States and Power in Africa

Author: Jeffrey Ira Herbst
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780691010274
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Reviewed by James A. Robinson in 'Journal of Economic Literature'. Vol. 40, 2, 2002. pp. 510-519.

States and Power in Africa

Author: Jeffrey Herbst
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400841534
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Theories of international relations, assumed to be universally applicable, have failed to explain the creation of states in Africa. There, the interaction of power and space is dramatically different from what occurred in Europe. In his groundbreaking book, Jeffrey Herbst places the African state-building process in a truly comparative perspective, examining the problem of state consolidation from the precolonial period, through the short but intense interlude of European colonialism, to the modern era of independent states. Herbst's bold contention--that the conditions now facing African state-builders existed long before European penetration of the continent--is sure to provoke controversy, for it runs counter to the prevailing assumption that colonialism changed everything. In identifying how the African state-building process differs from the European experience, Herbst addresses the fundamental problem confronting African leaders: how to extend authority over sparsely settled lands. Indeed, efforts to exert control over vast, inhospitable territories of low population density and varied environmental and geographical zones have resulted in devastating wars, millions of refugees, and dysfunctional governments perpetrating destructive policies. Detailing the precise political calculations of distinct African leaders, Herbst isolates the basic dynamics of African state development. In analyzing how these leaders have attempted to consolidate power, he is able to evaluate a variety of policy alternatives for dealing with the fundamental political challenges facing African states today.

States and Power in Africa

Author: Jeffrey Ira Herbst
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691010281
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
Reviewed by James A. Robinson in 'Journal of Economic Literature'. Vol. 40, 2, 2002. pp.510-519.

States and Power in Africa

Author: Jeffrey Herbst
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400852323
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Theories of international relations, assumed to be universally applicable, have failed to explain the creation of states in Africa. There, the interaction of power and space is dramatically different from what occurred in Europe. In States and Power in Africa, Jeffrey Herbst places the African state-building process in a truly comparative perspective. Herbst's bold contention—that the conditions now facing African state-builders existed long before European penetration of the continent—is sure to provoke controversy, for it runs counter to the prevailing assumption that colonialism changed everything. This revised edition includes a new preface in which the author links the enormous changes that have taken place in Africa over the past fifteen years to long-term state consolidation. The final chapter on policy prescriptions has also been revised to reflect the evolution of African and international responses to state failure.

Citizen and Subject

Author: Mahmood Mamdani
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400889715
Format: PDF, Kindle
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In analyzing the obstacles to democratization in post- independence Africa, Mahmood Mamdani offers a bold, insightful account of colonialism's legacy--a bifurcated power that mediated racial domination through tribally organized local authorities, reproducing racial identity in citizens and ethnic identity in subjects. Many writers have understood colonial rule as either "direct" (French) or "indirect" (British), with a third variant--apartheid--as exceptional. This benign terminology, Mamdani shows, masks the fact that these were actually variants of a despotism. While direct rule denied rights to subjects on racial grounds, indirect rule incorporated them into a "customary" mode of rule, with state-appointed Native Authorities defining custom. By tapping authoritarian possibilities in culture, and by giving culture an authoritarian bent, indirect rule (decentralized despotism) set the pace for Africa; the French followed suit by changing from direct to indirect administration, while apartheid emerged relatively later. Apartheid, Mamdani shows, was actually the generic form of the colonial state in Africa. Through case studies of rural (Uganda) and urban (South Africa) resistance movements, we learn how these institutional features fragment resistance and how states tend to play off reform in one sector against repression in the other. The result is a groundbreaking reassessment of colonial rule in Africa and its enduring aftereffects. Reforming a power that institutionally enforces tension between town and country, and between ethnicities, is the key challenge for anyone interested in democratic reform in Africa.

When Things Fell Apart

Author: Robert H. Bates
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316453936
Format: PDF, ePub
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In the later decades of the twentieth century, Africa plunged into political chaos. States failed, governments became predators, and citizens took up arms. In When Things Fell Apart, Robert H. Bates advances an exploration of state failure in Africa. In so doing, he not only plumbs the depths of the continent's late-century tragedy, but also the logic of political order, and the foundations of the state. This book covers a wide range of territory by drawing on materials from Rwanda, Sudan, Liberia, and Congo. Written to be accessible to the general reader, it is nonetheless a must-read for scholars and policymakers concerned with conflict and state failure.

How Solidarity Works for Welfare

Author: Prerna Singh
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316299457
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Why are some places in the world characterized by better social service provision and welfare outcomes than others? In a world in which millions of people, particularly in developing countries, continue to lead lives plagued by illiteracy and ill-health, understanding the conditions that promote social welfare is of critical importance to political scientists and policy makers alike. Drawing on a multi-method study, from the late-nineteenth century to the present, of the stark variations in educational and health outcomes within a large, federal, multiethnic developing country - India - this book develops an argument for the power of collective identity as an impetus for state prioritization of social welfare. Such an argument not only marks an important break from the dominant negative perceptions of identity politics but also presents a novel theoretical framework to understand welfare provision.

International relations in action

Author: Brock Franklin Tessman
Publisher: Lynne Rienner Pub
ISBN: 9781588264640
Format: PDF, ePub
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?A thoughtful pedagogical tool through which students can become actively involved in the tough decisions and dilemmas that policymakers face today.??Timothy D. Sisk, University of Denver?International Relations in Action stands out as a successful example of stimulating student curiosity through active learning. I would highly recommend it for any course on international relations.??William Muck, University of Arkansas at Little RockThis hands-on exercise allows students to relate the concepts and issues at the foundation of global politics to the realities of international politics today.As influential leaders in the fictional world of Politica, each team of students governs a country with a unique history, geography, and culture. The teams must use strategy and negotiation to succeed?and survive?seeking to achieve specific territorial, security, and economic objectives. In the process, they grapple with a range of complex challenges: energy security, ethnic conflict, humanitarian intervention, environmental disaster, terrorism, nuclear proliferation, and more. Students also pursue individual objectives based on the governmental post they hold?and quickly learn that self-interest and national interest are not always compatible.Teams are judged on their effectiveness in meeting stated objectives, but must also relate their practical experience to the academic content of the course. Toward this end, the book provides summaries, analysis, study questions, and additional sources of information for each of the theories and issues encountered during the simulation. Guidelines for instructors are also included.International Relations in Action has been tested in multiple courses, with students and instructors unanimously agreeing that it makes abstract theories practical and accessible, evokes an appreciation for the complexity of international politics, and generates enthusiasm for the study of international relations. In the representative words of one student, ?It was the best learning experience I?ve ever had.?Brock F. Tessman is assistant professor of international affairs at the University of Georgia?s School of Public and International Affairs.

The Oxford Handbook of International Relations

Author: Christian Reus-Smit
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019958558X
Format: PDF, ePub
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This Oxford Handbook assembles the world's leading scholars in International Relations to present diverse perspectives about purposes, questions, theories, and methods. It will become the first point of reference for scholars and students interested in these key issues.