Small States in the European Union

Author: Diana Panke
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131705427X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The most recent EU-enlargements have considerably increased the number of small member states. In the EU-27, 19 countries have fewer votes in the Council of Ministers than the EU-average. These small states face a series of size-related disadvantages in day-to-day EU negotiations. Against this backdrop the book asks: are some small states better at coping with structural disadvantages than others? How active are small states in participating in day-to-day EU negotiations and why do some states use negotiation strategies more frequently than others? Under which conditions are the different negotiation strategies effective and when can small states punch above their weight? Based on more than 100 interviews with policy-makers and an analysis of a unique database on the negotiation activities of EU member states, this book explains how active participation is essential for the shaping success of small states and shows that small states are more influential with persuasion-based rather than bargaining-based strategies. Two case studies on the pesticides and the spirit drinks regulations further reveal that persuasion strategies are especially effective if the arguments match the nature of the issue at stake and resonate well with prior beliefs of addressees. No other study comprehensively analyzes small states in a comparative perspective, examines their activity levels in EU negotiations and outlines which conditions are needed for the effectiveness of a broad range of strategies. An indispensable resource for students and researchers interested in how and under which conditions small states can influence policies in negotiations beyond the nation-state.

Small States and EU Governance

Author: Jean Micallef Grimaud
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319573217
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book examines a crucial question about small states and their governments’ influence in the European Union (EU) decision-making processes. - Are EU small member state governments influential in EU decision-making processes? In other words, do they exercise influence in these processes? And if so, how and at which stage do they do this? This book seeks to answer the above questions by focusing on Malta - the smallest state in the EU - and whether it exercises influence in ‘uploading’ its preferences in two distinct stages of EU legislative decision-making processes - decision-shaping (formation) and decision-taking (adoption). The cases selected and analyzed showcase the Maltese government’s behaviour in legislative negotiations in differing EU policy spheres that are extremely relevant to it. These are the adoption of EU directives on pyrotechnic articles (falling under the EU competition and consumer health and safety policy spheres) and on the extension of EU long-term residence to beneficiaries of international protection (falling under EU immigration policy). As analyzed in the latter chapters of the book, Malta’s government has achieved varying degrees of success in its exercise of influence in these EU decision-making processes.

Consultative Committees in the European Union

Author: Diana Panke
Publisher: ECPR Press
ISBN: 191025942X
Format: PDF, Docs
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How, and under which conditions, can consultative committees exert influence if they have access to legislators (voice) but no formal veto power (vote)? In drawing on the Committee of the Regions and the European Economic and Social Committee of the European Union, this book shows that consultative committees face several challenges when it comes to influencing the content of policies, but are nevertheless sometimes successful in getting their opinions heard. It develops a sender-receiver model and puts it to a comprehensive empirical test. A quantitative analysis and three in-depth case studies on the European citizens’ initiative, the European grouping of territorial cooperation and the Liberalisation of Community Postal Services show how capacities, incentives and preferences of consultative committees and legislative decision-makers need to be configured to allow for the influence of the CoR and the EESC. 'Do actors without vote have influence in the European Union? Diana Panke, Christoph Hönnige, and Julia Gollub’s book is the definitive study of the Committee of Regions and the European Economic and Social Committee, the European Union’s two standing consultative bodies. They must be heard, though not necessarily listened to, on most EU legislation. The study shows convincingly that CoR and EECS influence is possible, though conditional on whether they can bring expertise to the table. Guided by an elegant sender-receiver model, the authors develop a series of hypotheses that specify these conditions, and test these with surveys, interviews, and case studies. This is a first-rate scholarly book, rich with factual nuggets and clear analysis. It will be of interest to EU policy makers as well as students of the European Union. This book also sends a cautiously hopeful message to those who seek to deepen democracy in the globe’s most important experiment in governance above the state.' Liesbet Hooghe, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 'Consultative committees are too often dismissed as being mere talking shops when in fact they can play an important role in the agenda-setting and decision-making process. This volume presents in-depth research into the working methods and deliberative processes of the two main consultative committees in the European Union. In doing so, the authors provide valuable accounts of both the opportunities and the limitations of these bodies. Most importantly, this book explores the conditions under which consultative committees may make a difference to EU decision-making and proposes a number of specific recommendations based on this analysis. Required reading not only for students and scholars of European integration, but also for practitioners involved in the work of policy consultation in the EU and beyond. Thomas Christiansen, Maastricht University

The Nordic Countries and the European Union

Author: Caroline Howard Grøn
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317536606
Format: PDF, Mobi
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In European policy-making, the Nordic countries are often viewed as a relatively coherent bloc; in international and European affairs the Nordic position has traditionally been conditioned on being different from and better than Europe. This book offers a coherent, original and systematic comparative analysis of the relationship between the Nordic countries and the European Union over the past two decades. It looks at the historical frame, institutions and policy areas, addressing both traditional EU areas such as agriculture and more nascent areas affecting the domestic and foreign policies of the Nordic countries. In doing so, it examines how the Nordic approach to European policy-making has developed and explains why the Nordic countries are similar in some respects while differing in others when engaging with EU institutions. In highlighting the similarities and differences between the Nordic countries it explores what lessons – positive and negative – may be drawn from this approach for the Nordic countries and other small states. This book will be of interest to scholars, students and practitioners engaged with the Nordic Countries, EU politics and policy-making, European politics and comparative politics.

Argumentieren und Verhandeln in der Europ ischen Union

Author: Diana Panke
Publisher: Diplomica Verlag
ISBN: 3836665980
Format: PDF, ePub
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Im Zuge einer immer tiefer werdenden Integration hat die Frage nach der Bedeutung der Kommission als dem zentralen supranationalen Akteur im europ ischen Institutionengef ge hohe Relevanz. Wie wichtig ist die Europ ische Kommission? Wann und unter welchen Bedingungen kann die Europ ische Kommission Politikergebnisse substanziell beeinflussen? Wann kann sie bestenfalls die Effizienz von Entscheidungen erh hen? Die in der Literatur empirisch wie theoretisch diagnostizierte Wirkungstiefe reicht von nahezuer Irrelevanz bis zu ma gebender Einflussnahme auf europ ische Politikergebnisse und auf die Entwicklung der europ ischen Integration. Dieses Buch zeigt, dass das Gros dieser unterschiedlichen Einsch tzungen in den verschiedenen theoretischen Ans tzen selbst wurzelt. In den Interaktionsarenen der Europ ischen Union (EU) wird nicht hierachisch entschieden, sondern argumentiert und verhandelt. Dies beeinflusst die Rolle, die die Kommission einnehmen kann. Wird Argumentiert, kann die Kommission durch gute Argumente substanziellen Einfluss aus ben und wird zum supranationalen Entrpreneur. Wird verhandelt, so kann die Kommission mangels formaler Verhandlungsmacht bestenfalls die Effizienz der zwischenstaatlichen Entscheidungsprozesse erh hen. Die Arbeit zeigt erstens, dass konstruktivistische Arbeiten auf den Interaktionsmodus 'Argumentieren' abstellen und die Bedeutung der Kommission als weitreichend erachten; und zweitens, dass rationalistische Theorien Interaktionen in der EU als 'Verhandeln' konzipieren und daher der Kommission eine geringe Rolle zuschreiben. Darauf aufbauend entwickelt dieses Buch einen theoretischen Br ckenschlag zwischen Rationalismus und Konstruktivismus, um die varierende Einflussreichweite der Kommission ad quat zu erfassen. Wann dominiert eher das Argumentieren und wann das Verhandeln? Die Arbeit entwickelt einen Interaktionsansatz, um diese Frage zu beantworten. Im Ergebnis zeigt sich, dass sie Kommission vor allem in fr hen Phasen europ ischer

Agenda Setting

Author: Marcus Maurer
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783832945855
Format: PDF
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The book provides a concise, easily readable introduction to the theoretical foundations, methodological approaches, empirical findings and social consequences of the agenda-setting effect of mass media. A textbook for students as well as initial reading for communication practitioners and others.

Euro

Author: Markus K. Brunnermeier
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 3406712347
Format: PDF
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Etliche Beobachter sind der Ansicht, dass der Euro die aktuelle Krise nicht überleben wird. Anders die Ökonomen Markus Brunnermeier und Jean-Pierre Landau, ein Deutscher und ein Franzose, sowie der britische Wirtschaftshistoriker Harold James. Sie sehen ein Kernproblem des Euro in den unterschiedlichen Wirtschaftskulturen der Euroländer, insbesondere Deutschlands und Frankreichs, die es zu überwinden gilt. Seit der Eurokrise setzen die Mitgliedsländer wieder auf nationale Lösungen, statt gemeinsame Antworten auf die europäischen Probleme zu suchen. Der Kampf der Wirtschaftskulturen ist entbrannt. Während das föderal geprägte Deutschland in der Fiskalpolitik auf starren Regeln beharrt, verlangt das zentralistische Frankreich Stimulusprogramme und eine flexible Handhabung, die den Regierungen Ermessensspielräume lässt. Für die Deutschen sind Finanzierungsengpässe vorwiegend auf Insolvenzprobleme zurückzuführen, die struktureller Reformen bedürfen, wogegen die Franzosen sie als temporäre Liquiditätsprobleme ansehen, die mit einer staatlichen Überbrückungsfinanzierung zu bewältigen sind. Dieses Buch plädiert für die Überwindung dieser Frontstellungen zugunsten einer gemeinsamen europäischen Wirtschaftskultur. Es verbindet ökonomische Analyse und ideengeschichtliche Reflexion und entwirft einen Fahrplan für Europas Zukunft.

The role of small states in the European Union

Author: Baldur Thorhallsson
Publisher: Ashgate Pub Ltd
ISBN: 9780754614234
Format: PDF, Docs
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An examination of small states in the European Union. The book argues that size is a significant variable in explaining the behaviour of smaller states in the decision-making process of the European Union in the areas of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) and the Regional Policy. Each state has, of course, its own characteristics - historical, geographic, cultural and institutional - but some small states have some common problems. If these characteristics of the smaller states can be differentiated from the characteristics of the larger states, it can be expected that these characteristics will influence the behaviour of smaller states in the decision-making process of the EU.

Der Preis der Ungleichheit

Author: Joseph Stiglitz
Publisher: Siedler Verlag
ISBN: 364109819X
Format: PDF
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Viele Arme, wenige Reiche - Warum die wachsende Ungleichheit uns alle angeht Die Ungleichheit in der Welt nimmt zu: Immer weniger Menschen häufen immer größeren Reichtum an, während die Zahl der Armen wächst und die Mittelschicht vom Abstieg bedroht ist. Doch diese Entwicklung, so zeigt Nobelpreisträger Joseph Stiglitz in seinem neuen Bestseller, ist keine zwangsläufige Folge einer freien Marktwirtschaft, sondern Ergebnis einer globalisierten Ökonomie, die zunehmend vom reichsten einen Prozent der Bevölkerung beherrscht wird.