Seeking the Center

Author: Martin A. Levin
Publisher: Georgetown University Press
ISBN: 9781589014138
Format: PDF, Mobi
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During the past decade, Democrats and Republicans each have received about fifty percent of the votes and controlled about half of the government, but this has not resulted in policy deadlock. Despite highly partisan political posturing, the policy regime has been largely moderate. Incremental, yet substantial, policy innovations such as welfare reform; deficit reduction; the North American Free Trade Agreement; and the deregulation of telecommunications, banking, and agriculture have been accompanied by such continuities as Social Security and Medicare, the maintenance of earlier immigration reforms, and the persistence of many rights-based policies, including federal affirmative action. In Seeking the Center, twenty-one contributors analyze policy outcomes in light of the frequent alternation in power among evenly divided parties. They show how the triumph of policy moderation and the defeat of more ambitious efforts, such as health care reform, can be explained by mutually supporting economic, intellectual, and political forces. Demonstrating that the determinants of public policy become clear by probing specific issues, rather than in abstract theorizing, they restore the politics of policymaking to the forefront of the political science agenda. A successor to Martin A. Levin and Marc K. Landy’s influential The New Politics of Public Policy (Johns Hopkins University Press, 1995), this book will be vital reading for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in political science and public policy, as well as a resource for scholars in both fields.

Regulierte Wohlfahrtsm rkte

Author: Michaela Willert
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 359339877X
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Eine Dekade nach der deutschen Rentenreform im Jahr 2001 wird an den Ergebnissen vernehmliche Kritik geäußert. Großbritannien gilt als Vorreiter dieser Reformen, nachdem dort im Jahr 1988 die Privatisierung von Sozialleistungen und die Regulierung des neuen Marktes für Rentenprodukte eingeführt wurden. Michaela Willert vergleicht in ihrer Studie die Entwicklung beider Wohlfahrtsmärkte und deren Wirkung auf künftige Alterseinkommen. Der britische Fall zeigt, wie schwierig es ist, die Ziele der Rentenreform – das Staatsbudget zu entlasten, Markteingriffe zu begrenzen und sozialpolitische Erwartungen zu erfüllen – gleichermaßen zu erreichen.

Austerity Forever

Author: Tino Petzold
Publisher: Verlag Westfälisches Dampfboot
ISBN: 3896910035
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Mit den nationalen und europäischen Schuldenbremsen wurde Austerität tief in die Verfassungen eingeschrieben und damit zur finanzpolitischen Normalität. Austerity Forever verfolgt diese Entwicklungen zurück in die 1970er Jahre und zeigt, dass staatliche Haushaltsdisziplin auch nach der Finanz- und Wirtschaftskrise ab 2008 die haushaltspolitischen Auseinandersetzungen prägt.

Building Coalitions Making Policy

Author: Martin A. Levin
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 1421405954
Format: PDF
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Combining an insider’s perspective with actual case studies, the volume examines the policymaking behind such programs as; No Child Left Behind; tax cuts; Social Security privatization; Medicare prescription drug reform; education and immigration reform; environmental policy; judicial politics; national securityCovering all major areas of policymaking, Building Coalitions, Making Policy gives instructors in political science, public administration and policy, American government, and American presidential studies plenty of provocative examples for classroom debate.

Transatlantic Policymaking in an Age of Austerity

Author: Martin A. Levin
Publisher: Georgetown University Press
ISBN: 9781589014763
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Transatlantic Policymaking in an Age of Austerity integrates the study of politics and public policy across a broad spectrum of regulatory and social welfare policies in the United States and several nations of Western Europe. The editors and a sterling list of contributors look at policymaking in the 1990s through the present—providing a comparative politics framework—stressing both parallel development and the differences between and among the nations. Similar prevailing ideas and political factors can be identified and transatlantic comparisons made—providing for a clearer understanding of the policymaking process. Faith in regulated markets and the burden of rising welfare costs are concerns found on both sides of the Atlantic. Western democracies also share political climates colored by economic austerity; low trust in government, pressures from interest groups, and a sharply divided electorate. Because of differing political processes and differing policy starting points, a variety of disparate policy decisions have resulted. Real world policymaking in the areas of welfare, health, labor, immigration reform, disability rights, consumer and environmental regulation, administrative reforms, and corporate governance are compared. Ultimately, the last decade is best characterized as one of "drift," sluggish changes with little real innovation and much default to the private sector. In general, policymakers on both sides of the ocean, constrained by economic necessity, have been unable to produce policy outcomes that satisfy the key segments of the electorate. The contributors examine the United States, Great Britain, France, and Germany, as well as a number of other European countries, and study the European Union itself as a policymaking institution. Transatlantic Policymaking in an Age of Austerity distills the prominent issues, politics, and roles played by governmental institutions into a new understanding of the dynamics of policymaking in and among transatlantic nations.

American Government

Author: Marc Landy
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 110765002X
Format: PDF
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This book prompts students to consider and understand how the past shapes the present and future of American politics and government.

American Government with PowerWeb

Author: Marc Landy
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Humanities, Social Sciences & World Languages
ISBN: 9780072935295
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Unlike any other text available for American government courses, this exciting new text takes a political development approach. Written by two pre-eminent scholars of American political development, Marc Landy and Sid Milkis, this concise new text explores American government as an entity that evolves through the debates that have occurred in American politics and political culture over time. This approach gives readers a context for understanding the growth of U.S. systems and laws and encourages critical thinking. The give-and-take between individual rights and equality frames the discussion of each issue.

Structuring the State

Author: Daniel Ziblatt
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400827248
Format: PDF, ePub
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Germany's and Italy's belated national unifications continue to loom large in contemporary debates. Often regarded as Europe's paradigmatic instances of failed modernization, the two countries form the basis of many of our most prized theories of social science. Structuring the State undertakes one of the first systematic comparisons of the two cases, putting the origins of these nation-states and the nature of European political development in new light. Daniel Ziblatt begins his analysis with a striking puzzle: Upon national unification, why was Germany formed as a federal nation-state and Italy as a unitary nation-state? He traces the diplomatic maneuverings and high political drama of national unification in nineteenth-century Germany and Italy to refute the widely accepted notion that the two states' structure stemmed exclusively from Machiavellian farsightedness on the part of militarily powerful political leaders. Instead, he demonstrates that Germany's and Italy's "founding fathers" were constrained by two very different pre-unification patterns of institutional development. In Germany, a legacy of well-developed sub-national institutions provided the key building blocks of federalism. In Italy, these institutions' absence doomed federalism. This crucial difference in the organization of local power still shapes debates about federalism in Italy and Germany today. By exposing the source of this enduring contrast, Structuring the State offers a broader theory of federalism's origins that will interest scholars and students of comparative politics, state-building, international relations, and European political history.

Crashed

Author: Adam Tooze
Publisher: Siedler Verlag
ISBN: 3641192773
Format: PDF, Docs
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Zehn Jahre danach: Der Finanzcrash und seine dramatischen Folgen Als die US-Großbank Lehman Brothers im September 2008 zusammenbrach, war dies der Tiefpunkt der Banken- und Finanzkrise. Und obwohl der totale Kollaps der Weltwirtschaft damals verhindert wurde, ist die Finanzkrise noch lange nicht Geschichte, wie der britische Historiker Adam Tooze zeigt. Er schildert, wie es zu dieser Krise der Finanzmärkte kam und welche dramatischen Folgen sie bis heute hat. Denn nicht nur ist durch die Finanzkrise die Stabilität Europas ins Wanken geraten, sie hat auch das Vertrauen in die Kraft der globalen Wirtschaftsordnung erschüttert – und so zum Aufstieg der Populisten beigetragen.