SelfEfficacy Beliefs of Adolescents

Author: Tim Urdan
Publisher: IAP
ISBN: 1607527502
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The introduction of the psychological construct of selfefficacy is widely acknowledged as one of the most important developments in the history of psychology. Today, it is simply not possible to explain phenomena such as human motivation, learning, selfregulation, and accomplishment without discussing the role played by selfefficacy beliefs. In this, the fifth volume of our series on adolescence and education, we focus on the selfefficacy beliefs of adolescents. We are proud and fortunate to be able to bring together the most prominent voices in the study of selfefficacy, including that of the Father of Social Cognitive Theory and of selfefficacy, Professor Albert Bandura. It is our hope, and our expectation, that this volume will become required reading for all students and scholars in the areas of adolescence and of motivation and, of course, for all who play a pivotal role in the education and care of youth.

Social and Emotional Aspects of Learning

Author: Sanna Jarvela
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0123814782
Format: PDF, ePub
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Social and emotional aspects of schooling and the learning environment can dramatically affect one's attention, understanding, and memory for learning. This topic has been of increasing interest in both psychology and education, leading to an entire section being devoted to it in the third edition of the International Encyclopedia of Education. Thirty-three articles from the Encyclopedia form this concise reference which focuses on such topics as social and emotional development, anxiety in schools, effects of mood on motivation, peer learning, and friendship and social networks. Saves researchers time in summarizing in one place what is otherwise an interdisciplinary field in cognitive psychology, personality, sociology, and education Level of presentation focuses on critical research, leaving out the extraneous and focusing on need-to-know information Contains contributions from top international researchers in the field Makes MRW content affordable to individual researchers

An exploratory study of the self efficacy of African American adolescent males with emotional behavioral disabilities

Author: Larry Curtis Bryant
Publisher: ProQuest
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This qualitative study examines the beliefs surrounding self-efficacy as constructed by African American adolescent males who experience special education as students. The perspectives of 8 participants were explored through self-reported efficacy profiles and in-depth interviews. Data were analyzed in the phenomenological tradition to explore relationships between life experiences and self-efficacious beliefs of participants. Although individual meanings varied, shared themes emerged that cut across reported levels of self-efficacy as measured by the Self-Perception Profile for Adolescents. In broad strokes, the findings explore student reflections of their efficacy within the school environment, as well as at home and in the community. Although participants were not aware of their disability diagnoses, they were aware of differential treatment by educators, which they attributed to race. Participants expressed frustration with the messages associated with the differential treatment and seemed to believe they could not control school outcomes because of cultural mismatches. Participants also described teaching and management practices that contributed to or militated against their perceptions of success and control in school environments. Although school variables appeared important, home and community variables were reported as having the most impact on their efficacy development. Participants believed that their self-efficacy primarily revolved around developing survival skills necessary to navigate their current social situations at home and in the community, including issues related to gangs, drugs, poverty, absent fathers, and employment possibilities. Implications of the study for teacher education, teacher practices, and future research are explored.

Adolescence and Education

Author: Tim Urdan
Publisher: IAP
ISBN: 1607526964
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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In this inaugural volume, we solicited chapters from leading scholars in a variety of fields related to education. Our aim was to provide a broad overview of several of the most pressing concerns regarding the education of adolescent students. The volume begins with an historical perspective from Barbara Finklestein, who provides background regarding America’s changing perceptions of adolescence as a developmental period and how American society has approached the task of educating this age group over time. This is followed by chapters from Carol Midgley and from Sanford Dornbusch and Jeanne Kaufman regarding the organization, purpose, and function of schools designed to serve early and late adolescents. Midgley uses an achievement goal theory lens to analyze middle level schools; Dornbusch and Kaufman consider senior high schools, adopting a more sociological perspective.

Das Denken von Kindern

Author: Robert S. Siegler
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3486806424
Format: PDF
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Bis in die jüngste Vergangenheit blieb uns der Zugang zu vielen der interessanten Aspekte des Denkens von Kindern verwehrt. Philosophen haben sich Jahrhunderte lang darum gestritten, ob Säuglinge die Welt als "strahlendes und dröhnendes Durcheinander" sehen oder ganz ähnlich wie ältere Kinder und Erwachsene. Erst mit der Entwicklung aufschlußreicher experimenteller Methoden in den vergangenen Jahren wurde die Antwort deutlich. Sogar Neugeborene sehen bestimmte Aspekte der Welt recht klar und mit 6 Monaten ähnelt die Wahrnehmung von Säuglingen der von Erwachsenen. Dies und andere Erkenntnisse über das Denken von Kindern sind Gegenstand dieses Buches.

Strukturgleichungsmodelle mit Mplus

Author: Kristian Kleinke
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3486989456
Format: PDF
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Strukturgleichungsmodelle eignen sich hervorragend für die empirische Analyse zahlreicher Fragestellungen und stellen für die Sozial- und Wirtschaftswissenschaften eine unverzichtbare statistische Methode dar. Mit Mplus steht ein besonders flexibles und vergleichsweise anwenderfreundliches Statistikprogramm für die Strukturgleichungsmodellierung zur Verfügung. Ziel dieses Lehrbuchs ist es, den Leserinnen und Lesern ein umfassendes Verständnis der Durchführung grundlegender und weiterführender Anwendungen von Strukturgleichungsmodellen in Mplus zu vermitteln. Zu den in diesem Buch behandelten Verfahren zählen: explorative und konfi rmatorische Faktorenanalysen, einfache Strukturgleichungsmodelle, multiple Gruppenvergleiche, autoregressive Modelle, Wachstumskurvenmodelle und Mehrebenen-Strukturgleichungsmodelle. Neu in der zweiten Aufl age ist das Thema Moderation und Schätzung konditionaler indirekter Effekte. Ferner wird auf den Mplus-Diagrammer und die mit Mplus Version 7.1 eingeführten Optionen zur Prüfung von Messinvarianz eingegangen.