Social Epistemology and Technology

Author: Frank Scalambrino
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781783485338
Format: PDF
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This book examines the social epistemological issues relating to technology for the sake of providing insights toward public self-awareness and informing matters of education, policy, and public deliberation.

The Future of Social Epistemology

Author: James H. Collier
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781783482665
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Offers a vital, unique and agenda-setting perspective for the field of social epistemology the philosophical basis for prescribing the social means and ends for pursuing knowledge."

Social Epistemology and Epistemic Agency

Author: Patrick J. Reider
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781783483471
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The field of epistemology is undergoing significant changes. Primary among these changes is an ever growing appreciation for the role social influences play on one s ability to know and assess knowledge claims, i.e. epistemic agency. Social epistemology s greatest influence on traditional epistemology is, arguably, its arguments for de-centralization of the epistemic agent. In other words, its practitioners have actively sought to dispel the claim that individuals can be solely responsible for epistemic achievement. This view opposes traditional epistemology, which tends to focus on the individual s capacity to form and access knowledge claims independent of his or her relationship to a particular society. Social Epistemology and Epistemic Agency is an essential resource for academics and students engaging with questions relating to the manner in which society engenders its members with the ability to obtain knowledge and be critical of knowledge claims. A team of leading scholars explore why knowledge is the result of socially shared practices and why numerous fields in the humanities, such as Philosophy, Sociology, Political Science, Communication, and STS, aid in its study."

How People Learn

Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309131979
Format: PDF
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First released in the Spring of 1999, How People Learn has been expanded to show how the theories and insights from the original book can translate into actions and practice, now making a real connection between classroom activities and learning behavior. This edition includes far-reaching suggestions for research that could increase the impact that classroom teaching has on actual learning. Like the original edition, this book offers exciting new research about the mind and the brain that provides answers to a number of compelling questions. When do infants begin to learn? How do experts learn and how is this different from non-experts? What can teachers and schools do-with curricula, classroom settings, and teaching methods--to help children learn most effectively? New evidence from many branches of science has significantly added to our understanding of what it means to know, from the neural processes that occur during learning to the influence of culture on what people see and absorb. How People Learn examines these findings and their implications for what we teach, how we teach it, and how we assess what our children learn. The book uses exemplary teaching to illustrate how approaches based on what we now know result in in-depth learning. This new knowledge calls into question concepts and practices firmly entrenched in our current education system. Topics include: How learning actually changes the physical structure of the brain. How existing knowledge affects what people notice and how they learn. What the thought processes of experts tell us about how to teach. The amazing learning potential of infants. The relationship of classroom learning and everyday settings of community and workplace. Learning needs and opportunities for teachers. A realistic look at the role of technology in education.

Knowing and Acting in Medicine

Author: Robyn Bluhm
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield International
ISBN: 9781783488100
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The first volume in the rapidly growing field of philosophy of medicine to focus on the relationship between knowledge and clinical practice and policy.

Socrates Tenured

Author: Adam Briggle
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781783483105
Format: PDF
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This book diagnoses a crisis facing philosophy and the humanities more broadly and sketches a path toward institutionalizing socially engaged approaches to philosophical research."

Professional Learning in the Knowledge Society

Author: Karen Jensen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9460919944
Format: PDF
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This book presents an entirely new approach to professional learning based on perspectives of the knowledge society and, in particular, an interpretation of Knorr Cetina’s work on scientific ‘epistemic cultures’. Starting with a conceptual chapter and followed by a suite of empirical studies from accountancy, education, nursing and software engineering, the book elaborates how: a) knowledge production and circulation take distinct forms in those fields; b) how the knowledge objects of practice in those fields engross and engage professionals and, in the process, people and knowledge are transformed by this engagement. By foregrounding an explicit concern for the role of knowledge in professional learning, the book goes much farther than the current fashion for describing ‘practice-based learning’. It will therefore be of considerable interest to the research, policy, practitioner and student communities involved with professional education/learning or interested in innovation and knowledge development in the professions.

Governance Of Science

Author: Fuller, Steve
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)
ISBN: 0335202349
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This ground-breaking text offers a fresh perspective on the governance of science from the standpoint of social and political theory. Science has often been seen as the only institution that embodies the elusive democratic ideal of the 'open society'. Yet, science remains an elite activity that commands much more public trust than understanding, even though science has become increasingly entangled with larger political and economic issues.

The Kuhnian Image of Science

Author: Moti Mizrahi
Publisher: Collective Studies in Knowledg
ISBN: 9781786603401
Format: PDF, Mobi
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More than 50 years after the publication of Thomas Kuhn's seminal book, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, this volume assesses the adequacy of the Kuhnian model in explaining certain aspects of science, particularly the social and epistemic aspects of science. One argument put forward is that there are no good reasons to accept Kuhn's incommensurability thesis, according to which scientific revolutions involve the replacement of theories with conceptually incompatible ones. Perhaps, therefore, it is time for another "decisive transformation in the image of science by which we are now possessed." Only this time, the image of science that needs to be transformed is the Kuhnian one. Does the Kuhnian image of science provide an adequate model of scientific practice? If we abandon the Kuhnian picture of revolutionary change and incommensurability, what consequences would follow from that vis--vis our understanding of scientific knowledge as a social endeavour? The essays in this collection continue this debate, offering a critical examination of the arguments for and against the Kuhnian image of science as well as their implications for our understanding of science as a social and epistemic enterprise.

The Value of Privacy

Author: Beate Rossler
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0745694519
Format: PDF, Docs
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This new book by Beate Rossler is a work of real quality and originality on an extremely topical issue: the issue of privacy and the relations between the private and the public. Rossler investigates the reasons why we value privacy and why we ought to value it. In the context of modern, liberal societies, Rossler develops a theory of the private which links privacy and autonomy in a constitutive way: privacy is a necessary condition to lead an autonomous life. The book develops a theory of freedom and autonomy which sees the ability to pose the "practical question" of how one wants to live, of what a person strives to be, at the centre of the modern idea of autonomy. The question of privacy is emerging as an increasingly important topic in social and political theory and is central to many current debates in law, the media and politics. The Value of Privacy will be widely recognised to be a classic contribution to the subject.