Singular Points of Plane Curves

Author: C. T. C. Wall
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521547741
Format: PDF, ePub
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Even the simplest singularities of planar curves, e.g. where the curve crosses itself, or where it forms a cusp, are best understood in terms of complex numbers. The full treatment uses techniques from algebra, algebraic geometry, complex analysis and topology and makes an attractive chapter of mathematics, which can be used as an introduction to any of these topics, or to singularity theory in higher dimensions. This book is designed as an introduction for graduate students and draws on the author's experience of teaching MSc courses; moreover, by synthesising different perspectives, he gives a novel view of the subject, and a number of new results.

A Study of Singularities on Rational Curves Via Syzygies

Author: David A. Cox
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821887432
Format: PDF
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Consider a rational projective curve $\mathcal{C}$ of degree $d$ over an algebraically closed field $\pmb k$. There are $n$ homogeneous forms $g_{1},\dots, g_{n}$ of degree $d$ in $B=\pmb k[x, y]$ which parameterize $\mathcal{C}$ in a birational, base point free, manner. The authors study the singularities of $\mathcal{C}$ by studying a Hilbert-Burch matrix $\varphi$ for the row vector $[g_{1},\dots, g_{n}]$. In the ``General Lemma'' the authors use the generalized row ideals of $\varphi$ to identify the singular points on $\mathcal{C}$, their multiplicities, the number of branches at each singular point, and the multiplicity of each branch. Let $p$ be a singular point on the parameterized planar curve $\mathcal{C}$ which corresponds to a generalized zero of $\varphi$. In the `'triple Lemma'' the authors give a matrix $\varphi'$ whose maximal minors parameterize the closure, in $\mathbb{P}^{2}$, of the blow-up at $p$ of $\mathcal{C}$ in a neighborhood of $p$. The authors apply the General Lemma to $\varphi'$ in order to learn about the singularities of $\mathcal{C}$ in the first neighborhood of $p$. If $\mathcal{C}$ has even degree $d=2c$ and the multiplicity of $\mathcal{C}$ at $p$ is equal to $c$, then he applies the Triple Lemma again to learn about the singularities of $\mathcal{C}$ in the second neighborhood of $p$. Consider rational plane curves $\mathcal{C}$ of even degree $d=2c$. The authors classify curves according to the configuration of multiplicity $c$ singularities on or infinitely near $\mathcal{C}$. There are $7$ possible configurations of such singularities. They classify the Hilbert-Burch matrix which corresponds to each configuration. The study of multiplicity $c$ singularities on, or infinitely near, a fixed rational plane curve $\mathcal{C}$ of degree $2c$ is equivalent to the study of the scheme of generalized zeros of the fixed balanced Hilbert-Burch matrix $\varphi$ for a parameterization of $\mathcal{C}$.

Real and Complex Singularities

Author: Victor Goryunov
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821853597
Format: PDF, Docs
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"This volume is a collection of papers presented at the 11th International Workshop on Real and Complex Singularities, held July 26-30, 2010, in Säao Carlos, Brazil, in honor of David Mond's 60th birthday. This volume reflects the high level of the conference discussing the most recent results and applications of singularity theory. Articles in the first part cover pure singularity theory: invariants, classification theory, and Milnor fibres. Articles in the second part cover singularities in topology and differential geometry, as well as algebraic geometry and bifurcation theory: Artin-Greenberg function of a plane curve singularity, metric theory of singularities, symplectic singularities, cobordisms of fold maps, Goursat distributions, sections of analytic varieties, Vassiliev invariants, projections of hypersurfaces, and linearity of the Jacobian ideal."--P. [4] of cover.

Singularity Theory

Author: Denis Ch‚niot
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9812704108
Format: PDF, Docs
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The Singularity School and Conference took place in Luminy, Marseille, from January 24th to February 25th 2005. More than 180 mathematicians from over 30 countries converged to discuss recent developments in singularity theory.The volume contains the elementary and advanced courses conducted by singularities specialists during the conference, general lectures on singularity theory, and lectures on applications of the theory to various domains. The subjects range from geometry and topology of singularities, through real and complex singularities, to applications of singularities.

Geometry of the Plane Cremona Maps

Author: Maria Alberich-Carramiñana
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540428169
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book provides a self-contained exposition of the theory of plane Cremona maps, reviewing the classical theory. The book updates, correctly proves and generalises a number of classical results by allowing any configuration of singularities for the base points of the plane Cremona maps. It also presents some material which has only appeared in research papers and includes new, previously unpublished results. This book will be useful as a reference text for any researcher who is interested in the topic of plane birational maps.