain M. Mackenzie
Publisher: Continuum Intl Pub Group
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Key Concepts In Philosophy Is A Series Of Concise, Accessible And Engaging Introductions To The Core Ideas And Subjects Encountered In The Study Of Philosophy. Specially Written To Meet The Needs Of Students And Those With An Interest In, But Little Prior Knowledge Of, Philosophy, The Books Open Up Fascinating, Yet Sometimes Difficult Ideas. The Series Builds To Give A Solid Grounding In Philosophy And Each Book Is Also Ideal As A Companion To Further Study.

Key Concepts in Philosophy

Author: Paddy McQueen
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 1137093390
Format: PDF, Docs
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An accessible account of philosophical concepts, theories and key thinkers with an emphasis on recent developments in the field. Containing over 300 entries, the terms are ordered alphabetically and cross referenced for ease of use. Suggestions for further reading follow the explanations, encouraging further reflection and independent learning.

Theory and Reality

Author: Peter Godfrey-Smith
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226300610
Format: PDF, Mobi
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How does science work? Does it tell us what the world is "really" like? What makes it different from other ways of understanding the universe? In Theory and Reality, Peter Godfrey-Smith addresses these questions by taking the reader on a grand tour of one hundred years of debate about science. The result is a completely accessible introduction to the main themes of the philosophy of science. Intended for undergraduates and general readers with no prior background in philosophy, Theory and Reality covers logical positivism; the problems of induction and confirmation; Karl Popper's theory of science; Thomas Kuhn and "scientific revolutions"; the views of Imre Lakatos, Larry Laudan, and Paul Feyerabend; and challenges to the field from sociology of science, feminism, and science studies. The book then looks in more detail at some specific problems and theories, including scientific realism, the theory-ladeness of observation, scientific explanation, and Bayesianism. Finally, Godfrey-Smith defends a form of philosophical naturalism as the best way to solve the main problems in the field. Throughout the text he points out connections between philosophical debates and wider discussions about science in recent decades, such as the infamous "science wars." Examples and asides engage the beginning student; a glossary of terms explains key concepts; and suggestions for further reading are included at the end of each chapter. However, this is a textbook that doesn't feel like a textbook because it captures the historical drama of changes in how science has been conceived over the last one hundred years. Like no other text in this field, Theory and Reality combines a survey of recent history of the philosophy of science with current key debates in language that any beginning scholar or critical reader can follow.

Key Concepts in Chinese Philosophy

Author: Dainian Zhang
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 0300092105
Format: PDF, Kindle
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An introduction to Chinese philosophy and a reference tool for sinologists. Comments by important Chinese thinkers are arranged around 64 key concepts to illustrate their meaning and use through 25 centuries of Chinese philosophy. The book includes comments on each section by the translator.

Science in Seconds

Author: Hazel Muir
Publisher: Quercus
ISBN: 1623650070
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Simple and accessible, Science in Seconds is a comprehensive, entertaining introduction to 200 key scientific ideas. Each concept is clearly realized with a helpful visual and a concise explanation. The concepts included span all of the key scientific disciplines, including Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Ecology, Biotechnology, Anatomy and Physiology, Medicine, Earth Science, Energy Generation, Astronomy, Spaceflight and Information Technology. Utilizing vivid, educational illustrations--inspired by scientific research suggesting that the brain best absorbs information visually--these compact and portable reference guides are ideal study buddies or holiday gifts, and enlightening reading for all. Hazel Muir studied astrophysics at Edinburgh University before becoming a staff editor and writer at New Scientist. Currently a freelance writer, she still regularly contributes to BBC Sky At Night magazine, and has also written for Wired UK. She has won international awards for her articles from the American Institute of Physics and the Acoustical Society of America. From the Trade Paperback edition.