Security and Territoriality in the Persian Gulf

Author: Dr Pirouz Mojtahed-Zadeh
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136817247
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This study presents the story of successes and failures of the treatment of security matters pertaining to territorial and boundary affairs in the maritime areas of the Persian Gulf, and at the same time provides an example of the impact of territoriality on world-wide maritime security.

Beyond Regionalism

Author: Matteo Legrenzi
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317174585
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Regional cooperation, regionalism and regionalization in the Middle East are usually considered to be weak and rather ceremonial. However, since September 11, 2001, a new regional order is emerging and the impact of geostrategic changes in the international environment has yet to be satisfactorily studied. With older regional organizations suffering from weaknesses, new forms appear to be developing and flourishing, due either to European support or growing sub-regional identities. This volume offers refined theoretical models and approaches which are attuned to the new dynamics and contradictions of a wide range of regionalist projects in the contemporary Middle East. Case studies of the most important regional organizations in different policy fields offer comprehensive overviews of the main actors, institutions, historical development and current issues.

Maritime Political Geography

Author: Pirouz Mojtahed-Zadeh
Publisher: Universal-Publishers
ISBN: 1612332951
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book magnifies only one instance of Iran’s geopolitical role in the Persian Gulf in the interim period between the British withdrawal of forces from, and the American arrival in that region. Two centuries of Pax-Britannica was the period of territorial organization of the region, which resulted in the creation of a number of small states or emirates defining territories and boundaries for which caused huge territorial complications with the older states of the region. Pax-Britannica was removed at the end of 1971 without settling these difficult issues. Yet, immediately after their departure from the Persian Gulf, Iran began the initiative of settling territorial differences among the littoral states. Negotiations for the delimitation of maritime boundaries in the Persian Gulf which started in 1968 with Saudi Arabia continued with each and every Arab state of the region and by the mid-1970s all maritime boundaries of Iran with her Arab neighbours were settled, including legal settlement of the issue of the islands extensively examined in this book. In 1975, the age-old Iran-Iraq territorial and boundary disputes were settled in Shatt al Arab, and in the same year Iran's initiative of settling territorial disputes went beyond the region of the Persian Gulf and the Shah quelled the fire of separatist movements in Dhufar of Oman as well as intervening in Egyptian Israeli disputes and settle their differences over the Sinai Peninsula. Israeli author, Samuel Segev admits in his 1981 publications on Israeli secret relations in the Middle East that "The Shah was the originator of the idea to mediate between Anwar Sadat and Golda Meir." Another instance of the Iranian endeavour to safeguard Arab territorial integrity was Iran's undertaking in eradication of threats to Oman's territorial integrity in the early 1970s. Within three years Iranian soldiers defended with their lives Oman's territorial integrity in Dhufar Province in the face of a fierce communist separatist movement that British forces could not eradicate in twelve years.

Index Islamicus

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
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A bibliography of books and index of articles in periodicals on Islam and the Muslim world. Also includes reviews.

Trouble Spots

Author: Andrew Duncan
Publisher: Sutton Pub Limited
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Details trouble spots around the world - whether conflict is currently in progress, has recently ended but could flare up again, or could break out unless preventive measures are taken. Global concerns are dealt with, but the text focuses on troubles of a regional nature, such as the Middle East.

Nahost Jahrbuch 1999

Author: Thomas Koszinowski
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3322949842
Format: PDF
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Das Jahrbuch bietet über zwanzig Länderanalysen mit Informationen zu den politischen, ökonomischen und sozialen Veränderungen und Entwicklungen innerhalb des Berichtsjahres, ergänzt durch eine ausführliche Chronologie. Dazu wird in einem zweiten Abschnitt auf wichtige regionalpolitische Konflikte, Ereignisse und Entwicklungen eingegangen. Zusammen mit den Hinweisen auf zentrale Dokumente (Verträge, Reden) und der Bibliographie mit den neuesten Puplikationen zum Berichtszeitraum entsteht so ein Nachschlagewerk, das Studenten und Lehrern ebenso wie Journalisten einen Überblick über die wichtigsten Ereignisse in die Hand gibt und die Informationen zur Tagespolitik in den strukturellen Kontext stelt.

Asian Maritime Strategies

Author: Bernard Cole
Publisher: Naval Institute Press
ISBN: 1612513131
Format: PDF
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This book is concerned with both the national security concerns of Asian maritime nations and the security of the Asian maritime commons. These are defined as the Pacific and Indian Oceans and associated seas, bays, and gulfs, with their included sea lines of communication (SLOCs). The most useful geographical designation for maritime Asia is the “Indo-Pacific.” Bernard Cole provides both a survey of the maritime strategies of the primary nations of the Indo-Pacific region and an evaluation of the domestic and international politics that drive those strategies. The United States, Canada, Russia, Japan, North Korea, South Korea, China, the Philippines, Brunei, Indonesia, Vietnam, Singapore, Malaysia, Myanmar, India, Pakistan, Iran, the smaller Indian Ocean and Persian Gulf states are all surveyed and analyzed. The United States, Japan, China, and India not surprisingly draw the most attention, given their large modern navies and distant strategic reach. The author concludes that the United States remains the dominant maritime power in this huge region, stretching from Canada to the Persian Gulf, despite its lack of a traditionally strong merchant marine. U.S. maritime power remains paramount, due primarily to its dominant navy. The Chinese naval modernization program deservedly receives a good deal of public attention, but Cole argues that on a day-to-day basis the Japanese Maritime Self-Defense Force, as its navy is named, is the most powerful maritime force in Far Eastern waters, while the modernizing Indian Navy potentially dominates the Indian Ocean. In fact, a focus of this work is the exemplary description of all the region’s navies, with the author noting the naval arms race that is underway, particularly in the area of submarine acquisition. Cole is careful to couch this phenomenon in the regional concerns about Chinese naval expansion and the desire to ensure a continued, massive U.S. naval presence. The current naval developments in the region evince elements of a naval arms race, but lack the coherent maritime strategies to make naval developments dangerous to regional peace and security. Most telling will be whether United States power and focus remain on the region, while adjusting to continued Chinese maritime power in a way acceptable to both nations. No other current or recent work provides such a complete description of the Indo-Pacific region’s navies and maritime strategies, while analyzing the current and future impact of those forces.