Song in a Weary Throat Memoir of an American Pilgrimage

Author: Pauli Murray
Publisher: Liveright Publishing
ISBN: 1631494597
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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A prophetic memoir by the activist who “articulated the intellectual foundations” (The New Yorker) of the civil rights and women’s rights movements. First published posthumously in 1987, Pauli Murray’s Song in a Weary Throat was critically lauded, winning the Robert F. Kennedy Book Award and the Lillian Smith Book Award among other distinctions. Yet Murray’s name and extraordinary influence receded from view in the intervening years; now they are once again entering the public discourse. At last, with the republication of this “beautifully crafted” memoir, Song in a Weary Throat takes its rightful place among the great civil rights autobiographies of the twentieth century. In a voice that is energetic, wry, and direct, Murray tells of a childhood dramatically altered by the sudden loss of her spirited, hard-working parents. Orphaned at age four, she was sent from Baltimore to segregated Durham, North Carolina, to live with her unflappable Aunt Pauline, who, while strict, was liberal-minded in accepting the tomboy Pauli as “my little boy-girl.” In fact, throughout her life, Murray would struggle with feelings of sexual “in-betweenness”—she tried unsuccessfully to get her doctors to give her testosterone—that today we would recognize as a transgendered identity. We then follow Murray north at the age of seventeen to New York City’s Hunter College, to her embrace of Gandhi’s Satyagraha—nonviolent resistance—and south again, where she experienced Jim Crow firsthand. An early Freedom Rider, she was arrested in 1940, fifteen years before Rosa Parks’ disobedience, for sitting in the whites-only section of a Virginia bus. Murray’s activism led to relationships with Thurgood Marshall and Eleanor Roosevelt—who respectfully referred to Murray as a “firebrand”—and propelled her to a Howard University law degree and a lifelong fight against "Jane Crow" sexism. We also read Betty Friedan’s enthusiastic response to Murray’s call for an NAACP for Women—the origins of NOW. Murray sets these thrilling high-water marks against the backdrop of uncertain finances, chronic fatigue, and tragic losses both private and public, as Patricia Bell-Scott’s engaging introduction brings to life. Now, more than thirty years after her death in 1985, Murray—poet, memoirist, lawyer, activist, and Episcopal priest—gains long-deserved recognition through a rediscovered memoir that serves as a “powerful witness” (Brittney Cooper) to a pivotal era in the American twentieth century.

Argula von Grumbach

Author: Peter Matheson
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
ISBN: 3525550723
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Argula von Grumbach, geb. von Stauff, war die erste Reformatorin in Europa, ihrer Zeit weit voraus. Sie wuchs in einem intellektuell offenen, hochadeligen Haushalt auf. Ihre „Universität“ war der Münchener Hof. Als Mutter von vier Kindern sah sie entsetzt zu, als 1523 der Student Arsacius Seehofer von den Ingolstädter Theologen gezwungen wurde, seinen evangelischen Glauben öffentlich zu leugnen. In bisher unerhörter Weise forderte sie die Theologen auf, mit ihr, einer Laiin, öffentlich zu debattieren, um ihr intolerantes Benehmen biblisch zu rechtfertigen. Dieser sensationelle Brief wurde innerhalb eines Jahres 16-mal gedruckt. Es folgten sieben andere Flugschriften. Dafür wurde Argula von Grumbach gehasst, aber auch gefeiert – unter anderen von Martin Luther, mit dem sie langjährig korrespondierte. Sie erschien auf den Reichstagen in Nürnberg und Augsburg, wo sie die protestantischen Fürsten ermahnte, standhaft zu bleiben. Sie etablierte ein Netzwerk an Unterstützern und gründete später evangelische Gemeinden in Franken. Couragiert im Denken und Handeln war sie sprachlich, geistlich und politisch ein Mensch für alle Zeiten.

Words of Witness

Author: Angela A. Ards
Publisher: University of Wisconsin Pres
ISBN: 029930504X
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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A literary and political genealogy of the last half-century, Words of Witness explores black feminist autobiographical narratives--in particular by June Jordan, Edwidge Danticat, Melba Beals, Rosemary Bray, and Eisa Davis--in the context of activism and history since the landmark 1954 segregation case, Brown vs. the Board of Education.

Jane Crow

Author: Rosalind Rosenberg
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190656476
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Throughout her prodigious life, activist and lawyer Pauli Murray systematically fought against all arbitrary distinctions in society, channeling her outrage at the discrimination she faced to make America a more democratic country. In this definitive biography, Rosalind Rosenberg offers a poignant portrait of a figure who played pivotal roles in both the modern civil rights and women's movements. A mixed-race orphan, Murray grew up in segregated North Carolina before escaping to New York, where she attended Hunter College and became a labor activist in the 1930s. When she applied to graduate school at the University of North Carolina, where her white great-great-grandfather had been a trustee, she was rejected because of her race. She went on to graduate first in her class at Howard Law School, only to be rejected for graduate study again at Harvard University this time on account of her sex. Undaunted, Murray forged a singular career in the law. In the 1950s, her legal scholarship helped Thurgood Marshall challenge segregation head-on in the landmark Brown v. Board of Education case. When appointed by Eleanor Roosevelt to the President's Commission on the Status of Women in 1962, she advanced the idea of Jane Crow, arguing that the same reasons used to condemn race discrimination could be used to battle gender discrimination. In 1965, she became the first African American to earn a JSD from Yale Law School and the following year persuaded Betty Friedan to found an NAACP for women, which became NOW. In the early 1970s, Murray provided Ruth Bader Ginsburg with the argument Ginsburg used to persuade the Supreme Court that the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution protects not only blacks but also women - and potentially other minority groups - from discrimination. By that time, Murray was a tenured history professor at Brandeis, a position she left to become the first black woman ordained a priest by the Episcopal Church in 1976. Murray accomplished all this while struggling with issues of identity. She believed from childhood she was male and tried unsuccessfully to persuade doctors to give her testosterone. While she would today be identified as transgender, during her lifetime no social movement existed to support this identity. She ultimately used her private feelings of being "in-between" to publicly contend that identities are not fixed, an idea that has powered campaigns for equal rights in the United States for the past half-century.

Dienstags bei Morrie

Author: Mitch Albom
Publisher: Distribooks
ISBN: 9783442451753
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Der Soziologieprofessor Morrie Schwartz erfährt, dass er höchstens noch zwei Jahre zu leben hat. Die Diagnose, eine schwere Erkrankung des Nervensystems, lässt keine Hoffnung auf Heilung. Statt darüber zu verzweifeln und sich ganz in sich selbst zurückzuziehen, macht Morrie es sich zur Aufgabe, seine letzten Monate so sinnvoll und produktiv wie möglich zu verbringen. Während er den schleichenden Verfall seines Körpers erlebt, sprüht sein Geist vor Ideen. Sein Leben war immer vom Mitgefühl für andere bestimmt, und auch jetzt möchte er andere Menschen an seiner Erfahrung Teil haben lassen: an seiner Lebenserfahrung ebenso wie an der Erfahrung, dem Tod entgegen zu gehen, die ihn viele neue Einsichten über das Leben gewinnen lässt. Den Kontakt zu seinem Lieblingsprofessor hatte der erfolgreiche Sportjournalist Mitch Albom eigentlich aufrecht erhalten wollen. Sechzehn Jahre nach seinem Collegeabschluss erfährt er durch Zufall von Morries schwerer Krankheit und stattet dem alten Herrn einen Besuch ab. Ein Pflichttermin in dem prall gefüllten Kalender des Journalisten, der im Laufe der Zeit seine Träume gegen ein gut bezahltes Leben im fünften Gang eingetauscht hatte. Mitch verlässt das Haus tief beeindruckt von der Gelassenheit, ja sogar Heiterkeit, mit der Morrie seine Krankheit erlebt und seinem Tod entgegensieht - dieser feiert zum Beispiel seine Beerdigung zu Lebzeiten, um die Trauer und die ihm gebührende Anerkennung persönlich zu erfahren. Durch einen Streik an seiner Arbeit gehindert und zum Nachdenken gebracht, macht sich Mitch ein zweites Mal und schließlich regelmäßig jeden Dienstag auf den Weg zu seinem wiedergefundenen Professor. So beginnt der letzte gemeinsame Kurs. Die Gesprächsthemen zwischen Lehrer und Schüler berühren die fundamentalen Fragen unseres Daseins: Es geht um das Leben und seinen Sinn, das Sterben, die Liebe, den Erfolg, Gefühle wie Reue und Selbstmitleid, Familie, das Älterwerden ...

Eleanor Roosevelt Volume 3

Author: Blanche Wiesen Cook
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 0735221189
Format: PDF
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One of the New York Times's 100 Notable Books of 2016 One of NPR's 10 Best Books of 2016 "Heartachingly relevant...the Eleanor Roosevelt who inhabits these meticulously crafted pages transcends both first-lady history and the marriage around which Roosevelt scholarship has traditionally pivoted." -- The Wall Street Journal The final volume in the definitive biography of America's greatest first lady. “Monumental and inspirational…Cook skillfully narrates the epic history of the war years… [a] grand biography.” -- The New York Times Book Review Historians, politicians, critics, and readers everywhere have praised Blanche Wiesen Cook’s biography of Eleanor Roosevelt as the essential portrait of a woman who towers over the twentieth century. The third and final volume takes us through World War II, FDR’s death, the founding of the UN, and Eleanor Roosevelt’s death in 1962. It follows the arc of war and the evolution of a marriage, as the first lady realized the cost of maintaining her principles even as the country and her husband were not prepared to adopt them. Eleanor Roosevelt continued to struggle for her core issues—economic security, New Deal reforms, racial equality, and rescue—when they were sidelined by FDR while he marshaled the country through war. The chasm between Eleanor and Franklin grew, and the strains on their relationship were as political as they were personal. She also had to negotiate the fractures in the close circle of influential women around her at Val-Kill, but through it she gained confidence in her own vision, even when forced to amend her agenda when her beliefs clashed with government policies on such issues as neutrality, refugees, and eventually the threat of communism. These years—the war years—made Eleanor Roosevelt the woman she became: leader, visionary, guiding light. FDR’s death in 1945 changed her world, but she was far from finished, returning to the spotlight as a crucial player in the founding of the United Nations. This is a sympathetic but unblinking portrait of a marriage and of a woman whose passion and commitment has inspired generations of Americans to seek a decent future for all people. Modest and self-deprecating, a moral force in a turbulent world, Eleanor Roosevelt was unique.

Kaltbl tig

Author: Truman Capote
Publisher: Kein & Aber AG
ISBN: 3036992340
Format: PDF
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Im November 1959 wird in Holcomb, Kansas, die vierköpfige Familie Clutter brutal ermordet. Wenige Wochen später werden die Täter Dick Hickock und Perry Smith auf der Flucht geschnappt. Truman Capote erfährt aus der New York Times von dem Verbrechen und beschließt, am Tatort zu recherchieren. Er spricht mit Bekannten und Freunden der Familie, mit der Polizei. Schließlich erhält er Gelegenheit, mit den beiden Mördern zu reden. Mit der Zeit gelingt es ihm, so viel Nähe zu ihnen herzustellen, dass sie ihm präzise Innenansichten ihrer Seele erlauben. Fast sechs Jahre nach ihrer Tat begleitet er sie bis an den Galgen. Capotes herausragende Rekonstruktion eines Mordes wurde eine Sensation und begründete ein neues literarisches Genre: die "non-fiction novel", den Tatsachenroman. In einer atemberaubenden Sprache erzählt er, wie aus Menschen Mörder werden. Mit Kaltblütig landete Capote einen internationalen Bestseller.

Integrating the Sixties

Author: Brian Balogh
Publisher: Penn State Press
ISBN: 9780271044651
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Each essay in this volume sheds light on an important aspect of the decade&—actually a decade and half&—known as the Sixties. The Sixties are famous for the diverse social movements that threatened the essence of American public policy and mainstream society and changed those very entities in fundamental ways. These essays juxtapose the dramatic narratives of social movements, including civil rights, women's liberation, and antiwar protest, and the Cold War liberalism that spawned them. The contributors are two political scientists, several historians influenced by the social sciences, and the senior staff attorney for the NOW Legal Defense and Education Fund. Contributors are Brian Balogh, Hugh He&člo, Martha Derthick, Daryl Michael Scott, W. J. Rorabaugh, Martha F. Davis, and Louis Galambos.