Science Sifting

Author: Rodney R Dietert
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814407925
Format: PDF, ePub
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Science Sifting is designed primarily as a textbook for students interested in research and as a general reference book for existing career scientists. The aim of this book is to help budding scientists broaden their capacities to access and use information from diverse sources to the benefit of their research careers. The book describes why the capacity to access and integrate both linear and nonlinear information has been an important historic feature of pivotal scientific breakthroughs. Yet, it is a process that our students are rarely, if ever, taught in universities. This book goes beyond simply describing the features of great scientific breakthroughs. It discusses the basis for accessing and using nonlinear information in the linear research context. It also provides a series of tools and exercises that can be used to enhance access to nonlinear information for application to research and other endeavors. Topics covered include focal points in scientific breakthroughs, the use of concepts maps in research, use of different vantage points, information as patterns, fractals for the scientist, memory storage and access points, and synchronicities. Young researchers need useful tools to help with a more holistic approach to their research careers. This book provides the useful tools to support flexibility and creativity across a long-term research career. Roald Hoffmann — Winner of the 1981 Nobel Prize in Chemistry — has contributed the Foreword to Science Sifting. More information on Professor Hoffmann can be found at http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1981/hoffmann-autobio.html. Contents:Introduction and Orientation to Science SiftingDuality and the Creative ScientistMoments of Scientific and Technological DiscoveryPreparing for a Fulfilling Research CareerInformational PatternsFocus on Creativity and InnovationMind Your LanguagePerceiving Your RealityBody of Work: Managing Your Greatest ToolCreative SpacesVantage Points and Gaining Multiple PerspectivesMapping Information TerrainsPattern Jumping and Lateral ThinkingSynchronicitySandman Science: Science Sifting During SleepMeditation: Ohming Up or Getting Down with the Real You?The Neutral Observer: Letting Go of Drama, Ego, and AttachmentsPlay Like You Mean ItStriking a Chord of Creativity: The Art of ScienceSumming it UpReferences Readership: Professional scientists, students and young researchers. Keywords:Science Research;Technology;Careers;Career Thinking;Training;Subconscious;Analytical;Breakthroughs;Instincts;Conscious;Subconscious;Left-Brain;Right Brain;Body Memory;Multiple Intelligence;Vantage Points;Perspectives;Concept Maps;Nonlinearity;Patterns;Fractals;Learning Processes;Information Storage;Information Access;Educational Models;Research Funding;Personal Satisfication;Career AdaptabilityKey Features:Directed toward students interested in research and present researchers who want to access, sift through, and utilize a broader array of information in their future careersProvides educational background, tools and exercises that are useful for flexible and creative thinking and broader information utilization as can be applied to researchGeared to help the budding scientific researcher embark on a long-term satisfying, productive, and creative careerReviews: "Professor and Mrs Rodney Dietert present 18 strategies for enhancing creativity and improving research that can be applied in any discipline and in corporations. Based on Professor Dietert's 30 years as a research scientist and educator, the strategies are illustrated with descriptions of successful applications and suggestions for acquiring skills in using the strategies. The authors show how to ‘sift the gold’ using these strategies to improve research and education." For a more detailed review, please see Review of Rodney and Janice Dietert's Science Sifting. Joseph D Novak Professor Emeritus Cornell University "The Dietert team has re-defined creativity in their new book Science Sifting. This book provides an understanding of scientific creativity and a framework that permits these creative scientific paths to be learned and become attainable. Science Sifting is a valuable resource for readers who want to incorporate creativity and innovation as part of their career development." Gary R Burleson, PhD President and CEO Burleson Research Technologies, Inc. (BRT) "This is an excellent book that covers new ground, describing innovative approaches that scientists can use to enhance their research. I would recommend this book for scientists both early in their research career as well as for established scientists looking for novel approaches to invigorate their research." Russ Hauser MD, ScD, MPH Professor of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Biology Harvard Medical School "Science Sifting offers unique insights into the process of discovery, innovation and re-discovery that is fundamentally integral to researchers, technologists, and entrepreneurs. As we learn about our world through the art of observation and science of experimentation, we create conceptual and contextual models that help us understand the elements and challenges of our discovered world. Science Sifting helps us gain a broader perspective of our observations, identify solutions to the challenges we encounter, and sometimes discover entirely new paradigms through lateral thinking and leaps of understanding. Science Sifting helps us all discover and re-discover our innovative and creative inner selves through a combination of quiet observation, mindful meditation and creative improvisation." Lloyd Spencer CEO CoroWare, Inc. "To help scientists access information from diverse sources to benefit their research careers … Designed primarily as a textbook, the book offers general strategies and specific tools to promote scientific creativity and facilitate a career in research." For a more detailed review, please see http://news.cornell.edu/stories/2013/07/new-book-teaches-scientific-creativity. Susan S Lang Cornell Chronicle "It certainly provides a different perspective to research discovery, which challenges the viewpoints of traditional researchers. The book may be of interest to new and established researchers to enhance their creativity. The tools presented challenge researchers to think in different ways, which may not seem scientific in character and researchers will have to embrace the tools with an open mind to take advantage of the ideas proposed."; For a more detailed review, please see http://www.rsc.org/chemistryworld/2013/10/science-sifting-rodney-janice-dietert. Chemistry World “In their book the Dieterts record many such historical instances to underscore the importance of adding intuition to the mix when interpreting experimental results in science. The book also includes numerous exercises for fostering intuition, innovation and creativity. This is a fine book, and a pioneering book in many ways … every reader, I believe, will come away from this book well satisfied, and with some new and useful insights to ponder. The Dieterts are to be congratulated on having succeeded so well in such an ambitious undertaking.” History Scotland Magazine “A new book by Cornell faculty member Dr. Rodney Dietert and his wife, Janice, offers a plethora of strategies and tools scientists can use to inspire fresh ideas that could augment their work, raise research out of stubborn ruts, or spawn entirely new studies.” Cornell Veterinary College (http://www.vet.cornell.edu/news/creativity.cfm) (http://www.vet.cornell.edu/news/dietert.cfm) “The authors' work is featured in a documentary film (MicroBirth) scheduled to premiere in September 2014. Here is a snippet: (http://www.indiegogo.com/projects/microbirth).”

Immunotoxicity Testing

Author: Rodney R. Dietert
Publisher: Humana Press
ISBN: 9781493957316
Format: PDF, Docs
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Recent critical advances in the field of immunotoxicology have led to incredible contributions to basic science, including crucial improvements in human risk assessment. In Immunotoxicity Testing: Methods and Protocols, expert researchers explore these changes, providing the reader with current, lab-ready procedures, along with the corresponding background information that is necessary to identify effective testing approaches for chemicals and drugs. Among the first volumes to meld consideration of immunotoxicity testing strategies with a comprehensive presentation of detailed laboratory protocols, chapters include a description of the evolution of immunotoxicity testing, a look at the importance of immunotoxicity testing for health risk reduction, and ideas concerning the future of the field. Composed in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology(tm) series format, most chapters contain a brief introduction, step-by-step methods, a list of necessary materials, and a Notes section which shares tips from the experts on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Comprehensive and innovative, Immunotoxicity Testing: Methods and Protocols is a critical, one-stop reference resource for the most important and commonly used laboratory protocols in immunotoxicology.

Hacking Exposed Web Applications Second Edition

Author: Joel Scambray
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
ISBN: 007149104X
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Implement bulletproof e-business security the proven Hacking Exposed way Defend against the latest Web-based attacks by looking at your Web applications through the eyes of a malicious intruder. Fully revised and updated to cover the latest Web exploitation techniques, Hacking Exposed Web Applications, Second Edition shows you, step-by-step, how cyber-criminals target vulnerable sites, gain access, steal critical data, and execute devastating attacks. All of the cutting-edge threats and vulnerabilities are covered in full detail alongside real-world examples, case studies, and battle-tested countermeasures from the authors' experiences as gray hat security professionals.

The Innovation Imperative Contributing to Productivity Growth and Well Being

Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264239812
Format: PDF, Docs
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Well-timed and targeted innovation boosts productivity, increases economic growth and helps solve societal problems. But how can governments encourage more people to innovate more of the time? And how can government itself be more innovative? The OECD Innovation Strategy provides a set of ...

Immunotoxicity Immune Dysfunction and Chronic Disease

Author: Rodney R. Dietert
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1617798126
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Chronic diseases are the leading cause of deaths worldwide and according to the World Economics Council and the Harvard School of Public Health, the cost of chronic diseases is expected to reach a staggering 48% of global gross domestic product by the year 2030. The urgency of the issue was demonstrated in 2011 when for only the second time in its existence, the U.N. General Assembly brought a health issue to the floor for consideration: chronic diseases. To date, most considerations of the issue have approached the topic from the vantage point that chronic diseases are a myriad of largely unconnected diseases and conditions arising in diverse tissues, organs and physiological systems. This book, Immunotoxicity, Immune Dysfuction, and Chronic Disease, deviates from that prior model. It considers the interconnectivity of chronic diseases with both environmental insult of the immune system and subsequent immune dysfunction and inflammatory dysregulation as the underlying basis for many, if not most, chronic diseases. This change in the perception of environment-immune linkages to chronic disease is significant and has immediate implications both for the prevention of disease as well as for the development of more effective therapeutic approaches. Rather than considering environmental factors and types of reported immune alterations (e.g., depressed humoral immunity) as is common in books involving immunotoxicity, the present book approaches the environment-immune-disease triad from the standpoint of the disease. Each chapter emphasizes one or more specific immune dysfunction-based chronic disease(s) or condition(s) (e.g., asthma, atherosclerosis, multiple sclerosis, lupus) and describes: 1) the suggested environmental risk factors, 2) the underlying immune dysfunction(s) associated with the disease and 3) the overall health consequences of the disease. This book is an early entry for a new Toxicology book series for Springer titled: Molecular and Integrative Toxicology (MaIT). The series will feature detailed research information, but in the context of a more integrative or holistic framework. As part of this framework, the chapters will contain a section on ”Key Points” as well as “Recommendations” where appropriate. The goal is to cover the most timely, state-of-the-art issues in toxicology as well as to ensure that the information is maximally accessible for research scientists, teachers, physicians and students. We are particularly grateful to the numerous chapter authors for providing comprehensive and expert disease-oriented contributions. We are also appreciative of their willingness to consider their material not as disparate pieces of what has become a major health crisis, but rather as key pieces in a network of apparently interconnected health challenges.

Ecoacoustics

Author: Almo Farina
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119230691
Format: PDF
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The sounds produced by geophonic, biophonic and technophonic sources are relevant to the function of natural and human modified ecosystems. Passive recording is one of the most non-invasive technologies as its use avoids human intrusion during acoustic surveys and facilitates the accumulation of huge amounts of acoustical data. For the first time, this book collates and reviews the science behind ecoaucostics; illustrating the principles, methods and applications of this exciting new field. Topics covered in this comprehensive volume include; the assessment of biodiversity based on sounds emanating from a variety of environments the best technologies and methods necessary to investigate environmental sounds implications for climate change and urban systems the relationship between landscape ecology and ecoacoustics the conservation of soundscapes and the social value of ecoacoustics areas of potential future research. An invaluable resource for scholars, researchers and students, Ecoacoustics: The Ecological Role of Sounds provides an unrivalled set of ideas, tools and references based on the current state of the field.

The Next Production Revolution Implications for Governments and Business

Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264271031
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This publication examines the opportunities and challenges, for business and government, associated with technologies bringing about the “next production revolution”. These include a variety of digital technologies (e.g. the Internet of Things and advanced robotics), industrial...

Behavioral Science Policy

Author: Craig Fox
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
ISBN: 0815731094
Format: PDF, Docs
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The success of nearly all public- and private- sector policies hinges on the behavior of individuals, groups, and organizations. Today, such behaviors are better understood than ever, thanks to a growing body of practical behavioral science research. However, policymakers often are unaware of behavioral science findings that may help them craft and execute more effective and efficient policies. The pages of this new journal will become a meeting ground: a place where scientists and non-scientists can encounter clearly described behavioral research that can be put into action. By design, the scope of BSP is broad, with topics spanning health care, financial decisionmaking, energy and the environment, education and culture, justice and ethics, and work place practices. Contributions will be made by researchers with expertise in psychology, sociology, law, behavioral economics, organization science, decision science, and marketing. The journal is a key offering of the Behavioral Science & Policy Association in partnership with the Brookings Institution. The mission of BSPA is to foster dialog between social scientists, policymakers, and other practitioners in order to promote the application of rigorous empirical behavioral science in ways that serve the public interest. BSPA does not advance a particular agenda or political perspective. The first issue’s contents follow. Behavioral Science & Policy, vol. 2, no. 2 Contents: Evidence as a Tool for Racial Justice: An Introduction to Field Work with Police, Phillip Goff The Costs of Poor Health Plan Choice and Prescriptions for Reform, Saurabh Bhargava, George Loewenstein, and Shlomo Benartzi Using Identity-Based Motivation to Reduce Health Gaps and Disparities, Daphna Oyserman and Neil A. Lewis, Jr We Need Your Help: How Behavioral Sciences Can Help Address Five Major Economic Problems, Jason Furman SBST PAPERS Combating Biased Decision Making and Unequal Treatment Justice Behavioral Science Tools for Energy and Environmental Policy Using Organizational Science Research to Address U.S. Federal Agencies' Management and Labor Needs Policy Applications of Behavioral Insights to Household Financial Decision-Making Behavioral Science and Education Using Behavioral Science to Promote International Development Increasing Benefits and Reducing Costs to Society of Technological Innovations Behavioral Insights for Health Care Policy