Social Ecological Restoration in Paddy Dominated Landscapes

Author: Nisikawa Usio
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 4431553304
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
With a focus on environmentally friendly rice farming, this unique book integrates both ecosystem and human dimensions of ecological restoration to provide strategies to promote sustainable agriculture and rural development. Paddy fields have multiple functions beyond their role of producing rice: They serve as refuge habitats for a range of wildlife that once inhabited floodplain wetlands and contain a number of unique and threatened aquatic species. They also provide various ecosystem services for regional communities such as water retention, erosion control, flood control, fish culture, and educational opportunities. However, rice paddies are threatened worldwide due to the modernization of agriculture and abandonment of farmland caused by depopulation and the aging of rural communities. Therefore, multiple ecological and sociological aspects must be considered in the ecological restoration of paddy fields. This book aims to do so by incorporating various disciplines of natural and social sciences. Strategies for sustainable agriculture are reviewed, including financial incentives for farmers and the use of flagship wildlife species such as the crested ibis (toki) to promote ecological restoration. With the increasing popularity of environmentally friendly rice farming in parts of Asia and the western United States, this book offers model cases for sustainable management of paddy-dominated landscapes.

Umk mpfte W lder

Author: Richard Hölzl
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 3593391716
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
Nachhaltigkeit hat Konjunktur. Die Entstehung dieses inhaltlich umstrittenen Begriffs ist eng mit der Geschichte der Wälder verbunden. Richard Hölzl zeigt, wie aufgeklärte Gelehrte nach 1750 eine ökologische Waldreform und eine neue Politik nachhaltiger Ressourcennutzung entwickelten. Er erzählt von Bauern und Richtern, von Förstern und Frevlern, die darum kämpften, ob und wie der neue Wald entstehen sollte. In einer einzigartigen Verbindung von Umwelt- und Wissensgeschichte, von Kriminalitäts-, Wirtschafts- und Sozialgeschichte wird hier die Geschichte des Waldes neu geschrieben.