Strong Light Matter Coupling

Author: Alexia Auffèves
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814460362
Format: PDF, ePub
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The physics of strong light-matter coupling has been addressed in different scientific communities over the last three decades. Since the early eighties, atoms coupled to optical and microwave cavities have led to pioneering demonstrations of cavity quantum electrodynamics, Gedanken experiments, and building blocks for quantum information processing, for which the Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded in 2012. In the framework of semiconducting devices, strong coupling has allowed investigations into the physics of Bose gases in solid-state environments, and the latter holds promise for exploiting light-matter interaction at the single-photon level in scalable architectures. More recently, impressive developments in the so-called superconducting circuit QED have opened another fundamental playground to revisit cavity quantum electrodynamics for practical and fundamental purposes. This book aims at developing the necessary interface between these communities, by providing future researchers with a robust conceptual, theoretical and experimental basis on strong light-matter coupling, both in the classical and in the quantum regimes. In addition, the emphasis is on new forefront research topics currently developed around the physics of strong light-matter interaction in the atomic and solid-state scenarios. Contents:Cavity QED in Atomic Physics (Serge Haroche and Jean-Michel Raimond)Exciton-Polaritons in Bulk Semiconductors and in Confined Electron and Photon Systems (Lucio Claudio Andreani)Experimental Circuit QED (Patrice Bertet)Quantum Open Systems (H J Carmichael)Basic Concepts in Quantum Information (Steven M Girvin)Cavity Polaritons: Crossroad Between Non-Linear Optics and Atomic Condensates (Alberto Amo and Jacqueline Bloch)Quantum Plasmonics (Darrick Chang)Quantum Polaritonics (S Portolan, O Di Stefano and S Savasta)Optical Signal Processing with Enhanced Nonlinearity in Photonic Crystals (A De Rossi and S Combrié) Readership: Undergraduate, graduate students and researchers interested in strong light-matter coupling. Keywords:Strong-Light Matter Coupling;Cavity Quantum Electrodynamics;Circuit Quantum Electrodynamics;Polaritons;Superconducting Circuits;Semi-Conductors;Quantum Dots;Nanophotonics;Quantum Optics;Bose–Einstein Condensates;PlasmonicsKey Features:Expertises are shared from different horizons and the book provides a synthetic view of the physics of strong light-matter couplingIt samples lectures given by leading experts in their respective fields and recognized professors teaching at the highest level, among them the 2012 Nobel Prize Winner in Physics

Fano Resonances in Optics and Microwaves

Author: Eugene Kamenetskii
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319997319
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book discusses the development of Fano-based techniques and reveals the characteristic properties of various wave processes by studying interference phenomena. It explains that the interaction of discrete (localized) states with a continuum of propagation modes leads to Fano interference effects in transmission, and explores novel coherent effects such as bound states in the continuum accompanied by collapse of Fano resonance. Originating in atomic physics, Fano resonances have become one of the most appealing phenomena of wave scattering in optics, microwaves, and terahertz techniques. The generation of extremely strong and confined fields at a deep subwavelength scale, far beyond the diffraction limit, plays a central role in modern plasmonics, magnonics, and in photonic and metamaterial structures. Fano resonance effects take advantage of the coupling of these bound states with a continuum of radiative electromagnetic waves. With their unique physical properties and unusual combination of classical and quantum structures, Fano resonances have an application potential in a wide range of fields, from telecommunication to ultrasensitive biosensing, medical instrumentation and data storage. Including contributions by international experts and covering the essential aspects of Fano-resonance effects, including theory, modeling and design, proven and potential applications in practical devices, fabrication, characterization and measurement, this book enables readers to acquire the multifaceted understanding required for these multidisciplinary challenges.

Quantum Optics with Semiconductor Nanostructures

Author: Frank Jahnke
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857096397
Format: PDF, Docs
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An understanding of the interaction between light and matter on a quantum level is of fundamental interest and has many applications in optical technologies. The quantum nature of the interaction has recently attracted great attention for applications of semiconductor nanostructures in quantum information processing. Quantum optics with semiconductor nanostructures is a key guide to the theory, experimental realisation, and future potential of semiconductor nanostructures in the exploration of quantum optics. Part one provides a comprehensive overview of single quantum dot systems, beginning with a look at resonance fluorescence emission. Quantum optics with single quantum dots in photonic crystal and micro cavities are explored in detail, before part two goes on to review nanolasers with quantum dot emitters. Light-matter interaction in semiconductor nanostructures, including photon statistics and photoluminescence, is the focus of part three, whilst part four explores all-solid-state quantum optics, crystal nanobeam cavities and quantum-dot microcavity systems. Finally, part five investigates ultrafast phenomena, including femtosecond quantum optics and coherent optoelectronics with quantum dots. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Quantum optics with semiconductor nanostructures is an essential guide for all those involved with the research, development, manufacture and use of semiconductors nanodevices, lasers and optical components, as well as scientists, researchers and students. A key guide to the theory, experimental realisation, and future potential of semiconductor nanostructures in the exploration of quantum optics Chapters provide a comprehensive overview of single quantum dot systems, nanolasers with quantum dot emitters, and light-matter interaction in semiconductor nanostructures Explores all-solid-state quantum optics, crystal nanobeam cavities and quantum-dot microcavity systems, and investigates ultrafast phenomena

Microcavities

Author: Alexey Kavokin
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191620734
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Rapid development of microfabrication and assembly of nanostructures has opened up many opportunities to miniaturize structures that confine light, producing unusual and extremely interesting optical properties. This book addresses the large variety of optical phenomena taking place in confined solid state structures: microcavities. Realisations include planar and pillar microcavities, whispering gallery modes, and photonic crystals. The microcavities represent a unique laboratory for quantum optics and photonics. They exhibit a number of beautiful effects including lasing, superfluidity, superradiance, entanglement etc. Written by four practitioners strongly involved in experiments and theories of microcavities, it is addressed to any interested reader having a general physical background, but in particular to undergraduate and graduate students at physics faculties.

Problems of Condensed Matter Physics

Author: Alexei L. Ivanov
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 019152882X
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book is dedicated to Professor Leonid V Keldysh. His brilliant contributions to condensed matter physics include the Franz-Keldysh effect, an electron-hole liquid, the nonequilibrium (Keldysh) diagram technique, Bose-Einstein condensation (of excitons) and a ``metal-dielectric'' transition, acoustically-induced superlattices, multi-photon transitions and impact ionization in solids. In many respects, his work influenced and formed the paradigm of modern condensed matter physics. As a result, many famous researchers in the field have enthusiastically provided unique contributions to the book.

Quantum Dots

Author: Alexander Tartakovskii
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107012589
Format: PDF, Docs
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A comprehensive review of cutting-edge solid state research, focusing on quantum dot nanostructures, for graduate students and researchers.

Advances in Solid State Physics

Author: Bernhard Kramer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540429074
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The 2002 Spring Meeting of the "Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft" was held in Regensburg from March 25th to 29th, 2002. The number of conference attendees has remained remarkably stable at about 2800, despite the decreas ing number of German PhD students. This can be taken as an indication that the program of the meeting was very attractive. The present volume of the "Advances in Solid State Physics" contains the written versions of most of the invited talks, also those presented as part of the Symposia. Most of these Symposia were organized by several divisions in collaboration and they covered fascinating selection of topics of current interest. I trust that the book reflects this year's status of the field in Germany. In particular, one notes a slight change in paradigms: from quantum dots and wires to spin transport and soft matter systems in the broadest sense. This seems to reflect the present general trend in physics. Nevertheless, a large portion of the invited papers as well as the discussions at the meeting concentrated on nanostrnctured matter.

Cavity Optomechanics

Author: Markus Aspelmeyer
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642553125
Format: PDF
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During the last few years cavity-optomechanics has emerged as a new field of research. This highly interdisciplinary field studies the interaction between micro and nano mechanical systems and light. Possible applications range from novel high-bandwidth mechanical sensing devices through the generation of squeezed optical or mechanical states to even tests of quantum theory itself. This is one of the first books in this relatively young field. It is aimed at scientists, engineers and students who want to obtain a concise introduction to the state of the art in the field of cavity optomechanics. It is valuable to researchers in nano science, quantum optics, quantum information, gravitational wave detection and other cutting edge fields. Possible applications include biological sensing, frequency comb applications, silicon photonics etc. The technical content will be accessible to those who have familiarity with basic undergraduate physics.

Encyclopedia of Modern Optics

Author: Robert D. Guenther
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Docs
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Unparalleled reference work for all researchers in field of Optics, Fiber Systems, Material Science, Atomic and Molecular Physics, Laser Physics. Covers all the sub fields of Optical Physics as well as related fields as Engineering, which impact manufacturing and many practical applications. Alphabetically arranged for ease of use cross-references to aid in tracking down all aspects of a topic under investigation.

Single Semiconductor Quantum Dots

Author: Peter Michler
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540874461
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book reviews recent advances in the field of semiconductor quantum dots via contributions from prominent researchers in the scientific community. Special focus is given to optical, quantum optical, and spin properties of single quantum dots.