Springer Handbook of Marine Biotechnology

Author: Se-Kwon Kim
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642539718
Format: PDF, Docs
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This Springer Handbook provides, for the first time, a complete and consistent overview over the methods, applications, and products in the field of marine biotechnology. A large portion of the surface of the earth (ca. 70%) is covered by the oceans. More than 80% of the living organisms on the earth are found in aquatic ecosystems. The aquatic systems thus constitute a rich reservoir for various chemical materials and (bio-)chemical processes. Edited by a renowned expert with a longstanding experience, and including over 60 contributions from leading international scientists, the Springer Handbook of Marine Biotechnology is a major authoritative desk reference for everyone interested or working in the field of marine biotechnology and bioprocessing - from undergraduate and graduate students, over scientists and teachers, to professionals. Marine biotechnology is concerned with the study of biochemical materials and processes from marine sources, that play a vital role in the isolation of novel drugs, and to bring them to industrial and pharmaceutical development. Today, a multitude of bioprocess techniques is employed to isolate and produce marine natural compounds, novel biomaterials, or proteins and enzymes from marine organisms, and to bring them to applications as pharmaceuticals, cosmeceuticals or nutraceuticals, or for the production of bioenergy from marine sources. All these topics are addressed by the Springer Handbook of Marine Biotechnology. The book is divided into ten parts. Each part is consistently organized, so that the handbook provides a sound introduction to marine biotechnology - from historical backgrounds and the fundamentals, over the description of the methods and technology, to their applications - but it can also be used as a reference work. Key topics include: - Marine flora and fauna - Tools and methods in marine biotechnology - Marine genomics - Marine microbiology - Bioenergy and biofuels - Marine bioproducts in industrial applications - Marine bioproducts in medical and pharmaceutical applications - and many more...

Springer Handbook of Nanotechnology

Author: Bharat Bhushan
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3662543575
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This comprehensive handbook has become the definitive reference work in the field of nanoscience and nanotechnology, and this 4th edition incorporates a number of recent new developments. It integrates nanofabrication, nanomaterials, nanodevices, nanomechanics, nanotribology, materials science, and reliability engineering knowledge in just one volume. Furthermore, it discusses various nanostructures; micro/nanofabrication; micro/nanodevices and biomicro/nanodevices, as well as scanning probe microscopy; nanotribology and nanomechanics; molecularly thick films; industrial applications and nanodevice reliability; societal, environmental, health and safety issues; and nanotechnology education. In this new edition, written by an international team of over 140 distinguished experts and put together by an experienced editor with a comprehensive understanding of the field, almost all the chapters are either new or substantially revised and expanded, with new topics of interest added. It is an essential resource for anyone working in the rapidly evolving field of key technology, including mechanical and electrical engineers, materials scientists, physicists, and chemists.

Springer Handbook of Electrochemical Energy

Author: Cornelia Breitkopf
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3662466570
Format: PDF, Docs
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This comprehensive handbook covers all fundamentals of electrochemistry for contemporary applications. It provides a rich presentation of related topics of electrochemistry with a clear focus on energy technologies. It covers all aspects of electrochemistry starting with theoretical concepts and basic laws of thermodynamics, non-equilibrium thermodynamics and multiscale modeling. It further gathers the basic experimental methods such as potentiometry, reference electrodes, ion-sensitive electrodes, voltammetry and amperometry. The contents cover subjects related to mass transport, the electric double layer, ohmic losses and experimentation affecting electrochemical reactions. These aspects of electrochemistry are especially examined in view of specific energy technologies including batteries, polymer electrolyte and biological fuel cells, electrochemical capacitors, electrochemical hydrogen production and photoelectrochemistry. Organized in six parts, the overall complexity of electrochemistry is presented and makes this handbook an authoritative reference and definitive source for advanced students, professionals and scientists particularly interested in industrial and energy applications.

Quorum Sensing and its Biotechnological Applications

Author: Vipin Chandra Kalia
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811308489
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book delves into the biotechnological applications of Quorum sensing (QS)- a peculiar gene-regulatory process of some microorganisms. Quorum Sensing allows a large bacterial population to work together in a coordinated manner to carry out metabolic activities, which individual bacterium cannot. The different chapters describe how, associating bioremediation process with energy generation is an economical proposal, for reducing pollution and managing biowastes. The book discusses how QS can be exploited for biotechnological applications in generating bioproducts, bioenergy, bioremediation, biosensors, health and agricultural activities. It further highlights how QS is becoming an integral part of synthetic biology for genetic circuits for producing: (i) novel products, (ii) biosensors, (iii) bioactive molecules, etc. The book is divided into different sections for a clear understanding of the applicability of QS in, the Environment, Energy, Agriculture and Health sectors.

Geologie Deutschlands

Author: Martin Meschede
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 366256422X
Format: PDF, Docs
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Deutschland ist vom geologischen Aufbau her sehr abwechslungsreich, wie dieses Lehrbuch in anschaulichen vierfarbigen Grafiken und auch für Nicht-Geologen verständlichen Texten vermittelt. Im Norden breitet sich die norddeutsche Tiefebene aus, die von jungen Lockersedimenten bedeckt ist. Daran schließen sich die Mittelgebirge an, in denen die ältesten Gesteine Deutschlands zu finden sind, und im Süden folgen die Alpen, ein nach geologischen Maßstäben junges Hochgebirge, mit ihrer Vorlandsenke, der alpinen Molasse. - Wie sind diese unterschiedlichen Gebirge und Landschaftsformen entstanden? - Welche Gesteine bilden den geologischen Untergrund Deutschlands? - Was ist der Grund dafür, dass Erdbeben nur in bestimmten Regionen Deutschlands auftreten? - Wo gibt es junge Vulkane und warum sind sie einst ausgebrochen? - Wie sind all diese Erscheinungen in das plattentektonische Geschehen in Mitteleuropa eingebunden? - Wie wurde schließlich die heutige Landoberfläche geformt? Auf all diese Fragen geht Martin Meschede im vorliegenden Buch ein und zeichnet die Entwicklung Deutschlands nach von seinen Anfängen auf verschiedenen Kontinenten bis hin zum heutigen Nebeneinander der unterschiedlichen Struktureinheiten.

Opportunities for Environmental Applications of Marine Biotechnology

Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309171465
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This 2-day workshop is the culmination of a study of the status and future of marine biotechnology. The overall goal of this workshop is to examine what was initially called "Opportunities for Marine Biotechnology in the United States," to consider where we are now in this field of "Environmental Marine Biotechnology," to envision the field in the future, and to discuss any impediments that might be encountered along the way. Opportunities for Environmental Applications of Marine Biotechnology: Proceedings of the October 5-6, 1999, Workshop addresses the question of where the federal government should invest its limited funds and what future initiatives should be planned.

Biotechnologie f r Einsteiger

Author: Reinhard Renneberg
Publisher: Springer Spektrum
ISBN: 9783662562833
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Die Zeit der Biotechnologie ist gekommen: Sie greift zunehmend in unser tägliches Leben ein – und dennoch fehlt nicht nur Laien, sondern oft auch Studierenden und Wissenschaftlern ein fundiertes Wissen. Abhilfe und eine Fülle von Informationen bietet das einführende Lehrbuch von Reinhard Renneberg: eine verständlich geschriebene und visuell opulent aufbereitete Gesamtschau der Biotechnologie. Sie eignet sich zum schnellen Nachschlagen und zum Schmökern ebenso wie für ein intensives Studium. Bereits die erste Ausgabe des Buches wurde begeistert aufgenommen und liegt nach knapp zwölf Jahren nun – komplett überarbeitet und um zahlreiche spannende Boxen erweitert – in der fünften Auflage vor. Wie Renneberg zeigt, kann ein wissenschaftliches Lehrbuch durchaus spannend und unterhaltsam sein. Verschiedene didaktische Elemente ergänzen den Grundtext der 5. Auflage: - Das erste Biotech-Lehrbuch der Welt mit vollständigen und kommentierten Internet-Quellen zu Filmen, Fotos, Dokumenten und Originalarbeiten - Noch mehr Boxen zu speziellen Themen und zur Geschichte vertiefen das Wissen - Meinungen von Experten veranschaulichen Standpunkte aus Forschung und Industrie - Doppelseiten mit Fotos zeigen wichtige Biotechnologie-Produkte und -Prozesse sowie daran beteiligte Wissenschaftler; Panoramatafeln fassen das Wissen zusammen - Mit dem Glossar lassen sich auch schwierige Fachbegriffe schnell nachschlagen und verstehen Wissenschaft kann Spaß machen – das vermittelt dieses Buch schon beim Durchblättern!