Solid State Physics of Finite Systems

Author: R.A. Broglia
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3662099381
Format: PDF
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Quantum mechanics is the set of laws of physics which, to the best of our knowledge, provides a complete account of the microworld. One of its chap ters, quantum electrodynamics (QED), is able to account for the quantal phenomena of relevance to daily life (electricity, light, liquids and solids, etc.) with great accuracy. The language of QED, field theory, has proved to be uni versal providing the theoretical basis to describe the behaviour of many-body systems. In particular finite many-body systems (FMBS) like atomic nuclei, metal clusters, fullerenes, atomic wires, etc. That is, systems made out of a small number of components. The properties of FMBS are expected to be quite different from those of bulk matter, being strongly conditioned by quantal size effects and by the dynamical properties of the surface of these systems. The study of the elec tronic and of the collective behaviour (plasmons and phonons) of FMBS and of their interweaving, making use of well established first principle quantum (field theoretical) techniques, is the main subject of the present monograph. The interest for the study of FMBS was clearly stated by Feynman in his address to the American Physical Society with the title "There is plenty of room at the bottom". On this occasion he said among other things: "When we get to the very, very small world - say circuits of seven atoms - we have a lot of new things that would happen that represent completely new opportunities for design" [1].

Solid State Physics

Author: Giuseppe Grosso (físico)
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 012304460X
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Although there are many books published in solid state physics, there is a wide gap between the active field of research and the concepts traditionally taught in solid state courses. This book fills that gap. The style is tutorial, simple, and completely self-contained. Solid State Physicsexplains to readers the newest advances in the area of condensed matter physics with rigorous, but lucid mathematics. Examples are an integral part of the text, and they are carefully designed to apply the fundamental principles illustrated in the text to currently active topics of research. Key Features * Bridges the gap between fundamental principles and active fields of reserch, including explanations of all the latest advances * Provides an in-depth treatment of current research topics * Examples are integral to the text and apply fundamental principles to current topics of research * Both authors have many years of experience of teaching at a variety of levels--undergraduate, post-graduate, tutorial workshops and seminars

On Clusters and Clustering

Author: P.J. Reynolds
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483297527
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book attempts to answer why there is so much interest in clusters. Clusters occur on all length scales, and as a result occur in a variety of fields. Clusters are interesting scientifically, but they also have important consequences technologically. The division of the book into three parts roughly separates the field into small, intermediate, and large-scale clusters. Small clusters are the regime of atomic and molecular physics and chemistry. The intermediate regime is the transitional regime, with its characteristics including the onset of bulk-like behavior, growth and aggregation, and the beginning of materials properties. Large-scale clusters reflect more condensed-matter and materials science aspects and it is in this regime that fractals make their most dramatic appearance. This well-integrated and pedagogical overview of the wide field of clusters in which both theoretical and experimental work is covered, will be of interest not only to students, advanced undergraduates and graduate students, but also to researchers in the various subfields surveyed.

One Dimensional Metals

Author: Siegmar Roth
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527335579
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Low-dimensional solids are of fundamental interest in materials science due to their anisotropic properties. Written not only for experts in the field, this book explains the important concepts behind their physics and surveys the most interesting one-dimensional systems and discusses their present and emerging applications in molecular scale electronics. Chemists, polymer and materials scientists as well as students will find this book a very readable introduction to the solid-state physics of electronic materials. In this completely revised and expanded third edition the authors also cover graphene as one of the most important research topics in the field of low dimensional materials for electronic applications. In addition, the topics of nanotubes and nanoribbons are widely enlarged to reflect the research advances of the last years.

Surface Science

Author: K. Oura
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3662051796
Format: PDF, ePub
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The most important aspects of modern surface science are covered. All topics are presented in a concise and clear form accessible to a beginner. At the same time, the coverage is comprehensive and at a high technical level, with emphasis on the fundamental physical principles. Numerous examples, references, practice exercises, and problems complement this remarkably complete treatment, which will also serve as an excellent reference for researchers and practitioners. The textbook is idea for students in engineering and physical sciences.

Carbyne and Carbynoid Structures

Author: R.B. Heimann
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401147426
Format: PDF, ePub
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This is a book on one of the most fascinating and controversial areas in contemporary science of carbon, chemistry, and materials science. It concisely summarizes the state of the art in topical and critical reviews written by professionals in this and related fields.

Physics of Low Dimensional Systems

Author: J.L. Morán-López
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0306471116
Format: PDF
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Oaxaca, Mexico, was the place chosen by a large international group of scientists to meet and discuss on the recent advances on the understanding of the physical prop- ties of low dimensional systems; one of the most active fields of research in condensed matter in the last years. The International Symposium on the Physics of Low Dim- sions took place in January 16-20, 2000. The group of scientists converging into the historical city of Oaxaca, in the state of the same name, had come from Argentina, Chile, Venezuela, several places in Mexico, Canada, U. S. A. , England, France, Italy, Germany, Russia, and Switzerland. The presentations at the workshop provided sta- of-art reviews of many of the most important problems, currently under study. Equally important to all the participants in the workshop was the fact that we had come to honor a friend, Hans Christoph Siegmann, on his sixty-fifth birthday. This Festschrift recognizes the intellectual leadership of Professor Siegmann in the field and as a sincere homage to his qualities as an exceptional friend, college and mentor. Those who have had the privilege to work closely with Hans Christoph have been deeply impressed by his remarkable analytic mind as well as by his out of range kindness and generosity. Hans Christoph has contributed to the understanding of the difficult and very important problem of the magnetic properties of finite systems: surfaces, thin films, heterostructures.

Polyynes

Author: Franco Cataldo
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420027581
Format: PDF
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Polyynes: Synthesis, Properties, and Applications compiles information found scattered throughout the literature in inorganic, organic, and polymer chemistry into one cohesive volume. In addition to being a precursor of fullerenes, polyynes are one of the key precursors in the formation of soot and carbon dust, or elemental carbon in the galaxy, and their properties can be linked to interstellar band phenomena and other astrophysical behavior. More than 1,000 organic molecules produced by plants, fungi, and other microorganisms are also classified as polyynes, playing a biological role in nature that may be used in the treatment of diseases as antibiotics, anticancer, or anti-infective agents. Polyynes: Synthesis, Properties, and Applications covers breakthrough discoveries, particularly the simplified synthesis of polyynes in solution stabilized by using appropriate end groups and carbon films achieved using chemical, electrochemical, and other sophisticated techniques. The book explains in great detail the conditions, apparatus, and experimental procedures to synthesize polyynes with consistent and reproducible results. By presenting new and unpublished results along with recent discoveries and theories, Polyynes: Synthesis, Properties, and Applications reflects the thriving research status of polyynes in various disciplines as well as new ideas and guidelines for future research, discoveries, and applications of these molecules.

Analysis and Control of Ultrafast Photoinduced Reactions

Author: Oliver Kühn
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540680381
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book summarizes several years of research carried out by a collaboration of many groups on ultrafast photochemical reactions. It emphasizes the analysis and characterization of the nuclear dynamics within molecular systems in various environments induced by optical excitations and the study of the resulting molecular dynamics by further interaction with an optical field.