Stochastic Methods for Pension Funds

Author: Pierre Devolder
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118566262
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Quantitative finance has become these last years a extraordinaryfield of research and interest as well from an academic point ofview as for practical applications. At the same time, pension issue is clearly a major economicaland financial topic for the next decades in the context of thewell-known longevity risk. Surprisingly few books are devoted toapplication of modern stochastic calculus to pension analysis. The aim of this book is to fill this gap and to show how recentmethods of stochastic finance can be useful for to the riskmanagement of pension funds. Methods of optimal control will beespecially developed and applied to fundamental problems such asthe optimal asset allocation of the fund or the cost spreading of apension scheme. In these various problems, financial as wellas demographic risks will be addressed and modelled.

Basic Stochastic Processes

Author: Pierre Devolder
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119184541
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book presents basic stochastic processes, stochastic calculus including Lévy processes on one hand, and Markov and Semi Markov models on the other. From the financial point of view, essential concepts such as the Black and Scholes model, VaR indicators, actuarial evaluation, market values, fair pricing play a central role and will be presented. The authors also present basic concepts so that this series is relatively self-contained for the main audience formed by actuaries and particularly with ERM (enterprise risk management) certificates, insurance risk managers, students in Master in mathematics or economics and people involved in Solvency II for insurance companies and in Basel II and III for banks.

Theory and Statistical Applications of Stochastic Processes

Author: Yuliya Mishura
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1786300508
Format: PDF
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This book is concerned with the theory of stochastic processes and the theoretical aspects of statistics for stochastic processes. It combines classic topics such as construction of stochastic processes, associated filtrations, processes with independent increments, Gaussian processes, martingales, Markov properties, continuity and related properties of trajectories with contemporary subjects: integration with respect to Gaussian processes, Itȏ integration, stochastic analysis, stochastic differential equations, fractional Brownian motion and parameter estimation in diffusion models.

Stress Tests for Defined Benefit Pension Plans A Primer

Author: Gregorio Impavido
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1455216836
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Stress testing is a useful and increasingly popular, yet sometimes misunderstood, method of analyzing the resilience of financial systems to adverse events. This paper aims to help demystify stress tests and illustrate their strengths and weaknesses. Using an Excel-based template with institution-specific data, readers are walked through the basics of liability valuation and stress testing of assets and liabilities of a typical defined benefit plan.

Pension Fund Risk Management

Author: Marco Micocci
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439817545
Format: PDF, Mobi
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As pension fund systems decrease and dependency ratios increase, risk management is becoming more complex in public and private pension plans. Pension Fund Risk Management: Financial and Actuarial Modeling sheds new light on the current state of pension fund risk management and provides new technical tools for addressing pension risk from an integrated point of view. Divided into four parts, the book first presents the correct measurement of risk in pension funds, fund dynamics under a performance-oriented arrangement, an attribution model for monitoring the performance and risk of a defined benefit (DB) pension fund, and an optimal investment problem of a defined contribution (DC) pension fund under inflationary risk. It also describes a pension plan from a dynamic optimization viewpoint, the optimal asset allocation of U.S. pension funds, the identification of stakeholders’ risks, value-at-risk (VaR) methodology, and various effects on the asset allocation of DB pension schemes. The second section focuses on the effects of uncertainty on employer-provided DB private pension plan liabilities; wage-based lump sum payments by death, retirement, or dismissal by the employer; fundamental retirement changes; occupational pension insurance in Germany; and longevity risk securitization in pension schemes. In the third part, the book examines employers’ risks, accountability rules and regulations, useful actuarial analysis instruments, risk-based solvency regime in the Netherlands, and the impact of the 2008 global financial crisis on pension participants. The final part covers DB pension freezes and terminations of plans, the two-pillar social security system of Italy, the Greek social security system, the effect of a company’s unfunded pension liabilities on its stock market valuation, and the returns of Spanish balanced pension plans and portfolio performance. With contributions from well-known, international academics and professionals, this book will assist pension fund executives, risk managers, consultants, and academic researchers in attaining a clear picture of the integration of risks in the pension world. It offers a comprehensive, contemporary account of how to handle the risks involved with pension funds.

Asset Allocation Considerations for Pension Insurance Funds

Author: Christian Hertrich
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3658021675
Format: PDF, Docs
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​The central research objective of the dissertation is to assess the suitability of Social Responsible Investments (SRIs) as well as alternative investments for the strategic asset allocation of German Pension Insurance Funds (Pensionskassen). Using a Vector Error Correction model, we estimate the data generating process of the underlying input variables. A bootstrap simulation allows generating future return paths of the underlying portfolios. These return distributions will subsequently be used as input for different asset allocation strategies.The empirical results of our research study offer valuable conclusions: (1) SRI-structured portfolios consistently perform better than conventional portfolios, (2) including alternative investments has a beneficial effect on the risk-return distribution and (3) derivative overlay structures mitigate downside risk exposure without impacting average fund performance. In terms of alternative allocation models, (1) high-equity portfolios lead to an increase in return volatility without sufficiently compensating investors with higher returns, (2) hedging against price increases by engineering a portfolio with inflation-suitable assets yields mixed results, (3) a portfolio composition that combines derivative overlay strategies for both equities and corporate bonds and uses SRI-screened assets as underlying generates the best results.

Quantitative Fund Management

Author: M.A.H. Dempster
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420081923
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The First Collection That Covers This Field at the Dynamic Strategic and One-Period Tactical Levels Addressing the imbalance between research and practice, Quantitative Fund Management presents leading-edge theory and methods, along with their application in practical problems encountered in the fund management industry. A Current Snapshot of State-of-the-Art Applications of Dynamic Stochastic Optimization Techniques to Long-Term Financial Planning The first part of the book initially looks at how the quantitative techniques of the equity industry are shifting from basic Markowitz mean-variance portfolio optimization to risk management and trading applications. This section also explores novel aspects of lifetime individual consumption investment problems, fixed-mix portfolio rebalancing allocation strategies, debt management for funding mortgages and national debt, and guaranteed return fund construction. Up-to-Date Overview of Tactical Financial Planning and Risk Management The second section covers nontrivial computational approaches to tactical fund management. This part focuses on portfolio construction and risk management at the individual security or fund manager level over the period up to the next portfolio rebalance. It discusses non-Gaussian returns, new risk-return tradeoffs, and the robustness of benchmarks and portfolio decisions. The Future Use of Quantitative Techniques in Fund Management With contributions from well-known academics and practitioners, this volume will undoubtedly foster the recognition and wider acceptance of stochastic optimization techniques in financial practice.

Household and Living Arrangement Projections

Author: Yi Zeng
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9048189063
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book presents an innovative demographic toolkit known as the ProFamy extended cohort-component method for the projection of household structures and living arrangements with empirical applications to the United States, the largest developed country, and China, the largest developing country. The ProFamy method uses demographic rates as inputs to project detailed distributions of household types and sizes, living arrangements of all household members, and population by age, sex, race/ethnicity, and urban/rural residence at national, sub-national, or small area levels. It can also project elderly care needs and costs, pension deficits, and household consumption. The ProFamy method presented herein has substantial merits compared to the traditional headship rate method, which is not linked to demographic rates and projects limited household types without other household members than "heads". The book consists of four parts. The first part presents the methodology, data, estimation issues, and empirical assessments. The next parts present applications in the United States (part two) and China (part three), concerning demographic, social, economic, and business research; policy analysis, including forecasting future trends of household type/size, elderly living arrangements, disability, and home-based care costs, and household consumption including housing and vehicles. The fourth part includes a user’s guide for the ProFamy software to project households, living arrangements, and home-based consumptions. This book offers an invaluable toolkit for researchers, analysts and students in academic, public and private businesses, whose work is related to levels and rates of change in households, population and consumption patterns.

Risk based Supervision of Pension Funds

Author: Greg Brunner
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Mobi
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'Risk-Based Supervision of Pension Funds' provides a review of the design and experience of risk-based pension fund supervision in countries that have been leaders in the development of these methods. The utilization of risk-based methods originates primarily in the supervision of banks. In recent years it has increasingly been extended to other types of financial intermediaries, including pension funds and insurers. The trend toward risk-based supervision of pensions reflects an increasing focus on risk management in both banking and insurance based on three key elements: capital requirements, supervisory review, and market discipline. Although similar in concept to the techniques developed in banking, its application to pension funds has required modifications, particularly for defined contribution funds that transfer investment risk to fund members. The countries examined–Australia, Denmark, Mexico, and the Netherlands–provide a range of experience that illustrates both the diversity of pension systems and the approaches to risk-based supervision, and also presents a commonality of focus on sound risk management and effective supervisory outcomes.