Skills Development in Higher Education and Employment

Author: Neville Bennett
Publisher: Open University Press
ISBN: 9780335203369
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The last decade has seen radical changes in higher education. Long held assumptions about university and academic autonomy have been shattered as public and political interest in quality, standards, and accountability have intensified efforts for reform. The increased influence of the state and employers in the curriculum of higher education is exemplified by the increasing emphasis on so-called core or transferable skills; an emphasis supported by the Dearing Report which identified what is called key skills as necessary outcomes of all higher education programmes. However, there is little research evidence to support such assertions, or to underpin the identificaiton of good practice in skill development in higher education or employment settings. Further, prescription has outrun the conceptualisation of such skills; little attention has been paid to their theoretical underpinning and definitions, or to assumptions concerning their transfer.

Developing Transferable Skills

Author: Pam Denicolo
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1446292657
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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'PhD students and young researchers increasingly find employment outside the world of education. This book is an excellent guide to the skills they will need as they make that move.' - Professor Nigel Vincent, Vice-President for Research & HE Policy, The British Academy 'This book should be required reading for researchers embarking on a research career, particularly those on doctoral training programmes, and academics in their roles as supervisors or managers of researchers.' - Dr Janet Metcalfe, Chair and Head Vitae This book provides a succinct guide for doctoral and early career researchers about the nature of transferable skills, why they are needed and how they can be acquired, evidenced and marketed. In the UK, possession of a doctorate is no longer the rarity it once was and the competitive economic climate makes it even more critical that doctoral graduates and early career researchers can convince prospective employers of both their specialist and generic skills. In this context, institutions are also required to provide well organised, relevant training in skills development if they are to attract and retain doctoral candidates. Thus, the book also has value for those charged with developing the transferable skills of others. With coverage of project management, team working, communication, leadership and technical skills, this book is an essential guide for researchers who want to make the most of the skills you have and acquire the skills they need. The authors' work engages them daily in the development of researchers' skills and they made a substantial contribution to the development of Vitae's Researcher Development Framework. The Success in Research series, from Cindy Becker and Pam Denicolo, provides short, authoritative and accessible guides on key areas of professional and research development. Avoiding jargon and cutting to the chase of what you really need to know, these practical and supportive books cover a range of areas from presenting research to achieving impact, and from publishing journal articles to developing proposals. They are essential reading for any student or researcher interested in developing their skills and broadening their professional and methodological knowledge in an academic context.

Higher Education and Employability

Author: Peter J. Stokes
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781612508276
Format: PDF
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This book makes a crucial contribution to the current reassessment of higher education in the United States by focusing on how colleges and universities can collaborate with business in order to serve the educational and professional interests of their students. Drawing on his extensive experience with universities and the business world, Peter J. Stokes argues that the need for closer alignment between the two sectors has never been more critical and that the opportunities for collaboration have never been greater. Peter Stokes has written an insightful analysis of the way forward in American higher education. Rather than adding to the many dire predictions about higher education, Stokes describes a new breed of research universities that boldly combines general education with career readiness in their graduates. "Higher Education and Employability" should be required reading for every university leader seeking a sustainable model for the future. Marie A. Cini, provost and senior vice president for academic affairs, University of Maryland University College In "Higher Education and Employability," Peter Stokes ably plays the roles of provocateur, pundit, and prophet, curating cases and framing conversations on a topic that couldn t be more pressing: integrating work and study to help ready our students for lives and careers that will be steeped in learning. Mark David Milliron, cofounder and chief learning officer, Civitas Learning "Higher Education and Employability" is a must-read for every campus leader thinking about the potential of experiential learning opportunities to complement traditional classroom-based methods of instruction. Through a focused series of case studies, Stokes demonstrates that the old divide between institutions devoted to the life of the mind (knowledge creation and critical thinking development), and those devoted to ensuring student employability, is a tired and limiting construct of an earlier time. Joshua Kim, director of digital learning initiatives, Dartmouth Center for the Advancement of Learning Peter J. Stokes is a managing director at the Huron Consulting Group, where he provides strategic solutions to higher education institutions. He is the former vice president for global strategy and business development at Northeastern University. Louis Soares is the vice president of policy research and strategy at the American Council on Education."

Political Revolt and Youth Unemployment in Tunisia

Author: Isabel Schaefer
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319650858
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book discusses youth unemployment in post-revolutionary Tunisia, paying particular attention to the so-called skill mismatch. Youth unemployment was one of the major factors triggering the Tunisian revolution, and continues to be a central socio-economic challenge. The Tunisian labour market is marked by a strong increase of higher education graduates while the economic system is dominated by sectors mainly employing a less qualified labour force. This study investigates current labour market trends, and provides insights into the underlying causes of persisting high youth unemployment. The author argues that economic crisis, difficult political conditions since 2011, and inefficient labour market policies did not foster sufficient job creation, and that special attention needs to be paid to the educational causes of the skill mismatch in youth employment in future sustainable development models.

Beyond the Skills Gap

Author: Matthew T. Hora
Publisher: Harvard Education Press
ISBN: 9781612509884
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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How can educators ensure that young people who attain a postsecondary credential are adequately prepared for the future? Matthew T. Hora and his colleagues explain that the answer is not simply that students need more specialized technical training to meet narrowly defined employment opportunities. "Beyond the Skills Gap "challenges this conception of the skills gap, highlighting instead the value of broader twenty-first-century skills in postsecondary education. They advocate for a system in which employers share responsibility along with the education sector to serve the collective needs of the economy, society, and students. Drawing on interviews with educators in two- and four-year institutions and employers in the manufacturing and biotechnology sectors, the authors demonstrate the critical importance of habits of mind such as problem solving, teamwork, and communication. They go on to show how faculty and program administrators can create active learning experiences that develop students skills across a range of domains. The book includes in-depth descriptions of eight educators whose classrooms exemplify the effort to blend technical learning with the cultivation of twenty-first-century habits of mind. The study, set in Wisconsin, takes place against the backdrop of heated political debates over the role of public higher education. This thoughtful and nuanced account, enriched by keen observations of postsecondary instructional practice, promises to contribute new insights to the rich literature on workforce development and to provide valuable guidance for postsecondary faculty and administrators. "

Skills Development for Inclusive and Sustainable Growth in Developing Asia Pacific

Author: Rupert Maclean
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9400759371
Format: PDF, ePub
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Focusing on the Asia-Pacific region, which in recent years has been the engine of global economic growth , this volume surveys trends and prospects in technical and vocational education and training (TVET) with particular reference to achieving inclusive growth and the greening of economies. Underlying the increasing pressure for new models of TVET provision is the rapid pace of technological change, demand for a work force which is highly responsive to evolving needs and a transforming market place that calls for higher order skills and lifelong learning. The book proposes a re-engineered, modernized TVET system that fosters an innovative approach which enhances the employability of workers as well as the sustainability of their livelihoods. The book includes contributions from leading policy makers, researchers, and practitioners, including those in the private sector in analyzing and forecasting the most urgent priorities in skills development. The book argues for creative approaches to TVET design and delivery particularly with a view to improve job prospects , and meeting the goals of inclusion, sustainable development and social cohesion. Addressing issues such as the chronic mismatches between skills acquired and actual skills required in the work place, the volume proposes diversified approaches towards workforce development and partnerships with the private sector to improve the quality and relevance of skills development . The new imperatives created by ‘greening’ economies and responses required in skills development and training are addressed. Developing TVET is a high priority for governments in the Asia Pacific region as they seek to achieve long-term sustainable growth since the .continued success of their economic destinies depend on it. The volume also includes an emerging framework for skills development for inclusive and sustainable growth in the Asia and Pacific region.

Bridging the Skills Gap

Author: Shubha Jayaram
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319494856
Format: PDF, Docs
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This volume seeks to examine the skills development agenda for youth by exploring two key questions for sustainable livelihoods: What are the skills needed for employability in developing countries, especially in Africa and Asia? And, what skills are currently possessed by students and secondary school leavers? An introductory chapter will set the stage for the discussion and analysis to follow by reviewing in broad terms the current research on relevant topics such as global youth unemployment, the relationship between skills and economic growth, and the expansion of secondary education. The following chapters synthesize a series of background studies focused on Africa, South Asia and South-East Asia, including both a general overview and an in-depth look at several countries. The chapters introduce innovative models for skills delivery, and highlight some of the key elements of successful skills models, including multi-stakeholder partnerships, updated pedagogy, and innovative financing mechanisms. Each of the five core chapters of the book covers one theme, with the support of case studies to illustrate successes, challenges, and lessons in real world examples.

The Oxford Handbook of Skills and Training

Author: John Buchanan
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199655367
Format: PDF
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Skills and workforce development are at the heart of much research on work, employment and management. But are they so important? To what extent can they make a difference for individuals, organisations and nations? How are the supply and - more importantly - the utilisation of skill - current evolving? What are the key factors shaping skills trajectories of the future? This Handbook provides an authoritative consideration of issues such these. It does so by drawing on experts in a wide range of disciplines including sociology, economics, labour/industrial relations, human resource management, education, and geography. The Handbook is relevant for all with an interest in the changing nature, and future, of work, employment and management. It draws on the latest scholarly insights to shed new light on all the major issues concerning skills and training today. While written primarily by leading scholars in the field it is equally relevant to policy makers and practitioners responsible for shaping the development of human capability today and into the future.

Demand and Supply of Skills in Ghana

Author: Peter Darvas
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 1464802815
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Skills development in Ghana encompasses foundational skills, transferable/soft-skills, and technical and vocational skills. This report focuses on one segment of this skills development system: formal and informal technical and vocational education and training (TVET) at the pre-tertiary level. TVET represents a major intersection between education, youth and the labor market. The government has long promised to the population that increasing technical and vocational skills training opportunities will help solve youth unemployment. However, market distortions and inefficiencies have led to an adverse cycle of high costs, inadequate quality of supply and low demand, leading to further pressures on the effectiveness and efficiency of TVET services. This adverse cycle means that the political and policy promise of skills development helping to ease the unemployment problem is at risk of remaining unfulfilled. The report focuses on social and economic demand for (pre-tertiary) technical and vocational skills and maps out the supply of these skills from formal and informal, private and public sectors. The dual purpose has been to both carry out an institutional and policy analysis and also to establish a platform for monitoring sector performance and assisting policy and Development Partner harmonization. The report analyzes the economic and social demand for technical and vocational skills and the suitability of the current supply as well as the effectiveness of policy, coordination and financing of technical and vocational skills development. The report annex provides the summary of economic demand analyses from the key sectors reviewed and provides a full mapping of all technical and vocational programs in Ghana. The study offers a comprehensive set of policy recommendations for improving Ghana’s pre-tertiary technical and vocational skills development sector, which will be of interest to policy makers and development partners in Ghana.

Graduate Employability in Vietnam A Loose Relationship Between Higher Education and Employment Market

Author: Thi Tuyet Tran
Publisher: Anchor Academic Publishing (aap_verlag)
ISBN: 3954892529
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book addresses the issue of graduate employability (GE) within the changing context of contemporary Vietnam. GE has become a highly topical and contested issue in Vietnam. Employers report that university students are not suitably prepared for work, and universities are often criticised for their poor commitment to developing student employability assets. However, it is suggested that enhancing GE in Vietnam involves many factors that are often underplayed in the general literature. In the Vietnamese context, both the education system and the economy remain relatively underdeveloped; students are schooled to be passive learners; and corrupt employment practices remain rife. Moreover, Confucian cultural features of face saving, hierarchical order in decision making, and the role of rumour and hearsay in a collectivist culture each play an important part in the different ways university graduates negotiate their transition to employment. Thus, in order to enhance the development of GE in Vietnam, all related stakeholders need opportunities to collaborate so that a mutual understanding of the problem is arrived at and feasible solutions are developed and implemented.