Spatial Filtering for the Control of Smart Structures

Author: James E. Hubbard
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642038044
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
What follows is my personal perspective on early events that played a signi?cant role in the formation of the ?eld now known as Smart Structures. It is by no means meant to be all inclusive or de?nitive in any way, but merely an account of personal experiences that ultimately lead to the development of the material contained and presented herein. On March 23, 1983 then President Ronald Reagan announced his intentions to develop a new system to reduce the threat of nuclear attack and end the strategy of mutual deterrence in an address to the nation entitled, Address to the Nation on Defense and National Security. The system he proposed became known as “Star Wars,” after the popular movie, because it was meant to provide a protective shield over the nation from space. His speech mobilized the entire nation on a research and development path toward this end. Investigations were conducted into new areas such as space based radar, large aperture antennae and large ?exible mirror concepts. These proposed systems r- resented an entirely new class of structures that proved to provide new challenges in materials, structures, control systems and modeling. For example antennae needed to monitor large areas of real estate in the continental United States required ap- tures on the order of 100 m.

Dynamics of Smart Structures

Author: Ranjan Vepa
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470710616
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
Dynamics of Smart Structures is a practical, concise and integrated text that provides an introduction to the fundamental principles of a field that has evolved over the recent years into an independent and identifiable subject area. Bringing together the concepts, techniques and systems associated with the dynamics and control of smart structures, it comprehensively reviews the differing smart materials that are employed in the development of the smart structures and covers several recent developments in the field of structural dynamics. Dynamics of Smart Structures has been developed to complement the author's new interdisciplinary programme of study at Queen Mary, University of London that includes courses on emerging and new technologies such as biomimetic robotics, smart composite structures, micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) and their applications and prosthetic control systems. It includes chapters on smart materials and structures, transducers for smart structures, fundamentals of structural control, dynamics of continuous structures, dynamics of plates and plate-like structures, dynamics of piezoelectric media, mechanics of electro-actuated composite structures, dynamics of thermo-elastic media: shape memory alloys, and controller designs for flexible structures.

Advances in Smart Technologies in Structural Engineering

Author: Jan Holnicki-Szulc
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3662056151
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
This book collects invited lectures presented and discussed on the AMAS & ECCOMAS Workshop/Thematic Conference SMART'o3. The SMART'o3 Conference on Smart Materials and Structures was held in a 19th century palace in Jadwisin near Warsaw, 2-5 September 2003, Poland .It was organized by the Advanced Materials and Structures (AMAS) Centre of Excellence at the Institute of Fundamental Technological Research (IFTR) in Warsaw,ECCOMAS - European Community on Computational Methods in Applied Sciences and SMART-TECH Centre at IFTR. The idea of the workshop was to bring together and consolidate the community of Smart Materials and Structures in Europe. The workshop was attended by 66 participants from n European countries (Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Poland, Portugal, Spain, U.K., Ukraine), 1 participant from Israel and 1 participant from the USA. The workshop program was grouped into the following major topics: 4 sessions on Structural Control (18 presentations), 3 sessions on Vibration Controland Dynamics (14 presentations), 2 sessions on Damage Identification (10 presentations), 2 sessions on Smart Materials (9 presentations). Each session was composed of an invited lecture and some contributed papers. Every paper scheduled in the program was presented, so altogether 51 presentations were given. No sessions were run in parallel. The workshop was attended not only by researchers but also by people closely related to the industry. There were interesting discussions on scientific merits of the presented papers as well as on future development of the field and its possible industrial applications.

Structronic Systems Smart Structures Devices and Systems

Author: Ardéshir Guran
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814578932
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
This book is concerned with electrostructural systems, particularly the interaction between the control of the structural and electrical (electronic) components. Structronics is a new emerging area with many potential applications in the design of high-performance structures, adaptive structures, high-precision systems, and micro-systems. As structures are increasingly being controlled by electronics, the problems of structural engineering can be separated less and less from those of electronic engineering and control engineering. This graduate-level book fills a gap in the literature by considering these problems while giving an overview of the current state of analysis, modelling and control for structronic systems. It is a coherent compendium written by leading experts in this new research area and gives readers a sophisticated toolbox that will allow them to tackle the modelling and control of smart structures. The inclusion of an extensive, up-to-date bibliography and index makes this volume an invaluable standard for professional reference. Because of the large number of contributions to the present volume, it has been subdivided into two parts, of which this is Part I. This book will be of interest to engineers, materials scientists, physicists and applied mathematicians. The synergistic integration of active (smart) materials, structures, sensors, actuators, and control electronics has redefined the concept of structures from a conventional passive elastic system to an active (life-like) structronic (structure + electronic) system with inherent self-sensing, diagnosis, and control capabilities. Because of its multi-disciplinary nature, the development of structronic systems has attracted researchers and scientists from many disciplines, such as structures, materials, control, electronics, mathematics, manufacturing, electromechanics, and mechanics. In practical applications, this new structronic system can be used as a component of high-performance machines or structural systems, or be an integrated structure itself performing designated function(s). Most common active (smart) materials, such as piezoelectrics, shape-memory alloys, electro- and magneto-strictive materials, and polyelectrolyte gels have been reviewed in Part I. Application examples are also provided and research issues reported on. While the first part focuses primarily on materials and structures, Part II emphasizes control applications and intelligent systems. With the information provided in this two-volume book, scientists and researchers can easily grasp the state of the art of smart materials and structronic systems, and are ready to pursue their own research and development endeavors. Contents:Part I: Materials and StructuresThe Piezoelectric Vibration Absorber Systems (J Holkamp & T Starchville, Jr.)Self-Sensing Control Applied to Smart Material Systems (E Garcia & L D Jones)An Introduction to Active Constrained Layer Damping Treatments (S Shen)Static and Dynamic Behavior of Adaptive Wings Carrying Externally Mounted Stores (L Librescu & O Song)Adaptive Design and Active Composite Material Systems (J Tani & J-H Qiu)Microelectromechanics and Functionality of Segmented Cylindrical Transducers (H-S Tzou et al.)Thermomechanical Modeling of Shape Memory Alloys and Composites (D Lagoudas et al.)Active-Passive Hybrid Structural Vibration Controls Via Piezoelectrical Networks (K-W Wang & S Kahn)On-Line Structural Damage Detection (H Shen)On Material Degradation and Failure of Piezoelectric Ceramics (H Sosa)Part II: Systems and ControlNear-Minimum-Time Slewing and Vibration Control of Smart Structures(Y Kim et al.)Active Polyelectrolyte Gels as Electrically Controllable Artificial Muscles and Intelligent Network Structures(M Shahinpoor)Active Dynamic Absorbers — Theory and Application(S Tewani et al.)Active Vibration Sink for Flexible Structures(C-S Chou)Distributed Modal-Space Control and Estimation with Electroelastic Applications(H Öz)Markov Parameters in System Identification: Old and New Concepts(M Q Phan et al.)Effect of System Non-Linearities on the Modified Model Reference Adaptive Control Scheme(H M Sardar & M Ahmadian)Extending Teach-Repeat to Nonholonomic Robots(S B Skaar & J-D Yoder)Dynamic Analysis and Active Vibration Control of Chain Drive Systems(C-A Tan et al.)Basic Concepts of Fault-Tolerant Computing Design(C Aktouf et al.) Readership: Applied mathematicians, applied physicists and mechanical engineers. Keywords:Structronic Systems;Smart Structures;Devices;Systems;Materials;ControlReviews: “… Professors Guran and Tzou coined the word Structronics in the early 1990s as a new discipline describing the synergetic integration of active materials, structures, sensors, actuators, and control electronics. The present two-volume set is the first comprehensive book ever published on this newly emerging area of engineering. I believe anyone who would like to know what modern science and technology can offer for the design of better structures can learn a great deal from this book. Students and educators can use it as supplemental reading in an intermediate or advanced course on Structronics, or to gain a broader knowledge of systems thinking, model materials, and structural systems. Practicing engineers wishing to consolidate their knowledge in smart technology will also find this book an invaluable reference.” Dr Bernd Schaefer Director Institute of Robotics and Mechatronics, Wessling, Germany

Vibration Control of Active Structures

Author: A. Preumont
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401156549
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
I was introduced to structural control by Raphael Haftka and Bill Hallauer during a one year stay at the Aerospace and Ocean Engineering department of Virginia Tech., during the academic year 1985-1986. At that time, there was a tremendous interest in large space structures in the USA, mainly because of the Strategic Defense Initiative and the space station program. Most of the work was theoretical or numerical, but Bill Hallauer was one of the few experimen talists trying to implement control systems which worked on actual structures. When I returned to Belgium, I was appointed at the chair of Mechanical Engi neering and Robotics at ULB, and I decided to start some basic vibration control experiments on my own. A little later, smart materials became widely available and offered completely new possibilities, particularly for precision structures, but also brought new difficulties due to the strong coupling in their constitutive equations, which requires a complete reformulation of the classical modelling techniques such as finite elements. We started in this new field with the sup port of the national and regional governments, the European Space Agency, and some bilateral collaborations with European aerospace companies. Our Active Structures Laboratory was inaugurated in October 1995.

World Forum on Smart Materials and Smart Structures Technology

Author: B.F. Spencer Jr.
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781439828441
Format: PDF, ePub
Download Now
This collection of almost 300 articles provides the critical knowledge and technological bases required for meeting one of the ultimate engineering challenges: the design and construction of smart structures and systems. It meets that trend that research in smart materials and structures seeks to apply multifunctional capabilities. Contributions deal with the use of new and existing materials to develop structures and systems that are capable of self-sensing, self-diagnosing, self-healing. Moreover such systems should be able to give adaptive responses to prevent loss and catastrophe, to minimize costs, and to prolong service life. Intended for researchers and practitioners from a broad range of disciplines. Set of book of abstracts (840 pp) and full paper, searchable CD-ROM (1994 pp).