Siren Song

Author: Carl J. Bauer,
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136527737
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Increasing scarcity, conflict, and environmental damage are critical features of the global water crisis. As governments, international organizations, NGOs, and corporations have tried to respond, Chilean water law has seemed an attractive alternative to older legislative and regulatory approaches. Boldly introduced in 1981, the Chilean model is the worlds leading example of a free market approach to water law, water rights, and water resource management. Despite more than a decade of international debate, however, a comprehensive, balanced account of the Chilean experience has been unavailable. Siren Song is an interdisciplinary analysis combining law, political economy, and geography. Carl Bauer places the Chilean model of water law in international context by reviewing the contemporary debate about water economics and policy reform. He follows with an account of the Chilean experience, drawing on primary and secondary sources in Spanish and English, including interviews with key people in Chile. He presents the debate about reforming the law after Chiles 1990 return to democratic government, as well as emerging views about how water markets have worked in practice. The resulting book provides insights about law, economics, and public policy within Chile and lessons for the countries around the world that are wrestling with the challenges of water policy reform.

Water for Food Water for Life

Author: David Molden
Publisher: Earthscan
ISBN: 1844073971
Format: PDF, Docs
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Managing water resources is one of the most pressing challenges of our times - fundamental to how we feed 2 billion more people in coming decades, eliminate poverty, and reverse ecosystem degradation. This Comprehensive Assessment of Water Management in Agriculture, involving more than 700 leading specialists, evaluates current thinking on water and its interplay with agriculture to help chart the way forward. It offers actions for water management and water policy - to ensure more equitable and effective use.This assessment describes key water-food-environment trends that influence our lives today and uses scenarios to explore the consequences of a range of potential investments. It aims to inform investors and policymakers about water and food choices in light of such crucial influences as poverty, ecosystems, governance, and productivity. It covers rainfed agriculture, irrigation, groundwater, marginal-quality water, fisheries, livestock, rice, land, and river basins. Ample tables, graphs, and references make this an invaluable work for practitioners, academics, researchers, and policymakers in water management, agriculture, conservation, and development.Published with IWMI.

Water Trading and Global Water Scarcity

Author: Josefina Maestu
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415638216
Format: PDF, Docs
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Water scarcity is an increasing problem in many parts of the world, yet conventional supply-side economics and management are insufficient to deal with it. In this book the role of water trading as an instrument of integrated water resources management is explored in depth. It is also shown to be an instrument for conflict resolution, where it may be necessary to reallocate water in the context of increasing scarcity. Recent experiences of implementation in different river basins have shown their potential as instruments for improving allocation. These experiences, however, also show that there are implementation challenges and some limitations to trading that need to be considered. This book explores the various types of water trading formulas through the experience of using them in different parts of the world. The final result is varied because, in most cases, trading is conditioned by the legal and institutional framework in which the transactions are carried out. The role of government and the definition of water rights and licenses are critical for the success of water trading. The book studies the institutional framework and how transactions have been undertaken, drawing some lessons on how trading can improve. It also analyses whether trading has really been a positive instrument to manage scarcity and improve water ecosystems and pollution emission problems in those parts of the world which are most affected. The book concludes by making policy proposals to improve the implementation of water trading.

L eau mondialis e

Author: Graciela Schneier-Madanes
Publisher: Editions La Découverte
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Face à un champ de l'eau traditionnellement fragmenté en de multiples thématiques rivales - réseau, ressource, service public, marchandise, bien collectif, droit à l'eau -, le présent ouvrage, façonné au sein d'un véritable atelier pluridisciplinaire, le " rés-eau-ville " du CNRS, rassemblant des spécialistes venus des divers horizons des sciences humaines et sociales, entend contribuer à une indispensable " réunification ". Au fil d'exemples nationaux, régionaux ou locaux et sur quatre continents (Europe, Amérique latine, Afrique, Asie), se dessine avec force le fil conducteur qui rattache la gestion de l'eau au processus de la mondialisation. L'eau mondialisée apparaît comme un laboratoire global où s'élaborent des gouvernances aussi diverses qu'originales. Les modèles anciens sont bousculés par la dynamique des forces sociales : usagers, collectivités territoriales, ONG, technocraties nationales et internationales... Des expériences sont engagées, des conflits éclatent, des compromis se nouent, des pratiques reçoivent valeur juridique, des institutions sont mises en place : par-delà ce bouillonnement d'idées et d'initiatives se profile l'un des enjeux majeurs du XXIe siècle, à savoir la prise en charge collective d'un accès à l'eau du plus grand nombre.