Society and the Teacher s Role RLE Edu N

Author: Frank Musgrove
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136453474
Format: PDF
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This study describes research into teachers’ role conceptions and uncertainties in different types of school and neighbourhood. The authors examine in particular pupils’ and parents’ conceptions of the teacher’s role, and the conflicts which teachers experience when they are exposed to different expectations and demands in a rapidly changing educational and social scene.

Teacher Education in Plural Societies RLE Edu N

Author: Maurice Craft
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1136450114
Format: PDF, ePub
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The educational implications of cultural pluralism attracted a good deal of attention in Western societies in the 1970s and 1980s, on the grounds of equality and human rights, maximising national talent, and maintaining social cohesion. Maurice Craft and the international contributors to this book highlight the potential of teacher education, and in this wide-ranging analytical review for its key role in providing for ethnic minority children, in respect of access and achievements, and also for all children to acquire informed and tolerant attitudes. This book makes an important contribution to a small but growing literature, concentrating on initial rather than in-service teacher education, and it brings together papers from experienced specialists from eleven countries worldwide: Australia, Britain, Canada, Israel, Malaysia, Northern Ireland, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, The Netherlands and the USA. The papers are concerned with the needs both of diverse classrooms and diverse societies, and also consider general principles and comparative perspectives. Of interest to the specialist and non-specialist alike, Teacher Education in Plural Societies: An International Review deals with an important and timely issue – how best to prepare teachers to meet the needs of both minority – and majority – culture pupils who are growing up in plural societies.

Teachers Ideology and Control RLE Edu N

Author: Gerald Grace
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136453687
Format: PDF, ePub
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Teachers of the urban working class, especially in inner city areas, have always been regarded as strategic agents in processes of social and cultural formation. In the Victorian era, seen as ‘The Teachers of the People’, ‘Pioneers of Civilization’ and ‘Preachers of Culture’, their role in gentling and controlling the urban masses was crucial. They have always been at the centre of confrontation and struggle – in a classroom sense, in a cultural sense and in a socio-political sense. In contemporary inner city schools such confrontation and struggle remain a reality. Teachers, Ideology and Control is one of the first attempts to examine this important social and occupational group by locating contemporary sociological research in an historical framework. As such it will be of interest not only to students of sociology and education (especially urban education) but also to social historians. Its relevance to those who either administer or teach in urban schools will be clear. The author shows the ways in which contemporary inner city schools are caught up in an ideological struggle in education. He explore the nature of constraint and control in urban education with reference to existing constructs of the ‘good teacher’; the demands of the teacher’s work situation and the reality of autonomy. He suggests that, viewed historically, the relative autonomy of teachers has increased as a result largely of socio-political and institutional crises. At the same time however there have been important changes in the modality of social control, changes from more explicit to more implicit features. What it is to be a ‘good teacher’, the effects of day-to-day ‘immersion’ in school life and the ideology of professionalism- -these are all seen to be important constituents of a network of implicit control in contemporary education.

Teacher Strategies RLE Edu L

Author: Peter Woods
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136462783
Format: PDF
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This book takes as its focus the key interactionist concept of ‘strategy’, a concept fundamental to many current concerns in the sociology of the school, including the understanding of the links between society and the individual, a more accurate description of certain areas of school life and implications for the practice of teaching. ‘Strategy’ bears on all these issues. It concerns both goals, and ways of achieving them and short-term, immediate aims as well as long-term ones. The essays in this book share a common concern with teacher strategies, emphasizing the discovery of intentions and motives, alternative definitions of situations and the hidden rules that guide our behaviour. Amongst the areas investigated are the influence of factors outside the school in determining the role of the teacher, and the nature and influence of teacher commitment. The implications for practical action and policy making are stressed throughout, and by recognising and exploring the constraints and influences that operate on teachers, this work constructs a realistic appraisal of the teaching situation.

Role Conflict and the Teacher RLE Edu N

Author: Gerald Grace
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 113645375X
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Gerald Grace here explores the concept of role conflict and the current theorizing about the problems of the teacher’s role. He investigates four potential problem areas – role diffuseness, role vulnerability, role commitment versus career orientation, and value conflict – in a sample of one hundred and fifty secondary school teachers in a Midland town. The analysis shows how a teacher’s commitment to a particular set of values exposes him or her to conflict in an achievement-oriented and pluralistic society. These conflicts, present in all schools, are seen in their clearest form among secondary modern school teachers. The author suggests that colleges of education, in emphasizing commitment and in assuming value consensus, predispose their students to conflict experiences. He indicates that internal career possibilities in schools and the influence of graduate or certified status are also important factors in conflict exposure. While accepting that certain role conflicts are important in the genesis of change, the author proposes that levels of dysfunctional conflict can be reduced by the action of head teachers, by structural change in the schools and innovations in teaching education.

Reconstructing Teacher Education RLE Edu N

Author: John Elliott
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1136453822
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book maps out a new paradigm of teacher education and, by implication, professional education generally. The book opens with two alternative theories of teacher education and training and explains the concepts and assumptions on which they rest including beliefs about the nature and role of education in society. It then proposes a ‘natural science’ paradigm and its implications for establishing a coherent view of teacher education. Subsequent chapters indicate the professional implications of such a model.

Education and the Social Condition RLE Edu L

Author: Harold Silver
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136461388
Format: PDF
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This book reviews the educational experience of the 1960s and 1970s and to suggest ways of approaching major contemporary themes such as equality, accountability and standards. The author underlines a nineteenth and twentieth-century sociological tradition in analysing education and covers a range of educational themes including aspects of schooling and higher education, education as social policy, knowledge as power, and teaching and adolescence. He draws on the social history of many of the processes, concepts and debates. Parts of the book derive from research into the history and contemporary forms of these problems in the USA. The volume therefore illuminates important contemporary issues in education and society by using historical, sociological and comparative insights.

Advances in Teacher Education RLE Edu N

Author: V A McClelland
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136453415
Format: PDF
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During the 1980s, Britain’s educational system was restructured and redirected. Of the many changes which were made, perhaps the most far-reaching have affected the education of teachers themselves.The contributors to this book have all been centrally involved in the reforming process of teacher education, as providers, assessors, or practitioners, and it is as such that they reflect upon the significant features of the changes in teacher education, while assessing the fulfilment of the initial promise. The book analyses recent advances in teacher education, especially the trend towards improved teacher awareness and explains the application of new ideas in education, considering their political causes and effects. The first critical appraisal of the Thatcherite reform of teacher education, this book also provides an up-to-date examination of the support services for teachers in-service, and shows what is amiss with the government’s strategies for in-service training.With its clear insights into the pressing concerns of teacher education today, Advances in Teacher Education will be an invaluable resource base for students, teachers, lectures, and educational administrators as they attempt to understand the motivation and stresses of teacher reform.

Community Hierarchy and Open Education RLE Edu L

Author: Gary Easthope
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136463135
Format: PDF, ePub
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The book describes the English school, especially the secondary school, as a hierarchical community in which the head-teacher (principal) is an autocratic ruler. After explaining how that particular organisation of the school developed historically from the market situation faced by the English public (i.e. private) schools in the developing industrial society of the nineteenth century it provides empirical evidence demonstrating that the hierarchies of knowledge, teachers and students that developed then were still in place when the book was published in 1975. They are still present today. It also looks at the challenges to the school as a hierarchical community presented by the ideologies of deschooling, progressive education and open education. Finally, it provides an explanation of why these ideologies were never put into practice in English schools despite some pioneering exemplars. Although first published over thirty-five years ago the issues examined in it raise questions that are still central to education today: Does size of school affect the commitment of teachers to the school, their colleagues and their students? How can the teaching staff be organised in a school? Do all need to work to the same ends? What is the role of leadership from the head-teacher (principal) in this? Is it possible to have a curriculum that is open without losing rigour? What should be the relationship between using local community knowledge and the educational wish to extend students’ horizons? The result is a short, nuanced, and densely argued text that demands thought and reflection from any contemporary educator.

Social Control and Education RLE Edu L

Author: Brian Davies
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136470697
Format: PDF, Docs
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Social control is a central sociological concept which has generated many influential ‘models’ of man in society. This book examines these major models, and examines the rise of compulsory schooling in Britain and the USA and shows us which aspects of education and social control have been elaborated or neglected in the sociology of education down to the mid 1970s.