Strongly Correlated Fermions and Bosons in Low Dimensional Disordered Systems

Author: Igor V. Lerner
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401005303
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The physics of strongly correlated fermions and bosons in a disordered envi ronment and confined geometries is at the focus of intense experimental and theoretical research efforts. Advances in material technology and in low temper ature techniques during the last few years led to the discoveries of new physical of atomic gases and a possible metal phenomena including Bose condensation insulator transition in two-dimensional high mobility electron structures. Situ ations were the electronic system is so dominated by interactions that the old concepts of a Fermi liquid do not necessarily make a good starting point are now routinely achieved. This is particularly true in the theory of low dimensional systems such as carbon nanotubes, or in two dimensional electron gases in high mobility devices where the electrons can form a variety of new structures. In many of these sys tems disorder is an unavoidable complication and lead to a host of rich physical phenomena. This has pushed the forefront of fundamental research in condensed matter towards the edge where the interplay between many-body correlations and quantum interference enhanced by disorder has become the key to the understand ing of novel phenomena.

Controllable Quantum States

Author: Hideaki Takayanagi
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9812814612
Format: PDF, Docs
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This volume is a collection of papers from the fourth meeting of the International Symposium on Mesoscopic Superconductivity and Spintronics held at NTT Atsugi, Japan. Research in these fields has advanced a great deal since the previous meeting, largely because these fields have drawn much attention from the viewpoint of new quantum phenomena and quantum information technology. Mesoscopic superconductivity has been developed in new fields, such as a ferromagnet/superconductor junction, the proximity effect in unconventional superconductors, macroscopic quantum tunneling in high-Tc superconductors, quantum modulation of superconducting junctions and superconducting quantum bits. The book also covers transport and spins in nano-scale semiconductor structures such as quantum dots and wires, quantum interference and coherence and order in exotic materials, and some papers on quantum algorithm. This book adequately provides an overview of recent progress in mesoscopic superconductivity.

Statistical Field Theories

Author: Andrea Cappelli
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402007613
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Recent developments in theoretical physics include new instances of the unification of quite different phenomena. The theoretical community is challenged by the growing interactions between high-energy physics, statistical physics, and condensed matter physics. The common language, though, is exact solutions of two-dimensional and conformable field theories. This volume is a faithful representation of this interdisciplinary domain. Conformable and integrable field theories have been active research topics for several decades. The main recent developments concern the boundary effects and applications to disordered systems. The number of applications of the exact methods to condensed-matter problems has been growing over the years. Nowadays it is widely recognized that strongly interacting systems in low dimensions can be successfully described by integrable and conformable theories. This volume is an indispensable aid to those seeking to find their way in this domain.

The Superfluid Phases of Helium 3

Author: Dieter Vollhardt
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486315886
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This classic of modern theoretical physics is the first and only comprehensive treatment of the superfluid phases of helium 3. The self-contained approach emphasizes symmetries and the consequences of their spontaneous breakdown. 1990 edition.

Field Theory of Non Equilibrium Systems

Author: Alex Kamenev
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139500295
Format: PDF, Docs
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The physics of non-equilibrium many-body systems is one of the most rapidly expanding areas of theoretical physics. Traditionally used in the study of laser physics and superconducting kinetics, these techniques have more recently found applications in the study of dynamics of cold atomic gases, mesoscopic and nano-mechanical systems. The book gives a self-contained presentation of the modern functional approach to non-equilibrium field-theoretical methods. They are applied to examples ranging from biophysics to the kinetics of superfluids and superconductors. Its step-by-step treatment gives particular emphasis to the pedagogical aspects, making it ideal as a reference for advanced graduate students and researchers in condensed matter physics.

Applications of Random Matrices in Physics

Author: Edouard Brézin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 140204531X
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Random matrices are widely and successfully used in physics for almost 60-70 years, beginning with the works of Dyson and Wigner. Although it is an old subject, it is constantly developing into new areas of physics and mathematics. It constitutes now a part of the general culture of a theoretical physicist. Mathematical methods inspired by random matrix theory become more powerful, sophisticated and enjoy rapidly growing applications in physics. Recent examples include the calculation of universal correlations in the mesoscopic system, new applications in disordered and quantum chaotic systems, in combinatorial and growth models, as well as the recent breakthrough, due to the matrix models, in two dimensional gravity and string theory and the non-abelian gauge theories. The book consists of the lectures of the leading specialists and covers rather systematically many of these topics. It can be useful to the specialists in various subjects using random matrices, from PhD students to confirmed scientists.

50 Years of Anderson Localization

Author: Elihu Abrahams
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814299073
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This unique volume celebrates the five decades of the impact of Anderson localization on modern physics. In addition to the historical perspective on its origin, it provides a comprehensive description of the experimental and theoretical aspects of Anderson localization.

Spin Glasses and Related Problems

Author: V. S. Dotsenko
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9783718650392
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Three scientists from the L.D. Landau Institute of Theoretical Physics, Moscow, review recent developments in the theory of spin glasses and related strongly disordered systems. They discuss in particular the problems of irreversibility and nonergodicity in the framework of the mean field theory, a phase transition in three- dimensional spin glasses, and glass-like systems with hidden correlations. Addressed to researchers in theoretical physics. Book club price $59. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Topological Geometrodynamics

Author: Matti Pitkanen
Publisher: Bentham Science Publishers
ISBN: 1681081792
Format: PDF
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Topological geometrodynamics (TGD) is a modification of the theory of general relativity inspired by the problems related to the definition of inertial and gravitational energies in the earlier hypotheses. TGD is also a generalization of super string models. TGD brings forth an elegant theoretical projection of reality and builds upon the work by renowned scientists (Wheeler, Feynman, Penrose, Einstein, Josephson to name a few). In TGD, Physical space-time planes are visualized as four-dimensional surfaces in a certain 8-dimensional space (H). The choice of H is fixed by symmetries of standard model and leads to a geometric mapping of known classical fields and elementary particle numbers. TGD differs from Einstein’s geometrodynamics in the way space-time planes or ‘sheets’ are lumped together. Extending the theory based on fusing number concepts implies a further generalisation of the space-time concept allowing the identification of space-time correlates of cognition and intentionality. Additionally, zero energy ontology forces an extension of quantum measurement theory to a theory of consciousness and a hierarchy of phases is identified. Dark matter is thus predicted with far reaching implications for the understanding of consciousness and living systems. Therefore, it sets a solid foundation for modeling our universe in geometric terms. Topological Geometrodynamics: An Overview explains basic and advanced concepts about TGD. The book covers introductory information and classical TGD concepts before delving into twistor-space theory, particle physics, infinite-dimensional spinor geometry, generalized number theory, Planck constants, and the applications of TGD theory in research. The book is a valuable guide to TDG theory for researchers and advanced graduates in theoretical physics and cosmology.