The Lychee Biotechnology

Author: Manoj Kumar
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811036446
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book provides systematic information on the lychee and modern tools to promote its sustainable growth and development. Including dedicated chapters on the evolution and diversification of the lychee, it highlights its genetic makeup and reciprocal exogenous factors, addressing the narrow genetic pool and lack of natural biodiversity. It also discusses issues related to post-harvest losses and robust approaches at the commercial level. Further, the book offers insights on in vitro propagation methods and prospective transgenic approaches for selected lychee cultivars. Chapters on the production of bioactive compounds and their enhancement through genetic transformation and elicitation are also included, reflecting the latest advances in the field of lychee biotechnology. Lastly, the book explores the use of molecular marker techniques to achieve the desired improvements in fruit trees’ medicinal and aesthetic value.

Studies in the History of Tax Law

Author: John Tiley
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1782253203
Format: PDF, ePub
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These are the papers from the 2012 Cambridge Tax Law History Conference revised and reviewed for publication. The papers include new studies of: income tax law rewrite projects 1914Â?1956; law and administration in capital allowances 1878Â? 1950; the 'full amount' in income tax legislation; Sir Josiah Stamp and double income tax; early German income tax treaties and laws concerned with double tax avoidance (1869Â?1908); the policy of the medicine stamp duty; 'Danegeld' Â? from Danish tribute to English land tax; religion and charity, a historical perspective; 'Plaintive Glitterati'; a collision of accounting and law, dividends from pre-1914 profits in Australia; the history and development of the taxation profession in the UK and Australia; an inquiry into Dutch to British Colonial Malacca 1824Â?1839; the taxation history of China; taxing bachelors in America: 1895Â?1939; Dutch Tax reform under Napoleon; and the last decade of estate duty. The Publisher and authors have dedicated this volume to the memory of John Tiley, Emeritus Professor of the Law of Taxation at the University of Cambridge, who died as it was going to press. The Cambridge History of Tax conferences were his idea and he was responsible for their planning. He also edited all six volumes in the series.

European Private Law

Author: Marc Amstutz
Publisher: Eleven International Pub
ISBN: 9789490947125
Format: PDF
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This second edition contains a selection of European directives in the field of private law, primarily in the law of contract and tort. All texts are presented in their updated version. The book gives easy access to an important part of European legislation. It will help students and practitioners gain a better understanding of the role this legislation plays in the current shaping of national private law in the European Union and in its partner countries.

Income Tax Law

Author: Edward J. McCaffery
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0195376714
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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In The Oxford Introductions to U.S. Law: Income Tax Law, Edward McCaffery presents an accessible introduction to the major topics in the field of federal income taxation, such as income, deductions, and recognition of gains and losses. After discussing central rules and doctrines individually, Edward McCaffery offers a very sophisticated yet clear explanation of the interplay among them, carefully describing how they work together to carry out the policy goals of the U.S. tax system. Professor McCaffery describes, for example, how the current income tax in the United States has increasingly become a wage tax that favors those with capital rather than those whose money comes from labor. In explaining the consequences of tax policy on individuals, he also considers important possible alternatives for income taxation in the U.S. The Oxford Introductions to U.S. Law: Income Tax Law sets forth the 'who,' 'what,' 'when,' and 'why' of income tax law and describes the essential concepts of the field in a clear and concise manner that helps students and non-experts increase their understanding of the policies behind modern tax law and the ways in which these policies affect different types of individuals.

Coming Through

Author: Krahl
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780996843607
Format: PDF, Docs
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Coming Through explores the possibility that through tragedy, outsized guilt, penitence-the absurd assumption of paying a debt for an imagined sin that was never really committed: through loss, confusion and deep despair, comes change and finally redemption.

Business Tax Stories

Author: Steven A. Bank
Publisher:
ISBN:
Format: PDF
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Business Tax Stories does not deal solely with judicial opinions. In the field of business taxation, many of the most significant developments are not cases, and certainly not Supreme Court cases, but rather legislative and administrative changes and transactional innovations. Business Tax Stories includes chapters on several landmark cases; however, it also surveys many of the critical developments in the history of U.S. corporate and partnership taxation. Taken as a whole, Business Tax Stories is organized to serve as a history of business taxation over the last century.

How Fixed is a Permanent Establishment

Author: Jean Schaffner
Publisher:
ISBN: 9789041146625
Format: PDF, Docs
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Permanent establishment is the key concept for allocating taxation rights in respect of business income, and the question 'Is there a permanent establishment?' is a tax treaty issue that advisers, government officials, and courts perennially confront. Bas

European Environmental Law

Author: Jan H. Jans
Publisher: Europa Law Pub Netherlands
ISBN: 9789089521057
Format: PDF, ePub
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"Taking into account new case law of the European courts, recent environmental directives and regulations, and the new provisions of the Lisbon Treaty, this book provides an in-depth analysis of important legal issues of European environmental law. What are the legal grounds for EU environmental policy, and on what principles are directives and regulations based upon? To what extent [are] EU environmental regulations more stringent [than] national environmental standards? What are the requirements the Court of Justice has imposed on the member states implementing environmental directives? How and to what extent can European environmental law be relied upon and challenged before national courts and the European courts? How do the Treaty rules on the internal market and undistorted competition interfere with national environmental policy? Answers to these and other questions can be found in this book. The book discusses all major environmental directives and regulations, integrating important judgments of the Court of Justice on their interpretations. Futhermore, national case law on the application of European environmental law is also ... taken into account"--Provided by publisher.