Solid liquid Filtration

Author: Trevor Sparks
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080971148
Format: PDF
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Exploring the success factors that combine to deliver this performance. Finding ways to get more from your processes, with examples, case studies and scenarios. Solid-Liquid Filtration is a crucial step in the production of virtually everything in our daily lives, from metals, plastics and pigments through to foods (and crockery) and medicines. Using a practical and applied approach, Trevor Sparks has created a guide that chemical and process engineers can use to help them: Understand how filtration processes affect production processes, production costs, product quality, environmental impact and productivity Optimise process development and project execution, with real examples and supporting software forms and tools. Develop reporting tools to monitor processes, and find ways to get more from processes This book's focus is helping process engineers understand their filtration processes better. Its accessible approach and style make it a valuable resource for anyone working in this sector, regardless of prior knowledge or experience. About the author Trevor Sparks PhD., founder of Filter-Ability Ltd, Ireland, is a consultant within the filtration industry, working for end-users and technology-providers. He has worked in the process industries for 20 years and has focussed on filtration for the last 15 of these. He has previously worked for BHR Group Limited, Larox Oyj (now a part of Outotec), Finland, and as a Marie-Curie Research Fellow at UC RUSAL in Ireland. He is a Member of the Council of the Filtration Society. Several examples and scenarios are provided throughout the book in order to help engineers understand the importance of filtration and the effect that it has on the bottom-line. Covers methods for optimizing processes, include process variable, plus laboratory testing, modeling and process troubleshooting Accompanied by optimization software that enables readers to model and plan optimal filtration processes and set ups for their particular circumstance.

Coal Processing and Utilization

Author: D.V. Subba Rao
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498778593
Format: PDF
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This book is a direct outgrowth of classes that the authors gave over a period of three decades to a university audience taking a Mineral Beneficiation course as a major that included coal processing and utilization. It is designed to be used as a student’s (or layman’s) first introduction to coal processing and utilization, motivating the concepts before illustrating them by means of concrete situations. As such, this book gives an integrated overview of coal processing and utilization along with clean coal technology, presenting all the basic principles, theory and practice in a systematic way. Every topic covered is dealt with in a self-explanatory manner so that any new reader may find this book interesting and easy to understand. The book makes available the hard core of fundamentals of coal processing and utilization in a form which is general enough to meet the needs of many and yet is unburdened by excess baggage best discussed in research journals. The salient feature is that all the technical terminology used in this book has been sufficiently explained in order to allow the reader to understand the concepts effectively without needing to consult additional literature. Problems are introduced not so much to be solved as to be tackled. Some of them are included to lay the ground work for the subsequent theory and will help the readers in teaching, research and operating plants. Overall, this book will be of interest to professionals and engineers in the fields of energy, mining, mineral, metallurgical and geological engineering, as well as to engineering geologists and earth sciences professionals.

Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists

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ISBN:
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The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists is the premier public resource on scientific and technological developments that impact global security. Founded by Manhattan Project Scientists, the Bulletin's iconic "Doomsday Clock" stimulates solutions for a safer world.

Liquid Filtration

Author: Nicholas P Cheremisinoff
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080510361
Format: PDF, Docs
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Liquid Filtration is a state-of-the-art review of liquid filtration in the chemical process and allied industries. Interpretations of the phenomenological observations of the hydrodynamics of filtration are given in the hopes of establishing more theoretical and generalized bases of design methodology. Specific design and selection criteria are reviewed, and typical industrial problems and their solutions are presented. Nicholas Cheremisinoff is known internationally as one of the foremost engineers with Exxon and as the author of numerous books, articles and periodical contributions. Most recently his international consulting role has seen him active the Ukraine, part of the former Soviet Union, where the modernising of these industrial processes has been key. Liquid Filtration is a fundamental unit operation extensively practiced throughout the chemical process, petroleum, and allied industries. It involves the separation, removal, and collection of a discrete phase of matter existing in a dispersed or colloidal state in suspension. This separation is most often performed in the presence of a complex media structure in which physical, physiochemical and/or electrokinetic forces interact. Guide to an essential industrial operation Single reference source for many industries Author has world-wide experience and reputation

Sustainable Development of Algal Biofuels in the United States

Author: Committee on the Sustainable Development of Algal Biofuels
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309260329
Format: PDF
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Biofuels made from algae are gaining attention as a domestic source of renewable fuel. However, with current technologies, scaling up production of algal biofuels to meet even 5 percent of U.S. transportation fuel needs could create unsustainable demands for energy, water, and nutrient resources. Continued research and development could yield innovations to address these challenges, but determining if algal biofuel is a viable fuel alternative will involve comparing the environmental, economic and social impacts of algal biofuel production and use to those associated with petroleum-based fuels and other fuel sources. Sustainable Development of Algal Biofuels was produced at the request of the U.S. Department of Energy.

Riverbank Filtration

Author: C. Ray
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0306481545
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Chittaranjan Ray, Ph. D. , P. E. University of Hawaii at Mãnoa Honolulu, Hawaii, United States Jürgen Schubert, M. Sc. Stadtwerke Düsseldorf AG Düsseldorf, Germany Ronald B. Linsky National Water Research Institute Fountain Valley, California, United States Gina Melin National Water Research Institute Fountain Valley, California, United States 1. What is Riverbank Filtration? The purpose ofthis book is to show that riverbank filtration (RBF) isa low-cost and efficient alternative water treatment for drinking-water applications. There are two immediate benefits to the increased use of RBF: Minimized need for adding chemicals like disinfectants and coagulants to surface water to control pathogens. Decreased costs to the community without increased risk to human health. Butwhat,exactly, isRBF? In humid regions, river water naturally percolates through the ground into aquifers (which are layers of sand and gravel that contain water underground) during high-flow conditions. In arid regions, most rivers lose flow, and the percolating water passes through soil and aquifer material until it reaches the water table. During these percolation processes, potential contaminants present in river water are filtered and attenuated. If there are no other contaminants present in the aquifer or ifthe respective contaminants are present at lower concentrations, the quality of water in the aquifer can be ofhigher quality than that found in theriver. In RBF, production wells — which are placed near the banks ofrivers —pump large quantities ofwater.

Manual of Environmental Microbiology

Author: Christon J. Hurst
Publisher: American Society for Microbiology Press
ISBN: 1555813798
Format: PDF, Docs
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The most definitive manual of microbes in air, water, and soil and their impact on human health and welfare. • Incorporates a summary of the latest methodology used to study the activity and fate of microorganisms in various environments. • Synthesizes the latest information on the assessment of microbial presence and microbial activity in natural and artificial environments. • Features a section on biotransformation and biodegradation. • Serves as an indispensable reference for environmental microbiologists, microbial ecologists, and environmental engineers, as well as those interested in human diseases, water and wastewater treatment, and biotechnology.

Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists

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Publisher:
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists is the premier public resource on scientific and technological developments that impact global security. Founded by Manhattan Project Scientists, the Bulletin's iconic "Doomsday Clock" stimulates solutions for a safer world.

Organic Fertilizers

Author: Rajeev Pratap Singh
Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated
ISBN: 9781620814222
Format: PDF, ePub
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Organic fertiliser refers to materials used as fertiliser that occur regularly in nature, usually as a by product or end product of a naturally occurring process. Organic fertilisers such as manure have been used in agriculture for thousands of years; ancient farmers did not understand the chemistry involved, but they did recognise the benefit of providing their crops with organic material. Interest in organic farming is growing world-wide as sustainable agricultural practice nowadays. Organic fertilisers are sustained sources of nutrients due to slow release during decomposition. By increasing soil organic matter, organic farming can reinstate the natural fertility of the damaged soil, which will improve the crop productivity to feed the growing population. Organic fertilisers enhance the natural soil processes, which have long-term effects on soil fertility. The book is a very valuable compilation in this direction.