Strategic Management of Marine Ecosystems

Author: Eugene Levner
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402031984
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The demand for advanced management methods and tools for marine ecosystems is increasing worldwide. Today, many marine ecosystems are significantly affected by disastrous pollution from industrial, agricultural, municipal, transportational, and other anthropogenic sources. The issues of environmental integrity are especially acute in the Mediterranean and Red Sea basins, the cradle of modern civilization. The drying of the Dead Sea is one of the most vivid examples of environmental disintegration with severe negative consequences on the ecology, industry, and wildlife in the area. Strategic management and coordination of international remedial and restoration efforts is required to improve environmental conditions of marine ecosystems in the Middle East as well as in other areas. The NATO Advanced Study Institute (ASI) held in Nice in October 2003 was designed to: (1) provide a discussion forum for the latest developments in the field of environmentally-conscious strategic management of marine environments, and (2) integrate expertise of ecologists, biologists, economists, and managers from European, American, Canadian, Russian, and Israeli organizations in developing a framework for strategic management of marine ecosystems. The ASI addressed the following issues: Key environmental management problems in exploited marine ecosystems; Measuring and monitoring of municipal, industrial, and agricultural effluents; Global contamination of seawaters and required remedial efforts; Supply Chain Management approach for strategic coastal zones management and planning; Development of environmentally friendly technologies for coastal zone development; Modeling for sustainable aquaculture; and Social, political, and economic challenges in marine ecosystem management.

Challenges to Marine Ecosystems

Author: John Davenport
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402088087
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This volume presents a representative sample of contributions to the 41st European Marine Biology Symposium held in September 2005 in Cork, Ireland. The theme of the symposium was ‘Challenges to Marine Ecosystems’ and this was divided into four sub themes; Genetics, Marine Protected Areas, Global Climate Change and Marine Ecosystems, Sustainable Fisheries and Agriculture. The world’s marine ecosystems face multiple challenges, some natural, but many resulting from humankind’s activities. Global climate change, driven by influences of energy usage and industrial practices, is a reality now accepted by most of the world’s scientists, media and political establishments. Warming seas and rising sea levels are regarded as threats, while visionaries consider deep ocean carbon disposal as a technological opportunity. Exploitation of the seas continues apace, with repeated concerns over the impact of over-fishing, plus reservations about the environmental effects of marine aquaculture. We need to understand how resilient organisms and ecosystems are to these challenges, while responding by protecting biologically-meaningful areas of the oceans. The subthemes of the 41st European Marine Biology Symposium address all of these matters.

Marine Historical Ecology in Conservation

Author: John N. Kittinger
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520276949
Format: PDF, ePub
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"This volume provides a blueprint for managing the challenges of ocean conservation using marine historical ecology--an area of study evolving as societies confront ocean ecosystems that are being drastically altered by human activity. Applying the practice of historical ecology developed in terrestrial environments, Marine Historical Ecology guides the creation of historical baselines for marine species and ecosystems in order to inform and improve conservation and management efforts"--Provided by publisher.

Wastewater Reuse Risk Assessment Decision Making and Environmental Security

Author: Mohammed K. Zaidi
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402060270
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This volume features the proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop "Wastewater Reuse - Risk Assessment, Decision-Making and Environmental Security", held in Istanbul, Turkey, in October 2006. It contains 45 papers that cover the current situation of water management in the world and especially the Middle-east and Mediterranean regions, addressing some of the most difficult international conflicts.

ECIC 2017 9th European Conference on Intellectual Capital

Author: Ilidio Lopes
Publisher: Academic Conferences and publishing limited
ISBN: 1911218301
Format: PDF, Mobi
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These proceedings represent the work of researchers participating in the 9th European Conference on Intellectual Capital (ECIC 2017) which is being hosted this year by the Instituto UniversitArio de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL) on 6-7 April 2017. ECIC is a recognised event on the international research conferences calendar and provides a valuable platform for individuals to present their research findings, display their work in progress and discuss conceptual and empirical advances in the area of Intellectual Capital. It provides an important opportunity for researchers and practitioners to come together to share their experiences of researching in this varied and expanding field. The conference this year will be opened with a keynote presentation by Dr JosE Maria Viedma MartI from U.P.C., Polytechnic University of Catalonia in Barcelona, Spain and Prof. Maria Do Rosario Cabrita from Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Portugal who will together be talking about The Practice of Intellectual Capital in the Fourth Industrial Revolution. The second day of the conference will be opened by Dr Gregorio MartIn-de Castro, from Complutense University of Madrid, Spain, who will address the topic Intellectual Capital: Linking Theory and Practice. With an initial submission of 98 abstracts, after the double blind, peer-review process there are 42 academic Research papers, 2 PhD Research, 1 Masters Research and 1 Work in Progress papers published in these Conference Proceedings. These papers represent truly global research in the field, with contributions from Australia, Colombia, Croatia, Egypt, Finland, France, Greece, Iran, Italy, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, South Africa, Spain, The Netherlands, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, UK and USA.

Fishing in Pre European New Zealand

Author: Foss Leach
Format: PDF
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This authoritative volume draws together a broad range of information about pre-European Maori fishing in a well illustrated and very readable form. The author uses identifications and measurements of fish remains from 126 archaeological sites covering the full time span of prehistoric New Zealand to describe the range of fish caught by pre-European Maori, explore variations between regions and through time, and examine the impact of Maori on the fishery. The archaeological information is placed in a series of wider contexts -the Pacific background to Maori fishing, the nature of the New Zealand fishery, climatic fluctuations during the last millennium, and the nutritional requirements of human diet and the role of marine food in it. The discussion of the technology and material culture of fishing breaks new ground in its treatment of cordage and knots, netting and fish hooks, canoe design, fish preservation and cooking methods. Research on fish behaviour towards hooks provides much needed insight into the reason why the rotating hook, so common amongst early Maori and other Pacific island peoples, was so successful. The author shows that pre-European Maori had a different approach to conservation of the marine environment than is currently employed in modern fisheries management and that claims of pre-European over-exploitation of snapper and other species are ill-founded. An especially important finding is that the average size of fish increased over time following the strategy of taking large numbers of what would now be considered under-sized fish. New Zealand had super-abundant fish stocks right up to the time of first European settlement, and all necessary marine food was obtained in shallow waters less than 100 m from the shore. Pre-European Maori fishermen in New Zealand are shown to have been extremely knowledgeable about all aspects of the New Zealand fishery.

Resetting the Kitchen Table

Author: Christopher C. Parrish
Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated
ISBN: 9781600212369
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book examines the history of health, diet, and nutrition with a particular focus on the issue of decreasing food security in places where once-stable food webs have suffered radical shock, as have the cultures of human communities, which have always been interdependent with now-endangered food sources. This volume came into being as one output from a large, federally funded collaborative research program involving over 80 researchers and students from both Atlantic and Pacific Coasts of Canada: 'Coasts under Stress'. Two meetings of contributors were called specifically to work on this writing project. All writers were present at both meetings and all writers saw and critiqued early drafts of all chapters.

Biogeochemical Cycling and Sediment Ecology

Author: J. Gray
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401146497
Format: PDF
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Oceanographic discontinuities (e. g. frontal systems, upwelling areas, ice edges) are often areas of enhanced biological productivity. Considerable research on the physics and biology of the physical boundaries defining these discontinues has been accomplished (see [I D. The interface between water and sediment is the largest physical boundary in the ocean, but has not received a proportionate degree of attention. The purpose of the Nato Advanced Research Workshop (ARW) was to focus on soft-sediment systems by identifying deficiencies in our knowledge of these systems and defining key issues in the management of coastal sedimentary habitats. Marine sediments play important roles in the marine ecosystem and the biosphere. They provide food and habitat for many marine organisms, some of which are commercially important. More importantly from a global perspective, marine sediments also provide "ecosystem goods and services" [2J. Organic matter from primary production in the water column and contaminants scavenged by particles accumulate in sediments where their fate is determined by sediment processes such as bioturbation and biogeochemical cycling. Nutrients are regenerated and contaminants degraded in sediments. Under some conditions, carbon accumulates in coastal and shelf sediments and may by removed from the carbon cycle for millions of years, having a potentially significant impact on global climate change. Sediments also protect coasts. The economic value of services provided by coastal areas has recently been estimated to be on the order of $12,568 9 10 y" [3J, far in excess of the global GNP.