Science Without Laws

Author: Angela N. H. Creager
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 9780822340683
Format: PDF, Docs
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A comparison of the use of model systems and exemplary cases across fields in the natural and social sciences.

Imagined Civilizations

Author: Roger Hart
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 1421407124
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Accounts of the seventeenth-century Jesuit Mission to China have often celebrated it as the great encounter of two civilizations. The Jesuits portrayed themselves as wise men from the West who used mathematics and science in service of their mission. Chinese literati-official Xu Guangqi (1562–1633), who collaborated with the Italian Jesuit Matteo Ricci (1552–1610) to translate Euclid’s Elements into Chinese, reportedly recognized the superiority of Western mathematics and science and converted to Christianity. Most narratives relegate Xu and the Chinese to subsidiary roles as the Jesuits' translators, followers, and converts. Imagined Civilizations tells the story from the Chinese point of view. Using Chinese primary sources, Roger Hart focuses in particular on Xu, who was in a position of considerable power over Ricci. The result is a perspective startlingly different from that found in previous studies. Hart analyzes Chinese mathematical treatises of the period, revealing that Xu and his collaborators could not have believed their declaration of the superiority of Western mathematics. Imagined Civilizations explains how Xu’s West served as a crucial resource. While the Jesuits claimed Xu as a convert, he presented the Jesuits as men from afar who had traveled from the West to China to serve the emperor.

Museums as Cultures of Copies

Author: Brita Brenna
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351106473
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Few institutions are warier of copies than museums. Few fields of knowledge are more prone to denounce copies as fake than the heritage field. Few discourses are as concerned with authenticity, aura, originals and provenance as those concerning exhibiting and collecting. So why is it that these are institutions, fields and discourses where copies proliferate and copying techniques have thrived for hundreds of years? Museums as Cultures of Copies aims to make the copying practices of museums visible and to discuss, from a range of interrelated perspectives, precisely what function copies fulfil in the heritage field and in museums today. With contributions from Europe and Canada, the book interrogates the meaning of copies and presents copying as a fully integrated part of museum work. Including chapters on ethnographic mannequins, digitalized photos, death masks, museum documentation and mechanical models, contributors consider how copying as a cultural form changes according to time and place and how new forms of copying and copy technologies challenge and expand museum work today. Arguing that copying is at the basis of museum practice and that new technologies and practices have been taken up and developed in museums since their inception, the book presents both heritage work and copies in a new light. Museums as Cultures of Copies should be of great interest to academics, scholars and postgraduate students working in the fields of museum and heritage studies, as well as visual studies, cultural history and archaeology. It should also be essential reading for museum practitioners.

Erz hlen

Author: Matías Martínez
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3476053644
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Das Erzählen ist in allen Bereichen der Gesellschaft unentbehrlich, um etwas mitzuteilen, um auf andere einzuwirken, um Wirklichkeit zu erfassen. Seit dem vielberufenen "narrative turn" werden die faszinierenden Leistungen des Erzählens intensiv erforscht. Das Handbuch enthält rund fünfzig Beiträge von Experten aus mehr als zwanzig verschiedenen wissenschaftlichen Disziplinen und bietet erstmals in deutscher Sprache einen breiten Überblick über Medien, Funktionen, soziale Felder und psychologische Voraussetzungen des Erzählens von der Malerei bis zu Social Media, vom Tradieren bis zum Ratgeben, vom Journalismus bis zur Rechtsprechung, von der Entwicklung von Erzählkompetenz bis zu kognitionspsychologischen Aspekten.

Culturing Bioscience

Author: Udo Krautwurst
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442604646
Format: PDF, Docs
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Charting the rise and fall of an experimental biomedical facility at a North American university, Culturing Bioscience offers a fascinating glimpse into scientific culture and the social and political context in which that culture operates. Krautwurst nests the discussion of scientific culture within a series of levels from the lab to the global political economy. In the process he explores a number of topics, including: the social impact of technology; researchers' relationships with sophisticated equipment; what scientists actually do in a laboratory; what role science plays in the contemporary university; and the way bioscience interacts with local, regional, and global governments. The result is a rich case study that illustrates a host of contemporary issues in the social study of science.

Annual Review of Political Science

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The mission of Annual review of political science is to provide systematic, periodic examinations of the field through critical authoritative reviews. The comprehensive critical review not only summarizes a topic but also roots out errors of fact or concept and provokes discussion that will lead to new research activity. Each review contains title, author(s), key words, abstracts, review and bibliography.