Second and Foreign Language Learning Through Classroom Interaction

Author: Joan Kelly Hall
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135660743
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This volume brings together the current theoretical interest in reconceptualizing second and foreign language learning from a sociocultural perspective on language and learning, with practical concerns about second and foreign language pedagogy. It presents a set of studies whose focus is on the empirical description of particular practices constructed in classroom interaction that promote the learning of a second or foreign language. The authors examine in detail the processes by which the learning of additional languages is accomplished in the interaction of a variety of classrooms and in a variety of languages. Not only will the findings from the studies reported in this volume help to lay a foundation for the development of a more expansive, sociocultural model of second and foreign language learning, but on a more practical level they will help language educators in creating a set of principles for identifying and sustaining classroom interactional practices that foster additional language development. The volume is distinguished in three ways: * Following a Vygotskyan perspective on development, the studies assume that language learning is a fundamentally pragmatic enterprise, intrinsically linked to language use. This breaks from a more traditional understanding of second and foreign language learning, which has viewed learning and use as two distinct phenomena. The importance of classroom interaction to additional language development is foregrounded. * The investigations reported in this book are distinguished by their methodological approach. Because language learning is assumed to be a situated, context-sensitive, and dynamic process, the studies do not rely on traditional experimental methods for collecting and analyzing data, but rather, they involve primarily the use of ethnographic and discourse analytic methods. * The studies focus on interactional practices that promote second and foreign language learning. Although a great deal of research has examined first language learning in classrooms from a sociocultural perspective, little has looked at second and foreign language classrooms from such a perspective. Thus there is a strong need for this volume of studies addressing this area of research. Researchers, teacher educators, and graduate students across the fields of second and foreign language learning, applied linguistics, and language education will find this book informative and relevant. Because of the programmatic implications arising from the studies, it will also appeal to teacher educators and teachers of second and foreign languages from the elementary to the university levels.

Second and Foreign Language Learning Through Classroom Interaction

Author: Joan Kelly Hall
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1410605493
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
This volume brings together the current theoretical interest in reconceptualizing second and foreign language learning from a sociocultural perspective on language and learning, with practical concerns about second and foreign language pedagogy. It presents a set of studies whose focus is on the empirical description of particular practices constructed in classroom interaction that promote the learning of a second or foreign language. The authors examine in detail the processes by which the learning of additional languages is accomplished in the interaction of a variety of classrooms and in a variety of languages. Not only will the findings from the studies reported in this volume help to lay a foundation for the development of a more expansive, sociocultural model of second and foreign language learning, but on a more practical level they will help language educators in creating a set of principles for identifying and sustaining classroom interactional practices that foster additional language development. The volume is distinguished in three ways: * Following a Vygotskyan perspective on development, the studies assume that language learning is a fundamentally pragmatic enterprise, intrinsically linked to language use. This breaks from a more traditional understanding of second and foreign language learning, which has viewed learning and use as two distinct phenomena. The importance of classroom interaction to additional language development is foregrounded. * The investigations reported in this book are distinguished by their methodological approach. Because language learning is assumed to be a situated, context-sensitive, and dynamic process, the studies do not rely on traditional experimental methods for collecting and analyzing data, but rather, they involve primarily the use of ethnographic and discourse analytic methods. * The studies focus on interactional practices that promote second and foreign language learning. Although a great deal of research has examined first language learning in classrooms from a sociocultural perspective, little has looked at second and foreign language classrooms from such a perspective. Thus there is a strong need for this volume of studies addressing this area of research. Researchers, teacher educators, and graduate students across the fields of second and foreign language learning, applied linguistics, and language education will find this book informative and relevant. Because of the programmatic implications arising from the studies, it will also appeal to teacher educators and teachers of second and foreign languages from the elementary to the university levels.

Second Language Interaction in Diverse Educational Contexts

Author: Kim McDonough
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027213097
Format: PDF, ePub
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This volume brings together empirical research that explores interaction in a wide range of educational settings. It includes work that takes a cognitive, brain-based approach to studying interaction, as well as studies that take a social, contextual perspective. Interaction is defined quite broadly, with many chapters focusing on oral interaction as is typical in the field, while other chapters report work that involves interaction between learners and technology. Several studies describe the linguistic and discourse features of interaction between learners and their interlocutors, but others demonstrate how interaction can serve other purposes, such as to inform placement decisions. The chapters in the book collectively illustrate the diversity of contemporary approaches to interaction research, investigating interactions with different interlocutors ( learner-learner, learner-teacher), in a variety of environments (classrooms, interactive testing environments, conversation groups) and through different modalities (oral and written, face-to-face and technology-mediated).

Voices from the Language Classroom

Author: Kathleen M. Bailey
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521559041
Format: PDF, Docs
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This volume is a collection of nineteen original papers written by teachers and researchers about what actually happens in language classrooms, both those in which language is the topic of instruction and those where it functions primarily as the medium of instruction. The authors utilize a variety of research methods, with an emphasis on the collection and analysis of qualitative data. Chapters investigate such issues as language-related anxiety, curriculum renewal, classroom interaction, teachers' on-line decision-making, and sociopolitical concerns which affect life in schools. Among the countries represented in the research are Australia, Hong Kong, Hungary, Japan, Mexico, Pakistan, Peru, Singapore, South Africa, Spain, the Sultanate of Oman, and the United States. --From publisher's description.

Second Language Acquisition Processes in the Classroom

Author: Amy Snyder Ohta
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135649839
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book is the first study to examine how interactional style develops within the walls of a foreign language classroom in the first two years of language study. Results show learners to be highly sensitive to pragmatic information and that learners can move toward an appropriate interactional style through classroom interactive experience. The book shows how learners are most often sources who offer assistance and correction, with errors serving most often to stimulate further thinking about what form is correct. Analysis shows learners to be active in seeking corrective information in the classroom setting, not only from peer partners but also from the teacher. They are active in noticing how the teacher's utterances--even when addressed to others--contrast with their own, and utilize corrective feedback intended for other students. In addition, the results show that teacher-initiated corrective feedback addressed to individual learners is only one source of corrective feedback. Learners are shown to be active in both teacher-fronted and peer interactive settings. In newer L2 teaching methodologies which focus on the use of peer interactive tasks, the teacher's role has been de-emphasized. This book, however, shows how important the teacher's role is. The final chapter examines how the teacher can act to maximize the benefits of peer interactive tasks through how they design tasks and present them to the class. First, the chapter looks at how learners use English--their L1--in the classroom, concluding that how teachers present activities to the class has an impact on the amount of L1 used by students during peer interaction. Following up on this finding, the chapter works to address questions that teachers face in lesson planning and teaching. It presents a useful list of questions teachers can ask when designing peer interactive tasks in order to maximize the effectiveness of a wide variety of language learning tasks.

Processes and Process Orientation in Foreign Language Teaching and Learning

Author: Wai Meng Chan
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 1614510180
Format: PDF, ePub
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There can be no products without processes. Though this statement may seem to be no more than an overused generalization, it encapsulates the undoubted importance of processes and process-oriented approaches in language teaching and learning. In foreign language education in recent decades, researchers and practitioners alike are increasingly focusing their attention on: 1) the learner as the active subject of learning and the internal processes that constitute his/her learning leading to the development of communicative competence; 2) teaching approaches, curricula and materials that reflect this view of language learning; and 3) other factors such as the sociocultural context, social interactions and discourse, and individual learner characteristics and differences. The theme of this book reflects this paradigm shift, and the papers included here from the disciplines of foreign language education and second language acquisition provide vital insights into processes in curriculum planning, teaching methodology, teacher education and professional development, language acquisition, language discourse, classroom instruction and interactions, the development of language skills and learning strategies, and language learning motivation.

Second Language Classrooms

Author: Craig Chaudron
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521339803
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book provides a critical overview of recent classroom-centred research and its implications for the teaching and learning of languages giving new insights into how languages are learned and what the effects of classroom instruction are.

Fehlerkorrekturen und R ckmeldungen im Englischunterricht

Author: Stefan Lenhard
Publisher: Waxmann Verlag
ISBN: 3830983115
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Wie gehen Englischlehrerinnen und -lehrer mit Fehlern von Lernenden um? Diese häufig diskutierte Frage wird in diesem Band aus neuem Blickwinkel beleuchtet: Elf videographierte Unterrichtsstunden werden mit deskriptivem Fokus konversationsanalytisch ausgewertet. Das Ergebnis der Analyse ist ein neues Kategoriensystem für Fehlerkorrekturen und Rückmeldungen im Englischunterricht. Stefan Lenhard studierte die Fächer Englisch und Deutsch für das Lehramt an bayerischen Realschulen. Mit abgeschlossenem Ersten Staatsexamen unterrichtete und forschte er am englischdidaktischen Lehrstuhl der LMU München. Seine Promotion schloss er 2015 ab.

Teachers as Mediators in the Foreign Language Classroom

Author: Michelle Kohler
Publisher: Multilingual Matters
ISBN: 1783093064
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Language teachers are key figures in preparing young people for participation in an increasingly multilingual and culturally diverse world, yet little is known about how they go about this in practice. This book uses examples of classroom interaction to reveal how teachers of languages act as intercultural mediators and the implications of this for practice. To date, there has been little exploration of how teachers mediate language and culture learning from an intercultural perspective, and what underlies their mediation practices in terms of their conceptions of intercultural language teaching and learning. This book offers an account of what teachers are thinking, feeling and doing as they enact an intercultural perspective on language teaching and learning.

The classroom and the language learner

Author: Leo Van Lier
Publisher: Longman Pub Group
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub
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This volume looks at classroom research in the second or foreign language classroom. The author notes that little is known about what happens in language lessons and how they may contribute to second language acquisition. He stresses the need to study classroom interaction in its social context and proposes an ethnographic approach to the subject, one which benefits the teachers doing action research and researchers investigating learning processes.