Stereotyping and Prejudice

Author: Charles Stangor
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 113674519X
Format: PDF
Download Now
This volume presents a contemporary and comprehensive overview of the great diversity of theoretical interests, new ideas, and practical applications that characterize social psychological approaches to stereotyping and prejudice. All the contributions are written by renowned scholars in the field, with some chapters focusing on fundamental principles, including research questions about the brain structures that help us categorize and judge others, the role of evolution in prejudice, and how prejudice relates to language, communication, and social norms. Several chapters review a new dimension that has frequently been understudied—the role of the social context in creating stereotypes and prejudice. Another set of chapters focuses on applications, particularly how stereotypes and prejudice really matter in everyday life. These chapters include studies of their impact on academic performance, their role in small group processes, and their influence on everyday social interactions. The volume provides an essential resource for students, instructors, and researchers in social and personality psychology, and is also an invaluable reference for academics and professionals in related fields who have an interest in the origins and effects of stereotyping and prejudice.

Handbook of Prejudice Stereotyping and Discrimination

Author: Todd D. Nelson
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1135046115
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
This Handbook is a comprehensive and scholarly overview of the latest research on prejudice, stereotyping, and discrimination. The Second Edition provides a full update of its highly successful predecessor and features new material on key issues such as political activism, economic polarization, minority stress, same-sex marriage laws, dehumanization, and mental health stigma, in addition to a timely update on how victims respond to discrimination, and additional coverage of gender and race. All chapters are written by eminent researchers who explore topics by presenting an overview of current research and, where appropriate, developing new theory, models, or scales. The volume is clearly structured, with a broad section on cognitive, affective, and neurological processes, and there is inclusion of studies of prejudice based on race, sex, age, sexual orientation, and weight. A concluding section explores the issues involved in reducing prejudice. The Handbook is an essential resource for students, instructors, and researchers in social and personality psychology, and an invaluable reference for academics and professionals in sociology, communication studies, gerontology, nursing, medicine, as well as government and policymakers and social service agencies.

Intergroup Conflicts and Their Resolution

Author: Daniel Bar-Tal
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1136847901
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
This book provides a framework that sheds an illuminating light into the psyche of people involved in macro-level destructive intergroup conflicts, involving societies and ethnic groups, that take place continuously in various parts of the globe. It focuses on the socio-psychological repertoire that evolves in these societies or groups and which plays a determinative role in its dynamics. Specifically, this repertoire influences the nature of social reality about the conflict that society members construct, the involvement with and mobilization of society members for the conflict, the sense of solidarity and unity they experience, the conformity expected from society members, the pressure exerted on leaders, and the direction of action taken by the leadership. In addition, the book describes the changes in the socio-psychological repertoire that are necessary to ignite the peace process. Finally, it elaborates on the nature and the processes of peace building, including conflict resolution and reconciliation. The proposed conception assumes that although each conflict has its unique context and characteristics, the socio-psychological foundations and dynamics are similar. It offers a holistic and comprehensive outlook on the dynamics that characterize each stage and aspect of intractable conflicts. Each chapter systematically elucidates a particular part of the cycle, describing the theoretical frameworks and concepts, as well as presenting empirical data that was accumulated. The volume is an important contribution for all those who study intergroup conflicts and want to understand their dynamics. In addition, the book will interest the many people attempting to settle conflicts peacefully and who need knowledge about the socio-psychological vectors that influence their course and resolution.

Social Metacognition

Author: Pablo Briñol
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1848728840
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
Metacognition refers to thinking about our own thinking. It has assumed a prominent role in social judgment because our thoughts about our thoughts can magnify, attenuate, or even reverse the impact of primary cognition. Metacognitive thoughts can also produce changes in thought, feeling, and behavior, and thus are critical for a complete understanding of human social behavior. The present volume presents the most important and advanced research areas in social psychology where the role of metacognition has been studied. Specifically, the chapters of this book are organized into four substantive content areas: Attitudes and Decision Making, Self and Identity, Experiential, and Interpersonal. Each section consists in several chapters summarizing much of the work done in recent decades on critical topics, such as attitude strength, persuasion, bias correction, self-regulation, subjective feelings, embodiment, and prejudice, among others. This book also emphasizes interpersonal aspects of metacognition as they play an essential role in close relationships, groups, consumer and clinical interactions. Each chapter is written by an expert in the field, and presents a state-of-the-art view of the many ways metacognition has been examined by social psychologists.

The Social Psychology of Good and Evil Second Edition

Author: Arthur G. Miller
Publisher: Guilford Publications
ISBN: 1462525393
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
"This timely, accessible reference and text addresses some of the most fundamental questions about human behavior, such as what causes racism and prejudice and why good people do bad things. Leading authorities present state-of-the-science theoretical and empirical work. Essential themes include the complex interaction of individual, societal, and situational factors underpinning good or evil behavior; the role of moral emotions, unconscious bias, and the self-concept; issues of responsibility and motivation; and how technology and globalization have enabled newer forms of threat and harm. Key Words/Subject Areas: aggression, altruism, antisocial, evil, free will, good, guilt, heroism, human behavior, morality, prejudice, prosocial, racism, shame, social psychology, stereotyping, terrorism, values, violence Audience: Students and researchers in social psychology; also of interest to sociologists. "--

Social Psychology A Very Short Introduction

Author: Richard J. Crisp
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 019871551X
Format: PDF, ePub
Download Now
In this Very short introduction Richard Crisp tells the story of social psychology, the study of how society shapes behaviour, beliefs, attitudes, and values. Covering the history of the field, its key thinkers and major theories, Crisp discusses groundbreaking research in human behaviour. From attitudes to attraction, prejudice to persuasion, health to happiness, social psychology provides insights that can change the world.

Personality and Social Behavior

Author: Frederick Rhodewalt
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 113687514X
Format: PDF, ePub
Download Now
The study of the relationship between the person and the situation has had a long history in psychology. Many theories of personality are set on an interpersonal stage and many social phenomena are played out differently as the cast of characters change. At times the study of persons and situations has been contentious, however, recent interest in process models of personality and social interaction have focused on the ways people navigate, influence, and are influenced by their social worlds. Personality and Social Behavior contains a series of essays on topics where a transactional analysis of the person and situation has proved most fruitful. Contributions span the personality and social psychology spectrum and include such topics as new units in personality; neuroscience perspectives on interpersonal personality; social and interpersonal frameworks for understanding the self and self-esteem; and personality process analyses of romantic relationships, prejudice, health, and leadership. This volume provides essential reading for researchers with an interest in this core topic in social psychology and may also be used as a text on related upper-level courses.

When I m 64

Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 030910064X
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
By 2030 there will be about 70 million people in the United States who are older than 64. Approximately 26 percent of these will be racial and ethnic minorities. Overall, the older population will be more diverse and better educated than their earlier cohorts. The range of late-life outcomes is very dramatic with old age being a significantly different experience for financially secure and well-educated people than for poor and uneducated people. The early mission of behavioral science research focused on identifying problems of older adults, such as isolation, caregiving, and dementia. Today, the field of gerontology is more interdisciplinary. When I'm 64 examines how individual and social behavior play a role in understanding diverse outcomes in old age. It also explores the implications of an aging workforce on the economy. The book recommends that the National Institute on Aging focus its research support in social, personality, and life-span psychology in four areas: motivation and behavioral change; socioemotional influences on decision-making; the influence of social engagement on cognition; and the effects of stereotypes on self and others. When I'm 64 is a useful resource for policymakers, researchers and medical professionals.

Institutional Determinants of Social Inequality

Author: Frédérique Autin
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
ISBN: 2889197859
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
Understanding the factors that create and maintain social inequities is a core question in social psychology. Research has so far focused on the role of individual stereotyping, prejudice and discrimination. However, there is no such thing as a "biased" act of prejudiced individuals, structural factors in the reproduction of social inequalities. Indeed, people are immersed in a world, and that is the way forward. In this research topic, we propose to bring together the ideology and practice of the government. This can be done by the researcher, who is responsible for the work of the researcher, the researcher, the researcher, the researcher, the researcher, the researcher, the researcher and the researcher. (Eg, teachers, recruiters, leaders, ...). Taking the perspective of the company as a whole. This could be the highlight of the process. Perpetuation of the institutional functioning. Grading, tracking, recruitment, ...) and ideologies (eg, meritocracy, individualism, protestant work ethic, ...) shape the psychological experience of (dis) advantaged people. (Eg, teachers, recruiters, leaders, ...). Taking the perspective of the company as a whole. This could be the highlight of the process. Perpetuation of the institutional functioning. Grading, tracking, recruitment, ...) and ideologies (eg, meritocracy, individualism, protestant work ethic, ...) shape the psychological experience of (dis) advantaged people. (Eg, teachers, recruiters, leaders, ...). Taking the perspective of the company as a whole. This could be the highlight of the process. Perpetuation of the institutional functioning. ...) shape the psychological experience of (dis) advantaged people. (Eg, teachers, recruiters, leaders, ...). Taking the perspective of the company as a whole. This could be the highlight of the process. Perpetuation of the institutional functioning. ...) shape the psychological experience of (dis) advantaged people. (Eg, teachers, recruiters, leaders, ...). Taking the perspective of the company as a whole. This could be the highlight of the process. Perpetuation of the institutional functioning. Taking the perspective of the company as a whole. This could be the highlight of the process. Perpetuation of the institutional functioning. Taking the perspective of the company as a whole. This could be the highlight of the process. Perpetuation of the institutional functioning.

Intergroup Cognition and Intergroup Behavior

Author: Constantine Sedikides
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1134797656
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
Social psychology has maintained a keen interest over the years in issues related to intergroup behavior, such as ingroup favoritism and discrimination. The field has also been preoccupied with ways to reduce prejudice and discrimination. Intergroup contact has been offered as the main mechanism for prejudice and discrimination reduction. In the last 15 years, the social cognitive perspective has been applied to the study of intergroup relations. Theoretical advances have been made regarding such issues as the representation of information about ingroup and outgroup members, the structural properties of stereotypes, the relation between cognitive representation and judgment, and the ways in which cognition, effect, and motivation interactively influence the perception, judgment, and memory of ingroup and outgroup members. The first volume in this new series, this book seeks to bring the above two traditions together. Focusing on the interplay between cognition and behavior in intergroup settings, it addresses four general questions: * How does intergroup cognition (perceptions, judgments, and memories) influence intergroup behavior (ingroup favoritism and discrimination)? * How does intergroup behavior subsequently change intergroup cognition? * What is the mediational role of effect, motivational processes, and social context? * How effective can change in intergroup cognition be in altering intergroup behavior? This volume focuses not on a specific theory but rather on an approach. This approach is the interface between intergroup cognition and intergroup behavior. The various contributors are leading investigators in these areas and share the belief that the field has reached a level of maturity where it can start asking the hard questions regarding the complex and multifaceted ways in which intergroup cognition and behavior are related. The investigators do not just summarize their work. Instead, they connect aspects of their work to the theme of the volume and integrate their work with existing approaches in the relevant literature.