Stealth Democracy

Author: John R. Hibbing
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521009867
Format: PDF, Docs
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Examining how people want their democratic government to work, this study finds that Americans don't like many of the practices associated with democracy: the conflicts, the debates, the compromises. It finds that Americans don't want to have to see democracy in practice, nor do they want to be involved in politics. If American citizens had their way, political decisions would be made by unselfish decision-makers, lessening the need for monitoring government.

Einstellungen und Verhalten in der empirischen Sozialforschung

Author: Jochen Mayerl
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658163488
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Aus verschiedenen Perspektiven wird in dieser Festschrift zu Ehren von Prof. Dr. Dieter Urban das thematische Feld der Einstellung-Verhaltens-Forschung beleuchtet. Dies umfasst sowohl neuere theoretisch-analytische Zugänge als auch aktuelle methodisch-statistische Entwicklungen sowie methodologische Überlegungen zur Analyse von Einstellungen und sozialem Verhalten in der empirischen Sozialforschung. Der Band unterteilt sich in die Bereiche Theorie, Methodik, Analysestrategien und Längsschnittanalysen in unterschiedlichen inhaltlichen Anwendungsfeldern und deckt damit eine große Bandbreite der sozialwissenschaftlichen Einstellungs-Verhaltens-Forschung ab. Der Inhalt Perspektiven zur empirisch-analytischen Soziologie • Theorien und Konzeptionen der Einstellungs- und Verhaltensforschung • Einstellungen und Verhalten in der Forschungspraxis: Erhebungsmethoden und Analyseverfahren • Längsschnittliche Analyseverfahren der Einstellungs- und Verhaltensforschung Die Herausgeber Dr. Jochen Mayerl ist Juniorprofessor am Fachbereich Sozialwissenschaften der TU Kaiserslautern. Thomas Krause und Andreas Wahl sind Wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiter am Institut für Sozialwissenschaften der Universität Stuttgart. Marius Wuketich ist Wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter an der Forschungsstelle Glücksspiel an der Universität Hohenheim.

Personality and the Foundations of Political Behavior

Author: Jeffery J. Mondak
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521140951
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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"When virtually all of his colleagues were still treating individual-level political traits as isolated phenomena, Jeffery Mondak realized they were in fact intimately connected to larger life forces such as broad personality traits. This original and remarkably creative book makes it clear that the future of research on personality and politics lies not in shallow, speculative Freudian case studies but in objective, rigorous, large-N analyses. Research at the nexus of personality and politics is starting to gain momentum, thanks largely to Mondak's leadership, and if this book does not significantly enhance that momentum by providing an empirical framework and by stimulating numerous new data-based studies, I will be both surprised and bitterly disappointed."---John R. Hibbing, University of Nebraska-Lincoln "Mondak argues persuasively that traits shape political behavior. He provides an accurate and balanced account of recent progress in personality research and illustrates its application in his own work. This book - which should be read by sociologists, historians, and journalists as well as political scientists-is an important step in the integration of the social sciences."---Robert McCrae, author of Personality in Adulthood: A Five-Factor Theory Perspective

The Rhetorical Pursuit of Political Advantage

Author: Scott Michael Welsh
Publisher:
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This dissertation explores the relationship between rhetoric and democracy. More specifically, it examines the theoretical demeaning of the rhetorical pursuit of political advantage that pervades normative theories of public deliberation in democracy, including both liberal and discourse theories. The main argument of the dissertation is that such theories wrongly oppose the idea of authentically democratic speech to strategic, tactical, or rhetorical modes of address. In contrast with the aversion to rhetoric found in normative theories of public deliberation, particularly those variously inspired by John Rawls and Jurgen Habermas, I advance an argument for an essential and productive relationship between rhetoric and democracy as suggested by Kenneth Burke and Michel de Certeau. Since currently marginalized citizens must, by necessity, deploy hegemonic discourses strategically in pursuit of a measure of political power or representation, theories of public deliberation in democracy that deny the general democratic legitimacy of the rhetorical pursuit of political advantage ideologically undermine democratic challengers. Instead of encouraging citizens to seriously attend to, and value, the essential democratic struggle for political advantage, prominent theories of public deliberation in democracy denigrate it. While the rhetorical pursuit of political advantage is susceptible to anti-democratic excesses, particularly of the sort that jeopardize peaceful association and truthful politics, theorists and citizens should not imagine an end to such excesses in visions of understanding or justification-oriented communication, but should look instead to effective counter-rhetorics. Peaceful association and epistemically accountable political speech should be regarded as situated, rhetorical-political achievements against the aims of the militant and the deceptive. Hence, this dissertation recommends that, rather than opposing democracy to rhetorical politics, citizens and theorists alike should recognize democracy in the broad proliferation of an effective ability, among diversely motivated people and groups, to win a share of political power rhetorically.

With Malice Toward Some

Author: George E. Marcus
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521439978
Format: PDF
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With Malice toward Some: How People Make Civil Liberties Judgments addresses an issue integral to democratic societies: how people faced with a complex variety of considerations decide whether or not to tolerate extremist groups. Relying on several survey-experiments, Marcus, Sullivan, Theiss-Morse, and Wood identify and compare the impact on decision making of contemporary information, long-standing predispositions, and enduring values and beliefs. Citizens react most strongly to information about a group's violations of behavioral norms and information about the implications for democracy of the group's actions. The authors conclude that democratic citizens should have a strong baseline of tolerance yet be attentive to and thoughtful about current information.