Knoten und Kanten

Author: Markus Gamper
Publisher: transcript Verlag
ISBN: 3839413117
Format: PDF
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Globalisierung heißt Vernetzung! Wir leben in einer »Netzwerkgesellschaft«, in der Akteure durch Beziehungen in soziale und wirtschaftliche Zusammenhänge eingebettet sind. Ein Ansatz der Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaften, der sich bei der Erforschung dieser Phänomene als weiterführend erwiesen hat, ist die soziale Netzwerkanalyse. Sie erklärt die Möglichkeiten und Grenzen individuellen Verhaltens oder die Herausbildung von Strukturen. Die interdisziplinären Beiträge dieses Bandes - theoretische Einführungstexte sowie einschlägige Forschungsarbeiten aus der Wirtschafts- und Migrationsforschung - gehen den Fragen nach, was soziale Netzwerke sind, welche Wirkungen sie haben und welche Handlungsspielräume sie bieten.

Measurements in the Social Sciences

Author: Hubert M. Blalock
Publisher: AldineTransaction
ISBN: 9780202302720
Format: PDF, Docs
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Among the frustrations constantly confronting the social scientist are those associated with the general process of measurement. The importance of good measurement has long been recognized in principle, but it has often been neglected in practice in many of the social sciences. Now that the methodological tools of multivariate analysis, simultaneous-equation estimation, and causal modeling are diffused more widely into the social sciences, and now that the very serious implications of random and non-random measurement errors are being systematically investigated, it is all the more important that social scientists give top priority to the quality of their data and the clarity of their theoretical conceptualizations, as well as to methods for analyzing fallible data. This book deals with selected problems of measurement and is written for graduate students and professional social scientists, particularly in the technically less developed fields of sociology, political science and anthropology. The book is organized so that, in general, one proceeds from problems of data collection to those of data analysis. It is not intended to be a complete work covering all types of measurement problems that have arisen in the social sciences. Instead, it represents a series of studies of topics that are deemed to be crucial for the advancement of social science research but which have not received sufficient attention in most of the social sciences. The basic purpose is to stimulate further methodological research on measurement and to study the ways in which knowledge that has been accumulated in some fields may be generalized so that it may be applied to others. The book is divided into three major parts. Part I is concerned with applying scaling approaches developed in psychometrics to problems that arise in other social sciences. The focus is on finding better ways to ask questions of respondents so as to raise the level of measurement above that of simple ordinal scales. Part II focuses on multiple-indicator theory and strategies as applied to relatively complex models and to change data. In this section the emphasis shifts to how one analyzes fallible data through the construction of explicit measurement-error models. Part III deals with the statistical analysis of ordinal data, including the interpretation and empirical behaviors of various ordinal measures of association. The final chapter (written by the editor) discusses how ordered-metric assumptions may be used to make more powerful predictions than those characterizing much of contemporary social science. H.M. Blalock, Jr. (1926-1991) was Professor, Department of Sociology, the University of Washington, Seattle. He was recipient of the 1973 ASA Samuel Stouffer Prize, and was a Fellow of the American Statistical Association and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and is a member of the National Academy of Sciences. He was the 70th president of the American Sociological Association.

Doing Cross Cultural Research

Author: Pranee Liamputtong
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402085672
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Conducting cross-cultural research is rife with methodological, ethical and moral challenges. Researchers are challenged with many issues in carrying out their research with people in cross-cultural arenas. In this book, I attempt to bring together salient issues for the conduct of culturally appropriate research. The task of undertaking cross-cultural research can present researchers with unique opportunities, and yet dilemmas. The book will provide some thought-provoking points so that our research may proceed relatively well and yet ethical in our approach. The subject of the book is on the ethical, methodological, political understanding and practical procedures in undertaking cross-cultural research. The book will bring readers through a series of questions: who am I working with? What ethical and moral considerations do I need to observe? How should I conduct the research which is culturally appropriate to the needs of people I am researching? How do I deal with language issues? How will I negotiate access? And what research methods should I apply to ensure a successful research process? The book is intended for postgraduate students who are undertaking research as part of their degrees. It is also intended for researchers who are working in cross-cultural studies and in poor nations.

Sourcebook of Family Theory and Research

Author: Vern L. Bengtson
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780761930655
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Sponsored by the National Council on Family Relations, the Sourcebook of Family Theory and Research is the reference work on theory and methods for family scholars and students around the world. This volume provides a diverse, eclectic, and paradoxically mature approach to theorizing and demonstrates how the development of theory is crucial to the future of family research. The Sourcebook reflects an interactive approach that focuses on the process of theory building and designing research, thereby engaging readers in "doing" theory rather than simply reading about it. An accompanying Web site, http://www.ncfr.org/sourcebook, offers additional participation and interaction in the process of doing theory and making science.