Skills Development in Higher Education and Employment

Author: Neville Bennett
Publisher: Open University Press
ISBN: 9780335203352
Format: PDF
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The last decade has seen radical changes in higher education. Long held assumptions about university and academic autonomy have been shattered as public and political interest in quality, standards, and accountability have intensified efforts for reform. The increased influence of the state and employers in the curriculum of higher education is exemplified by the increasing emphasis on so-called core or transferable skills; an emphasis supported by the Dearing Report which identified what called 'key' skills as necessary outcomes of all higher education programs. However, there is little research evidence to support such assertions, or to underpin the identification of good practice in skill development in higher education or employment settings. Further, prescription has outrun the conceptualization of such skills, little attention has been paid to their theoretical underpinnings and definitions, or to assumptions concerning their transfer. Thus the study reported in this book sets out to gain enhanced understandings of skill acquisitions in higher education and employment settings with the aim of informing and improving provision The findings and analyses provide a clear conceptualization of core genres skills, and models of good practice in their delivery, derived from initiatives by employers and staff in higher education Student and Graduate employee perspectives on skill delivery and acquisition are presented, together with a clearer understanding of t

Handbook of Research on Science Education and University Outreach as a Tool for Regional Development

Author: Narasimharao, B. Pandu Ranga
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1522519769
Format: PDF, Docs
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Higher education institutions play a vital role in their surrounding communities. Besides providing a space for enhanced learning opportunities, universities can utilize their resources for social and economic interests. The Handbook of Research on Science Education and University Outreach as a Tool for Regional Development is a comprehensive reference source for the latest scholarly material on the expanded role of universities for community engagement initiatives. Providing in-depth coverage across a range of topics, such as resource sharing, educational administration, and technological applications, this handbook is ideally designed for educators, graduate students, professionals, academics, and practitioners interested in the active involvement of education institutions in community outreach.

Finding Work

Author: Percy Moleke
Publisher: HSRC Press
ISBN: 9780796921055
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Provides qualitative and quantitative data relating to graduates' experiences in the labour market. This study offers a picture of graduate employment and includes the time it takes graduates to find employment, the factors that influence employability, the types of jobs they find, and their perceptions of the relation of the level of jobs.

Bridging the Skills Gap

Author: Shubha Jayaram
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319494856
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This volume seeks to examine the skills development agenda for youth by exploring two key questions for sustainable livelihoods: What are the skills needed for employability in developing countries, especially in Africa and Asia? And, what skills are currently possessed by students and secondary school leavers? An introductory chapter will set the stage for the discussion and analysis to follow by reviewing in broad terms the current research on relevant topics such as global youth unemployment, the relationship between skills and economic growth, and the expansion of secondary education. The following chapters synthesize a series of background studies focused on Africa, South Asia and South-East Asia, including both a general overview and an in-depth look at several countries. The chapters introduce innovative models for skills delivery, and highlight some of the key elements of successful skills models, including multi-stakeholder partnerships, updated pedagogy, and innovative financing mechanisms. Each of the five core chapters of the book covers one theme, with the support of case studies to illustrate successes, challenges, and lessons in real world examples.

Chasing Credentials and Mobility

Author: Glenda Kruss
Publisher: HSRC Press
ISBN: 9780796920393
Format: PDF, Mobi
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A guide to the highly polarized debate on public and private higher education in South Africa, this analysis based on case studies broadens the typically dichotomous picture of the private provision of higher education, and explores both the competitive and complementary aspects of private schools in relation to their public counterparts.

Graduate Employability in Vietnam A Loose Relationship Between Higher Education and Employment Market

Author: Thi Tuyet Tran
Publisher: Anchor Academic Publishing (aap_verlag)
ISBN: 3954892529
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book addresses the issue of graduate employability (GE) within the changing context of contemporary Vietnam. GE has become a highly topical and contested issue in Vietnam. Employers report that university students are not suitably prepared for work, and universities are often criticised for their poor commitment to developing student employability assets. However, it is suggested that enhancing GE in Vietnam involves many factors that are often underplayed in the general literature. In the Vietnamese context, both the education system and the economy remain relatively underdeveloped; students are schooled to be passive learners; and corrupt employment practices remain rife. Moreover, Confucian cultural features of face saving, hierarchical order in decision making, and the role of rumour and hearsay in a collectivist culture each play an important part in the different ways university graduates negotiate their transition to employment. Thus, in order to enhance the development of GE in Vietnam, all related stakeholders need opportunities to collaborate so that a mutual understanding of the problem is arrived at and feasible solutions are developed and implemented.

Skills Development for Inclusive and Sustainable Growth in Developing Asia Pacific

Author: Rupert Maclean
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9400759371
Format: PDF
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Focusing on the Asia-Pacific region, which in recent years has been the engine of global economic growth , this volume surveys trends and prospects in technical and vocational education and training (TVET) with particular reference to achieving inclusive growth and the greening of economies. Underlying the increasing pressure for new models of TVET provision is the rapid pace of technological change, demand for a work force which is highly responsive to evolving needs and a transforming market place that calls for higher order skills and lifelong learning. The book proposes a re-engineered, modernized TVET system that fosters an innovative approach which enhances the employability of workers as well as the sustainability of their livelihoods. The book includes contributions from leading policy makers, researchers, and practitioners, including those in the private sector in analyzing and forecasting the most urgent priorities in skills development. The book argues for creative approaches to TVET design and delivery particularly with a view to improve job prospects , and meeting the goals of inclusion, sustainable development and social cohesion. Addressing issues such as the chronic mismatches between skills acquired and actual skills required in the work place, the volume proposes diversified approaches towards workforce development and partnerships with the private sector to improve the quality and relevance of skills development . The new imperatives created by ‘greening’ economies and responses required in skills development and training are addressed. Developing TVET is a high priority for governments in the Asia Pacific region as they seek to achieve long-term sustainable growth since the .continued success of their economic destinies depend on it. The volume also includes an emerging framework for skills development for inclusive and sustainable growth in the Asia and Pacific region.

Political Revolt and Youth Unemployment in Tunisia

Author: Isabel Schaefer
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319650858
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book discusses youth unemployment in post-revolutionary Tunisia, paying particular attention to the so-called skill mismatch. Youth unemployment was one of the major factors triggering the Tunisian revolution, and continues to be a central socio-economic challenge. The Tunisian labour market is marked by a strong increase of higher education graduates while the economic system is dominated by sectors mainly employing a less qualified labour force. This study investigates current labour market trends, and provides insights into the underlying causes of persisting high youth unemployment. The author argues that economic crisis, difficult political conditions since 2011, and inefficient labour market policies did not foster sufficient job creation, and that special attention needs to be paid to the educational causes of the skill mismatch in youth employment in future sustainable development models.